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Baily, Joseph.-He was born on the Brandywine battle-ground, Chester County, Pennsylvania, March 18, 1810 ; received a limited education through his own exertions, on account of the moderate circumstances of his father, and was early apprenticed to a mechanical branch of business, which was his first step to eminent success. From 1839 to 1845 he represented his native county in both branches of the Legislature, and from 1850 to 1854 represented Perry County, in the State Senate. In 1854 he was Treasurer of the State of Pennsylvania, and in 1860 was elected a Representative from Pennsylvania to the Thirty-seventh Congress, serving on the committees on Agriculture and Printing. He was also re-elected to the Thirty-eighth Congress, and served on the same Committees.

Baker, Caleb.-He was born in Providence, Rhode Island; served four years in the New York Assembly; and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1819 to 1821.

Baker, David J.-He was a Senator in Congress, from Illinois, from 1830 to 1831.

Baker, Edward D.—Was born in England, brought to this country when a child, and was early left an orphan in Philadelphia. His father was a weaver, and when a boy, he worked at that business himself. He obtained an education under many difficulties; first studied for the ministry, but soon turned his attention to the law, becoming famous as an advocate in Illinois, to which State he emigrated in his nineteenth year. nois Legislature for two years; he resigned, and in 1846, went to Mexico as a colonel of volunteers, acquitting himself with credit at Cerro Gordo. He was a Representative in Congress, from Illinois, from 1849 to 1851; after which, he took an active part in the building of the Panama Railroad; in 1852, he settled in San Francisco, devoting himself to his profession; he subsequently removed to Oregon, which State he represented as a Senator in Congress, taking his seat in March, 1861. At the outbreak of the Rebellion, in 1861, he raised a body of men in Philadelphia, called the

California Regiment, and while gal

After serving in the Illi

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Baldwin, Abraham.—Was a native of Connecticut, and a graduate of Yale College in 1772, and, from 1775 to 1779 he was a tutor in that institution. Having studied law, he settled in Savannah, Georgia, and soon after his arrival there he was chosen a member of the Legislature. He originated the plan of the University of Georgia, drew up the charter, and persuaded the Assembly to adopt it, and was for some time its President. He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1785 to 1788, and a member of the Convention which framed the Constitution of the United States. From 1789 to 1799 he was a Representative in Congress, and from 1799 to 1807 he was a member of the United States Senate, part of the time Président pro tem. of the Senate.

He died March 4, 1807, aged fifty-three

years.

Baldwin, Augustus C.—Was born in Salina, New York, December 24, 1817; received a common school education, and having lost his father when young, became dependent upon his own efforts for support; in 1837 he emigrated to Michigan and settled in Oakland County; studied law, and at the same time taught school, and came to the bar in 1842. In 1844 and 1846 he was elected to the Legislature of Michigan; in 1853 and 1854 was Prosecuting Attorney for his adopted county; was a Delegate to the Charleston and Baltimore Conventions of 1860; and in 1862 he was elected a Representative, from Michigan, to the Thirty-eighth Congress, serving on the Committees on Agriculture and Expenditures in the Interior Department. Was a Delegate to the Chicago Convention in 1864.

Baldwin, Henry.—He was born in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1779; graduated at Yale College in 1797; and was a Representative in Congress, from Pennsylvania, from 1817 to 1822. He was a distinguished lawyer, and was for many years Associate Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States. died in Philadelphia, April 21, 1844.

Baldwin, John.-He was born in Windham, Connecticut; and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1825 to 1829, serving on one standing and one select committee.

Baldwin, John D.—Was born in North Stonington, Connecticut, September 28, 1810; was educated in Yale College, receiving the degree of A.M.; read law, but never practised; went through a course of theological studies, devoted himself to literary pursuits, and published a volume of verses. In 1842 he became associated with the press, first in Hartford, and then in Boston, and was editor of the Daily Commonwealth, a writer for the Advertiser, and subsequently became the proprietor of the Worcester Spy. In 1862 he was elected a Representative, from Massachusetts, to the Thirty-eighth Congress, serving on the Committees of Expenditures, on Public Buildings, and on Printing.

Baldwin, Roger Sherman.— Born at New #aves. Connecticut, January 4, 1793; graduated at Yale College in 1811; studied law at Litchfield Law School; was admitted to the bar in 1814,

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and established himself in practice at New Haven, where he has since continued to reside. In 1837 he was elected to the State Senate, re-elected in 1838, and chosen President pro tem. of that body. In 1840 and 1841 he was a Representative in the General Assembly, and in the latter year was associated with J. Q. Adams in the argument before the Supreme Court of the United States, in the case of the Africans of the Amistad. In 1844 and 1845 he was Governor of the State, and in 1847 was elected to the United States Senate by the Legislature of Connecticut, serving until 1851. He subsequently engaged in his professional duties. He was also a member of the Peace Congress of 1861, and died in New Haven, February 19, 1863.

Baldwin, Simeon.—Born at Norwich, Connecticut, December 14, 1761; graduated at Yale College in 1781. In 1783 he was appointed tutor at the College, and continued in that station until 1786, when he was admitted to the bar in New Haven, and commenced the practice of law. From 1790 to 1803 he was Clerk of the District and Circuit Courts of the United States; was a Representative in Congress, from 1803 to 1805, and declined a re-election. In 1806 he was appointed, by the Legislature, Associate Judge of the Superior Court and of the Supreme Court of Errors, and held the office until 1817. In 1822 was chosen by the General Assembly one of the Commissioners to locate the Farmington Canal, and was made President of that Board. In 1826 was elected Mayor of New Haven. In 1830 he resigned his office as Commissioner. He died in New Haven, May 26, 1851.

Ball, Edward.—He was born in Virginia, and was a Representative in Congress, from Ohio, from 1853 to 1855, and was re-elected to the Thirty-fourth Congress.

Ball, William Lee.—Born in Lancaster County, Virginia, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1817 to 1824. Died in Washington, February 28, 1824, aged forty-five years.

Banks, John.—Was born in Juniata County, Pennsylvania, in 1793; studied law, and came to the bar in 1819, and settled in the western part of the State; was a Representative in Congress, from Pennsylvania, from 1831 to 1836, when he resigned to accept the appointment of President Judge of the Third Judicial District of the State; in 1841 was the Whig candidate for Governor, but failed to be elected ; and in 1847 he resigned the judgeship and became the State Treasurer. He was subsequently engaged in the practice of his profession, and died at Reading, on the 3d of April, 1864.

Banks, Limm.—Born in Virginia, and was for twenty successive years Speaker of the House of Delegates of that State, and a Representative in Congress, from Virginia, from 1838 to 1842, and was a member of the Committee on Claims. He was found drowned in a stream in Madison County, Virginia, February 24, 1842.

Banks, Nathaniel P.-Born in Waltham, Massachusetts, January 30, 1816, of poor but respectable parents, operatives in a factory. He had no advantages but those afforded by the common school, but he became a lover of books at an early day, and that love has been a source of gratification to him all his life. His first venture before the public was in the capacity of newspaper editor in his native town, and he followed the same pursuit at Lowell. He studied law, but did not practise to any great extent, and in 1848 he was elected to the Legislature of Massachusetts, serving in both houses, and officiating for a time as Speaker. He was chosen President of the , Convention held in 1853, for revising the Constitution of Massachusetts, and was soon afterwards elected a Representative in Congress, serving from 1853 to 1857, when he was elected Governor of Massachusetts, by a majority of 24,000. During his second term in Congress, he was elected Speaker, and, as a presiding officer, won a reputation for impartiality, as it is said that not one of his decisions was ever overruled by the House. He was elected Governor of Massachusetts for a second term, in 1858, and for a third term in 1859. During the Rebellion of 1861–64, he served in the Union army as a majorgeneral of volunteers.

Barber. Levi-He was born in Litchfield County, Connecticut, and was

a Representative in Congress, from Ohio, from 1817 to 1819, and again from 1821 to 1823.

Barber, Noyes.—He was born in Groton, Connecticut, April 28, 1781; was in early life a merchant, but a lawyer by profession; and was a Representative in Congress, from his native State, from 1821 to 1835. He died at Groton, January 3, 1845. He was a man of ability, and while in Congress accomplished much good for his native State, where he was universally respected as a man and a statesman.

Barbour, James.—A native of Virginia; was Speaker of the House of Delegates, and Governor of that State; and a Senator in Congress, from 1815 to 1825, officiating as President pro tem. of the Senate, as Chairman of the Committees on Foreign Relations and the District of Columbia, and serving On other important committees. He was appointed Secretary of War in 1825, and Minister to England in 1828. He died in Orange County, Virginia, June 8, 1842, aged sixty-six years.

IBarbour, John S.—Born in Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1810, and died in Culpeper County, Virginia, January 12, 1855. He was in early life a member of the State Legislature; was from 1823 to 1833 a member of Congress from Virginia; again in the State Legislature in 1833–34; and member of the Constitutional Convention in 1829–30. He was a gentleman of much ability, and exercised considerable influence in the public affairs of his State.

Barbour, Luciem.—He was born in Canton, Connecticut, March 4, 1811; graduated at Amherst College in 1837, having, while receiving his own education, been a teacher himself; he removed to Indiana, studied law, and settled in the practice at Indianapolis. He was appointed, by President Polk, United States District Attorney; acted a number of times as arbitrator between the State of Indiana and private corporations; in 1852 was appointed a Commissioner to prepare a code of practice for the State; and was a Representative in the Thirty-fourth Congress; since which time he has been devoted to his profession.

Barbour, Philip P.—Born in

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sylvania, from 1827 to 1829, and was a member of the Committee on Agriculture.

Barnard, D. D.—He was born in Berkshire County, Massachusetts; graduated at Williams College in 1818; studied law, and was admitted to the bar, in New York, in 1821; in 1826 was elected District Attorney for the County of Monroe, New York; and was a Representative in Congress, from New York, from 1827 to 1829, and again from 1839 to 1845. In 1850 he was appointed Minister to Prussia. He has devoted much attention to literary pursuits, and the degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by the colleges of Geneva and New York. Of late years he devoted himself to the publication of a work called “A Journal of Education.” Died at Albany in April, 1861.

Barnard, Isaac D.—He was a Senator in Congress, from Pennsylvania, from 1827 to 1831, and died at West Chester, Pennsylvania, February, 1834.

Barnett, William.—He was elected a Representative in Congress, from Georgia, from 1812 to 1815, when he was appointed one of the Commissioners to run the Creek boundary line.

Barmey, John.-He was a son of Commodore Joshua Barney, and a member of Congress, from Maryland, from 1825 to 1827. He died in Washington, District of Columbia, January 26, 1857, aged seventy-two years. He was known in Washington society for many years as an agreeable gentleman; and he left behind him an unfinished record of “Personal Recollections of Men and Things,” both in this country and Europe.

Barnitz, Charles A.—He was a Representative in Congress, from Pennsylvania, from 1833 to 1835, and died at York, in that State, in March, 1850.

. Barnwell, IRobert.—He was a Representative in Congress, from South Carolina, from 1791 to 1793.

Barnwell, R. W.-He was born in

South Carolina; graduated at Harvard' University in 1821; studied law and was a Representative in Congress, from South Carolina, from 1829 to 1833; was

President of the South Carolina College

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