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Great Rebellion as a General, and was killed at the battle of Antietam, in September, 1862.

Brandegee, Augustus.-He was born in New London, Connecticut, July 15, 1828; graduated at Yale College in 1849, and at the Yale Law School in 1851; adopted the profession of law; was elected in 1854, 1858, 1859, and 1861 a member of the Connecticut Legislature, having been chosen Speaker in the latter year; in 1860 he was a Presidential Elector, and was elected a Representative, from Connecticut, to the Thirtyeighth Congress, serving as a member of the Committees on Naval Affairs, and Expenditures on Public Buildings, and also as Chairman of a special Committee on the Air-line Railroad from Washington to New York. He was also a Delegate to the Baltimore Convention of 1864.

Brayton, William D.—He was born in Warwick, Kent County, Rhode Island, November 6, 1815. He was educated at Brown University, and ill health preventing him from following a sedentary profession, he entered into active mercantile pursuits; he held the position for some time of Town Clerk; was elected in 1841 to the State Assembly, serving two terms; after serving for two years in the Town Councils, part of the time as president, he was in 1848 elected to the State Senate; again elected to the State Assembly in 1851; elected a second time to the Senate in 1855; was Presidential Elector in 1856; and was elected a member of the Thirtyfifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses, serving on the Committee on Patents, and as Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures on the Public Buildings.

Breck, Daniel.-He was born near Boston, Massachusetts, in 1788; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1812; he studied law, and removing to Kentucky in 1814, soon after commenced the practice of his profession there; his first public position in Kentucky was that of Judge of a county court; in 1824 he was elected to the State Legislature, and reelected five years; from 1835 until 1843 he was President of the Branch Bank of ECentucky, at Richmond; in 1840 he was a Presidential Elector; in 1843 he was appointed Judge of the Supreme Court of Kentucky; and he was a Re

presentative in Congress, from 1849 to 1851, and was a member of the Committee on Manufactures. The degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him, by the Transylvania University, in 1843, and he has attained the title of Colonel in the militia service. After leaving Congress, he resumed the office of bank president.

Breck, Samuel.-He was born in Boston, July 17, 1771; was a Representative in Congress, from Pennsylvania, from 1823 to 1825, and died in Phila

delphia, September 1, 1862.

Breckinridge, James.—He was a Representative in Congress, from Virginia, from 1809 to 1817.

Breckinridge, James D.—He was born in Jefferson County, Kentucky, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1821 to 1823. He died at Louisville, May, 1849.

Breckinridge, John.—Was a Virginian by birth, and the author and advocate of the celebrated “Resolutions of 1798–99” in the Legislature of that State. Emigrating to Kentucky, he was elected United States Senator in 1801, and was appointed Attorney-General of the United States, by President Jefferson, in January, 1805, holding the office until January, 1806. One of his sons, Robert C. Breckinridge, is a distinguished Presbyterian divine; another, John Cabell Breckinridge, was an eminent lawyer, and the father of Vice-President Breckinridge. He died at Lexington, Kentucky, December 14, 1806.

Breckinridge, John C.—He was born near Lexington, Kentucky, January 16, 1821; was educated at Centre College, Kentucky; spent a few months at Princeton; studied law at the Transylvania Institute, and was admitted to the bar at Lexington. He emigrated to Burlington, Iowa, where heremained for a time, but returned to Lexington, where he has since resided, and when not engaged in public duties has practised his profession with success. He served as a Major of infantry during the war with Mexico, and while in that country, distinguished himself as the counsel of Major-General Pillow during the famous court-martial. On his return from Mexico, he was elected to the State Legislature; and was a Representative in Congress, from the Ashland District, from 1851 to 1855. During his administration, President Pierce tendered to him the mission to Spain, but family affairs compelled him to decline the honor. He was elected VicePresident of the United States in 1856, on the ticket with James Buchanan, and entered upon the duties of his office in March, 1857, as President of the United States Senate. In 1861 he went into the Senate as the successor of Mr. Crittenden. In 1860 he was nominated by the Southern Democratic party, as their candidate for President, but defeated. He took part in the Great Rebellion of 1861 as a General.

Breese, Sidney.—He was born in Whitesborough, Oneida County, New York, July 15, 1800. He attended Hamilton College, but graduated at Union College. He removed to Illinois, and after due preparation, and before becoming of age, was admitted to the bar. His first public position was that of Captain of militia, after which he became Assistant Secretary of State under Secretary Kane, and was appointed Postmaster of Kaskaskia. In 1822 he was appointed State Attorney, which office he held until 1827, when he was appointed Attorney of the United States for Illinois. In 1829 he published a volume of Decisions of the Supreme Court, which now bears his name, and was the first octavo volume published in the State; he served in the Black Hawk war as a Lieutenant of volunteers. In 1835 he was elected a Circuit Judge. He was a Senator in Congress, from Illinois, from 1843 to 1849, and officiated as Chairman of the Committee on Public Lands; he was a Regent of the Smithsonian Institute during President Polk’s administration. In 1850 he went into the Illinois Legislature, and was elected Speaker. He was one of the originators of the Illinois Central Railroad. In 1855 he was again placed upon the Circuit Court bench, and having been made Chief Judge, still holds the position.

Brengle, "Francis.-He was born in Maryland, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1843 to 1845. Died December 10, 1846.

Brent, Richard.—He was a Representative in Congress, from Virginia, from 1795 to 1799, and again from 1801 to 1803; and a Senator in Congress from lo to 1814. He died December 30, 1814.

Brent, William L.-He was born in Charles County, Maryland, and was a Representative in Congress, from Louisiana, from 1823 to 1829. Died in July, 1848.

Bremtom, Samuel.—He was a native of Gallatin County, Kentucky; was a minister of the Gospel from the age of twenty until 1848, when, stricken by paralysis, he resigned, and was appointed Register of the Fort Wayne Land Office. He was elected to Congress in 1851, and again in 1855. He was also President of the Fort Wayne College. He died March 29, 1857, aged fortyeight years.

Brevard, James.—He was born in Iredell County, North Carolina, and was a Representative in Congress, from South Carolina, from 1819 to 1821.

Brewster, David P.-He was born in New York, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1839 to 1843.

Bridges, George W.-Was born in McMinn County, Tennessee, October 9, 1825; was educated at the East Tennessee University; adopted the profession of law; was Attorney-General of the State in 1849 and in 1854, holding the office for eleven years; held the positions of Bank Attorney and Railroad Director; was a Presidential Elector in 1860; was elected a Representative in Congress, from Tennessee, in 1861, to serve in the Thirty-seventh Congress; but having been arrested by the Confederates during the Rebellion, did not take his seat until towards the close of the last session.

Bridges, Samuel A.—He was born in Colchester, Connecticut, January 27, 1802; received an academic education, and graduated at Williamstown College in 1826; studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1829. In 1830 he removed to Pennsylvania; was for seven years Deputy Attorney-General of the State for Lehigh County; and he was a Representative in Congress, from Pennsylvania, from 1848 to 1849, and from 1853 to 1855. died in Tallahassee, Florida, June, 1850, of pulmonary consumption.

Briggs, George.—He was born in Fulton County, New York, in 1805, but removed to Vermont in 1813, to the Legislature of which State he was elected in 1837. In 1838 he settled in the City of New York, and for many years devoted himself to the hardware business, by which he amassed a fortune. He represented the City of New York in Congress, from 1849 to 1853, and in 1858 was elected to the Thirty-sixth Congress, serving as Chairman of the Committee on Revolutionary Claims.

Briggs, George N.—He was born

in Adams or Andover, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, April 12, 1796; commenced life by learning the trade of a hatter; spent one year in an academy; studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1818; was a Representative in Congress, from 1831 to 1843, officiating during the Twenty-seventh Congress as Chairman of the Committee on the Post-office; and from 1844 to 1851 was Governor of Massachusetts. From 1853 to 1859 he also held the position of Judge of the Court of Common Pleas; having been a member of the State Constitutional Convention of 1853, and Register of Deeds from 1824 to 1831. Died in 1861.

Brigham, Elijah. —He was a native of Northborough, Massachusetts; a graduate of Dartmouth College in 1778; studied law at Harvard; was a merchant by occupation; held many positions of trust and responsibility; and was a Representative in Congress, from Massachusetts, from 1811 to 1816. He died in Washington City, of croup, April 22, 1816, aged sixty-six years.

Bright, Jesse D.—Born at Norwich, Chenango County, New York, December 18, 1812; received an academic education, and studied law as a F.'s He was Circuit Judge of ndiana, State Senator, Marshal of the TJnited States for the District of Indiana, and Lieutenant-Governor of that State. He was a United States Senator from 1845 to 1857, and President of the Senate during several sessions. He was elected for an additional term in 1857, and was Chairman of the Committee on

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Brockway, John H.--Born in Ellington, Connecticut; graduated at Yale College in 1820; he commenced active life by teaching the academy at East Windsor Hill; he studied law, and has been devoted to the practice of the profession ever since. He has frequently served in the two Houses of the State Legislature, and was a Representative in Congress from 1889 to 1843. ë

IBroderick. David C.—Born in the District of Čolumbia, of Irish parentage, in December, 1818; when a boy of five years, removed to New York City with his father'; during his youth he was apprenticed to the trade of a stonecutter, which was the trade of his father; was for many years foreman of a fire engine company in New York, during which period he was an active politician; removed to California in 1849, and engaged in the business of smelting and assaying gold; was a member of the Convention which drafted the Constitution of that State; served two years in the California Senate, and was President of that body in 1851; and he was elected a Senator in Congress in 1856 for the long term, taking his seat during the second session of the Thirty-fourth Congress. Died in San Francisco, California, September 16, 1859, from a wound received in a duel fought with David S. Terry, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of that State, on the 13th of the same month. He was the first member of the United States Senate ever killed in a duel; and it is said that some of the marble pillars in the old Senate Chamber, where he had a seat, were cut by his own father.

Brodhead, John.-He was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church for forty-four years, and a Representative in Congress, from New Hampshire, from 1829 to 1833. He died at New Market, New Hampshire, April 7, 1838, aged sixty-seven years.

Brodhead, Richard.—He was a native of Pike County, Pennsylvania ; was a Representative in Congress from 1843 to 1849, and a Senator of the United States from 1851 to 1857, from

Pennsylvania. Died at Easton, Pennsylvania, September 17, 1863.

Bromsom, David.—Born in Suffield, Connecticut; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1819; studied law and admitted to the bar in 1823; was a member of the Legislature, as Representative, in 1882 and 1834, and as Senator in 1846; and was a Representative in Congress, from Norridgewock, Maine, from 1841 to 1843, and served as, a member of the Committee on Public Lands. From 1850 to 1853, he was Collector of Customs at Bath, Maine; and from 1854 to 1857, was Judge of Probate for Sagadahock County. Died in Talbot County, Maryland, in November, 1863.

Bromsom, Isaac H.-Born in Rutland, New York, October 16, 1802, and died at Pilatka, Florida, August 13, 1855. He was educated for the bar, and admitted to practice in 1822; and was a Representative in Congress, from New York, from 1837 to 1839, officiating as Chairman of the Committee on Territories, when he was appointed one of the Territorial Judges of Florida, and from that time until his death, he served continually on the bench,--at the time of his death being District Judge of the United States for Northern Florida.

Brooke, Walter.—He was a Senator in Congress, from Mississippi, from 1852 to 1853.

Brooks, David.—Was born in 1736; entered the army in 1776 as a Lieutenant in the Pennsylvania line; was captured at Fort Washington, and remained a prisoner for two years. Upon being exchanged, he was promoted Assistant Clothier-General at head-quarters, an office of responsibility, which he so filled as to secure the friendship of Washington. After the close of the war, he removed to New York, and afterwards settled in Dutchess County, representing each locality in the State Legislature. He was a Representative in Congress from May, 1797, to July, 1797; a Commissioner for making the first treaty with the Seneca Indians (signed where the city of Utica now stands), and subsequently first Judge of Dutchess County for sixteen years. He died at his home, where he was universally esteemed, in August, 1838.

IBrooks. James.—He was born in Bortland, $fainé, November 10, 1810. When only eleven years old he became a clerk in a store; when sixteen was a school-teacher, and at the age of nearly twenty-one, he graduated at the Waterville College. He has been an extensive traveller, both in this country and Europe, and has published a large number of letters descriptive of his tours. In 1835 he was elected to the Legislature of Maine; in 1836 he established the New York Daily Express, of which he has since been the chief editor and proprietor; in 1847 he was elected a member of the New York Legislature, and from 1849 to 1853 he was a Representative in Congress, from the city of New York, serving on the Committee of Public Lands; re-elected to the Thirtyeighth Congress, serving as a member of the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads.

Brooks, Micah.-He was born in Cheshire, Connecticut, in 1775; was educated by his father, with whom he removed to Western New York, and where he taught school. He settled on a farm, but was a Justice of the Peace in 1806, and for twenty years thereafter 'he was a County Judge. He was a member of the New York Assembly in 1808 and 1809; was a Representative in Congress, from New York, from 1815 to 1817; a member of the State Constitutional Convention of 1821; and a Presidential Elector in 1824. He died in Livingston County, New York, July 7, 1857.

JBrooks. Preston S.—He was born in £dgefield District, South Carolina, in August, 1819; graduated at the South Carolina College in 1839; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1843, and was a State Representative in 1844. In 1846 he raised a company of volunteers, was made Captain, and served in the Palmetto Regiment during most of the Mexican war. After the war he devoted himself to planting. He was elected to Congress in 1853, and again in 1855. In 1856 he made a personal assault upon Charles Sumner, in the United States Senate Chamber, which event caused much excitement throughout the country. The attack was caused

by words uttered in debate by Senator Sumner against Senator Butler, who was Mr. Brooks’s relative. Mr. Brooks died in Washington, District of Columbia, January 27, 1857, of acute inflammation of the throat, leaving behind him many warm personal friends.

Broom, Jacob.-He was born in

Baltimore, Maryland, July 25, 1808;

received a classical education ; on removing to Pennsylvania, was appointed, in 1840, Deputy Auditor of that State;

in 1849 he was elected Clerk of the Or

phan's Court for the City and County

of Philadelphia; and was elected a Representative, from that State, to the

Thirty-fourth Congress.

IBroom all. John M.—Was born in Upper Čhighester, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, January 19, 1816; received a common school education; studied law, and has been devoted to that profession; has served in the Legislature of the State, and in 1862 was elected a Representative, from Pennsylvania, to the Thirty-eighth Congress, and was a member of the Committees on Accounts, and Public Expenditures.

Broome, James M.–He was a Representative in Congress, from Delaware, from 1805 to 1807.

Brown, Aaron V. — Born in Brunswick County, Virginia, August 15, 1795. He graduated at Chapel Hill University in 1814, and in 1815 removed with his parents to Tennessee, where he devoted himself to the study of law; and when admitted to practice, became a partner of the late James K. Polk, in Giles County, serving in the mean time for a number of years in the Legislature of Tennessee. In 1839 he was elected a member of Congress, and reelected in 1841 and 1843. On his retirement from Congress, in 1845, he was elected Governor of Tennessee ; and he was at all times considered one of the most faithful and industrious leaders of the Democratic party in Tennessee. His last position was that of PostmasterGeneral in the cabinet of President Buchanan. Among the measures which marked his administration of our postal affairs may be mentioned the establishment of a new and shorter oceanic communication to California, by Tehuantepec, of the great overland mail from

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