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way, I note a little incident that happened at this steamboat run within range of our guns, having on tight.
After the yankees had retired from the her some yankees, and she was forced to surrender. field, Forrest ordered me to pursue them with the I was ordered by Colonel Kelley to take charge of battalion, which I did at a gallop. Coming to a the boat and run her to a landing. On reaching short bend in the road on a hill, I saw the enemy the landing Colonel Kelley came aboard and told me fornied in line of battle, evidently preparing to Forrest's orders were that we run the steamboat charge us. I caught Forrest by the shoulder, say- across the river and bring him that gunboat, and he ing: General, they have got us; they are going to asked me what I thought of it. I told him I charge!"
thought it "mighty ticklish" business, that the old He checked his horse and asked: “How many regiment could fight on land, but we were inexpeinen have you?"
rienced in naval matters, though if the “old TyMy reply was, Not more than thirty; that the coon” said so we would have to turn mariners and most of the men had stopped to pillage the yankee try it. So Company C, with D. C. Kelley as admiral Wilgons.
(I reckon) left our moorings and started out on our His orders were: “Bring them into line at a gal- first naval expedition, and I really thought it would lop," which was instantly done.
be our last. Col. Kelley stood in the pilot house By the time the lines were formed, he asked, in a with a cocked pistol to direct the yankee pilot. Joud voice, for a white handkerchief. A man an- Lieut. Jim Sutherland, with pistol in hand, stood swered from the ranks that he had one. Forrest by the engineer. I was ordered to keep the men then, in a loud voice, said to the man: “Put it on a on the alert. I knew that one broadside from the stick and go down there and tell them yankees that gunboat would have sent the admiral and Company if they do not surrender I will kill the last one of Ĉ to the bottom of the river, but the thing turned
out differently than any sane man would have exThe man started, and so did the yankees, on a pected. The yanks ran the bow of their boat into perfect stanipede. We actually caught some of the bank and deserted her without shutting off theni. Certainly no man but Forrest would ever steam or taking anything with them, not even their have thought of playing such a trick on the enemy. dead and wounded. They also left us a splendid We were at that time in their clutches, if they had dinner, cooked and on the table. but known it. A bold charge at the time by that We attacked the gunboat by a hawser to the transyankee command would have captured Forrest. port and turned it across the river. We now had a We could not possibly have escaped. But the fleet of two transports and a gunboat. They were charge was not made, and we rode away to fight placed in charge of an old steamboat captain and them again at Moscow, where we forced our way ordered to accompany the expedition to Johnsonville, through them and saved our recruits and supplies, but when unprotected by our guns en route, an attaking all into Mississippi.
tack was made by an overwhelming Federal fleet, The old battalion was then consolidated with and we lost our capture. I learn that Col. Kelley Jeff Forrest's Regiment. However, this did not still has in his possession the side arms of the officer last long. Shortly after this, near Como, Miss., the commanding on the captured boat. That officer, as officers of the battalion were all placed under ar- he delivered the arms, said, “I surrender to the comrest, charged with mutiny. General Forrest was mander of the sharpshooters who made it impossible absent at Mobile at the time. Still, his act was the for me to handle my boat. I could otherwise have cause of the trouble. Just before his departure for run the gauntlet of the artillery. Mobile he sent a supernumerary officer to take com- The next day, I think it was, the fleet was lost. mand of us (Allen, our senior captain, being at the From this place we went to Johnsonville, on the tiine absent and wounded). We felt it our duty to Tennessee river, and assisted in the destruction of contend for the rights of our wounded brother of- a great many of the enemy's boats and large quantificer; hence the arrest for niutiny. But when For- ties of army stores. We then joined Hood at Florrest returned he gave us what we asked for, Philip ence, Ala., went on that campaign to Nashville and T. Allen, Major, commanding, and were ready for back to Mississippi, taking an active part in the battle again.
battles fought on the trip from Mississippi to AlaSoon after this Col. D. C. Kelley came back to us, bama to look after General Wilson, but Forrest's and new companies were added, and it was a full ranks had become too thin to check such numbers regiment again. We then went with McCulloch's as Wilson had. So the end came, but there were Brigade to Montevallo, Ala., but were ordered back but few of the old regiment to surrender. immediately to take part in the Cross Roads fight. The large majority of those who started with ForCol. Kelley, with part of the regiment, was in the rest from Memphis in the beginning were in their battle. We reached Mississippi, in time for the graves-yes, dead on the field of honor. The remfight at Harrisburg. In this battle your scribe got a nant left stacked their arms with sad hearts and wound that laid him on the shelf for several months. wended their way to desolated homes. Since then After this, and before I had rejoined them, the old the majority of that remnant has passed away, and boys turned up in Memphis one morning. When I it won't be long until all will “cross over the river found them again they were on the Tennessee river, and rest under the shade of the trees." Thank near Paris Landing:
God, I have never met one of the regiment who had A few days after I got there we had a fight with apology to make for the part he took in that war. some gunboats. I must here tell the part that we took in that novel affair. While the regiment was The next VETERAN will contain a sketch of Gen. under the bank fighting the yunboat, there was a Forrests gallantry towards non-combatants.
THE OLD WAR SONGS AND BALLADS.
UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS.
Lucy McRae Walton, Vicksburg, Miss.:
ALABAMA DIVISION. Lillian Rozell Messenger begins her “Green FRED S. FERGUSON, Maj. Gen., Birmingham. Fields and Gray” with the quoted question: “Why
HARVEY E. JONES, Adjt. Gen. and Chief of Staff, are the songs and ballads once constantly sung by
Montgomery. our Southern troops so seldom heard nowadays? In the last early autumn I visited a little village of
JAMES M. WILLIAMS, Brig. Gen. First Brig. Mobile. eight or ten families. My friend lived upon a hill
WILLIAM RICHARDSON, Brig. Gen. Second Brig. at whose feet lay a lovely valley. In our Southern
Huntsville. clime our evenings were spent on the broad verandas The Division has 88 Camps and a membership constructed for every passing breeze toʻrefresh us, approximating 10,000 men. and thus this family gathered after tea for chat, Îhe First Brigade is composed of Camps located and for song:
in the following counties: Choctaw, Marengo, On a particular evening a banjo and two guitars Perry, Chilton, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Chambers, Lee, were brought out, while a sweet mellow alto, two Elmore, Autauga, Dallas, Wilcox, Clarke, Washsopranos, and a round full baso formed our band. ington, Monroe, Conecuh, Lowndes, Butler, MontWe sang the new songs and many of the old, when gomery, Macon, Russell, Bullock, Barbour, Pike, some one in the party said, “Do you all remember Crenshaw, Henry, Dale, Geneva, Coffee, Covington, the old war song Maryland?” My answer came Escambia, Baldwin and Mobile. with the chords of a sweet guitar, and out into the The Second Brigade is composed of Camps locatstillness of the quiet night our voices went forth in ed in the remaining counties of the State, so the
Then sprang out of our childhood's two brigades cover about an equal area of the termemory the grand old song of “Dixie,” after which ritory and have about an equal number of Camps. followed the "Bonnie Blue Flag," and the "Home- REV. JAMES 0. ANDREW, the Chaplain of the spun Dress,” the music and words of which were as Division, has been appointed Historian. His adfresh as when my childish voice rose in song so dress is Greensborough, Ala., and it is carnestly many years ago
When we had finished we were hoped that all comrades will give him the greatest all enthused with memories of the war, and those aid possible in the prosecution of his work. who were younger in our circle wanted to know Arrangements are being made to transport the this and that of the songs and the war.
Division, as a body, to Houston, and it is believed The next morning those of the older villagers that at least 500 men will go. told us the ballads wafted across the valley were The VETERAN is the official organ of the Division clearly and distinctly heard and, opening their and every Camp composing it. windows, they listened with sadness and tears to the songs sung over the grave of our dear dead AN OLD MAN IN NEED AT CINCINNATI. Confederacy. It would not do for us to sing those songs now as we did then; hearts would be too sad- An appeal has been received in behalf of Samuel ly reminded of dear ones gone, and of a past so P. Thomas, of Cincinnati, Ohio, living at 42 Elder sacred to every Southerner. We should, however, street. It is stated that Mr. Thomas gave over never forget to teach these songs to our children. $100,000 to the cause of the South during the war. Let them understand, even in song, our cause.
To His bountiful hand was extended to them in the me the Southern songs of our great war are the way of giving food, shelter and clothing. Besides, sweetest I ever heard. I learned to love them as a
them money to defray expenses, took them child and I will love them until I die. In answer across the lines and sent them on their way rejoicto the opening question I reply: It is for the iny. He presented to Gen. John Morgan the beauSouth's good, in many respects, that we do not tiful suit of clothes that he wore on that memorable sing the songs that were sung by our boys in gray. night when he made his escape from the Ohio peniThey are sacred.
tentiary. He was arrested and indicted for assist
ing Gen. Morgan to escape, and it cost him $2,700 to J. Mont Wilson, Springfield, Mo., January, 1895: have the indictment nolle prossed. This fact is
We are just starting the “ball in motion," in con- shown by the record in the United States Courts of nection with the Daughters of the Confederacy, to Cincinnati. Mr. Thomas is to-day without food or try to build a $5,000 monument to the Confederate proper clothing to keep him warm." dead in our Springfield cemetery. It being the only The foregoing statements were sent to the postone in the State, we hope to succeed by the close of master at Cincinnati, and he replied February 9, '95: the year.
There are some six or eight hundred “Mr. Thomas is in needy circumstances, and it is dead, gathered from all over southwest Missouri, my belief that his statements (as indicated in your and including comrades from other Missouri sec- letter) are true. There is no doubt of Mr. Thomas' tions, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, and Indian Ter- merit to consideration." ritory.
We are going to have a short sketch of the ser- J. A. Wheeler, Salado, Texas: I should like to vices of every member of our Camp placed on file. know the names of the ladies of Nashville, Tenn., We think this will be interesting to each living who presented the large, beautiful silk fag to the comrade, and valuable, possibly, to our children Twenty-Third Tennessee Regiment at Camp Trousafter we answer tu “the last roll call."
clale in the fall or 1861.
ONE DOLLAR A YEAR.
Confederate Veteran. carefully and send to other States and countries.
Don't fail to consider the neighbors, and if they S. A, CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Prop'r, S. W. MEEK, Publisher.
want to borrow, write this office and specimen
copies will be sent to them. Do improve the ausOmice: 208 NORTH COLLEGE STREET, NASHVILLE, TENN.
picious opportunity to establish on firmer and This publication is the personal property of $. A. Cunningham. All firmer basis the official organ of nearly every Conpereons who approve its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for Associations throughout the South, are requested to commend its patronage and to co-operate in extending it.
federate Camp and Bivouac in existence.
The VETERAN has had faults and made mistakes CONTINUE ZEALOUS FOR THE VETERAN. all the while, but its motives and loyalty to the
highest principles of life have never varied. It has For two years the founder of the VETERAN been courageous and heroic in vindication of truth, worked with perpetual zeal, but in almost death softened and strengthened by memories of the hunagony at times, lest comrades and friends place not dreds of thousands who went down to death with the rocks under his feet, as he could not afford to approving consciences. By these sacred memories, step amiss. Happily, a new arrangement relieved which are as hopes for the future, let us all press him of that dread, but the responsibility, incurred onward and still onward, until even our enemies by the pronounced indorsement of nearly all the will be convinced that our motives were, and are, Confederate Veterans living, inspires him afresh to exactly such as make the Christian tread through greatest endeavor. The VETERAN has had beauti- fire, in the faith that across the river we all may ful growth. In two and a quarter years, beginning indeed “rest under the shade of the trees.” with nothing, the demand for 12,000 copies is gratifying; but why halt with that number? There Just as the foregoing article is completed, eleought to be one hundred thousand instead, and there gantly prepared resolutions from the Confederate might be during this year. It is not that 100,000 Veteran Camp, of New York, are received in which Confederates will ever be gathered together on the
it is stated that this “worthy exponent and mouthearth, but their children and broad-minded patriots piece, representing the events, both great and of the other side would easily make it that if they small, in which we staked our lives and fortunes, knew its merits.
be subscribed for and kept on file, and, if agreeable In peace of conscience that comes through success
to the owner, be hereafter considered the official already attained, gratitude is keenest to the poor journal of this Camp.” Commander Col. A. G. man who fought the war through in the ranks, and
Dickinson called attention to the publication, the now makes much sacrifice to secure the dollar each
resolutions were offered by Past Commander Col.
Robt. Alex. Chisholm, and the report signed by year to sustain it, and who, though he may not write a line of proper English, sends his reminis- Maj. Edward Owen, secretary. cences as the only press contribution of his life in
This new outfit of type, bought especially for the confidence that facts will be creditably presented,
the VETERAN, will appear all the better next month but with the deference to say, “Put in the waste
when printed on the fine new press now en route basket if you think best." Such communications
from the foundry. are never destroyed. There is no other misfortune about the VETERAN so great as that valuable contri- Maj. J. A. Cheatham, living near Memphis, brothbutions have to be held over so long. The best pos- er of Gen. B. F. Cheatham, whose memory is resible is being done to distribute space fairly between called by his soldiers in the great war with unfailindividuals and sections.
ing admiration and affection, wishes to procure, if The VETERAN is sent to many people with the possible, a report of the General's talk or address wish that they investigate its merits and act as to his command at High Point, just before the surthey think right in patronizing and commending render. It was an occasion when the men were it. Friends who are zealous for it and who are very unhappy, and they had appealed to him for able to pay the subscription can almost invariably such knowledge as he could give them of the situainduce others to take it, and thereby secure its con- tion. After the war, when General Cheatham was tinuance to themselves. All that is possible will a candidate to represent his State (Tennessee), at be done to continue the VETERAN to the homes of large in Congress, some account of this address was the faithful who are depressed by misfortune. published, but an imperfect one. It was one of the
Enthusiastic patrons often fail to commend it to most pathetic events in the career of “Mars Frank" their nearest neighbors, across the street or on the as a Confederate Commander. Who can supply the next farm; but, do the clever thing to, put it up substance, if not the exact words of that address?
GEN. ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON. that would have given him leadership at once, but
he entered the army as a private soldier in the The coming reunion at Shiloh, April 5th and 6th, ranks, and rose rapidly to the head of the army. in which Veterans of both armies are to meet to- When the great commotion between the North gether is made the occasion for the review of the and South occurred he sent in his resignation career of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston. His death to the President, but before it was received and occurred so early in the war, and the tragic event acted upon he was superceded, as if the Department was followed so closely by thrilling and awful at Washington suspected treachery. This caused events, that attention was diverted largely from that the most aggravating experience of his life. He homage which a grateful people would have paid was incapable of dishonor in any sense. to him. Lee and Stonewall Jackson, Joseph E. To that time he had not decided upon his course. Johnsion, and a score of grand heroic commanders Soon afterward he started on the perilous journey recur when Confederate generals are recalled, and across the desert under a July sun. Writing to that of Albert Sidney Johnston is grouped with them, his wife soon after starting to join the Confederates, but his eminence is scarcely imagined by the av- he stated: “Can I better testify my love for you erage reader.
and my children than by this journey? Love and Such an association would be an honor to any hope cheer me on to discharge a great duty." man, but it will be helpful to us to review his ca
In crossing the desert, one of the men in charge It is not practicable to review his life care- of a pack horse was left behind in a famishing confully now, but some of his characteristics are given. dition, and when Maj. Ridley, in charge of the par
ty, was urging one of the others to return to him with some water, there arose a spirited controversy through his protest, and when Gen. Johnston learned of the circumstances, he pleaded for the young man so adverse to going, and offered to do so himself. “This aroused the pride of a dozen, and a messenger was soon galloping away with water."
A general burst of relief and joy throughout the South greeted Gen. Johnston's safe arrival.
When he arrived at Richmond, President Davis was sick in bed and did not know of his arrival, but on hearing his approach, said, “That is Sidney Johnston's step. Bring him in."
Bring him in.” At another time, afterwards, he said, “I hoped and expected that I had others who would prove good generals, but I knew I had one in Sidney Johnston."
The relations between Gen. Johnston and President Davis were ever most intimate. When the latter was Secretary of War, the Second Cavalry was organized, with Albert Sidney Johnston as Colonel; Robert E. Lee, Lieut. Colonel; Wm. J. Hardee, and Geo. H. Thomas were made Majors. That regiment furnished_the following Generals to the Confederate Army: Earl Van Dorn, E. KirbySmith, N. G. Evans, John B. Hood, Chas. W. Field, J. R. Chambliss, and C. W. Phifer, while Thomas, Palmer, Stoneman, R. W. Johnson, R. Garrard, and other members of it became Federal Generals.
In the Confederate Army Albert Sidney Johnston was made General of first rank in the field. The Adjutant General, S. Cooper only ranking him. Lee, J. E. Johnston, and Beauregard were the other three full Generals in the beginning. It is mentioned that Joseph E. Johnston contended for first
place in order of rank in contrast with the fact that GEX. ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON.
Albert Sidney never did, in many conversations (From the only photograph in possession of his son, Col. Wm. Preston.) with the President, refer to the subject of his rank.
He was born in Mason county, Kentucky, Feb. 2, On the 14th of September, '61, Gen. Johnston was 1803, and was youngest son of Dr. John Johnston, in Nashville, Tenn., when an immense multitude with honored antecedents for generations preceding gathered about the precincts of the Capitol and he His entire life was occupied in faithfulness to duty, was compelled to show himself to the excited conand he never would accept promotion that was not course, and to make a brief response to their words earned. Gen. Winfield Scott offered him when a of welcome. That was the last time his son, Col. very young man an important position on his Wm. Preston Johnston, “who was regarded as a staff, which he declined. On going to the Repub- member of the President's family,” ever saw him. lic of Texas, he carried letters and a reputation He had not seen him before for several years.
Gen. Johnston wrote of Bishop Polk as a soldier, that “as a priest he ever remembered he was a gentleman and a soldier of Christ," and that “as a soldier, he was first of all a Christian.” On a visit to Europe, on one occasion, the Bishop procured a beautiful onyx cameo-the head of Washington, and in giving it to Gen. Johnston, stated that he had never known one whose character represented so closely in all respects that of Washington.
had marshaled, but that it be raised, if possible, from 23,000 to 50,000, while, from reliable data, the enemy had 80,000 men.
In the midst of excitement, when Kentucky "neutrality” was being disregarded, many prominent citizens got notice in time to escape arrest. Of the number, Hon. John C. Breckinridge, after getting to Bowling Green, published an address which he concluded in the following:
(This is the original Shiloh Church, and doubtless the only picture of it in existence. Col. W. W. Ferguson, an engineer for Johnston's army, happened to prepare it for his sketch book and kept it all the succeeding years and gave it to the Veteran. At General Johnston's headquarters in Bowling Green in January, 1862, he was studying a map made by his engineer, who had returned from a survey of the Tennessee River as far up as Florence, Ala., when he put his finger on the spot marked "Shiloh Church" and quietly but impressively said, “Here the great "battle of the Southwest will be fought." This circumstance was published by Col. Frank Schaller of the Twenty-Second Mississippi Regiment, soon afterward,
and verified in a letter from Richmond, Va.) “To defend your birthright and mine, which is more precious than domestic ease, or property, or life, I exchanged with proud satisfaction a term of six years in the United States Senate for the musket of a soldier.”
Gen. Breckinridge went, after this, to Richmond "to get his musket," Gen. Johnston set a high value upon his talents and prestige.
Gen. Johnston was disappointed at the lack of enthusiasm by the people of his native State upon
CHURCH OF SHILOH DURING THE BATTLE. Mr. Davis, mentioned him as, “that truly great and good man," and while on his sick bed, and in the last dictation he ever gave for history, he said: “I have not told what I wished to of my classmates Sidney Johnston and Polk. I have much to say of them. Their intimacy was close from boyhood through their honored and eventful lives.
President Davis was extremely gratified in having Gen. Johnston take charge of the Western Department, and he sought to help him all that was possible. Circumstances concerning the neutrality enactments of Kentucky worried Gen. Johnston deeply. In a letter to President Davis, September 16, 1861, commenting on the demand by the Governor that Confederate forces be withdrawn from that State, he wrote: “The troops will not be withdrawn." A few days later, however, Gen. Johnston issued a proclamation in which he expressed high consideration for the rights of the State of Kentucky, and agreed to remove all of his troops from Kentucky if the United States would do likewise. Gen. Johnston was disappointed in the public sentiment which he found among that people, and said to Col. Munford, who reports it in an historic address, “They are not up to a revolutionary point," and when the suspicion of his doubt about our success was intimated, he said, after meditation: “If the South wishes to be free, she can be free." His faith in our ability to succeed seemed to be as firm as was that of the President, but he expected a “seven years' war."
Gen. Johnston did all that was possible to secure men and arms in his great emergency. January 5, 1862, he sent Col. Liddell from Bowling Green, Ky., to Richmond with an appeal, in which he stated that he did not ask as large a force as the enemy