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and Jehoram began to despair; but Jehoshaphat said, Is there not a prophet of Jehovah. Upon being told that Elisha was in the neighbourhood, Jehoshaphat said, The word of Jehovah is with him; upon which all the three kings went down to wait upon the prophet.
Upon seeing them, Elisha said unto the king of Israel, What have I to do with thee? Get thee to the prophets of thy father, and to the prophets of thy mother. And the king of Israel said unto him, Nay, for Jehovah hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Moab. And Elisha said, As Jehovah of Hosts liveth, before whom I stand, surely, were it not that I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat, the king of Judah, I would not look toward thee, nor see thee. But now bring me a minstrel. And it came to pass, when the minstrel played, that the hand of Jehovah came upon him. And he said, thus saith Jehovah, make this valley full of ditches. For thus saith Jehovah, ye shall not see wind, neither shall ye see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, that ye may drink, both ye, and your cattle, and your beasts. And this is but a light thing in the sight of Jehovah ; he will deliver the Moabites also into your hand, and ye shall smite every fenced city, and every choice city, and shall fell every good tree, and stop all wells of water, and mar every good piece of land with stones. And it came to pass in the morning, when the meat offering was offered, that behold there came water by the way of Edom, and the country was filled with water.*
The Moabites having been deceived by a miraculous appearance of the water, attacked the allied army in their camp, expecting to find them unprepared, but met with a signal defeat, and were pursued to their own country.f
* 2 Kings, iii. 13—20. † 2 Kings, iii. 21–27. It is not said what became of Jehoshaphat
upon this occasion.
This monarch walked in the way of Asa, his father, and departed not from it, doing that which was right in the sight of Jehovah. Howbeit, the high places were not taken away; for as yet the people had not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers. * And the remnant of the sodomites, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he took out of the land. And after having reigned twenty-five years,# Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers, in the city of David, his father, and was succeeded by his son,
JEHOR A M.
Besides this prince, Jehoshaphat had left six other A.C.
sons, viz: Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariah, Mi889.
chael, and Shephatiah ; to whom the deceased monarch had given great gifts of silver, gold, and precious things, with fenced cities in Judah. The first act of Jehoram's reign, after he had strengthened himself, was to slay all his brethren with the sword, and divers also of the princes of Israel.S
We are not informed what was the motive for this atrocious conduct; but as it is afterwards said,|| that his brethren were better characters than himself, it is not unreasonable to imagine that they were true worshippers of God, and that therefore Jehoram was determined to put them out of his way.
• 1 Kings, xxii. 43. 2 Chron. xx. 32, 33.
+ 1 Kings, xxii. 46.
2 Chron. xxi. 2. 4.
Having married Athaliah,* one of the daughters of Ahab, he walked in the way of the idolatrous kings of Israel, like that rebellious house, and wrought that which was evil in the eyes of Jehovah. Moreover he made high places in the mountains of Judah, and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to commit fornication; and compelled Judah thereto.& Howbeit, Jehovah would not destroy the house of David, because of the covenant that he had made with him; and as he promised to give a light to him and to his sons for ever.||
* She was daughter of Jezebel, and consequently first cousin to the father of Dido, queen of Carthage, the heroine of the Æneid. Jahn's Heb. Commonwealth, i. 128. Univ. Hist. i. 407. 415.
+ 2 Chron. xxi. 6. Or grand-daughter of Omri. 2 Kings, vili. 26, 27.
* 2 Chron, xxi. 6. 2 Kings, viii. 18.
$ 2 Chron. xxi. 11.
Faithful to this promise, God sent to Jehoram, not Elijah in person, but a writing from him, saying; Thus saith Jehovah, the God of David, thy father; because thou hast not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat, thy father, nor in the ways of Asa, king of Judah, but hast walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and hast made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, like to the whoredoms of the house of Ahab; and also hast slain thy brethren of thy father's house, which were better than thyself: Behold, with a great plague will Jehovah smite thy people, and thy children, and thy wives, and all thy goods; and thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out, by reason of the sickness, day by day."
Accordingly, first the Edomites revolted from under the dominion of Judah, and made themselves a king; and although Jehoram went forth to Zair, with his princes, and all his chariots with him, and rose up by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him in, and the captains of the chariots; yet the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Afterwards Libnah revolted from under his hand, because he had forsaken Jehovah, the God of his fathers. And, finally, jehovah stirred up against him the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians; and they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king's house, and his sons also, and his wives; so that there was never a son left him, save Jehoahaz, or Ahaziahg the youngest of his sons.||
• 2 Chron. xxi. 12-15. + 2 Chron. xxi. 8–10. 2 Kings, viji. 20—22. Gen. xxvii. 40.
| 2 Chron. xxi. 10. 2 Kings, viii. 22.
$ 2 Chron. xxii, 1.
After all this, and having reigned six years in Jerusalem, * Jehovah smote this monarch in his bowels with an incurable disease; so that after lying for two years, his bowels fell out, and he died of sore diseases, and departed without being desired; howbeit they buried him in the city of David, but not in the sepulchres of the kings.t
A HAZIA H.
This prince being called to the vacant throne by the A.C.
inhabitants of Jerusalem, in consequence of all his 885.
elder brethren having been slain by the Arabians, I he walked in the way of the house of Ahab; for his mother was his counsellor to do wickedly. Wherefore he did evil in the sight of Jehovah, like the house of Ahab; for they were his counsellors after the death of his father to his destruction.g
In consequence of this influence, he formed an alliance with his relative, Jehoram, king of Israel, in an expedition against Hazael, king of Syria. Ilaving been defeated by Hazael, Jehoram retreated to Jezreel, and there Ahaziah went to visit him. It was during this visit that the rebellion of Jehu broke out; and when Jehoram and Ahaziah went forth to meet him, he slew Jehoram with an arrow. Ahaziah fled by the way of the garden house, and Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot ; and they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam, And he fled to Megiddo, and died there. And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his
* 2 Chron. xxi. 5.
+ 2 Chron. xxi. 18—20.