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sepulchre, with his fathers, in the city of David ;* because, said they, he is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought Jehovah with all his heart;f such honour have all his saints. I
And the destruction of Abaziah was of God by coming to Jehoram; for when he was come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu, the son of Nimshi, whom Jehovah had anointed to cut off the house of Ahab. And it came to pass that when Jehu was executing judgment upon the house of Ahab, and found the princes of Judah, and the sons of the brethren of Ahaziah, that ministered to Ahaziah, he slew them.
Ahaziah reigned only one year; and, upon his death, the seed royal of the house of Judah had well nigh been extinguished; for the dowager queen, Athaliah, destroyed them all except Joash, the late king's son by Zibiah, of Beersheba,ll and usurped herself the royal authority.
The promises of Jehovah are for ever sure, and A.C.
those which he made to bis servant David, could not 884.
be disappointed by the devices of men or devils. As, therefore, an Egyptian princess was provided by Jehovahjireh to preserve and protect a Moses, ( so now Jehoshabeath, a daughter of the late king, Jehoram, who had married Jehoiada, the priest, was appointed by the same divine providence to preserve and protect her infant nephew, Joash. This princess, therefore, stole him from among the king's
* 2 Kings, ix. 27, 28. + 2 Chron. xxii. 9.
| Ps. cxlix. 9. $ 2 Chron. xxii. 7, 8. 2 Kings, x. 12–14. | 2 Kings, xii, 1. 2 Chron. xxiv. I.
Exod. ii. 5-11.
sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber, and hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not; and he was hid with her and her husband in the house of God six years. *
In the seventh year of this usurpation, Jehoiada, having previously prepared the leaders of the people and the army, brought Joash forth to them in the temple; and having crowned him, the people gave him the testimony,t and clapped their hands and said, God save the king. Athaliah having heard the voice of the guard, came to the temple exclaiming, Treason! but she was immediately seized by the command of Jehoiada, and dragged out and slain in the borsegate.
The first act of Jehoiada's administration under the A.C.
youthful monarch, was to establish a solemn covenant 878.
between Jebovah, and the king, and the people, that they should be the people of Jehovah; and another between the king and the people.
And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly; and slew Mattan, the priest of Baal, before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of Jehovah. And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the
* 2 Chron. xxii. 10-12. 2 Kings, xi. 1-3. + Or the tables of the law, Exod. xxv. 16–21. xxxi. 18. and which was perhaps equivalent to administering the coronation oath.
* 2 Kings, xi. 4—16. 2 Chron. xxiii. 1-15.
$ 2 Kings, xi. 17. 2 Chron. xxiii. 16.
land, and they brought down the king from the house of Jehovah, and came by the way of the gate of the guard to the king's house. And he sat on the throne of the kings. And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet.*
The sonst of Athaliah having broken up the house of God, and bestowed all the dedicated things of the house of Jehovah upon Baalim, Joash was minded to repair and restore the same. And he gathered together the priests and the Levites, and said to them, Go out into the cities of Judah, and gather of all Israel money to repair the house of your God from year to year, and see that ye hasten the matter. Howbeit the Levites hastened it not. And the king called for Jehoiada, the chief, and said unto him, Why hast thou not required of the Levites to bring in out of Judah, and out of Jerusalem, the collection, according to the commandment of Moses, the servant of Jehovah, and of the congregation of Israel, for the tabernacle of witness? And at the king's commandment they made a chest, and set it without at the gate of the house of Jehovah. And they made a proclamation through Judah and Jerusalem, to bring in to Jehovah the collection that Moses, the servant of God, laid upon Israel in the wilderness. I And all the princes and all the people rejoiced, and brought in, and cast into the chest, until they had made an end. Now it came to pass, that at what time the chest was brought into the king's office by the hand of the Levites, and when they saw that there was much money, the king's scribe, and the high priest's officer, came and emptied the chest, and took it and carried it to his place again. Thus they did day by day, and gathered money in abundance. And the king
* 2 Kings, xi. 18—20. 2 Chron. xxiii, 17—21.
Exod. xxx. 12. 14.
and Jehoiada gave it to such as did the work of the service of the house of Jehovah; and hired masons and carpenters to repair the house of Jehovah; and also such as wrought iron and brass to mend the house of Jehovah. So the workmen wrought, and the work was perfected by them; and they set the house of God in its state, and strengthened it. And when they had finished it, they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada, whereof were made vessels for the house of Jehovah; even vessels to minister and to offer withal, and spoons, and vessels of gold and silver. And they offered burnt offerings in the house of Jehovah, continually all the days of Jehoiada. *
And Joash did that which was right in the sight of Jehovah all the days of Jehoiada, the priest, who took for him two wives, and he begat sons and daughters. But the high places were not taken away; the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places. I
And Jehoiada, the priest, died at the age of 130 years, and
* 2 Chron. xxiv. 4-14. 2 Kings, xii. 4-16.
+ 2 Chron. xxiv. 2, 3. 2 Kings, xii, 2. 12 Kings, xii. 3. The high places in Judah and Israel, and which had the effect of fostering the predilection of the Jews for idolatry, and of facilitating their return to idolatrous practices from time to time, may be compared to the remnants of popery allowed to remain in the episcopal church of England, at the time of the reformation ; and, at a subsequent period, ingrafted and made of imperative obli. gation by Laud and his admirers. It was the evils which such remnants were likely to produce, and not the things themselves, which induced the conscientious Hooper, and other good men, to resist their imposition ; and even Cranmer bimself foresaw the probable result. That result has been but too well verified, and something very much like popery having become the fashionable religion, the papists have had but little difficulty in the removal of their wholesome shackles, during the present year (1829); and, probably, a few years more will produce even a more fatal result; which may a gracious providence, in infinite mercy, avert !
they buried him in the city of David, among the kings; because he had done good in Israel, both toward God, and toward his house,
After the death of Jehoiada, came the princes of Judah, and made obeisance to the king. Then the king hearkened unto them. And they left the house of Jehovah, the God of their fathers, and served groves and idols; and wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem, for this their trespass. Yet he sent prophets to them, to bring them again unto Jehovah; and they testified against them: but they would not give ear. And the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada, the priest, who stood above the people, and said unto them, Thus saith God, Why transgress ye the commandments of Jehovah, that ye cannot prosper? Because ye have forsaken Jehovah, he hath also forsaken you. And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones, at the commandment of the king, in the court of the house of Jehovah. Thus Joash, the king, remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada, his father, had done to him, but slew his son.† And when he died, he said, Jehovah look upon it, and require it.
For this wicked departure, the judgments of God soon visited Joash with the utmost severity; for the king of Syria came against Judah and Jerusalem with a small company of men, and destroyed all the princes of the people, and Jehovah delivered a very great host into their hand, and sent all the spoil of them unto the king of Damascus, because they had forsaken Jehovah, the God of their fathers.
Nor was this all; for the Syrians having left Joash in great
• 2 Cbron. xxiv. 15, 16. This good priest was born in the reign of
Rehoboam. † Most probably the Zechariah, son of Barachiah, referred to by our
Lord. See A. Clarke on Matt. xxiii. 34, 35.
1 2 Chron. xxiv, 17—22.