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THE BATTLE OF DREWRY’S BLUFF. take in the situation, reformed their demoralized

line, and began to pour a deadly flank fire into our J. M. Witherspoon, who was Adjutant of the

line, and at the same time pushed a heavy force

across the works in order to bear down on our right. Seventeenth and Twenty-third Tennessee Regi

Here, while bravely defending our flanks, Lieut. ments, writes this sketch:

Col. Floyd fell, pierced by a minie ball in his left The twelfth of May, 1864, is memorable on ac

breast. He was standing near me, and hearing count of one the hardest fought battles of the war, the ball when it struck, I reached him in time to considering the number of troops engaged. Yet no catch him as he fell, and to ease him to the ground. historian, so far as I know, has given an account I spread my oilcloth for him to rest on, and left of that heroic defense of the Confederate capital. him to die. Shortly after this I received orders to

General Beauregard had withdrawn his little report to Gen. Johnson, who asked me if I would army from the outer works on the road leading volunteer to go and bring re-inforcements to his refrom Richmond to Petersburg, and occupied the

lief, as they would all soon be captured. I ran second line of works, his left resting on Drewry's nearly three fourths of a mile to the rear, found a Bluff on James River, and his right on the Weldon North Carolina brigade lying at rest in a field, but railroad.

fell prostrate on the ground before reaching them, That morning dawned with a fog hanging heavi being completely exhausted from having been enly over the country, even for miles out from the gaged so long without any water. A couple of river; and from the early clatter of courier it was soldiers ran to me, raised me up and gave me water. evident that we had severe work to do.

Soon the colonel commanding the brigade came to Gen. Bushrod Johnson's brigade, commanded by me and asked what I wanted. I told him the situaCol. Fulton, of the Forty-fourth Tennessee Regi- tion, and being revived, he gave me a company of ment, was in position immediately on the Peters skirmishers under command of a lieutenant, and burg road, with Hagood's South Carolina brigade they followed me through the swamp. The colon the left, and all ready for action, when Col. onel kept his brigade well up with us.

When we Fulton received orders to move down the road by got through the swamp we struck the enemy's the flank, as there was a swamp on the right which skirmishers on the flank and drove them in, just as prevented us from moving in line of battle. When two white flags were run up by our men on the in a short distance of the enemy's line, Maj. Jones of right. The brigade came up in fine order and Johnson's Staff rode rapidly forward to advance our poured a heavy volley into the flank of the Yankee skirmish line, but the fog being so heavy he passed sine. And in fifteen minutes we had Gen. Butler it, and rode up to the Federal line and asked for and his whole army under full retreat, seeking Maj. Lowe, who was then in command of our cover under his gunboats at Bermuda Hundred. skirmishers. The Yank told him politely that he Thus ended the battle of Drewry's Bluff, and knew nothing of Maj. Lowe, but that he would take Richmond was saved, for there was nothing becharge of him. Maj. Jones, however, escaped; and tween us and Richmond but a few raw militia. we soon forced their skirmish line back upon their No historian has ever given a worthy account of it. main line, and the fight was on.

Now, who can answer these questions? What Being forced to proceed by the flank, we were

was the name of the colonel—what North Carolina exposed to a heavy fire of grape and canister from

brigade was it—who were the two soldiers that ran the fort immediately in our front. While amid the

to me when I fell—and what is the name of the rattle and roar of musketry and cannon we moved

lieutenant who commanded the skirmishers? forward, our ranks being mowed down without be

Please answer through the VETERAN. ing able to fire a gun, and when within about fifty or sixty yards of the fort, having passed the swamp, the clear voice of the brave Col. Keeble rang out, A writer in the Century gives an interesting ac"Change front, forward Tenth Company! count of Mr. Lincoln and his surroundings upon Charge!" The men leaped forward with a bound, and when within about thirty steps of the works,

the news of Gen. Lee's surrender. The President struck a line of telegraph wire which Gen. Butler

claimed that they had captured Dixie--the song: had caused to be stretched in front of the works; When Lincoln came to the window shortly after, and as the men struck the wire they were dazed, the scene before him was one of the wildest conand many a brave soldier was shot down as he at fusion. It seemed impossible for men adequately tempted to rise. One company of Hagood's Brigade to express their feelings. They fairly yelled with out of thirty-six men left twenty-two dead at the delight, threw up their hats again and again, or wire; but the remnant of determined men rushed

threw up one another's hats, and screamed. From into the fort, when a hand to hand fight ensued; and the windows of the white house the surface of that we were too much for the blue coats. Those who

crowd looked like an agitated sea of hats, faces and did not surrender made their way back to the arms. Quiet being restored, the President said that woods. Our men tried to use their own guns, but as the good old tune of “Dixie” had been captured, they had spiked them.

he had submitted the question of its ownership to Thus ended the first act, and the second play is the attorney general, who had decided that that on. Because of the swamp, no line came up on tune was now our lawful property; and he asked our right, and hence the line was still intact on that the band should play it, which was done with that part of the works. The enemy was quick to

a will.


HIGH HONOR TO THE "TAR HEELS." Picket's Charge. The flag bearer was shot,

and Captain Bird brought out the flag himself. Special attention is given in this VETERAN to This was the severest regimental loss during the North Carolina. Statistics are given that should

war. The percentages of the regimental, brigade,

and divison losses of the Confederates were terrible. elicit the praise of every American.

Mrs. S. M. Wilson, of San Saba, Texas, illusDevotees to the Union should not forget that the trates the extent that North Carolina served in the Declaration of Independence was made in Mecklen- army by mentioning that seven of her eight brothers burg county, May 20, 1875, and all who believe in were Confederate soldiers, and that she was twice

ma the principle of States rights should recall with

narried, and that both of her husbands were Cap

tains in the Army. pride that while the voting population of that state in 1860 was but 120,000, the soldiers furnished to

THE OLD NORTH STATE IN THE REVOLUTION. the Confederate army aggregated 125,000. Then Wm. E. Anderson, of Camp Ward No. 10, U. C. V. the record of these soldiers, according to statistics Pensacola, Fla., writes: in Washington and published North, is a remark

The object of the VETERAN being to preserve the able showing

history and incidents of toe war between the states,

its mission should go back of that. Every event in B. F. Sugg, of Greenville, sends from the North

the history of our southern land which increases Carolinian of recent date an account of soldiers from

our pride in it, should be kept from oblivion for the that state in the great war, which demonstrates that

inspiration of our children. the “ Tar Heels" suffered more even unto death

The first armed resistance to the oppressions of than the soldiers of any other state on either side.

Great Britain occurred on southern soil. Few are It copies from the New York Times:

familiar with this page of history, yet long before "The table of deaths and wound that is given,

Concord or Lexington, the men of North Carolina, measures the actual fighting as nothing else can. after vainly endeavoring by petition and protest to One thing clearly shown, is the overshadowing im- get relief from extortionate taxes and imposts, which portance of the battles of Gettysburg and Chicka- amounted to confiscation, met the British forces in mauga.

battle and were defeated. Had the result been difThe heroic valor of the North Carolina troops ferent, the fire which afterwards blazed up at Lexexcites the highest admiration, and Pennsylvania, ington, and "kindled the land into flame with its which lost more in killed and wounded, in propor- heat,” would have started the conflagration on the tion to the number of its troops, than any northern banks of the Alamance River. But the spark was state, can well send greeting to North Carolina, quenched in blood; and the Revolution was postwhose soldiers at Gettysburg did the hardest fight- poned four years. The cause of the outbreak was ing on the other side."


sentially the same North and South-unjust taxaThe Official War Record, says the Times, is the

tion. Under the protection, and with the countebook of revelations as to both sides of the Civil War. nance of Gov. Tryon, the officers of the Crown, esOn the Confederate side, North Carolina lost more pecially in the counties of Orange and Granville, soldiers killed than any other southern state. The

The oppressed the people with the most iniquitous fees following was the total loss in killed and mortally and charges. Petition after petition, praying for wounded of several of the southern states: North relief in respectful terms, brought no redress. The Carolina, 14,522; Virginia, 5,328; South Carolina,

Colonists then called a convention which met at 9,187; Georgia, 5,553; Mississippi, 5,807; Louis- Maddock's Mill in October, 1766, to consider their iana, 9,714. North Carolina heads the list in grievances. the number that died of wounds, and 20,602 of her In April, 1768, they again met and formed an sons died of disease. North Carolina's military association "for regulating public grievances and population in 1861 was 115,369, but she furnished abuse of power.” Hence they were called Regula125,000 to the Confederate cause. The percentage tors. Their formal resolution bound them to of lost, killed and wounded was greater in the Con- pay only such taxes as were agreeable to law, and federate armies than in the Union armies. At Get- to pay no officer more than his legal fees.” Their tysburg, the Twenty-sixth North Carolina, of Petti- action was regular, their resolution was published, grew's brigade, went into action with over eight and a respectful protest sent to the Governor. hundred, and lost five hundred and fifty-eight in The history of the following three years is one of killed and wounded. That same regiment had continued unrest. Petitions sent to Gov. Tryon only two hundred and sixteen men left for duty were continually disregarded. On the side of the when it went into Longstreet's assault on the third colonists the Royal officers were beaten, the courts day, and on the following day but eighty were left. broken up by force, and prisoners taken from the On the first day, Captain Tuttle's company went in- hands of the sheriffs. to action with three officers and eighty-four men. Finally, in April, 1771, Gov. Tryon marched from All of the officers and eig aty-three of the men were Newbern with 300 men; and being joined by varikilled or wounded. On the same day Company C, ous bodies of Royalists, encamped on the 14th of of the. Eleventh North Carolina, lost two officers May on the banks of the Alamance River, where and thirty-four out of thirty-eight men, killed or the Regulators were assembled in force. The Royal wounded. Captain Bird of this company, and the forces were 1100 strong, the Colonists about 2000. four remaining men then went into what is called On the 15th a petition was brought to the Governor from the Regulators, praying a redress of venerable couple at Bentonville, who nursed to the grievances, as the only means to prevent bloodshed. end, and who as a lad helped them to care for the last They were warned to disperse; but returned a de- of Confederate dead to die from home, at the dedifiant reply; and on the 16th of May the Royal troops cation of monument, March 20, 1895, made a prayer advanced upon them, and a battle followed lasting so comprehensive and so patriotic that extracts are two hours. It resulted in the defeat and dispersion here given from it. of the Regulators with the loss of twenty killed and many wounded.

The loss of the Royalists was 61. The prisoners taken were tried in Hillsboro by special court for high treason, and were convicted and sentenced to death. Six were respited to await the King's pleasure, and six were hanged. The spot of their execution is now marked by a plain, unlettered slab.

Thus upon the banks of the Alamance River and in the town of Hillsboro, in North Carolina, was shed the first blood of the Revolution, four years before Concord and Lexington. The records in the Court House at Hillsboro, the published book of Herman Husbands, the leader of the Regulators, and Gov. Tryon's official reports, now on file among the state papers in London, are the sources from which this sketch is drawn. Now that North Carolina has built a monunient in Raleigh to her Confederate dead, she should build one on the banks of the Alamance River to those of her sons who fell there first in the great struggle for independence.

As a son of the “Old North State," and one who is proud of her history, I commend this duty to the “Sons and Daughters of the Revolution."


MONUMENT AT GOLDSBORO. * * "May Thy richest joys come into the experiences of Thy aged servants who tenderly and faithfully ministered to them in their sufferings, so lovingly soothed them in their last moments, and so affectionately buried them when they were dead. And, 0 merciful God, grant that Thy tenderest ministrations may follow the multitude of women left widows, and children left orphans, who listened long for the welcome step, and watched through the evening twilight of years for the familiar form of the loved and lost, 'till eyes grew weary with watching, and dim with age—but longed and listened and looked in vain. May Thy fatherly care and kind providence follow them through this life into life eternal.

And grant, O Lord, that the light of Thy presence, and the warmth of Thy love, and the strength of Thy almighty arm may ever be present and manifest to the brave sons of the South, who by Thy providence were preserved through the dangers and carnage of war, and the eclipse of the cause they loved, and who still linger on these mortal


And, O merciful Father, grant the strength of

Thy guiding hand to this great nation. Much credit is due to the Goldsboro Rifles for wise, conservative and honest rulers. Give to all having achieved the important work of procuring in authority Thy wisdom, that they may legislate and erecting the Bentonville monument. The wisely and execute fearlessly, fearing God. Preoccasion, March 20, 1895, is memorable. In the in- serve us from complications and internal strife and troductory services, Rev. J. J. Harper, son of the from war. Give to the American Republic continued peace and prosperity and greater purity. Enlarge her influence for good among the nations of the earth."

The thirteen young ladies representing the southern states, in military dress, as an especial escort of honor, and the committee of veterans, accompanied General Hampton to Bentonville. The monument bears on the four sides of its main shaft, these explanatory inscriptions:

In Memory of
Erected under the auspices of
The Goldsboro Rifles,

March 20, 1895.

Causes which once were lost are won,
On southern lands, by southern sons.
Nobly fighting side by side,
For us they fought, and bled, and died,
Every veteran true and tried.
Dead tho' they be, they did not die in vain :
Each hero's mem'ry has come again.
Right here on Bentonville battle plain,
As heroes they fell without a stain.
True to the cause for which they fought,
Each soldier's life was dearly bought.
Veterans, we who wore the gray-
Each were clad in battle array,
That met the foe from day to day,
Erect a monument to stay,
Round which we all have met to-day
A mound, indeed, which is no trifle

Nobly done by Goldsboro's Rifles.
March 20, 1895.

"Nor shall you be forgot

While Fame her record keeps,
Or Honor points the hallowed spot,

Where Valor proudly sleeps."

FIRST AND LAST SOLDIERS KILLED IN THE WAR. On this spot and in this vicinity was fought the battle of Bentonville,

A Goldsboro exchange states that the first ConfedMarch 19, 1865.

erate soldier killed in the war was named Wyatt, a member of the famous Edgecombe Guards, com

manded by Col. Bridges. Twenty-three of those buried here had

The Petersburg Index makes the following intertheir last hours soothed by the

esting mention of the last devoted North Carolinian: loving care of John Harper

"There is buried here one soldier--a North Carolinand his noble wife Amy A. Harper.

ian --who on the night of the evacuation was The monument is of white marble, fifteen feet left at Pocahontas bridge to fire it, and was killed high, with a burnished marble cannon ball cap.

there, the last man of the retreating army. He was It has an octagonal slanting base, also of burnished found dead by the Federal forces in advancing, and marble, on which are inscribed the names and com- by them interred, a blanket his only coffin, and the mands of those who died in the Harpel house, to- apron of a weeping woman his only shroud.” gether with other names as could be obtained of A correspondent states that his name was Cumthose buried there who fell on the field. There mings Mebane, of Madison, N. C., and adds: “On

are 360 in all, and the the night of the retreat of Gen. Lee's army, Pocaremains of most of hontas Bridge was left in charge of a Lieutenant them were gathered and a small body of infantry, with instructions to together from their burn the bridge as soon as the troops crossed. Beburial places on the fore all the troops had crossed over, the enemy had field, now a wilder- commenced shelling the bridge, and it was exceedness of pines, by the ingly dangerous for any one to approach it. At this members of the Golds- juncture volunteers were called for to fire the bridge, boro Rifles with their when Mebane and Lindsey Wall, of Rockingham, own hands, and rever- stepped forward offering their services.

Young ently buried in the

Mebane, while shot and shell were raking the bridge, square marked by the reached the middle, and was applying the match, monument, generous- when he was shot through the body with a grape ly donated by Mr.

He walked back to the bank, but expired in a Harper for this pur- few moments. Although only sixteen years old, he pose.

was as cool, intrepid and daring as a veteran of fifLasting gratitude ty ummers. A monument should be erected to his is due, and will be

heroic memory.'

awarded to Capt. T. H. Bain, whose services never flagged in procuring

J. E. Dean, Avalon, Texas: I have attended reboth the monuments at Bentonville and at Golds

unions at New Orleans, Birmingham, and Houston; boro.

but have met with only one of my regiment, the B. B. Raiford, of Mt. Olive, N. C., gives the Second Georgia State troops Company E., so write CONFEDERATE VETERAN an acrostic, which he dedi

this in the hope of getting up correspondence with cates to Capt. Bain.

some of them. We were better known as “Joe This is the day we celebrate,

Brown's Pets.” Should any of the old boys, or Dr. Honoring both the small and great

Brown, the Governor's brother, see this, I will be Every dead Confederate.

glad to hear from them.




Stonewall Jackson Bivouac (Camp 42 U. C. V.) Mr. H. H. Smith, of Atlanta, Ga., gives interestheld its fifth aunual reunion at Hico, Tennessee, ing historic data about scout service for the army. on July 20th. The McKenzie Cornet Band I am just in receipt of your June issue of the furnished music. The chaplain, Rev. G. W. Rogers, VETERAN, sent me by Joshua Brown, of New York. prayed, and Capt. W. J. Fuqua gave a welcome I read with care his letter on the death of comthat was appropriate and pleasing. Hon. A. G. rade Samuel Davis. Hawkins delivered the oration; after which dinner After I recovered from my Chickamauga wound was served, abundant in quantity and excellent in on March 15, '64, I reported to Gen. Jos. E. Johnston quality. “Wearing the Gray” was recited happily at Dalton, Ga., for duty. He requested that I form a by Miss Brooxie Nowlin, of McKenzie, and the courier line from there (Dalton) to the Tennessee “Bonnie Blue Flag” was sung by young ladies as- River, and keep him posted as to the movements of sisted by young men and veterans, and then was Gen. Dodge, then stationed at Athens, Ala. I played by the band. “Recollections of the war” formed the line, and soon had it in working order. was given in fine voice and spirit by Miss Madge On my arrival at Florence, Ala., in the night of Cannon, daughter of Dr. J. P. Cannon, Commander March 22, in company with Ed Pointer, Joe Buford of the Bivouac. “The Dying Soldier" was another and John Siddens, we crossed the Tennessee River, excellent recitation by Miss Arba Lee Beck, of and went together as far as King's Factory on the Henderson, Tenn.

Old Military Road leading from Nashville by HillsAfter the above program, calls were made for boro and Williamsport to Florence. At King's short speeches and responded to by Maj. Cooper, Factory, Pointer and Buford took the left hand road, of Puryear, Dr. Wingo, of Trezevant, and Capt. agreeing to meet us at Lawrenceburg next morning, Fuqua, of McKenzie, who entertained the immense while Siddens and I kept the main road. About crowd for an hour or more with a recital of some of five miles this side of Lawrenceburg at three o'clock their experiences during the war. The latter de- in the morning, we stopped at a country house for livered a peroration to woman.

something to eat and information, and while in the Stonewall Jackson Bivouac was organized Novem

house we were captured by the Tories.

We were ber 20, 1889, and has had regular meetings once a

robbed, tied on our horses, and started back tomonth since that time. It now has fifty-eight wards King's Factory: En route we were recap

tured by the Seventh Illinois Mounted Infantry, in members.

command of Col. Esterbrooks. He took charge of At the June meeting, 1890, it was resolved to have a reunion at Hico, on July 21st, every year as

The Tories went on in us, turning the Tories loose.

the direction of Pointer and Buford, and captured long as the members survive. [This year the 21st

and killed them. Siddens and I were sent to falling on Sunday the reunion took place on Sat

Athens, Ala., to Gen. Dodge, where we were put urday, 20th.]

in irons and placed in jail, remaining there some The day is the anniversary of the great victory ten days; then sent to Nashville and put in the penat Manassas, and the day on which Gen. T. J. Jack- itentiary, I occupying the cell with Capt. Gurley of son, since so distinguished and famous, won the Forrest's command, who was at that time under title of "Stonewall."

death sentence. I was confined in the penitentiary July 21st is looked forward to as a gala day by in shackles until the first day of June, 1864; was all the people of the surrounding country, and each thence sent to Louisville, Ky., and confined there one year the crowd increases. Here comrade meets week; and from there sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, comrade, and the Confederate gives the Federal a where I remained until March, 1865, and sent hearty welcome.

through the lines to Richmond and exchanged. The McNeill brothers have kindly given control of the grounds on this day as long as the land remains Hugh H. Colquitt, of Atlanta, writes that in conin their possession. In addition to the regular pro- nection with the Cotton States Exposition he is argram of entertainment, stands have been erected ranging to establish an encampment to extend for the sale of lemonade, the profits of which go throughout the "hundred days. That will be reinto the treasury of the Bivouac as a fund strictly called as the exact time of the great Dalton-Atlanta for benevolent purposes. In this way they have campaign and the distance one hundred miles. previously raised and disbursed more than $200, Comrade Colquitt contemplates a hotel restaurant and this last day added $164 to the fund. So busi- with tents near, where the veterans of both armies ness is combined with pleasure; and while all en- may find comforts at low rates. The plan, morejoy the recreation and reunion, almost every one over, is to provide for United States companies and contributes something to a fund which is intended regiments, and all military organizations that may to relieve distress of unfortunate comrades and their attend in bodies. This national encampment feafamilies. The CONFEDERATE VETERAN was the ture has the official endorsement of the exposition subject of universal indorsement and pride.


Mr. Colquitt has been the vice-president of the Col. J. J. Callan, of Coleman, Texas, wishes to Atlanta camp and was the first adjutant general of procure the Gipsy poem, “Wild Zingarella," and the State Division United Confederate Veterans. also the words of Gen. Albert Pike's "Dixie;" not Such a plan of encampment may be very pleasant the old negro version. Who can supply them? and useful to veterans.

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