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"half-moon” Virginia pies were quite a factor in the I instructed her to stay from four to six rods in secret service of the Army of Northern Virginia. The my rear, and let this distance separate us unless she eighteen-year-old daughter was really the head of wanted to speak with me. the family.
The gray of dawn was beginning when we reached It was to this place we were hurrying, when about the vicinity of her home. Concealing her in a pine two o'clock the second night out, on a broad, sandy thicket near, I quietly as possible approached the road, now little used on account of the position of house. Looking through a crack between the logs, I the armies, the quick ear of our scouts caught the saw the mother and sister sitting by the fire. Their sound of a rapidly approaching horse. We had pale, anxious faces told the tale. No sleep had come hardly concealed ourselves when the horse and rider to them through that long night of anxiety. “Thank had reached 118. With a bound like wildcats, Jack
God! thank God!" was the only reply that the son and Bond had the horse thrown back on his
mother could make when told of her daughter's safehaunches. Instantly a bright pistol Aashed in Jack- ty.. I lifted her from her horse, but she could not son's face, but I had already grasped the wrist and walk a step. When clasped in her mother's arms, the bullet went singing through the air. Reuben
she fainted as if dead. Her tired nature was exBoon took the pistol from the small hand, and she hausted and the reaction had come. cried out, “ Would you murder a woman?”
Two cups of genuine strong coffee and a good plied, “What are you doing here alone at this hour?” breakfast somewhat restored
breakfast somewhat restored me after thirty-six * This is Captain, and the very man I am looking hours without rest or sleep. I bade farewell to this for!" It was the younger daughter of the family grand heroine and good family, and with their above mentioned. In lifting her from her saddle, prayers following me, I started on the perilous jourI found her to be thoroughly wet and shivering with ney to Lee's lines. cold. We wrapped her closely in the folds of two Grant's entire army was on the move. The usual army blankets, and I gave her some whisky from a routes were blocked. Several times I ran upon small flask given me by Gen. A. P. Hill before start- them. Once a regiment of cavalry forced me into a ing. She soon became quite comfortable, and creek with nothing but my nose above water and seated at the foot of a large pine tree, though far
head under drift. I had to remain until they from home and with four men whom she only knew crossed within a hundred feet of ton Another time as rough soldiers, without a particle of trepidation, in that day I lay under a culvert almos“ buried in mud a clear voice she told us that on the day before her while a brigade of infantry and a battalion of artilfamily had observed unusual activity in the army. ery passed over it. Late that night I got into The young brother went out and soon returned io the promised land to find Lee's entire army ready for inform them that the whole Army of the Potomac
battle. was already on a forward movement. The plan was Reaching Gen. A. P. Hill's quarters, I found him clear to turn Lee's right at Five Forks and Dinwiddie up and dressed.
up and dressed. I gave him such additional inforCourt House. With Sheridan then to force his way to mation as I had gained. He told me one of the the South Side R. R., and there cut off Lee's retreat, scouts had been captured, but two arrived safe, with then by a general forward movement, the effort the information. In less than an hour after they rewould be made to destroy his army. The young lady ported, couriers were dashing in every direction, said that her mother prayed for quick means to in
and in five hours the army was in line of battle. form Gen. Lee, and watched anxiously for some
Bushrod Johnson and Pickett had been sent to Five scout to come along. She astonished her mother by Forks and Dinwiddie Court House, and reached there telling her she was going that night to give the Con. before Sheridan. federates information. She kissed her mother good By the patriotic courage of this young woman, Lee by, and mounting their only horse, she sped away in met Grant at every point, and but for her the surthe darkness to give her countrymen, over thirty miles render would have been at Petersburg, and there away, the news. She explained that in fording a
would have been no Appomattox. creek about twelve miles back, her horse fell in water I have never heard of this noble Virginia family waist deep. She kept her pistol dry, leading the since that eventful night. Nor have I seen but one of horse out. Again, about seven miles back, a "Halt" the three scouts. Jackson lives in Oklahoma. The rang out, and a minnie ball passed over her head. others I have never heard from I suppose they have We were astonished at the iniportant news and the
gone to join Hill, “ Stonewall,” Archer, and Lee. wonderful action of this remarkable Virginia girl. The VETERAN would be glad to learn of this famiI told her that we must get this news to our army as ly and fully of its members. Hoon as possible. She said the
She said the men could that surely one of them might get through, and added : Miss Sue M. Monroe, Wellington, Va., near the “I want you to see me home, Captain." I decided Manassas battlefield: “I was very much interested to take her home, and had lifted the then helpless in the short account of Maj. John S. Monroe, of New girl on her horse, when, after a warm clasp of the Orleans. Can you answer me in the Veteran if he hand with each scout and a "God-speed and protect is still living, and where, and if dead, the particulars? you," she turned to go. I also bade them farewell, John and Spence Monroe, two Highland Scotchmen, with an admonition to let nothing stop them until settled on Monroe's Creek, Westmoreland County, in Gen. Hill was iuformed of the situation. They started this State. Spence was President Monroe's father, for our army, while I went in an opposite direction and John was my great-greatgrandfather. The to deliver to her mother the grandest heroine history Major reminds me of my own father, and I would has ever recorded.
have done just as he did if I had to die for it."
GEN. BASIL DUKE ON CAVALRY SERVICE.
M. B. Morton writes from Frankfort, Ky.:
The visit of Gen. A. P. Stewart, Commissioner for I take much interest in the most picturesque figure the Chickamauga Park on behalf of the Confederate of modern times, “Old Johnny Reb Who Wore the side, who was the special guest of the Ladies' HermitGray," and note the excellence and the evident suc.
age Association at its annual gathering January 8, cess of the VETERAN. I had the pleasure recently of hearing Gen. Basil
was improved by the VETERAN for a conference W. Duke's lecture on the “Confederate Cavalry Serv.
about his work. He was glad of so good an opportuice," which he delivered in this city to perhaps the nity to make some statements to its fifty thousand most distinguished audience ever assembled in the
readers, explaining that the Southern people do not Frankfort Opera House, consisting of the entire ap
seem to be as well informed as they should be in repellate bench of Kentucky, the State officials, and the most prominent citizens of Kentucky's capital.
gard to it. His association with the two CommisIt is hardly necessary to say that Gen. Duke was sioners representing the volunteer army and the regMorgan's “right bower" during the Civil War, and ular army respectively, has been very pleasant, and he after the death of his dashing chieftain, was the lead is gratified that the government gives equal liberty to er of his famous command until the final surrender.
the States which served the Confederate Army with He is one of the best lawyers in the South. In this State where he has an extensive personal
those that furnished soldiers for the Union Army: acquaintance, and where so many persons have heard In August, 1890, the Congress of the United States his clear, incisive legal arguments and his charming passed a bill, which was approved by the President, conversation, his lecture has been looked forward to t) establish a National Military Park on the battleas an epocb in Confederate history. Though he was field of Chickamauga. The work was to be under the one of the chivalric figures of the war, and has upon charge of the Secretary of War, who was authorized his persoin the angry scars that bear testimony to to appoint a commission composed of three members, some of the many fierce conflicts through which he who were to be taken from the survivors of the battle passed, he would never be selected as a veteran of a of Chickamauga and the battles around Chattanooga. war that closed thirty years ago. He is lithe, active, There was also to be an assistant in historical work. and vivacious, and his auburn hair and full, cropped The Secretary of war organized the commission by beard are merely tinged with silvery threads. selecting one member of it from the Northern volun. While telling his story simply and without ostenta teer army, one from the regular army, and the third tion, he holds his audience in rapt attention during from the Confederate army. The assistant in histor. the two hours consumed in its narration.
ical work was also selected from the Northern side. The chief object of the lecture is to show the im. This Commission, acting for the Secretary of War, portance of the service rendered by the bold riders of and with his approval, proceeded to purchase the Forrest and Morgan in inspiring confidence in the lands embraced within the limits of the battlefield of Confederate sympathizers of Kentucky and Tennes Chickamauga. They have bought nearly six thou-, see, striking with terror the loyal hearts of Ohio and sand acres lying on both sides of the road leading Indiana, and drawing off large bodies of Federal from Rossville, in Northern Georgia, to Lee & Gordon troops in their purruit who would otherwise have Mills, on the Chickamauga River. The road from been engaged in active hostilities against the belea Roseville Gap, on Missionary Ridge, along the crest guered armies of the South. He adorns his narrative of the ridge to the north, was made one of the apwith many charming incidents; some of the most in proaches to and pirts of the park. Also the road teresting of which occurred in Tennessee and in from Reed's Bridge, on the Chickamauga, to RingSumner County, which, with a voting population of gold; the road from Lee & Gordon Mills, by way of 2,800 at the breaking out of the war, furnished 3,000 Crawfish Springs and Glass's Ford, on the Chickasoldiers to the Confederate Army.
mauga; the Crawfish Springs road from Roseville, Though he spent four years of his youth in the passing through McFarland's Gap and Missionary camp, in the military prison, and in the wild fray, Ridge, to Crai fish Springs; all these roads, as well Gen. Duke is a man of fine literary attainments, at as the road from Roseville across the point of Looktested by his well-rounded periods and rapidly flow out Mountain and Lookout Creek, were made aping diction; but occasionally in the heat of action proaches to and parts of the park. he throws aside his glittering ornaments and tum In March, 1892, the work of construction on bles headlong into the wild vernacular of the camp, the park began. All the roads running througb and occasionally uses the African "et" for "ate." it, at least those which existed in 1863, had been Then the auditor Josef sight of the elegant figure in graded and thoroughly surfaced, some of them ovening dress before the footlights: sees only the with broken stones and gravel, and others with slouched hat and gray uniform of the plunging gravel alune. The road from Rossville Gap and trooper, and hears the “rebel yell” and the angry along the crest of Missionary Ridge has been graded notes of the navy-six and double-barrel shotgun that and surfaced, making one of the finest driveways in Morgan's men adopted.
the world. The road from the Tennessee and Georgia
State line, at Rossville, through Rossville Gap and F, O'Brien, of Berwick, La., reports the death of Lee & Gordon Mills, and then toward Crawfish Springs, another old comrade, Wade Coleman, during the has been graded and surfaced. The forest over a very first week in January.
large proportion of the area of the park ha
been cleared of undergrowth, so as to restore it to the dier. When the plan has been completely carried condition of open woods. The intention is to bring out, a visitor to the field will be able to trace out the the whole field as nearly as possible to the condition positions occupied by the troops on both sides, and it was in at the time of the battle of Chickamauga. to understand just how the battle was fought, and to The lines of battle occupied by the troops ou both appreciate the result. The battle began on the mornsides will be indicated by placing on them large iron ing of the 19th of September, 1863, and closed about tablets, containing a brief history of the operations of dusk on Sunday, the 20th. The whole Federal Army the troops on both sides.
left the field in possession of the Confederates, and The act establishing the park authorized every retired to Rossville Gap, and the next day to ChattaState that had troops engaged to locate the positions nooga.
nooga. It was certainly a glorious field for the Southof their troops, and to mark them in any suitable
way ern troops, and the Southern States owe it to them to by tablets or monuments, and made provision to that commemorate their deeds in an appropriate way on end, but as yet no Southern State has taken any step
the park. in that direction. Nearly all the States that had troops Two months after the battle of Chickamauga, on engaged there, either North or South, have been com- the 25th of November, 1863, the Confederate Army, missioned to assist the National Commission in de- which was then occupying the crest of Missionary termining the location of the troops. The State of Ridge, and which had been greatly reduced in Minnesota has erected four monuments on the field strength by the transfer of Longstreet and his corps of Chickamauga, and one on Missionary Ridge; the to Knoxville, was attacked by the army of Gen. Grant, State of Ohio has erected some fifty-five monuments which had been largely reinforced, and driven from on the field of Chickamauga, and besides has placed its position. The odds, however, were practically as a large number of stone markers indicating the posi- great as four to one. The left flank of Bragg's army tions of its troops; the State of Tennessee had in the was turned by the force which Hooker led across the battle of Chickamauga a larger number of regiments point of Lookout Mountain and through Roseville and batteries than any other State, North or South, Gap. The position became untenable and was abanand ought to take steps to mark the position of her doned by the Confederate troops to avoid capture. troops, and to place on these monuments a brief out- The scheme for the National Park embraces the line of the part taken by each on the field of battle. ridge, and crest road on the ridge, as well as the field The same thing should be done by every other South- of Chickamauga. The commission has erected three orn State. No distinction is made by the law estab- observation towers on the Chickamauga field, one of lishing the park between the States of the two differ- which is on an eminence in the extreme southern ont sections of the country; all have the same rights. part, near the Chickamauga River; another on a high
The battle of Chickamauga is regarded by many as point in the northwestern part of the park, near the affording the best illustration, given by any battle of road leading to Reed's Bridge; and the third on the the war, of the military prowess of the American sol- famous Suodgrass Hill. Two other towers have been
erected on Missionary Ridge, one of them on what is battle, September 19-20, 1895. The President and known as Bragg's Hill, on which stood a little house his cabinet, members of Congress, officers of the army occupied by Gen. Bragg as headquarters; the other and navy, Governors of States, and the surviving sol. on a commanding position some two miles farther diers of the war, are to be invited to be present on that north. From either of the three towers on Chicka occasion. An appropriation of $20,000 has been made mauga field the observer may have a commanding to defray the expense. Ample preparations will be view of the entire field, and can trace out the move. made to provide accommodations for everybody, and ments of the armies.
doubtless, on that occasion, there will be the greatest In the battle of Chickamauga there were four reunion of the Gray and the Blue that has ever taken brigade commanders on each side either killed or place, or that ever will occur.
GEN. BARNARD ELLIOTT BEE.
Son of Col. Barnard E. Bee, and Miss Aup (This monument to Gen. Hegg is the same as the Government has erected to Gens.
Wragg Tayssonx, and grandson of Judge Preston, Smith, Helm, and Deshler, and to the four Federal brigadiers killed
Thomas Bee of Revolutionary fame, was born on that field.) The government exhibits a liberal policy in it all.
in Charleston, S. C., in the year 1824. mortally wounded. The spots where these officers He, and his elder brother Hamilton, moved to fell have been located and marked by triangular pyr. Texas in 1837, with their father, who contributed his amids, each having a base two or three feet high of sword in the defence and liberty of his adopted State. the limestone quarried on the park, and with a super Gen. Bee was a graduate of West Point, and served structure made of eight inch shells, the whole rising in the United States Army all through the Mexican to a height of ten or twelve feet. This work has been war, having been twice brevetted on the field for done by the National Park Commission. The names bravery, and for which South Carolina presented him of the four brigade commanders on the Southern side a beautiful Sword, now the in possession of his brother, were Helm, of Kentucky; Colquitt, of Georgia; Gen. Hamilton P. Bee, of San Antonio, Texas. Deshler, cf Arkansas; and Preston Smith, of Mem 1860 on the secession of his native State from the phis, Tennessee; on the Northern side, King, Bald Union, he tendered his resignation to the United win, Hegg, and Lytle, the latter being the Cincinnati States Government, and volunteered to defend his poet. The work of construction on the park has been native State with the Sword she had given him. nearly completed, but there is a great deal that ought Battery Bee, which contributed her full quota on to be done by the Southern States in the way of the 12th and 13th of April, 1861, in the expulsion of the erecting monuments or some other markers in honor garrison of Fort Sumter, under the command of of their troops.
Major Anderson, was named for him. A bill has passed Congress for the National Dedi. Soon afterward he went to Virginia, where the cation of the park, on the next anniversary of the belligerent armies were gathering to face each other.
The Battle of Manassas, on the 21st July, 1861, found GENEROUS ACTION OF A COMRADE. him amongst the foremost, and while gallantly fighting for the South, eager to advance even to the can.
Miss Claudine Rhett, wrote from Columbia, S. C., non's mouth, to inspire his brave men to follow Gen.
October 30th: Last Sunday night, we had a large Jackson who was leading, he pointed to him, and gathering of Survivore, and citizens, at the First with an outburst of patriotic eloquence cried : "Look!
Baptist Church of this city, where the convention there is Jackson, standing like a Stonewall! Let us
which passed the ordinance of Secession first met, to determine to die here, and we will conquer!”
listen to the annual sermon preached to Camp HampConquer we did, but a fatal bullet piorced his
ton, by the Rev.S. P. H. Elwell, their chaplain, himself noble form, and the Angel of Death bore his im
a one-armed Confederate soldier. This discourse was mortal spirit into the arms of the God of Victory.
eloquent, manly, and true to the principles of "the He lies buried beside his father and mother in the
right of self-government.” His text was from cemetery at Pendleton, S. C. James M. Bee.
Samuel, 2d book, 27th verse: “How are the mighty
fallen and the weapons of war perished.” Gen'i M. MR. POLK MILLER AS A LECTURER.
C. Butler commands Camp Hampton. A review of Mr. Polk Miller, as a lecturer and a
During a pause in one of the engagements fought delineator of negro character, was inadvertently omit
in Virginia, Col. M. C. Butler, of Hampton's Cavalry, ted from the Christmas VETERAN, and now the com
and Major Farley, the famous scout, were sitting ment by Rev. Dr. G.W.F. Price, President of the Nash- denly a ball struck Col. Butler above the ankle,
quietly on horsebacktalking together, when sudville College for Young Ladies, is substituted, which
passed through his horse, killing it, proceeded to is a finer tribute. It is taken from the College paper: crush Major Farley's leg, and killed his horse also.
Never has there been a greater and more pro- Some of the soldiers rushed quickly forward, and nounced success won by any piatform speaker, than disengaged the fallen officers from their dead horses, that which was scored in this city by Mr. Polk but it was found that both of these gentlemen Miller, of Richmond, Va., in his recent visit to our would have to suffer the amputation of a limb, community. His characterization of the grand old Surgeous were sent for, and they were laid in the ante-bellum days upon the Southern plantation, and shade of a big tree near by. his delineations of the negro character in its most
When the surgeon, Dr. B. W. Taylor, arrived to pleasing aspects, were listened to by an audience perform the double operation, he first approached which drew together all extremes of age, and which Col. Butler, the ranking officer, and said to him, represented the education, the culture and the social
"Colonel, I have very little chloroform, but I will prestige of Nashville.
share it equally between you and the Major." Mr. Miller is simple, artless, unaffected. He speaks out of abundant knowledge and a sympathetic who is worse off than I am.
"No," replied Col. Butler, "keep it all for Farley,
I can bear the pain heart. His personal experience of the events, inci
without it." dents and characters which he reproduces lends the pleasing spice of autobiography to his inimitable
The ordeal was accordingly endured, without the recitations and stories. It requires no effort for
aid of this alleviating adjunct of surgery, and the him to give the negro dialect. It is as natural to
generous hero happily survived the operation! him as his venacular. He knows the negro char
As soon as he was able to ride, Butler returned to acter, his method of thought, his philosophy of life, the field of duty, resumed the command of his regi. his religious susceptibility, his subtle craftiness, his ment, and rose to be the youngest (and the handbiting humor, his spontaneous drollery, his irrepres- somest) Major General in the service of the Consible gayety, and his quaint superstitions.
federate States. With banjo in hand, Mr. Miller so wonderfully He now holds the position of United States Senator personates the plantation darkey, that one rubs his from South Carolina. eyes under the delusive spell to assure himself that The gallant Farley died a few days after the above the veritable Sambo is not there in person, manner mentioned incident, in spite of the magnanimous and voice. Interspersed with the drolleries of the self-renunciation of his comrade. hour come many a pathetic touch, bringing tears to the eyes of those who are old enough to read between the lines. Mr. Miller is doubtless about the last
H. H. Stephens, who was of Company I, Seventh amongst us who will ever be able to reproduce out Mississippi Regiment, Byhalia, Mississippi, writes: of personal knowledge these vanished phrases of a I notice in the November issue of the VETERAN civilization at once unique and splendid.
that W. H. Albertson, of Lake Charles, La., wishes At the College Mr. Miller carried the girls by information concerning Doug. McIntyre, who enlisted storm, and for the time quite broke up the schedule at Holly Springs, Miss., and was captured and caged in of the day. While he eang, played or talked every "Rock Island" in 1864. Mr. McIntyre went to Texas eye was fixed on his slightest gesture, and when he some eleven or twelve years ago, where he was actively ceased a tumult of applanse gave an irresistible en- engaged in teaching school. One very cold day in core. So, too, in Watkins Hall, his public audience mid winter a party of gentlemen was out on a lake seemed rooted to the spot, unwilling to let pass from shooting ducks, and in the midst of their sport the eye and heart a figure whose like we shall not see boat capsized and poor Doug. was drowned. again, unless, as we all devoutly wish, in his own I can't tell him anything about Bester Coleman or person. Come again, come often, Mr. Miller.
J. A. Barefield, about whom he also inquires.