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Scripture give us any further account of his rebellious countrymen, who had carried the prophet into Egypt. *

Jer. xliv. 27, 28. Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good; and all the men of Judah, that are in the land of Egypt, shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them. Yet a small number that escape the sword, shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah; and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypl to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, mine or theirs ; (Jer. xliv. 27, 28.) and it is most probable that most of these rebellious Jews fell into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, when he shortly afterwards invaded Egypt, and spread devastation from Migdol to Cyrene. Prid. i. 127.

“ How these prophecies were fulfilled we learn from ancient historians. The sum of such information is this :—The subjects of Hophra rebelling, he sent Amasis, one of his generals,* to reduce them to their duty. But no sooner had Amasis begun to make his speech, than they fixed a helmet on his head, and proclaimed him king. Amasis accepted the title, and confirmed the Egyptians in their revolt; and the greater part of the nation declaring for him, Hophrn was obliged to return into Upper Egypt; and the country being thus weakened by intestine war, was attacked and easily overcome by Nebuchadnezzar, who, on quitting it, left Amasis his viceroy. After Nebuchadnezzar's departure, Apries, or Hophra, marched against Amasis: but, being defeated at Memphis, was taken prisoner, carried to Saïs, and strangled in his own palace, thus verifying this prophecy. Herodot. Euterpe. Thus Nebuchadnezzar made an easy conquest of the land. He conquered it as easily as a shepherd puts on his cloak; he went thence in peace, having clothed himself with its spoils; and kept all quiet under a viceroy of his own choosing. The rebellion of Pharaoh's subjects was the fire that God kindled in Egypt. (Jer. xliii. 12.) And thus was he delivered into the hands of his enemies, his revolted people, and into the hand of him who sought his life, viz.- Amasis, his general. And thus the whole prophecy was literally fulfilled." A. CLARKE.

• Dr. Wall says he was Hophra's own son.

THE CAPTIVITY.

We have seen that the prophets Ezekiel and Daniel were taken amongst the captives to Babylon, and it was during that captivity that their prophecies were delivered.

In the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, and before the rebellion of Jehoiakim, the former monarch had a dream, wherewith his spirit was troubled, but which he had wholly forgotten. All the wise men of the Chaldeans having failed to recover this dream, and being immediately condemned to death, as they justly deserved, for pretending to foretel that of which they knew they were wholly ignorant, Jehovah condescended to put honour upon the prophet Daniel, not only by communicating to him the remarkable dream of the metallic image, but also by enabling him, thence to pourtray and depict the four great monarchies, which have ever since more or less ruled the civilized world.*

Nebuchadnezzar having returned to Babylon with his army, after the captivity of Zedekiah, set up the golden image in honour of his god, in the plains of Dura, which gave rise to that magnificent display of the divine power, which is related by the same prophet.[

After this, the Babylonish monarch proceeded to besiege the city of Old Tyre; but whilst his army lay there, he dispatched Nebuzaradan, with a body of troops, to put a finishing stroke to the ravage of Jerusalem, probably in revenge for the murder of Gedaliah; when he took from thence 745 persons, being all that then remained of that once immense population. I

Dan. i. See this prophecy illustrated by Sir Isaac Newton, Bp. Newton, and all the commentators; and a long discourse respecting it in Adam Clarke, Keith, &c. + Dan. iii.

Jer. Jii. 30. Prid. i. 121.

Nebuchadnezzar having taken Tyre after thirteen years' siege, * and when every head was become bald, and every shoulder peeled,t proceeded to Egypt, and conquered and lay waste the whole of that country, and then took captive those Jews who had fled with Johanan into that kingdom ;# and returning to Babylon with his spoils, had his dream of a great tree, which was interpreted by Daniel, $ who concluded with the following earnest appeal; Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.||

Being at peace with all the world, the greater part of which he had conquered, this mighty monarch set himself to improve and beautify his metropolis of Babylon; a minute description of the extraordinary splendour and strength of which may be seen in Prideaux.

Inflated with pride, and forgetful of his dream, and the warning admonition of the prophet, this proud monarch, while walking in the palace, or rioting in the luxury of greatness, exclaimed, Is not this Babylon that I have built, for the house of the kingdom, by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty . While the word was in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, saying; O king Nebuchadnezzar, to thee it is spoken; the kingdom is departed from thee. And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field : they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. The same hour was the thing fulfilled upon Nebuchadnezzar: and he was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen, and his body was wet

Prid. i. 24.
Dan. iv. 4–26.

+ Ezek. xxix. 18.
| Dan. iv. 27.

| Prid. i. 127. Con. i. 129-142.

with the dew of heaven, till his hairs were grown like eagles' feathers, and his nails like birds' claws.*

At the end of seven years, upon being restored to his reasonable faculties, he gave God the glory due to his name; of which no better evidence can be offered, than the desire expressed by himself, that this wonderful transaction should be made known to the nations of the earth : Nebuchadnezzar, the king, unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the carth ; Peace be multiplied unto you. I thought it good to shew the signs and wonders that the High God hath wrought toward me. How great are his signs, and how mighty are his wonders. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion is from generation to generation.

And at the end of the days, I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the Most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from generation to generation : and all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will, in the army of heaven, and among the inbabitants of the earth : and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou? At the same time, my reason returned unto me; and for the glory of my kingdom, mine honour and brightness returned unto me; and my counsellors and my lords sought unto me; and I was established in my kingdom, and excellent majesty was added unto me. Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise, and extol, and honour the King of Heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride, he is able to abase.t

. Zedekiah's name is not mentioned after his apprehension : and, therefore, he most probably died in confinement at

• Dan. iv. 30–33.

+ Dan. iv. 1-3. 34–37.

Nebuchadnezzar having taken Tyre after thirteen years' siege, * and when every head was become bald, and every shoulder peeled, t proceeded to Egypt, and conquered and lay waste the whole of that country, and then took captive those Jews who had Aed with Johanan into that kingdom ;* and returning to Babylon with his spoils, had his dream of a great tree, which was interpreted by Daniel, $ who concluded with the following earnest appeal; Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.Il

Being at peace with all the world, the greater part of which he had conquered, this mighty monarch set himself to improve and beautify his metropolis of Babylon; a minute description of the extraordinary splendour and strength of which

may be seen in Prideaux. I Inflated with pride, and forgetful of his dream, and the warning admonition of the prophet, this proud monarch, while walking in the palace, or rioting in the luxury of greatness, exclaimed, is not this Babylon that I have built, for the house of the kingdom, by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty ? While the word was in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, saying; O king Nebuchadnezzar, to thee it is spoken; the kingdom is departed from thee. And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field : they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. The same hour was the thing fulfilled upon Nebuchadnezzar: and he was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen, and his body was wet

* Prid. i. 24.
Dan. iv. 4-26.

+ Ezek. xxix. 18.
|| Dan, iv. 27.

| Prid. i. 127. Con. i. 129–142.

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