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inoved the Syrians to depart from him; for perceiving that they had mistaken the object of their pursuit, they turned back.*
Ahab, nevertheless, was slain notwithstanding bis disguise ; for a Syrian archer drew a bow at a venture, and smote him between the joints of the harness, of which wound he died in the evening.t
Jehoshaphat, however, by the mercy of God, returned to his house in peace to Jerusalem; when Jehu, the son of Hanani, the seer, went out to meet him, and said to him, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate Jehovah? therefore is wrath upon thee from before Jehovah, Nevertheless, there are good things found in thee, in that thou hast' taken away the groves out of the land, and hast prepared thine heart to seek God. I
On his return home, Jehoshaphat resumed his pious labours for re-establishing the true worship of God, and went out again through the people, from Beersheba to mount Ephraim, and brought them back unto Jehovah, the God of their fathers. And he set judges in the land, throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city, and said to the judges, Take heed what ye do : for ye judge not for man, but for Jehovah, who is with you in the judgment. Wherefore now, let the fear of Jehovah be upon you; take heed, and do it : for there is no iniquity with Jehovah, our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts. Moreover, in Jerusalem did Jehoshaphat set, of the Levites and of the priests, and of the chief of the fathers of Israel, for the judgment of Jehovah, and for controversies, when they returned to Jerusalem. And he charged them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the fear of Jehovah, faith
* 2 Chron. xviii. 30–31. I Kings, xxii. 32, 33.
2 Chron. xix. 1-3.
fully, and with a perfect heart. And what cause soever shall come to you of your brethren that dwell in their cities, between blood and blood, between law and commandment, statutes, and judgments, ye shall even warn them that they trespass not against Jehovah, and so wrath come upon you, and upon your brethren: this do, and ye shall not trespass. And, behold, Amariah, the chief priest, is over you in all matters of Jehovah; and Zebadiah, the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king's matters : also the Levites shall be officers before you. Deal courageously, and Jehovah shall be with the good.*
The Moabites and Ammonites having united to invade the territories of Judah, and arrived in great force from beyond the sea on this side Syria, in Hazazon-tamar, or Engedi, Jehoshaphat set himself to seek Jehovah, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask help of Jehovah: even out of all the cities of Judah, they came to seek Jehovah. And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of Jehovah, before the new court, and said, O Jehovah, God of our fathers, art not thou God in heaven? and rulest not thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen! and in thine hand is there not power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee ? Art not thou our God, who didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham, thy friend, for ever? And they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary therein for thy name, saying, If, when evil cometh upon us, as the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name is in this house) and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help. And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab, and mount
2 Chron, xix. 4-11.
Seir, whom thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not: behold, I say, how they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit. O our God, wilt thou not judge them for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes are upon thee. And all Judah stood before Jehovah, with their little ones, their wives, and their children. *
In answer to this earnest supplication, the Spirit of Jehovah came upon Jahaziel, a Levite, of the sons of Asaph, in the midst of the congregation, and he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye, inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou, king Jehoshaphat: thus saith Jehovah unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed, by reason of this great multitude; for the battle is not yours, but God's. To-morrow go ye down against them: behold, they came up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel. Ye shall not need to fight in this battle: set yourselves, stand ye still, and see the salvation of Jehovah with you, O Judah and Jerusalem : fear not, nor be dismayed: to-morrow go out against them; for Jehovah will be with you.t
Surely it is not possible to imagine a more interesting and impressive scene, than a whole nation thus waiting upon the supreme majesty of heaven: well might David say, How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Jehovah of Hosts! My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth, for the courts of Jehovah : my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
At this annunciation of divine mercy, the monarch bowed his bead with his face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before Jehovah, worshipping
• 2 Chron. xx. 1-13,
+ 2 Chron. xx. 14-17. Ps. Ixxxiv. 1, 2
army, and to
Jehovah. And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise Jehovah, God of Israel, with a loud voice on high. *
And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, 0 Judah, and ye, inhabitants of Jerusalem: believe in Jehovah, your God, so shall ye be established: believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto Jehovah, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the
say, Praise Jehovah : for his mercy endureth for ever. And when they began to sing and to praise, Jehovah set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moa and mount Seir, which were come against Jndah; and they were smitten. For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy them: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another. And when Judah came toward the watch tower in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they were dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away
the spoil of them, they found among them, in abundance, both riches, with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much.t
But Jehoshaphat not only besought Jehovah in the hour of danger, but remembered also to offer up praises and thanksgiving for his deliverance; for on the fourth day, the army assembled in the valley of Berachah, for there they blessed Jehovah: therefore the name of the same place was called the
* 2 Chron. xx. 18, 19.
+ 2 Chron. XX, 20-25.
• valley of Berachah unto this day. Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the forefront of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for Jehovah had made them to rejoice over their enemies. And they came to Jerusalem, with psalteries, and harps, and trumpets, unto the house of Jehovah. And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of those countries, when they heard that Jehovah fought against the enemies of Israel. So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet : for his God gave him rest round about.*
Pious and devoted to the worship of God as this monarch unquestionably was, and notwithstanding the narrow escape and warning he had so lately experienced from his imprudent and culpable affinity with A hab; he was now induced to enter into relations of friendship with his son, Ahaziah, who had succeeded him, and united with that monarch in building some ships in Eziongaber, in order to go to Tarshish and Ophir for gold. But Eliezer, the son of Dodavah, of Mareshah, prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, Jehovah hath broken thy works. Whereupon the ships were broken or wrecked at Eziongaber, and were rendered unable to go to Tarshish. But Abaziah having applied to Jehoshaphat to resume their purpose, the latter having now seen his error, positively refused.t
Jehoshaphat, however, fell into a similar error even once more; for Jehoram, another son of Ahab, having succeeded Ahaziah, Jehoshaphat made peace with him, and formed an alliance with him and the king of Edom, against Mesha, king of Moab.
After a long march of seven days through the wilderness of Edom, the allied army became greatly distressed for water,
2 Chron. xx. 20-30,
# 1 Kings, xxii. 44.