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in the brick-kiln, which is at the entry of Pharaoh's house, in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah; and say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, my servant, and will set his throne
these stones, that I have hid; and he shall spread his royal pavilion over them. And when he cometh, he shall smite the land of Egypt, and deliver such as are for death to death; and such as are for captivity to captivity; and such as are for the sword to the sword. And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captives : and he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace. He shall break also the images of Beth-shemesh,* that is in the land of Egypt; and the houses of the gods of the Egyptians shall he burn with fire.
Again he addressed all the Jews which dwelt at Migdol, Tahpanhes, and Noph, and in the country of Pathros,|| saying; Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel; ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judab ; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein, because of their wickedness which they have committed, to provoke me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, and to serve other gods, whom they knew not, neither they, ye, nor your fathers. Howbeit, I sent unto you all my servants, the pro
*“ Literally the house or temple of the sun, which was worsbipped here; and whose images are said to have been of solid gold. Bethshemesh is the same as Heliopolis." A. CLARKE.
+ Jer. xliii. 8–13.
| The Thebais.
phets, rising early and sending them, saying; Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate.* But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other gods. Wherefore, my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as at this day. Therefore, now thus saith Jehovah, the God of Hosts, the God of Israel ; Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain; in that ye provoke me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye night cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse, and a reproach, among all the nations of the earth ? Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem ? They are not humbled even unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in my law, nor in my statutes, that I set before
fathers. Therefore, thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah. And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt, to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, and fall in the land of Egypt; they shall even be consumed by the sword, and by the famine; they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword, and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach. For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: so that none of the remnant of Judah, which
"A fine anthropopathia." A. (LARKE.
are gone into the land of Egypt, to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.*
Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying, As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us, in the name of Jehovah, we will not hearken unto thee. But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem : for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil: But since we left off to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword, and by the famine. And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our menit
Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him that answer, saying, The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not Jehovah remember them, and came it not into his mind ? So that Jehovah could no longer bear, because of the evil of
• Jer. xliv. 1-14. Scaliger observes, cut of Eusebius, that Artaxerxes Ohcus, making an expedition into Egypt, removed a considerable number of Jews out of that country, and carried them away as far as the Caspian Sea, and there settled tliem. Lowth,
+ Jer. xliv. 15-19.
your doings, and because of the abominations which ye
have committed; therefore, is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without inhabitant, as at this day. Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against Jehovah, and have not obeyed the voice of Jehovah, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testi. monies; therefore, this evil is happened unto you, as at this day.
Moreover, Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of Jehovah, all Judah, that are in the land of Egypt: thus saith' Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, saying ; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows. Therefore, hear ye the word of Jehovah, all Judah, that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith Jehovah, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah, in all the land of Egypt, saying, Jehovah, God, liveth. Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah, that are in the land of Egypt, shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them. Yet a small number that escape the sword, shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose word shall stand, mine, or theirs. And this shall be a sign unto you, saith Jehovah, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my words shall surely stand against you for evil: thus saith Jehovah; Behold, I will give Pharaoli Hophra, king of Egypt, into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah, king of Judah, into the hand of
Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life. *
Of the prophet Jeremiah the sacred record affords no further information ;t but we may suppose that he died in Egypt, worn out with grief, anxiety, fatigue, and old age; but assured of a glorious reward for his faithfulness, at the hand of that Being who never fails those who trust in him. Neither does the
• Jer. xliv. 20—30. xlvi. 13—26. “ It is very remarkable, that at the very same time when Jeremiah had declared this prophecy in Egypt, Ezekiel, who was then in Babylon, prophesied the same thing to his captive brethren there." Ezek. xxxii. and Wall in loco.
† According to the account of St. Jerome, he was stoned to death at Tahpanhes, (see p. 276) about 586 years before the birth of Christ, either by his own countrymen, as is generally maintained, or by the Egyptians; to both of which people he had rendered himself obnoxious, by the terrifying prophecies which he had uttered. The chronicle of Alexandria relates, that the prophet had incensed the Egyptians by predicting that their idols should be overthrown by an earthquake, when the Saviour of the earth should be born and placed in a manger. His prophecies, however, that are still extant concerning the conquests of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar, “ the servant of God," must have been sufficient to excite the fears and hatred of those against whom they were uttered. It was added to this account which Ptolemy received, that Alexander the Great visiting the tomb of Jeremiah, and hearing what he had predicted concerning his person, ordered that the prophet's urn should be removed to Alexandria, and built a magnificent monument to his memory. This was soon rendered famous, and, as a reverence for the prophet's character encircled it with imaginary influence, it became celebrated as a place of miracles. Other accounts, however, relate that the prophet returned into his own country; and travellers are still shewn a place in the neigbourhood of Jerusalem, where, as they are told, Jeremiah composed his prophecies ; and where Constantine erected a tomb to his memory. Other traditions relate that he was thrown into a pit, and transfixed with darts. Gray's Key, 375, 376. A. Clarke. The Jews of Cairo allege that Jeremiah visited the exact spot upon which their synagogue is built. Wilson's Travels, i. 117.