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COMING HOME FROM GREENSBORO, N. C. House, South Carolina. Stop at two o'clock to have
broken wheel repaired. B. L. RIDLEY'S JOURNAL.-Continued.
May 13.-Have traveled rapidly to-day over a
smooth road, and are now seventeen miles from Tuesday, May 9, 1865.Have halted here at
Laurens' Court House at half-past one. Write this Cherokee Iron Works, in Spartanburg District,
hasty memorandum on the south bank of the Saluda South Carolina, to have mules shod and clothes
River, Puckett's Ferry. Whilst we are crossing, it washed. Works extensive on Broad River, which,
was rumored at Lawrenceville, and the report is after receiving the Pacolette a few miles below, is
rife all along the way, that Bob Lincoln had killed navigable for flat boats to Columbia, 110 miles distant. We are fishing and bathing and will our
Andrew Johnson at Washington. A man said he
had seen a gentleman who informed him that it journey pursue to-morrow.
was reported in the Knoxville Whig and the AuHad the war lasted a few weeks longer, the staff, gusta Chronicle. Don't believe it, yet am “preparby special act of Confederate Congress, would have
ed now to believe anything." Have also heard anbeen promoted. Lieutenant General's Aides would
other rumor that a French fleet is in sight of Wilhave been Lieutenant, Colonel and Major. Well, mington. Don't I wish that President Davis could Caruthers Stewart and I have lost that glory. get on it! Mr. Puckett's ferryman says that PresiThe staff was not in the line of promotion, hence dent Davis, with his Cabinet, crossed the river here Congress, on account of the efficiency of this arm
on Monday, May 1st, and also his escort, Dibrell's of the service, was endeavoring to recognize it. I Division, together with Vaughn's Brigade from often reflect how I got picked up on this staff duty. East Tennessee. President is in good health. EsAs a private in Company F, Ward's Regiment, cort was disbanded at Washington, Ga. The last Morgan's Cavalry, I caught the enemy's fire at and Cabinet meeting was held there in a bank building. over my line, but horrors! instead of being far Have found a returning soldier of Vaughn's Brigade enough in the rear to escape minies, I have found
who says there are forty or fifty Yankees at Abbethat the staff had to go where the fighting was, in ville Court House, a few miles ahead of us. a battle and out, and take the fire, crossfire and en- we will probably fall in with them to-morrow. filades at the whole corps, and was always a tar- Have not seen one since the surrender. We are get for batteries and sharpshooters. But with the
twenty-two miles from Abbeville. Passed to-day military courtesy of being called a grade higher Ninety Six, a place which has become historical than our real rank, the staff (whose loss quadrupled from the fact that it was a station during the Revoany other branch) had to content itself.
lution for the British, and the surrounding country May 10.--Left camp this morning at seven, and of Laurens and Abbeville being distinguished for have traveled twenty miles, having crossed Thick- Tories. The British General Cruger commanded elty Creek and Pacolette River. We have passed it, when Greene attempted once unsuccessfully to within a few miles of the Cowpens, a notable place
It was at this place that the brave in the history of the old Revolution as the locality Kosciusko, who afterward became Dictator of Poland of a bloody battle between Gen'l. Morgan and Col. and filled so large a place in European history, diTarleton; also passed the scene of another battle rected the siege for Gen'l. Greene. In camp now field on Pacolette River-believe it was Eutaw after traveling twenty-five miles. Springs, but may be mistaken. We passed through May 14.-Passed through Cokesbury twelve Spartanburg and are now in Union District, ten miles from Abbeville, a village distinguished for miles west of Unionville. The road is full of re- its excellent schools. Passed Abbeville at halfturning soldiers. Feed is scarce, but the people past twelve; the town full of soldiers. are very kind to us. A Mr. Jones invited Maj. friend, John Young, of McMinnville, who came Lauderdale and my father to breakfast with him a near being hanged by Andrew Johnson in Nashhalf mile off. Some one tried to steal a mule last ville, charged with being a spy. Gen'l. Loring's night, but we were on the alert. A fellow came to wagon train had stopped one mile south of the our camp, and by false pretenses got a bunch of town for the purpose of avoiding the crowd en spun thread from us, promising to bring corn, but route for Washington, Ga. We have taken a road he decamped and we never heard of him again. leading across Savannah River at Barksdale's Ferry. Our circulating medium, cotton yarns, tobacco, and Yankees occupy Washington, hence to avoid them, hams, is about to give out. But as Jacob Faithful we will go directly after crossing river to Warin one of Marryatt's novels used to say:
renton, thence to Sparta. Gen’l. Stewart sent for"Life's a river, and man is a boat,
ward a courier to say that he was in the rear, and That over its surface is destined to float;
to wait for him. Courier missed us and went to But joy is a cargo so easily stored,
Washington, we suppose. Have pitched tents four That he is a fool who takes sorrow on board."
miles south of Abbeville. May 11.-Have traveled twenty-five miles to- May 15.-Have decided to wait; and sent Gen'l. day; camped on the east bank of Tiger River. The Stewart's son back to meet him. An accident occountry is sterile, and the contrast with Tennessee curred in camp last night. Mr. Hill, of Tennessee, lands is striking Road jammed with soldiers.
who is one of our company, lost his mule. He is a Expected to meet Gen. Stewart at Cross Anchor, poor soldier, and the loss is severe to him. Lieutenbut found he had passed on with his corps, though ant Stewart and his brother Alphonso, have returned our informant said he had disbanded them.
and bring no tidings of the General. We are in May 12.–Are now in camp at Laurens Court trouble, not knowing what to do, but will go on in
the morning. I went back to Abbeville last night of level of dam. Ugh! our hearts sank; but they and got a supply of commissary stores, bacon, hams, went over safe, and after a journey of four miles flour, salt, sugar, etc. Camped near Mr. Tolmand's. down the river, made a landing.
May 16.--Returned from the village last night, The accent of some of the natives is so broad, where I saw twelve Yankees, who looked scared.
and the outlandish pronunciation of some of the Their mission, I hear, is to take charge of the com negroes so_marked, that the soldiers say, “They missary stores there: also heard that the Yankees
have the English language turned clean wrong had captured President Davis on his Mississippi side outwards." tour. The rumor is pretty well authenticated,
And, now, since I am closing my journal for totherefore I mention it. Our faithful man Jim gave
day, Jim Rawlings and Roulack and Hughes and us a poor breakfast this morning-the coffee and biscuit were both badly prepared; but he said he
all of our camp are singing the “Bonnie White
Flag," to the air of "Bonnie Blue Flag," to apwas all the time “thinking of his wife and how she
pease the sorrow and calm the tempests of surrenwould receive him.” He promised next time to
der. put more beans and less water in the coffee-pot. (Gen'l. S's. nephew), while
As it was written by Col. W. S. Hawkins
(Gen'l. S's. nephew), while a prisoner in Camp And now as I am about to leave South Carolina, and strike for the Georgia shore, I must give my
Chase, and is so significant and soothing as a lulimpression of it. The rivers first attracted me.
laby, I'll try to remember this verse: Their beautiful names, the Saluda, the Enoree, the
"Our battle banner furled away Congaree, the Wateree, the Pacolette. The people
No more shall greet the eye, clever, high-toned, warm-hearted. On going from
Yor beat of angry drum be heard,
Vor bugles' hostile cry. Augusta, through South Carolina to get to Smith
The blade no more be raised aloft field, our first headquarters was at the house of a
In conflict fierce and wild, good old farmer near Edgefield, next at the house
The bomb shall roll across the sward, of Governor Pickens of Newberry. He had a young
The plaything of a child. wife, and said that he ordered fired at Sumter the
CHORUS: first gun of the war. We then stopped at Ex-Gov. Hurrah'! hurrah! for peace and home hurrah! Gists after crossing the Enoree. At Chester, we Hurrah for the bonnie white flag, that ends this cruel war." stopped at the house of a prominent lawyer. It was in Chester that we were highly entertained by a party of elegant ladies, and during the evening
THAT LONE GRAVE AT ALLATOONA, GA. Maj. Porter, of Cheatham's Staff, entertained us with fine singing. We stop with all classes and they treat us well. If a soldier wants royal treatment,
L. C. Martin, editor of the Loudon County Rego to the good liver; the rich man's, is not gener
cord, who was of the Tennessee Press excursion to ally the place to get it. I like South Carolina-the Cumberland Island, and to "Light Horse Harry” land of Rutledge, of Calhoun and of Hayne, in the Lee's grave, comments upon the trip and sends an days that are gone, and of the Rhetts, the Pickens,
editorial from his paper in which he gives this story the Gists, the Hamptons, and the Prestons of today. When I look over this old land, I wonder at
from his father-in-law, O. S. Crandall, now living the changes to come. Slavery is dead, and a new
at Loudon, but who served the Union cause in a system, social and political, is staring us in the Minnesota regiment: face. The system of labor deranged-ole massa
On the day of the fight, Mr. Crandall was stationand ole missus cannot be re-educated. “The little
ed in the trenches on Allatoona inountain, with old log cabin in the lane" must give way before the
2,000 other Union soldiers. Across the track at the sun of a new idea. The generation of negroes foot of the mountain was located a large railroad growing up will fall back into a state of laziness
wood-shed filled with provision for the federal army. and improvidence, and the generation of whites, all
About three o'clock, after the battle was over, a on an equality in the poverty line, must meet the
soldier was seen emerging from the Confederate crisis of events. No more can we linger with the
lines. In his hand he bore aloft a blazing pine old love; we must try to gain the respect of the
knot torch. He started for the provision house new. So:
with the intention of firing it. He had hardly got “Look forward, toil onward, and when in the end
in sight when 2,000 Union soldiers opened fire on Well merited honors you've won,
him, as he was in full view of them. On, on he Be proud that your claim to the prize did not lie
went, with his flaming torch, until he had traversed In being a somebody's son.”
about 1,500 feet, and was within a few rods of the Here are some of my episodes connected with provision house, when he fell dead beside the track. South Carolina. On marching from Augusta and He was a member of Gen. French's command. He crossing the Enoree, at Jones' Ferry, the river was was about thirty or thirty-five years of age. The swollen and rising, the milldam just below us. Col. second day after the battle, Mr. Crandall assisted Sevier was crossing with a common ferry boat full in making a box coffin and in burying hiin on the of soldiers. They lost their paddles, and a most spot where he fell. The bravery and daring of this exciting scene took place. It was viewed by the soldier in facing death in order to burn the proCorps with horror. This crazy little craft was ap vision house commanded the attention and respect proaching that milldam, without rudder or sail, of the thousands of Union soldiers who saw him, chart or compass, with the water in about two feet and they gave him a special burial.
COMPANY A. UNIFORMED RANK UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. At the Inter-State Drill at Memphis, last May, elder broiher of S. T. Carnes, commanding the Vetprizes were offered for the best drilled company of eran Chickasa ws. It was considered a big joke to not less than 32 men, with the regular complement put any team of old soldiers against the famous drill of officers, drilling Hardee's tactics, to be contested team of the Chickasaw Guards, and added interest for by commands made up of ex-Confederate soldiers. to have the two brothers as opposing captains. Company A. Confederate Veterans, of Memphis, After a formal correspondence, embracing a chalwere awarded the first prize of $1,000 in that class. lenge on the part of the Confederate Veterans and Readers of the VETERAN will be interested in the an acceptance by the Chickasaw Veterans, the secorigin, the history and achievements of this Company. ond day of May, 1894, was fixed as the date on which
In the Spring of 1894, the Chickasaw Guards, of the drill would take place for the benefit of the ForMemphis, in the interest of a local charity, got up rest Monument Fund. The Chickasaw Veterans a drill contest between three teams from their organ- selected (our Confederate) Gen. Geo. W. Gordon as ization. One team was made up of veteran members their judge, while the Confederate Veterans selectof the company who had drilled with the Chicka- ed Gen. R. F. Patterson, formerly of the Federal saws in their celebrated victorious campaign of 1879. Army, to represent them; and these being authorized A second team was selected from the members who to name a third judge, selected to act with them were in the last Inter-State drill participated in by Col. M. C. Gallaway, who had served with Forrest. the company under Upton's tactics, at Indianapolis, The Confederates were drilled behind closed doors and the third team was chosen from the new mem- in a cotton shed, and it was not known what they bers drilling the army regulation tactics of the pres- could do till they appeared on the drill ground. They ent day.
drilled Hardee's tactics of course, while the “Chicks" During the preparation for the contest great in. drilled Upton's tactics--each to be judged, as in terest was aroused and much speculation as to which the preceding contest, on the merits of its performteam would win. In connection with the enterprise, ance in its own style of tactics. An immense throng one of our citizens suggested that a company of old of our people attended the drill in Citizens' Park, Confederate Veterans be organized to challenge the and it would be difficult to describe the enthusiasm of winning team of the Chickasaws.
this assemblage when the contestants entered the The contest between the three teams of the enclosure, escorted by the other Memphis military. "Chicks" took place in our large Auditorium before The Confederate Veterans drilled first, and one of an immense audience. The two older teams drilled the happiest features of the entertainment was the Upton's tactics, and the new members the present surprise caused by their performance. They showed regulation tactics, the decision to be made on points the young soldiers they had not forgotten the march of excellence in their respective styles of drill. The or the manual, and they amazed their competitors decision was in favor of the Veteran Chickasaws, and the spectators. The Chickasaw Veterans then who under their old Captain, Sam T. Carnes, showed followed with a perfection of drill that would have they had not lost their old-time precision in manual beaten anything except our Confederate Veterans. and manœuvre.
When the drill was over the judges decided the This victory of the Veteran “Chicks” gave re- Confederate Veterans were entitled to the prize, newed interest to the suggestion to organize a com- The decision occupied three typewritten pages signed pany of war veterans to challenge them, and a meet by them all. That decision is interesting but cannot ing of ex-Confederates was called for the purpose. be given here for lack of space. So the ConfederMore than twice as many as were needed enrolled at erate Veterans downed the Chickasaw Guards. once. Officers were chosen and preparatory drills After the drill programme was ended the Chickacommenced. The choice for Captain fell upon W. saw Veterans escorted the Confederate Veterans to W. Carnes, an experienced drill officer. He modest- the Peabody Hotel, where both companies were enly suggested that his selection by the Confederates tertained by Col. R. B. Snowden. was no doubt due mainly to the fact that he was an The result of the drill was a very handsome addi
tion to the Forrest Monument Fund. Afterwards it a company of veterans till ours was made for the was suggested to continue the company of Confeder- purpose stated. If there was any veteran company ate Veterans, and later on by-laws were adopted and in existence at the North (as I have heard it stated), the company was reorganized. Under its by-laws there has been no appearance of such company in no one will be admitted to its ranks unless he be a any drill contest. The ages of our company range member of the local Confederate Bivouac, so that his from fifty to fifty-six years—two or three of them a Confederate record shall be unquestioned. When shade under fifty. The oldest members drilled as the Inter-State Drill at Memphis was planned the ‘spry' as the youngest-and all say they were beneVeteran Chickasaw Guards took the first step and fited by the exercise.” appointed a committee to confer with a similar committee from the Confederate Veteran company. This
MISSING joint committee made up the progamme for the big
In the cool sweet hush of a wooded nook, drill, which, through the aid of certain of our promi
Where the May buds sprinkle the green old sward, nent business men, was most successfully cairied out, And the winds, and the birds and the limpid brook, even to the satisfaction of the visiting military.
Murmur their dreams with a drowsy sound, The officers of Company A. Confederate Veterans,
Who lies so still in the plushy moss, of Memphis, are Capt. W. W. Carnes, First Lieut.
With his pale cheek pressed on a breezy pillow,
Couched where the light and the sliadows cross, Kellar Anderson, Second Lieut. Jas. Dinkins and
Thro' the flickering fringe of the willow? Junior Second Lieut. Edward Bourne. The organi
Who lies, alas ! zation and drilling of this uniformed company of
So still, so chill in the whispering grass? Confederate Veterans excited new interest among A soldier, clad in the zouave dress, war veterans who had not heretofore united with our A bright-haired man, with his lips apart,
One hand thrown up o'er his frank, dead face, local organization, and greatly added to the mem
And the other clutching his pulseless heart, bership of the "Confederate Historical Society" of Lies there in the shadow, cool and dim; Memphis, which is Bivouac No. 18 in our State As His musket swept by a trailing bough, sociation of Confederate Soldiers and Camp No. 28
With a careless grace in his quiet limbs, United Confederate Veterans.
And a wound on his manly brow:
A wound, alas! NOT MUCH DANGER FROM CONFEDERATES.
Whence the warm blood dripped on the quiet grass. Capt. W. W. Carnes, of Memphis, was asked
The violets peer from their dusky beds,
With a tearful dew in their great pure eyes; whether these are the only Confederates that have The lilies quiver their shining heads, been so organized, and he replied:
Their pale lips full of sad surprise; “No other veteran companies have engaged in a
And the lizard darts thro' the glistening fern, drill since the war. I have been associated with the
And the squirrel rustles the branches hoary,
Strange birds fly out with a cry, to bathe military all the time, and know of n oorganization of
Their wings in the sunset glory;
While the shadows pass
With her lily cheeks and her violet eyes,
While her lover is walking in Paradise:
And the long dreary nights of her vigil follow.
Rev. John R. Deering, now of Harrodsburg, Ky., ever faithful as he was steadfastly valiant in our great struggle, adds a note with subscription:
Comrade J. D. Sprake is a good man and true. He had never seen a copy of the VETERAN before the one I showed him, although he lives near a city and in one of our best counties. Whose fault is it? Mr. Sprake belonged to the Eighth Kentucky (Col. Ray S. Cluke's) Cavalry. Perhaps you never knew just such a soldier as Sprake. He was ready, cheerful, brave, efficient, and very handy with a gun, although he had only one hand. Some men were willing to get out of the army when they had lost a hand; but Sprake had lost his before he enlisted I want him to read the Veteran the rest of his day
FINANCES OF THE C. V. A. OF KENTUCKY. A BATTLE CALL TO KENTUCKY-1861.
MARY WALKER MERIWETHER.
Are pressed by the foot of the foe. the Confederate Veteran Association of Kentucky.
Has terror or avarice smothered the fires
That were wont in thy bosom to glow? Pardon me for asking you to correct a probable typographical error in your figures. The report
Arise! shall the voice of Virginia in vain shows that we have received since the organization
Call aloud to the child of her pride?
Thou shouldst rush like a storm over mountain and plain, of the Association the sum of ten thousand and
To conquer or die at her side. seventy and 14 dollars, ($10,070,4%), and not one thousand and seventy ***, dollars ($1,070,46%as print
Alas! shall the rifles thy forefathers bore
Hang rusted and cold in their place? ec. While the balance in cash shows only $183 ;** Has the spirit that kindled their bosoms of yore the body of the report shows that we have in
Forever deserted their race? vested in bonds bearing 6 per cent. interest the sum
Awake! there is scorn in the beautiful eyes of thirty-five hundred dollars ($3,500.00). We have
Of thy maidens and mothers and wives: expended some three thousand dollars ($3,000.00) in “Have we given,” they ask with indignant surprise, caring for the living and in burying the Confederate "To cowards our loves and our lives?" dead. A merciful God has certainly blessed the ef- Awake and redeem us! Arise in your might! forts and guided the hands of those who have given Or forfeit to manhood the claim. many hours of toil to build up this Association. If The arm that refuses to strike for the right, my humble efforts have been in any way conducive
Let it wither and perish in shame. to these results, I ascribe to that same good Father And he who would hasten to cringe and to crawl all praise. To the Confederate Veteran Association
At the feet of the ruthless invader, of Kentucky, and to the camps composing the Ken
A spirit so base it were tattery to call tucky Division, for their kindness in honoring me
I craren, a serf, or a traitor! with the highest office in their gift, I have only This copy is made from the original manuscript. feelings of the deepest gratitude.
The author was a Virginian by birth, but married GEN. CUSTER'S TRIBUTE TO THE CONQUERED FOE.
Capt. Darwin Bell, of Christian county, Kentucky,
a brave and gallant soldier. -Speaking of Custer's charge on the evening of the sixth of April, '65, and its repulse, the closing of The Camp at Cleveland Tenn. organized auspithe Federal lines around the Confederates, and ciously. The officers are: the last conflict at Sailors Creek, a Union soldier
Dr. S. H. Day, Commander; J. G. Stuart, W. G.
Hares, and J. Ř. Taylor, Lieut. Commanders; Liv. states:
Shugart, Adjutant; J. V. Jordan, Quarter Master: "Every cloud has its silver lining. The next
Dr. J. C. C. Garner, Surgeon; Dr. David Sullins, morning, after a refreshing slumber on the sweetest Chaplain; G. B. Hayes, Officer of the Day; R. J. of all beds—the bare ground--we were again mar
Wilson, Treasurer; c. Appison, Sergeant Major: shalled in line, and down that line came General
W. F. Barrett, Vidette; James Epperson, Color SerCuster, his yellow hair and boyish face well-known
geant; W. H. Russell and Jas. Culton, Color Guards. to all of us. Near the center of the line he turned
The Memorial Committee are: to his band, and ordered it to play “Dixie.” As the marvelous strains of that Confederate war song David Sullins, Dr. Garner, and Capt. W. G. Hayes.
Judge John B. Hoyle, Hon. John G. Carter, Dr. floated in liquid sweetness around us and over us, we The wives, widows, and daughters of the combroke into tumultuous cheering. General Custer
rades are co-operating for the generally benevolent waved his hat, and a thousand gallant soldiers in
purposes of such organizations. blue dashed their caps in the air.” Such was General Custer in the presence of a
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee at the Chicago Banquet said: conquered foe. Here might the artist have found his inspiration for “Custer's last rally," and the
“The country seems to be safe to-night. I find
myself surrounded on every side by the flag of the Southern poet who wrote,
United States. I had a similar experience about “The nations of the earth shall know,
thirty years ago (laughter) at the little village of That love, not hate, alone can glow In soldier hearts by valor tried,
Appomattox, and I remember sleeping that night On many a field, and this our pride."
after I had received my parole between two major
generals of the United States army. I had not felt Since publishing in the May VETERAN that Rev. so safe for many of the preceeding days—both my P. T. Martin was the possessor of the first parole flanks were well protected. (Continued laughter given by Brig.-Gen. E. S. Canby, at Gainesville, and applause.) History in a measure repeats itself. Ala., dated May 11, 1865, information has been re- To-night the mayor of what he terms the greatest ceived from J. H. Womack, of Lawrenceburg, city in the world-it is evident he has never been to Tenn., that his parole was dated on the tenth, so Richmond, Va.--sits here quietly, serenely smokhe has the precedence. W. W. Harrison, of Gaines- ing his cigar, between two rebellious rebel generals ville, Ala., reports that his parole is dated the elev- of cavalry, Wade Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee, and enth, and marked &•No. 1."
he is not afraid.” (Laughter.)