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to the Thirty-seventh Congress, but was appointed by President Lincoln Minister to England in 1861. In 1864 the degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by Harvard University.

Adams, Green.—Born in Barboursville, Knox County, Kentucky, August 20, 1812; was bred a farmer, but read law and adopted that profession; in 1832 and 1833 he was Deputy Sheriff of Knox County; in 1839, he was elected to the State Legislature, and re-elected; he was a Representative in Congress, from Kentucky, from 1847 to 1849, and was a member of the Committee on Engraving. He was also a Presidential Elector in 1844 and 1856, and a Judge of the Circuit Court of Kentucky from 1851 to 1856. In 1859 he was elected a Representative from Kentucky to the Thirtysixth Congress, serving on the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads. In 1861 he was appointed by President Lincoln Sixth Auditor of the Treasury.

Adams, John.-Born at Braintree, Massachusetts, October 30, 1735; graduated at Harvard University in 1755; instructed a class of scholars in Latin and Greek for a subsistence; studied law, and having been admitted to the bar, settled at Quincy to practise his p. As a member of the Old

ongress, he was among the foremost in recommending an independent Government. In 1777, he was chosen Commissioner to the Court of Versailles. On his return he was chosen a member of the Convention called to prepare a form of government for Massachusetts. In September, 1779, he was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to negotiate a peace, and had authority to form a commercial treaty with Great Britain. In June, 1780, he was appointed Ambassador to Holland; and, in 1782, he went to Paris to engage in the negotiation for peace, having previously obtained assurance that Great Britain would recognize the independence of the United States. After serving on two or three commissions to form treaties of amity and commerce with foreign powers, in 1785 he was appointed first Minister to London; and, in 1788, having been absent nine years, he returned to America. In March, 1789, the new Constitution of the United States went into operation, and he became the first Vice-President, which office he held during the

whole of Washington’s administration. On the resignation of Washington, he became, March 4, 1797, President of the United States. This was the termination of his public functions; and he spent the remainder of his days upon his farm in Quincy, occupying himself with agriculture, and obtaining amusement from the literature and politics of the day. He died on the fourth of July, 1826, with the same words on his lips which, fifty years before, on that day, he had uttered on the floor of Congress: “Independence forever!” His principal publications are, “Letters on the American Revolution,” “Defence of the American Constitution,” an “Essay on Canon and Federal Laws,” a series of letters under the signature of Novanglus, and Discourses on Davila. It was as Vice-President that he had a seat in the Senate.

Adams, John.—He was a Representative in Congress, from Greene County, New York, from 1833 to 1835, and was a member of the Committee on Invalid Pensions. He died at Catskill, New York, September 28, 1854.

Adams, John Quincy.—Born in Braintree, now Quincy, Mass., July 11, 1767. When ten years of age, he accompanied his father to France; and

when fifteen, was private secretary to

the American Minister in Russia. He was graduated at Harvard University in 1787; studied law in Newburyport, and settled in Boston. From 1794 to 1801 he was American Minister to Holland, England, Sweden, and Prussia. He was a Senator in Congress from 1803 to 1808; Professor of Rhetoric in Harvard University, with limited duties, from 1806 to 1808; was appointed, in 1809, Minister to Russia; assisted in negotiating the Treaty of Ghent, in 1814; and assisted, also, as Minister, at the Convention of Commerce with Great Britain, in 1815. He was Secretary of State under President Monroe; and was chosen President of the United States in 1825, serving one term. In 1831 he was elected a Representative in Congress, and continued in that position until his death, which occurred in the Speaker's room, two days after falling from his seat in the House of Representatives, February 23, 1848. His last words were: “This is the end of earth; I am content.” He published “Letters Affairs. After leaving Congress he was appointed by President Lincoln a commissioner to settle claims against the Sioux Indians.

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Aleacander, Adam R.—He was born in Washington County, Virginia, and was elected a Representative in Congress from Madison County, Tennessee, from 1823 to 1827, and served as a member of the Committee on Postoffices and Post-roads.

Aleacander, Evan.--Born in North Carolina; was a member of the Legislature for two years; and a Representative in Congress from North Carolina, from 1805 to 1809. Died October 28, 1809. &

Aleaconder. Henry P.—He was born in New York, and was a Representative in Congress from Herkimer County, in that State, from 1849 to 1851, and was a member of the Committee on Expenditures in the State Department.

Aleacander, James, Jr.—He was born in Maryland; was a resident of St. Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio, and elected a Representative in Congress from the Eleventh District in that State, from 1837 to 1839, and was a member of the Committee on Public Expenditures. Died August 6, 1846.

Aleacaqvaler, John.—He was elected a Representative in Congress from Ohio, May 4, 1813, serving till 1817.

Aleacander, Mark.-He was born in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, and elected a Representative in Congress from that State, from 1819 to 1833, and served on the Committees on Revolutionary Pensions, Ways and Means, and Expenditures in the State Department, and the District of Columbia.

Aleacander, Nathaniel.--Graduated at Princeton College in 1776, and, after studying medicine, entered the army. At the close of the war he resided at the High Hills of Santee, pursuing his profession, and afterwards at Mecklenburg. While he held a seat in Congress, from 1803 to 1805, the Legislature elected him Governor for 1806. He died at Salisbury, March 8, 1808, aged fifty-two. In all his public sta

tions he is said to have discharged his duty with ability and firmness.

Alford, Julius C.—He was born in Georgia, and was elected a Representative in Congress from Troup County, in that State, from 1839 to 1842, and served as a member of the Committee on Indian Affairs.

Allen, Charles.-He was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, August 9, 1797, and was a Representative in Congress from that State from 1849 to 1853, and a member of the Committee on the District of Columbia. He was also a member of the State Legislature in 1829, 1833, 1834, 1838 and 1840; and a State Senator in 1835, 1838 and 1839; Judge of the Court of Common Pleas from 1842 to 1844; Chief Justice of the Superior Court from 1858 to 1859; member of the State Constitutional Conventions of 1848, 1853 and 1859; and a commissioner to negotiate the Webster Treaty in 1842. He was also a delegate

| to the Peace Congress of 1861.

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Allen, Heman.—He was born in 1779, and a resident of Colchester, Vermont; he graduated at Dartmouth College in 1795, and adopted the profession of law. He was Sheriff of Chittenden County in 1808 and 1809; from 1811 to 1814 he was Chief Justice of the Chittenden County Court; from 1812 to 1817 he was an active member of the State Legislature; was appointed quartermaster of militia, with the title of brigadier; and was a trustee of the University of Vermont. He was first elected a Representative in Congress from Vermont in 1817, but resigned in 1818 to accept from President Monroe the appointment of United States Marshal for the District of Vermont. In 1823 he received from the same President the appointment of Minister to Chili, which he resigned in 1828; in 1830 he was appointed President of the United States Branch Bank, at Burlington, which he held until the expiration of its charter, after which he settled in the town of Highgate, Vermont, where he died of heart disease, April 9, 1852.

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for the Thirty-fifth Congress, and in 1862 he was re-elected to the Thirtyeighth Congress as a Representative, serving on the Committees of Indian Affairs and Unfinished Business.

Allen. John.—Born in Great Barrington, *fassachusetts, in 1763; was a lawyer by profession, and a member of the State Council of Connecticut for several years; was a Representative from that State during the last Congress which was held in Philadelphia, from 1797 to 1799. He died at Litchfield, Connecticut, July 31, 1812.

Allem, John J.-He was born in Virginia, was a resident of Harrison County, and was elected a Representative in Congress, from Virginia, from 1833 to 1835, and served as a member of the Committee on the District of Columbia. He subsequently held the office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia.

Allen, John W.-Born in Litchfield, Connecticut, in 1802; settled in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1825, and was a member of the Senate of that State from 1835 to 1837, also Mayor of Cleveland; and was elected a Representative in Congress from 1837 to 1841, serving as a member of the Committee on the Militia and Military Affairs.

Allen, Joseph.-He was born in Boston; was a merchant in Leicester, and benefactor of the Academy there; twice Elector for President; was a Clerk of the County Court and a State Councillor; and a Representative in Congress, from Massachusetts, from 1811 to 1813. He died at Worcester, September 2, 1827, aged seventy-eight years.

Allen, Judson.—He was born in Connecticut, and removing to New York was elected a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1839 to 1841, and was a member of the Committee on Mileage.

Allen, Nathaniel.—He was born in Dutchess County, New York; served in the Assembly of that State in 1812, and was a Representative in Congress, from 1819 to 1821, and a member of the Committee on Manufactures.

Allen, Philip.–He was born in

Providence, Rhode Island, September 1, 1785; graduated at Brown University in 1803; was elected to the State Legislature in 1819, 1820, and 1821; devoted much attention to the business of manufacturing; was Governor of Rhode Island during the years 1851, 1852, and 1853; and was elected a Senator in Congress, from his native State, from March 3, 1853, serving as a member of the Committees on Commerce and on Naval Affairs.

Allen, Robert.—Born in Augusta County, Virginia. He was a colonel in the army under General Jackson, a Representative in Congress, from Tennessee, from 1819 to 1827, serving as a member of the Committees on Commerce, the Library, and Revolutionary Claims. He died at Carthage, Tennessee, August 19, 1844, aged sixty-seven years.

Allen, Robert.—Born in Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, July 30, 1794. He was educated at poison and Washington colleges, having left the latter institution on a furlough of three months, for the purpose of joining a volunteer military force in 1818, but returned and graduated. He studied law, and practised in his native place. He held for a time the office of Prosecutor for the Commonwealth; served five years in the Senate of Virginia, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1827 to 1833, serving on the Committee for the District of Columbia.

Allen, Samuel C.—Born in Franklin County, Massachusetts; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1794; was a Representative in the Massachusetts Legislature from 1806 to 1810; a State Senator from 1812 to 1815, and in 1831; and a member of the Executive Council in 1829 and 1830; was a Representative in Congress, from Massachusetts, from 1817 to 1829, officiating as Chairman of the Committee on Accounts. He died at Northfield, February 8, 1842, aged seventy years.

Allen, William.—He was born in Ohio, adopted the profession of law, and was a Representative in Congress, from Ross County, Ohio, from 1833 to 1835, serving as a member of the Committee on Indian Affairs; was elected a Senator

in Congress, from 1837 to 1849, serving as a member of several important committees in the Senate, during his first term.

Allen. William.—Born in Butler County, Öhio, August 13, 1827; received a good English education, and taught school for a time; studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1849; in 1850 he was elected a County Prosecuting Attorney, and re-elected in 1852; and in 1858 was elected a Representative, from Ohio, to the Thirty-sixth Congress, serving on the Committee on Accounts. Reelected to the Thirty-seventh Congress, serving as Chairman of Committee on Interior Department. Was a delegate to the Chicago Convention in 1864.

Allen, William J.-He was born in Tennessee in 1828; removed with his father to Illinois in 1829; studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1848; in 1854 he was elected to the Illinois Legislature; in 1855 was appointed United States Attorney for the District of Illinois, which he resigned in 1860, and was then elected Judge of the Circuit Court. In 1862 he was elected a Representative, from Illinois, to the Thirtyseventh Congress, for the unexpired term of John S. Logan, resigned, and was re-elected to the Thirty-eighth Congress, serving on the Committee of Claims.

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