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God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart, I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee. O Jehovah, God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy people, and prepare their heart unto thee: and give unto Solomon, my son, a perfect heart, to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, and thy statutes, and to do all these things, and to build the palace, for which I have made provision.
And David said to all the congregation, now bless Jehovah, your God. And all the congregation blessed Jehovah, God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped Jehovah, and the king. And they sacrificed sacrifices unto Jehovah, and offered burnt offerings unto Jehovah, on the morrow after that day, even a thousand bullocks, a thousand rams, and a thousand lambs, with their drink offerings, and sacrifices in abundance for all Israel : and did eat and drink before Jehovah on that day with great gladness.
And they made Solomon, the son of David, king the second time, and anointed him unto Jehovah to be the chief governor, and Ladok to be priest. *
In another solemn address of David to Solomon, be thus expresses himself, I go the way of all the earth : be thou strong, therefore, and shew thyself a mian; and keep the charge of Jehovah, thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself; that Jehovah may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children take heed to
* 1 Chron. xxix. 1. 22.
their way, to walk before me in truth, with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said be) a man on the throne of Israel. Moreover, thou knowest also what Joab, the son of Zeruiah, did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the host of Israel: unto Abner, the son of Ner, and unto Amasa, the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace; and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. Do, therefore, according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace. But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai, the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table; for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom, thy brother. And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei, the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by Jehovah, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. Now, therefore, hold him not guiltless; for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood.*
The last words of this aged servant of God are supposed to be the following: David, the son of Jesse, said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel said; The spirit of Jehovah spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. The God of Israel said, the rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. And he shall be as the light of the morning when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springeth out of the earth
• 1 Kings, ii. 2–9. Dr. Kennicott thinks the Hebrew negative, lo, should be introduced here, from whom A. Clarke and Burder, 0. C. 373. have made copious extracis.
by clear shining after rain. Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure; for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow. But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns, thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: but the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.*
And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.
So David died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and honour; and slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. I
The following character of this monarch is given by the learned Dr. Anselm Bayly; “View him a youth feeding his father's sheep, patient of his brethren's insults, and not fearing the Philistine; view him a man steady in friendship, brave in perils, and faithful under all the persecutions of Saul; see him a king, mindful of favours received from kings, and
• 2 Sam. xxiii. 1—7.
+ 1 Kings, ii. 11. I Chron. xxix, 27. # 1 Kings, ii. 10. 1 Chron. xxix. 28. Jerome mentions the remains of David's Sepulchre as extant in his time ; (Hier. Epist. xvi. ad Marcell.) and a large account of other testimonies concerning it may be seen in Fabricius. (Cod. A poc. Vet. Test. pages 1063—1070.) It is strange that this sepulchre should have survived so much barbarous rage, as we know Jerusalem was often subjected to; but perhaps it was rebuilt in later days. As for the treasures, which Josephus so often mentions as found in this sepulchre by Ilyrcanus and Herod. (Antiq. lib. vii. cap. 15. (al. 11.) sec. 3.- lib. xiii. cap. 8. [al. 16.) sec. 4.-lib. xvi. cap. 7. [al. 11.) sec. I.-and Bell. Jud. lib. i. cap. 2. sec. 5. Haverc.) I think with Beza, the stories have an air of fable. DODDRIDGE, iii. 25. A. CLARKE.
regardful of his people, sitting in the gate and attentive to their grievances; but especially behold him walking humbly, penitently, and devoutly with his God, an example to all. If poetry be thy taste and delight, thou canst not but admire David in his psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, when he teacheth thee to weep for Saul and Jonathan; to discern the spirit of the law, (Ps. 1. li. cxix.); to adore thy maker in his works of creation, (Ps. cxxxix. civ.); and to praise and love him for his mercies of preservation and redemption, (Ps. ciii. and xvi).”*
This monarch began his reign with the brightest A.C. 1015. prospects, and the fairest promise: the approbation and
appointment of his venerable parent, the good-will of his subjects, and, what was infinitely of more importance, the especial favour and providence of God.
Solomon was hardly seated on his throne, when his brother Adonijah, although so lately pardoned, discovered symptoms of a disposition to dispute the sovereignty. At least, that is the construction put by commentators upon his application to be permitted to marry Abishag, the Shunamite. He prevailed on Bathsheba, the mother of Solomon, to prefer this request, which, however, produced an immediate sentence of death from the incensed monarch, and which was as immediately executed by Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada.
That there was some conspiracy connected with this appli
• Old Testament in Hebrew and English, at the end of the Second
Book of Samuel.
cation is clear; for Joab, the old commander-in-chief, had turned after Adonijah, although he turned not after Absalom, * and fled for sanctuary to the horns of the altar, whereeven he was slain by the express command of Solomon. This we may remember was one of the last commands of David, and to which Solomon in passing judgment, distinctly alluded, “ Fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father. And Jehovah shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father, David, not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner, the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa, the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed, for ever : but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace
for ever from Jehovah." +
Shimei also soon after received the same sentence, for Solomon having prescribed him a sort of honourable imprisonment within the city of Jerusalem, he went after two of his servants to Achish, king of Gath; but upon his return, Solomon ordered him to be executed by Benaiah.
The monarch next proceeded to strengthen his throne by alliances, and having married the daughter of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, he brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of Jehovah, and the wall of Jerusalem round about. I
Solomon having proceeded with the fathers of Israel, and all the congregation, to Gibeon, the great bigh place, and offered up a thousand burnt offerings; Jehovah appeared to
* 1 Kings, ii. 28. + 1 Kings, ii. 31–33. 1 Kings, iii, 1. $ 2 Chron. i. 3–5. The tabernacle and altar were then there.