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T:he SEVERAL STATES AND TERRITORIES

OF THE

AMERICAN UNION.

The Thirteen Original States That Formed And Confirmed The Union, By The Adoption Of The Constitution, Are As Follows:

NEW HAMPSHIRE.

First settled at Dover and Portsmouth, in 1623, by the Puritans.

Embraced under the charters of Massachusetts, and continued under the same jurisdiction until September 18, 1679, when a separate charter and government was granted. A Constitution was formed January 5, 1776, which was altered in 1784, and was further altered and amended February 13, 1792.

This State ratified the Constitution of the United States, June 21, 1788.

Area, 9280 square miles. Population in 1850, 317,976 j 1860, 326,073.

MASSACHUSETTS.

First settled at Plymouth, by English Puritans from Holland, who landed December 22, 1620.

Chartered March 4, 1629; also chartered January 13, 1630; an explanatory charter granted August 20, 1726 ; and more completely chartered October 7,1731. Formed a Constitution March 2, 1780, which was altered and amended November 3, 1820, and on several occasions since that time.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, February 6, 1788.

Area, 7800 square miles. Population in 1850, 994,514; 1860, 1,231,066.

RHODE ISLAND.

First settled at Providence, in 1636, by Roger Williams.

Embraced under the charters of Massachusetts, and continued under the same jurisdiction until July 8, 1662, when a separate charter was granted, which continued in force until a Constitution was formed, September, 1842.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, May 29, 1790.

Area, 1306 square miles. Population in 1850, 147,545; 1860, 174,621.

CONNECTICUT.

First settled at Windsor, in 1635, by Puritans.

Embraced under the charters of Massachusetts, and continued under the same jurisdiction until April 23, 1662, when a separate charter was granted, which continued in force until a Constitution was formed, September 15, 1818.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, January 9, 1788.

Area, 4674 square miles. Population in 1850, 370,792 j 1860, 460,147.

NEW YORK.

First settled on Manhattan Island in 1614.

Granted to Duke of York, March 20, 1664, April 26, 1664, and June 24, 1664. Newly patented February 9, 1674; formed a Constitution, April 20, 1777, which was amended October 27, 1801, and further amended November 10,1821. A new Constitution was formed in 1846.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, July 26,1788.

Area, 46,000 square miles. Population in 1850, 3,097,394; 1860, 3,880,735.

NEW JERSEY.

First settled at Bergen, in 1620, by the Dutch.

Held under same grants as New York; separated into East and West Jersey March 3, 1677. The government surrendered to the Crown in 1702, and so continued until the formation of a Constitution, July 2,1776.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, December 18, 1787.

Area, 8320 square miles. Population in 1850, 489,555; 1860, 672,035.

PENNSYLVANIA.

First settled on the Delaware River, in 1682, by William Penn. ,

Chartered February 28, 1681; formed a Constitution September 28, 1776; amended, September 2, 1790, and in 1838, and 1857. Ratified the Constitution of the United States, December 12, 1787. Area, 46,000 square miles. Population in 1850, 2,311,786; 1860, 2,906,115.

DELAWARE.

First settled at Cape Henlopen, in 1627, by Swedes and Finns.

Embraced in the charter, and continued under the government of Pennsylvania until the formation of a Constitution, September 20, 1776; a new Constitution formed June 12, 1792, and amended in 1831.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, December 7, 1787.

Area, 2120 square miles. Population in 1850, 91,532; 1860, 112,216.

MARYLAND.

First settled at St. Mary, in 1634, by Roman Catholics.

Chartered June 20, 1632; formed a Constitution August 14, 1776, which was amended in 1795 and 1799, and further amended in November, 1812, and 1851. Ratified the Constitution of the United States, April 28, 1788. Area, 11,124 square miles. Population in 1850, 583,034; 1860, 687,049.

VIRGINIA.

First settled at Jamestown, in 1607, by the English.

Chartered April 10, 1606, May 23, 1609, and March 12, 1612; formed a Constitution July 5, 1776; amended, January 15, 1830.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, June 26, 1788.

Area, 38,352 square miles. Population in 1850, 1,421,661; 1860, 1,261,397.

NORTH CAROLINA.

First settled at Albemarle, in 1650, by the English.

Chartered March 20, 1663, and June 30, 1665; formed a Constitution December 18, 1776, which was amended in 1835. Ratified the Constitution of the United States, November 21, 1789. Area, 50,704 square miles. Population in 1850, 869,039; 1860, 992,622.

SOUTH CAROLINA.

First settled at Port Royal, in 1670, by the Huguenots.

Embraced in the charters of Carolina or North Carolina, from which it was separated in 1729; formed a Constitution March 26, 1776, which was amended March 19, 1778, and June 3,1790.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, May 23, 1788.

Area, 29,585 square miles. Population in 1850, 668,507; 1860, 703,708.

GEORGIA.

First settled at Savannah, in 1733, by Oglethorpe.

Chartered June 9, 1732; formed a Constitution February 5, 1777, a second iik 1785, a third May 30, 1798, and amended in 1839. Ratified the Constitution of the United States, January 2, 1788. Area, 58,000 square miles. Population in 1850, 906,185; 1860, 1,057,386.

The States Admitted Into The Union Since The Adoption Of The Federal Constitution Are As Eollows:

VERMONT.

First settled at Fort Dummer in 1764.

Formed from territory of New York.

Admitted March 4, 1791.

A Constitution adopted July 9, 1793.

Area, 9056£ square miles. Population in 1850, 314,120; 1860, 315,098.

KENTUCKY.

First settled near Lexington in 1775.

Formed from territory of Virginia.

Admitted June 1, 1792.

A Constitution laid before Congress November 7,1792.

A new Constitution adopted August 17, 1799.

Area, 37,680 square miles. Population in 1850, 982,405; 1860,1,155,684.

TENNESSEE.

Formed from territory of North Carolina in 1790.

Adopted a Constitution February 6, 1796, and amended in 1835.

Admitted June 1, 1796.

Area, 45,600 square miles. Population in 1850,1,002,717; 1860, 1,109,801.

OHIO.

First settled at Marietta in 1788.

Formed from Northwest Territory.

Adopted a Constitution November 1, 1802, and amended in 1851.

Admitted November 29, 1802.

Area, 39,964 square miles. Population in 1850, 1,980,329; 1860, 2,339,511.

LOUISIANA.

First settled at Iberville in 1699.

Formed from French territory.

Adopted a Constitution January 22, 1812, and amended in 1845 and 1852.

Admitted April 8, 1812.

Area, 41,255 square miles. Population in 1850, 517,762; 1860, 708,002.

INDIANA.

First settled at Vincennes in 1730.

Formed from Northwest Territory.

Adopted a Constitution June 29, 1816, and amended in 1851.

Admitted December 11, 1816.

Area, 33,809 square miles. Population in 1850, 988,416; 1860, 1,350,428.

MISSISSIPPI.

First settled at Natchez in 1716.

Formed from territory of South Carolina and Georgia.

Adopted a Constitution March 1, 1817, and amended in 1832.

Admitted December 10,1817.

Area, 47,156 square miles. Population in 1850, 606,526; 1860, 791,305.

ILLINOIS.

First settled at Kaskaskia in 1720.

Formed from Northwest Territory.

Adopted a Constitution August 26, 1818.

Admitted December 3, 1818.

Area, 55,409 square miles. Population in 1850, 851,470; 1860, 1,711,951.

ALABAMA.

Formed from territory of South Carolina and Georgia, and for two years bore the name of Mississippi Territory.

Adopted a Constitution August 2, 1819.

Admitted December 14, 1819.

Area, 50,722 square miles. Population in 1850, 771,623; 1860, 964,201.

MAINE.

First settled at Bristol in 1624.

Formed from territory of Massachusetts.

Adopted a Constitution October 29, 1819.

Admitted March 15, 1820.

Area, 31,766 square miles. Population in 1850, 583,169; 1860, 628,279.

MISSOUKI.

First settled at St. Louis in 1764.

Formed from French territory.

Adopted a Constitution July 19, 1820.

Admitted August 10, 1821.

Area, 67,380 square miles. Population in 1850, 682,044; 1860, 1,182,612.

ARKANSAS.

Formed from French territory, the Louisiana purchase.

Presented a Constitution March 1, 1836.

Admitted June 15, 1836.

Area, 52,198 square miles. Population in 1850, 209,897; 1860, 435,450.

MICHIGAN.

First settled on the Detroit River in 1650.
Formed from territory originally belonging to Virginia.

Presented a memorial for admission January 25, 1833, with a Constitution,
which was revised in 1850.
Admitted January 26, 1837.
Area, 56,243 square miles. Population in 1850, 397,654; 1860, 749,013.

FLOKIDA.

Discovered in 1497, and first explored by Ponce de Leon in 1512.

Formed from Spanish territory.

Presented a Constitution February 20, 1839.

Admitted March 3, 1845.

Area, 59,268 square miles. Population in 1850, 87,445; 1860, 140,425.

TEXAS.

First settled in 1792.

"Was an Independent Kepublic.

Admitted December 29, 1845.

Area, 324,018 square miles. Population in 1850, 212,592; 1860, 604,215.

WISCONSIN.

First settled at Green Bay in 1670.

Formed from Indian territory.

Adopted a Constitution January 21, 1847.

Admitted May 29, 1848.

Area, 53,924 square miles. Population in 1850, 305,391; 1860, 775,881.

IOWA.

First settled at Galena and Dubuque.

Formed from Indian territory.

Presented a Constitution December 9, 1844.

Admitted December 28, 1846.

Area, 55,045 square miles. Population in 1850, 192,214; 1860, 674,943.

CALIFOKNIA.

First settled on the Pacific slope.

Formed from Mexican territory.

Adopted a Constitution November 13, 1849.

Admitted September 9, 1850.

Area, 188,982 square miles. Population in 1850, 92 59^: 1860, 380,194.

MINNESOTA.

First settled on the St. Peter's Kiver in 1805

Formed from Indian territory.

Admitted May 11, 1858.

Area, 83,531 square miles. Population in 1850, 6077; 1860, 172,143.

OKEGON.

First settled by the Spaniards.

Formed from Indian territory.

Adopted a Constitution in November, 1857.

Admitted February 12, 1859.

Area, 102,606 square miles. Population in 1850, 12,093; 1860, 52,405.

KANSAS.
Formed from Indian Territory.
Admitted December 6,1859.
Area, 114,798 square miles. Population in 1860, 107,206.

WEST VIKGINIA.

Formed from the State of Virginia.

Admitted December 31,1*862.

Area, 23,000 square miles. Population in 1860, 393,234.

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