« 上一頁繼續 »
5. Garrison of Alexandria.-Brigadier General Montgomery, military governor. Cameron guard, (Pennsylvania volunteers.)
Garrison of Fort Albany.—14th Massachusetts volunteers.
Garrison of Fort Richardson.—4th Connecticut volunteers.
Garrison of Fort Washington.—Company D, 1st United States artillery, companies H and I, 37th New York volunteers, and United States recruits unassigned.
6. DIX's DIVISION, BALTIMORE.
Cavalry.—Company of Pennsylvania cavalry.
Artillery.—Battery I, 2d United States artillery, 2d Massachusetts light battery, and a battery of New York artillery.
Infantry.—3d, 4th, and 5th New York, 17th and 25th Massachusetts, 21st Indiana, 6th Michigan, 4th Wisconsin, 7th Maine, 2d Maryland battalion, and Reading city guard, volunteers.
On the 8th of March, 1862, the President directed, by the following order, the organization of the active portion of the army of the Potomac into four army corps, and the formation of a fifth corps from the division of Banks and Shields.
The following is the text of the President's order:
“[President's General War Order No. 2.]
“Ordered, 1st. That the major general commanding the army of the Potomac proceed forthwith to organize that part of the said army destined to enter upon active operations, (including the reserve, but excluding the troops to be left in the fortifications about Washington,) into four army corps, to be commanded according to seniority of rank, as follows:
“First corps to consist of four divisions, and to be eommanded by Major General I. McDowell. Second corps to consist of three divisions, and to be commanded by Brigadier General E. V. Summer. Third corps to consist of three divisions, and to be commanded by Brigadier General S. P. Heintzelman. Fourth corps to consist of three divisions, and to be commanded by Brigadier General E. D. Keyes. -
“2. That the divisions now commanded by the officers above assigned to the commands of army corps shall be embraced in and form part of their respective corps.
“3. The forces left for the defence of Washington will be placed in command of Brigadier General James Wadsworth, who shall also be military governor of the District of Columbia.
“4. That this order be executed with such promptness and despatch as not to delay the commencement of the operations already directed to be undertaken by the army of the Potomac."
“5. A fifth army corps, to be commanded by Major General N. P. Banks, will be formed from his own and General Shields's (late General Lander's) division. - “ABRAHAM LINCOLN.”
The following order, which was made as soon as circumstances permitted, exhibits the steps taken to carry out the requirements of the President's war order No. 2:
“HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE PotoMAC,
GENERAL ORDERs No. 151.] “In compliance with the President's war order No. 2, of March 8, 1862, the active portion of the army of the Potomac is formed into army corps, as follows: “First corps, Major General Irvin McDowell, to consist for the present of the divisions of Franklin, McCall, and King. Second corps, Brigadier General E. W. Sumner; divisions, Richardson, Blenker, and Sedgwick. Third corps, Brigadier General S. P. Heintzelman; divisions, F. J. Porter, Hooker, and Hamilton. Fourth corps, Brigadier General E. D. Keyes; divisions, Couch, Smith, and Casey. Fifth corps, Major General N. P. Banks; divisions, Williams and Shields. “The cavalry regiments attached to divisions will, for the present, remain so. Subsequent orders will provide for these regiments, as well as for the reserve artillery. Regular infantry and regular cavalry arrangements will be made to unite the divisions of each army corps as promptly as possible. “The commanders of divisions will at once report in person, or where that is impossible, by letter, to the commander of their army corps.
“By command of Major General McClellan.
“Assistant Adjutant General.”
I add a statement of the organization and composition of the troops on April 1, commencing with the portion of the army of the Potomac which went to the Peninsula, giving afterwards the regiments and batteries left on the Potomac, and in Maryland and Virginia after April 1, 1862.
Troops of the army of the Potomac sent to the Peninsula in March and early £n April, 1862.
1st. Cavalry reserve, Brigadier General P. St. G. Cooke.—Emery's brigade: 5th United States cavalry; 6th United States cavalry; 6th Pennsylvania cavalry. Blake's brigade: 1st United States cavalry; 8th Pennsylvania cavalry; Barker's squadron Illinois cavalry. 2d. Artillery reserve, Colonel Henry J. Hunt: Graham's battery K and G, 1st United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Randall's battery E, 1st United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Carlisle's battery E, 2d United States, 6 20-pounder Parrott uns; Robertson's battery, 2d United States, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Benson's battery M, 2d United States, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Tidball's battery A, 2d United States, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Edwards's battery L and M, 3d United States, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns; Gibson's battery C and G, 3d United States, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Livingston's battery F and K, 3d United States, 4 10-pounder Parrott guns; Howe's battery G, 4th United States, 6 Napoleon guns; De Russy's battery K, 4th United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Weed's battery I, 5th United States, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Smead's battery K, 5th United States, 4 Napoleon guns; Ames's battery A, 5th United States, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Napoleon—guns; Diedrick's battery A, New York artillery and battalion, 6 20-pounder Parrott guns; Vogelie's battery B, New York artillery and battalion, 4 20-pounder Parrott guns; Knierim's battery C, New York artillery and battalion, 4 20-pounder Parrott guns; Grimm's battery D, New York artillery and battalion, 6 32-pounder howitzer guns. Total, 100
3d. Volunteer engineer troops, General Woodbury: 15th New York volunteers; 50th New York volunteers. Regular engineer troops, Captain Duane: Companies A, B, and C, United States engineers. Artillery troops, with siege trains: 1st Connecticut heavy artillery, Colonel Tyler. 4th. Infantry reserve, (regular brigade,) General Sykes: 9 companies 2d United States infantry, 7 companies 3d United States infantry, 10 companies 4th United States infantry, 10 companies 6th United States infantry, 8 companies 10th and 17th United States infantry, 6 companies 11th United States infantry, 8 companies 12th United States infantry, 9 companies 14th United States infantry, and 5th New York volunteers, Colonel Warren.
SECOND CORPS, GENERAL SUMNER.
Cavalry—8th Illinois cavalry, Colonel Farnsworth, and one squadron 6th New York cavalry. *
Artillery—Clark's battery A and G, 4th United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Frank's battery G, 1st New York, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns; Pettit's battery B, 1st New York, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns; Hogan's battery A, 2d New York, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns.
Infantry.—Howard's brigade: 5th New Hampshire, 81st Pennsylvania, and 61st and 64th New York volunteers. Meagher's brigade: 69th, 63d, and 88th New York volunteers. French's brigade: 52d, 57th, and 66th New York, and 53d Pennsylvania volunteers.
Artillery.—Kirby's battery I, 1st United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Tompkins's battery A, 1st Rhode Island, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 12-pounder howitzer—guns; Bartlett's battery B, 1st Rhode Island, 6–4 10-pounder Panrott and 2 12-pounder howitzer—guns; Owen's battery G, 6 3-inch ordnance
Ils. "our-dom', brigade: 2d New York State militia, and 15th Massachusetts, 34th New York, and 1st Maine volunteers. Burns's brigade: 69th, 71st, 72d, and 106th Pennsylvania volunteers. Dana's brigade: 19th and 20th Massachusetts, 7th Michigan, and 42d New York volunteers.
Note.—Blenker's division detached and assigned to the mountain department.
THIRD CORPS, GENERAL HEINTZELMAN. Cavalry.—3d Pennsylvania cavalry, Colonel Averill.
Artillery.—Griffin's battery K, 5th United States, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns: Weeden's battery C, Rhode Island; Martin's battery C, Massachusetts, 6 Napoleon guns; Allen's battery E, Massachusetts, 6 3-inch ordnance guns.
Infantry—Martindale's brigade: 2d Maine, 18th and 22d Massachusetts, and 25th and 13th New York volunteers. Morell's brigade: 14th New York, 4th Michigan, 9th Massachusetts, and 62d Pennsylvania volunteers. Butterfield's brigade: 17th, 44th, and 12th New York, 83d Pennsylvania, and Stockton's Michigan volunteers.
First Berdan sharpshooters.
Artillery.—Hall's battery H, 1st United States, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 12-pounder howitzer—guns; Smith's battery, 4th New York, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns; Bramhall's battery, 6th New York, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Osborn's battery D, 1st New York artillery, 4.3-inch ordnance guns.
Infantry.—Sickles's brigade : 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, and 5th Excelsior, New York. Naglee's brigade: 1st and 11th Massachusetts, 26th Pennsylvania, and 2d New Hampshire volunteers. Colonel Starr's brigade: 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th New Jersey volunteers.
Artillery.—Thompson's battery G, 2d United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Beam's battery B, New Jersey, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Napoleon—guns; Randolph's battery E, Rhode Island, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Napoleon—
g Infantry.—Jameson's brigade: 105th, 63d, and 57th Pennsylvania, and 87th New York volunteers. Birney's brigade: 38th and 40th New York, and 3d and 4th Maine volunteers. brigade: 2d, 3d, and 5th Michigan, and 37th New York volunteers.
FOURTH CORPS, GENERAL KEYES.
Artillery—McCarthy's battery C, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 10-pounder Parrott guns; Flood's battery D, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 10-pounder Parrott guns; Miller's battery E, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 Napoleon guns; Brady's battery F, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 10-pounder Parrott guns.
Infantry.—Graham's brigade: 67th (1st Long Island) and 65th (1st United States chasseurs) New York, 23d, 31st, and 61st Pennsylvania volunteers. Peck's brigade: 98th, 102d, and 93d Pennsylvania, and 62d and 55th New York volunteerS. brigade: 2d Rhode Island, 7th and 10th Massachusetts, and 36th New York volunteers.
Artillery.—Ayre's battery F, 5th United States, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Napoleon—guns; Mott's battery, 3d New York, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 Napoleon—guns; Wheeler's battery E, 1st New York, 4 3-inch ordnance guns; Kennedy's battery, 1st New York, 6.3-inch ordnance guns.
Infantry.—Hancock's brigade: 4th Wisconsin, 49th Pennsylvania, 43d New York, and 6th Maine volunteers. Brooks's brigade: 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th Vermont volunteers. Davidson's brigade: 33d, 77th, and 49th New York, and 7th Maine volunteers.
Artillery—Regan's battery, 7th New York, 6.3-inch ordnance guns; Fitch's 8th New York, 6 3-inch ordnance guns; Bates's battery A, 1st New York, 6 Napoleon guns; Spratt's battery H, 1st New York, 4 3-inch ordnance guns.
Infantry.—Keim's brigade: 85th, 101st, and 103d Pennsylvania, and 96th New York volunteers. Palmer's brigade: 85th, 98th, 92d, 81st, and 93d New York volunteers. brigade: 104th and 52d Pennsylvania, 56th and 100th New York, and 11th Maine volunteers.
5th. Provost guard: 2d United States cavalry; battalions 8th and 17th United States infantry.
At general headquarters: 2 companies 4th United States cavalry; 1 company Oneida cavalry, (New York volunteers;) and 1 company Sturges's rifles, (Illinois volunteers.) - -
The following troops of the army of the Potomac were left behind, or detached on and in front of the Potomac for the defence of that line, April 1, 1862. Franklin's and McCall's divisions, at subsequent and different dates, joined the active portion of the army on the Peninsula. Two brigades of Shields's division joined at Harrison's landing:
FIRST CORPS, GENERAL McDOWELL.
Cavalry—1st, 2d, and 4th New York, and 1st Pennsylvania.
Artillery—Platt's battery D, 2d United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Porter's battery A, Massachusetts, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 12-pounder howitzer—guns; Hexamer's battery A, New Jersey, 6–4 10-pounder Parrott and 2 12-pounder howitzer—guns; Wilson's battery F, 1st New York artillery, 4 3-inch ordnance guns.
Infantry—Kearney's brigade: 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th New Jersey volunteers. Slocum's brigade: 16th and 27th New York, 5th Maine, and 96th Pennsylvania volunteers. Newton's brigade: 18th, 31st, and 32d New York, and 95th Pennsylvania volunteers. -
Artillery—Seymour's battery C, 5th United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Easton's battery A, 1st Pennsylvania, 4 Napoleon guns; Cooper's battery B, 1st Pennsylvania, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns; Kein's battery C, 1st Pennsylvania, 6–2 10-pounder and 4 12-pounder Parrott—guns.
Infantry.—Reynolds's brigade: 1st, 2d, 5th, and 8th Pennsylvania reserve regiments. Meade's brigade: 3d, 4th, 7th, and 11th Pennsylvania reserve regiments. Ord’s brigade: 6th, 9th, 10th, and 12th Pennsylvania reserve regimentS.
1st Pennsylvania reserve rifles.
Artillery.—Gibbon's battery B, 4th United States, 6 Napoleon guns; Monroe's battery D, 1st Rhode Island, 6 10-pounder Parrott guns; Gerrish's battery A, New Hampshire, 6 Napoleon guns; Durrell's battery, Pennsylvania, 6 10pounder Parrott guns.
Infantry.— brigade: 2d, 6th, and 7th Wisconsin, and 19th Indiana volunteers. Patrick's brigade: 20th, 21st, 23d, and 25th New York State militia. Augur's brigade: 14th New York State militia, and 22d, 24th, and 30th New York volunteers.
FIFTH CORPS, GENERAL BANKS.
Cavalry—1st Maine, 1st Vermont, 1st Michigan, 1st Rhode Island, 5th and 8th New York, Keyes battalion of Pennsylvania, 18 companies of Maryland, 1 squadron of Virginia.
Unattached.—28th Pennsylvania volunteers, and 4th regiment Potomac home brigade, (Maryland volunteers.)