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GEN. JAS. J. ARCHER.

1862 at Fredericksburg, when his brigade held the

extreme right of old Stonewall's Corps, and with the CAPT. F. S. HARRIS, NASHVILLE, TENN.

assistance of Pelham's horse artillery, met and re

pulsed the fearful onset of Gen. Meade. It was in The December VET this battle that Col. Peter Turney received the fearERAN, containing pict- ful wound, at the head of his “Hog Drivers," from ure and sketch of Gen. which he has never recovered. Archer, has a few in

He again led them at Chancellorsville, and was at accuracies concerning their head when his brigade led the advance of Lee's this very remarkable

army at Gettysburg. While developing the enemy's man.

strength, Gen. Reynolds, of the Federal army (who Gen. Archer was was killed that day by the Tennesseans), flanked him born at Belair, Mary on both wings, capturing a number of prisoners inland, about the year cluding Gen. Archer himself. He effected an ex1825. After finishing his change from Johnson's Island and assumed command collegiate education he of his old brigade in the summer of 1864, in front of read law, but upon the Petersburg. The rigors of a northern prison were passage of the Tenth

too much for him, his health rapidly declined and Regiment bill by Con- he died in Richmond a few months later, and now gress, he accepted a sleeps in beautiful Hollywood, near his great com. commission

cap mander, Gen. A. P. Hill, the worthy successor of old

tain from Jefferson Da- Stonewall. vis, then Secretary of War, and was assigned to duty The make up of Gen. Archer was enigmatical. His in Oregon, where he remained until his resignation exterior was rough and unattractive, small of stature to enter the Confederate Army. Mail facilities in and angular of feature, his temper was irrascible, and this new country at that time were not good, there so cold was his manner that we thought him at first being but one mail every three months. Consider a Martinet. Very noncommunicative, and the bearing able progress had been made by the South in prepar and extreme reserve of the old army officer made him, ing for the war when he first definitely learned of it. for a time, one of the most intensely hated of men. He immediately resigned but awaited its acceptance No sooner, however, had he led his brigade through before he started South. He was so bold and out the first Richmond campaign, than quite a revoluspoken that he experienced great difficulty_in reach- tion took place in sentiment. The estimate of a ing Louisville. He came on to Gallatin, Tennessee, soldier is invariably gauged by his conduct in batwhere he accidentally became the guest of Col. tle. Beneath his rough exterior beat a warm heart. Bailey Peyton, who, although a Union man, enter But his estimate of men was always from the standtained him courteously, offering every facility to ard of a soldier. His judgment of them was infallireach the South.

ble. For some officers he had a contempt, while He tendered his services to President Davis and there were privates for whom he never failed a warm was at once appointed colonel of the Fifth Texas hand-shake. He had none of the politician or aristoinfantry.

crat, but he never lost the dignity or bearing of an When Gen. Hatton fell in the lead of his brigade officer. While in battle he seemed the very God of at the battle of Seven Pines, Col. Archer was ap War, and every inch a soldier according to its strictest Pointed Brigadier-General to succeed him. From this rules, but when the humblest private approached his on he became practically a Tennessean, and his quarters he was courteous. heart was with the Tennessee boys. The old brigade, There was no deception in him and he spoke his known ever afterward as "Archer's Tennesseans," was mind freely, but always with the severest dignity. composed of the following regiments of infantry: He won the hearts of his men by his wonderful judgFirst Tennessee, Col. Peter Turney; Seventh Tennes ment and conduct on the field, and they had the most see, Col. John F. Goodner; Fourteenth Tennessee, implicit confidence in him. He was dubbed “The Col. Wm. T. Forbes; Nineteenth Georgia, Col. W. W. Little Game Cock.” He was held in the highest reBoza; and the Fifth Alabama Battalion, Maj. Smith. gard by Generals Harry Heth, A. P. Hill, and StoneLater on the Nineteenth Georgia was transferred and wall Jackson. He was devoted to his brigade, and the Thirteenth Alabama (Col. Fry) substituted. And refused a major-generals commission rather than be later still, that glorious little band of Marylanders, separated from this brigade. the Second Maryland Battalion was added, than whom He estimated the officers and men with unerring no better soldiers ever lived.

judgment and he had recommended as his successor, In a little over a month after assuming command, in case of his own death or removal, Geo. A. Howard, Gen. Archer had led his brigade through the seven whose rank at that time was a first lieutenant. He days' battles around Richmond, commencing on the had the highest regard for Capt. John Allen and 27th of June, 1862, at Mechanicsville. Then, in rapid Lieut. J. H. Moore, and great confidence in Col. S. G. succession, Cold Harbor, Frazier's Farm, Turkey-neck Shepard and a number of others, not only of the Bend, and Malvern Hill. He led them at Cedar Run, Seventh, but the other regiments of his command. the three days' hard fighting at Manassas, also Chan He told me once, when on the picket line in front tilla and Ox Hill; then to Harper's Ferry, Sharps of Petersburg. that if he had the power to officer his burg, and Shepardstown, beside innumerable smaller brigade as his judgment dictated he could duplicate engagements, and wound up the memorable year of Balaklava.

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When in trouble before him his men-knew equal and exact justice would be given them. The old brigade loved him devotedly.

Gen. Archer was never married, and in the presence of ladies was timid and retiring.

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W. M. McCal!, Esq., who was a Lieutenant Company E., Seventh Tennessee, now of Humbolt, Tenn., writes as follows:

I was much 'gratified at seeing photograph in last VETERAN of Brig. Gen. James J. Archer, (of blessed memory), who com

LITTON HICKMAN

SECRETARY manded the now famous Tennessee Brigade in Lee's Army.

Your correspondent is in error in some details. Archer was Colonel of the Fifth Texas Infantry, not the Fourth. At the date of his taking charge of the Brigade it was composed, as I now remember of the First, Seventh, and Fourteenth Tennessee Infantry, Nineteenth Georgia, and Fifth Alabama Battalion. The Thirteenth Alabama Infantry was attached to our Brig. ade in place of the Georgia Regiment after Fredericksburg.

Ou the first day at Gettysburgh, Archer's and Jo Davis', Mississippi Brigades, brought on the fight. They were sent in to

BISCOE HINDMAN “feel” of the Federals, and they “ felt” of

PRESIDENT us a little. They had concealed a Brigade in the tall, uncut wheat at right angles with Archer's right, and, swinging around, captured Archer and nearly the entire right wing of the Seventh Regiment.

We did not "drive the Federals into the town,” it taking all of A. P. Hill's corps to do that. After the capture of Archer, the Seventh Regiment, and, as I now remember, the entire Brigade, was sent over to the extreme right of Lee's Army to watch the Federal cavalry, threatening that point, and remained there all day and that night.

Archer was sent to Johnson's Island after Gettysburgh, where he remained

F.G. SMITH antil the summer or fall of 1864, when he

SERGEANT-AT ARMS, and other Coufederate officers were sent by order of STATE OFFICERS TENNESSEE SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS. the War Department at Washington, to Charleston

out (making about thirty miles an hour) I met harbor, and put under fire of our own guns. He

Archer going in with that band of heroes, the Fifth remained there until exchanged at that point a few

Alabama Battallion, numbering about one hundred months thereafter; but he contracted the disease there

and fifty men. In attempting to rally my company that ended his life a short while after his exchange.

on the hill, I saw Archer and the Fifth Battalion eurI was at Johnson's Island, a guest of the Federals my

rounded by Federals; yet standing like a rock they Belf at that time.

held the yankees at bay until D. H. Hill's division While Archer was there he gave his gold watch

came up. The last thing that I saw of Archer at and $150.00 to a yankee soldier to permit his escape. that time, he was on his little black, a Federal sol.. The fellow let him out, but had notified the authori. dier had the mare by the bridle-bit, the mare was ties, who, having placed a skirmish line out about a rearing straight up, and Archer's heavy cavalry mile from the shore on the ice, recaptured him and

sabre was poised over his head. I never learned brought him back. But the yankee kept the money what the fate of that one yankee was, only surm ised. and the watch-A “yankee trick,” sure enough.

Peace to the ashes of James J. Archer. Archer was one of the bravest, truest of men. He had no sense of fear in battle.

Other friends have written about the brief articlo I see him now at Fredericksburg. The Federals, referred to, but the points have been fully expressed four lines deep, had broken our lines, and as I went in the foregoing.

*

*

LAST BATTLES OF THE WAR.

be ilccorded them for their quick recuperation from the disaster at Nashville. Old Joe drove back Sher.

man's disciplined veterans with a demoralized army B. L. Ridley, Esq., Murfreesboro, Tenn.:

of not exceeding twelve thousand men.

In conseI commenced keeping a journal a short time before quence of a flank movement to our left, we were orthe surrender. Was quite young, an aid of Lieut. dered to retire to the position from which we ad. Gen'l A. P. Stewart. *

Headquarters Army vanced to entrench. of Tennessee, Smithfield, N. C., March 16th, 1865. March 20th Gen. Loring goes to the rear from sickI have just reached camp from Oxford, N. C., where ness, and Walthall succeeds to command. Enemy I went on two days' leave of absence to visit my seem remarkably quiet in our front, but demonstratfather's mother. Found Lieut. Gen'l A. P. Stewart ing heavily on Gen. Bragg, evidently trying to find a Commanding the Army of Tennessee by order of weak point. One division of Hardee's, sent to supGen'l J. E. Johnston, who took command yesterday port the left. Skirmishers on our side have ad. of the army of the South-Hardee's, Bragg's and vanced to still find a force confronting us. Stewart's (formerly Hood's army) consolidated, make March 21st, enemy has made several charges on the Army of the South.

Bragg this morning. Evening, serious demonstraMarch 17th, conducted Gen'l Johnston to our tions being made on our rear, Gen. Johnston sends headquarters, near Swift Creek, found him surpris three brigades of our reserves at double-quick to reingly social, and endeavors to conceal his greatness, port to Hardee, near Bentonsville. Before their arrather than to impress you with it. I expressed to

rival Cumming's Brigade, commanded by Col. him the joy the Army of Tennessee mavifested, on

Henderson, of Forty-second Georgia, charged the enhearing of his restoration to command. He said that emy in front. Eighth Texas Cavalry strike the two he was, equally as much gratified to be with them as divisions of Seventeenth Army Corps in flank and they were his coming, but he feared it “too late to route them. As a precautionary step, Walthall's make it the same army."

He said that Corps was sent there, and remained until 2 o'clock never in his life had he seen such generous, free P.M., when the army retired six miles this side of hearted people as the Middle Tennesseans. "Take

Bentonsville, near Hannak Creek. out that little spot which you know is infested with March 22nd, retired to Turner's Bridge, near Union men, and it is the most loyal part of the Con

Smithfield, and Sherman, it is supposed, has gone to federacy." Received orders this evening to march

Goldsboro. toward Bentonville, 15 miles distant, to meet Sher

March 23d, it is a treat that we are permitted toman, who has taken an easterly course from Avers.

day to wash up and put on clean clothes. Reports boro to effect a junction with Schofield, at Goldsboro. of casualties of the last five or six days: killed, 102; March 18th, struck tents this morning and arrived

wounded, 820; missing, 305; total, 1,227. This loss here at 5 o'clock P. M. One mile beyond Bentonville

is from the Army of Tennessee only. Have not

heard from Bragg nor Hardee. where we bivouac. Enemy camps eight miles on same road. Our army in high spirits and ready to

March 24th, ordered to go to-day two miles beyond brave the coming storm.

Smithfield depot, on Lewisburg road. Soldiering in

these piny woods is more disagreeable than any I March 19th both armies commence the march.

have yet experienced. The smoke tans your skin, Three miles beyond Bentonville, at Coles' Farm, we

soils your clothes, and one presents a spectacle like meet, skirmishing heavily for a short time. Armies

that of an engineer who has worked sometime on his going into position. Bragg commands left wing,

engine without change. Stewart the center, and Hardee the right. At 1

March 25th has been one of unusual quiet. Gen. o'clock enemy charges Clayton's division and is re

Johnston busying himself with the doings of depulsed handsomely, leaving fifty dead on the field.

tailed men. General S. depressed. Gen. Bate made Brig.-Gen. Reynolds, of Arkansas, upon entering the

the soldiers a little speech to-night, preparing field had his leg so mutilated by a solid shot as to

their minds for the consolidation of companies, batnecessitate amputation. His loss is much lamented.

talions, etc. An episode connected with Beutons. He is the idol of his brigade. Gen. Johnston now

ville: The Eighteenth and Forty-fifth Tennessee orders that Stewart and Hardee confer with each

Regiments, Col. Searcy commanding, about nightother and advance. The hour for attack was agreed

fall charged through the yankee lines and we gave upon, fifteen minutes to 3 o'clock. Gen, Stewart di

them up as captured. Several days afterward we rected me to acquaint the corps commander of this,

were surprised to find them report back, having wanLoring commanding, Stewart's corps, Bate's, Har

dered for miles in getting back. In Bate's speech to dee's old corps, and D. H. Hill Lee's

corps,
in

his troops I remember, as a boy, this little piece of nection with Hardee's army, all advanced, and with

humor. Says he: “Fellow soldiers, when I was at a rebel shout, drove the enemy nearly a mile and

Nashville, Govan's Brigade chanced to pass my brigrouted them from two lines of breastworks, captur

ade. Govan's men hallooed out: 'Lie down, Mr. ing eight pieces of artillery and four hundred and

Bate, Mr. Govan is gwine to pop a cap.' The other seventeen prisoners. The excitement of the occasion

day at Bentonville my brigade chanced to pass Goand the many ravines we had to cross broke our live

van. I made my men halloo out: ‘Lie down, Mr. to such an extent that we halted and reformed.

Govan, Mr. Bate is now gwine to pop a cap!'" While doing this, the enemy rallied, reinforced, and charged repeatedly upon our lines until nightfall, but with no effect. The brunt of this battle was on

W. P. Gresham, of Simpsonville, S. C., is reprethe Army of Tennessee, and the more praise should sentative for the VETERAN in his section.

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MY FIRST EXPERIENCE AT THE FRONT. up and went to the wall tent and asked the boys to

let me in. They said, “No, you have seceded from J. W. McKINNEY, Greenwood, S. C.: After leav

us, and set up on your own hook.” I went back and ing the camp of instructions we were ordered to

sat up a wbile. Everything was still. I could not Sullivan's Island, near Charlestou. Our regiment After ruminating a while, I yelled out: “Oh Sullivan's

hear anything but the sleet and Tom's teeth rattling. had no number, but was called the Orr Riflee, as it was organized by James L. Orr, our first colonel. Island, how I long for thee!” “Old Forty” was He was elected to the Confederate Congress, and

quartered just behind me, and I heard him ask who Foster Marshall was promoted to his place. Our

was that. Lieutenant Colonel Ledbetter told him it regiment numbered 1,400 as fine looking men

was "that big.mouthed McKinney.” Then he laughed could be found in any country. We remained on the

and said, "I reckon he will sign another petition to islaud nine monthe, and some of us were so anxious

go to the front." to get to the front that we got up a petition asking

My blood had been hot to get to the front, but that the colonel to resign and let us get a colonel who

gleet had cooled it down, and right there and then I would carry us to the front. I was one of the com

would have signed a contract to keep Cothran's old mittee appointed to present the petition. “Old

mill on Hard Labor Creek for the rest of my life. Forty," as we called him, looked at it, and told us if we did not get back to our quarters he would have us

THE TWO ARMIES. bucked and gagged, so we all sneaked back. The long-looked for orders came at last, about the

BY HENRY TIMROD, IN 1862. last of April, 1862. The colonel had the orders read at dress parade, and made a speech in which he said In kindly sending a written copy of the following he had been trying to get to the front ever since he poem Miss Claudine Rhett, of Charleston, states : bad been colonel, but he was a subordinate and had As the “Daughters of the Confederacy" are being to obey his superior officers, and all he asked of his organized all over the South, I think that it would be regiment now (when they got to the front) was to appropriate if the VETERAN would republish the enfollow Foster Marshall. We gave him three cheers, closed poem. Henry Timrod was Charleston's best and moving commenced. We had been quartered in

We had been quartered in poetical writer during the war. good houses and had everything usually kept in a grace and polish, added to poetic sentiment, which well-regulated family, and as we tried to take all rank him very high among the sweet singers of with us, it took four big wagon loads to move our

the Confederacy. company to the boat, and the other companies had Two armies stand enrolled beneath about the same. When we landed in Richmond and

The banner with the starry wreath; moved up on Main street the citizens would ask what

One, facing battle, blight and blast, brigade it was, and judging from the amount of bag.

Through twice a hundred fields had passed ;

Its deeds against a ruthless foe, gage you would have thought it was a division. We

Stream, valley, hill, and mountain know, had not been there long before a little officer, dressed Till every wind that sweeps the land in artillery uniform, with patent leather boots, came

Goes, glory laden from the strand. around. He reminded me of one of those little ban

The other with a narrower scope, tam roosters more than anything I can think of just Yet led by not less grand a hope, now. He curtailed our baggage to one oven and

Hath won, perhaps, as proud a place,

And wears its fame with meeker grace. gave one wall tent to ten men. My hat box, paper

Wives march beneath its glittering sign, collars, teapot, looking glass, blacking brush, and all

Fond mothers swell the lovely line, the rest of my things were seut to the rear. We

And many a sweetheart hides her blush came very near rebelling, but "Old Forty” said we In the young patriot's generous flush. must be quiet, we were at the front now.

No breeze of battle ever fanned We were put on the train to run down to Guiney The colors of that tender band; Station, four miles above Fredericksburg, and camped

Its office is beside the bed, in an old field, with not a stick of wood and no fire.

Where throbs some sick or wounded head.

It does not court the soldier's tomb, It was getting warm on the Island at that season of

But plies the needle and the loom; the year, but that night the mercury in the thermo- And, by a thousand peaceful deeds. meter went away down. Tom Puckett and I con- Supplies a struggling nation's needs. cluded that we would not sleep in the tent with the

Nor is that army's gentle might rest, as we were gentlemen and did not want to be Unfelt amid the deadly fight; crowded, so we got a pole and tied one end to a pine It nerves the son's, the husband's hand, sapling and put a fork under the other, stretched a

It points the lover's fearless band;

It thrills the languid, warms the cold, blanket over it and made down our bed. It was

Gives e'en new courage to the bold; cloudy and the wind was blowing from the north, And sometimes lifts the veriest clod and it soon began to sleet. It was awful cold. I To its own lofty trust it God. had to take the position of a person with a first class

When Heaven shall blow the trump of peace, case of cramp colic, and by that means I could get

And bid this weary warfare cease, my feet under the blanket. Tom was very tall and Their several missions nobly done, was not so fortunate. Do his best, there was about The triumph grasped, and freedom won, two feet of his legs outside. We had not made a

Both armies, from their toils at rest,

Alike may claim the victor's crest. ditch around our tent, and the water commenced

But each shall see its dearest prize running under, and our teeth began to rattle. I got

Gleam softly from the other's eyes.

was

A UNION VETERAN'S CHALLENGE. of the 18th to 20th of July, and assignment to the

extreme right of the battlefield. Mr. J. L. Smith, 189 Superior street, Cleveland, O.,

Early on the 21st, the brigade was in line and

ready for orders, anxiously expected. While watch. wrote the VETERAN, in October:

ing the smoke arising from the well.contested battle, At the last three or four meetings of the G. A. R. and listening to the roar of musketry and artillery, “Old Army,” games have been indulged in, and at about 10 o'clock, a.m., the brigade was massed in com. Pittsburg we had a mile race for the championship panies, and some one began singing, "Annie Laurie,of the G. A. R. The prize was an elegant silver which readily united about 800 voices, with here a trophy presented by the Pittsburg Dispatch news- basso, and there a tenor, and everywhere a strong paper.

soprano, in a wonderful rendition, and followed by won the prize and am therefore the champion of immense cheering throughout the brigade. our organization, and, like Alexander of old, I sigh

At 2 p. m. the third courier reached us—(the first for other worlds to conquer. I therefore challenge having been disabled by a falling horse and a broken any man in your organization to meet me in a race leg, and the second missed his way)—and the column of any distance from one to five miles for a trophy moved rapidly to the extreme leit in double quick which shall represent the championship of both for some six or seven miles, under fire from the organizations.

Federal left wing, and forming in the rear of the You write me that you will probably refer to this Lewis House, was ordered forward, and from the in a humorous way. Suit yourself in regard to the high grounds watched the withdrawal of the Federal way you put it, but the man who meets me in a race forces—too far for musketry, while our artillery for the honor of the two organizations will need closed the last firing of the day, and added impetus something besides humor to carry him to victory. and consternation to the enemy. The scene He will need a little of the stuff used at Bull Run, beautiful and historic, because of the presence of Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, Gettysburg, The Wilder: President Davis, and Gen. Beauregard, Johnston ness, Chickamauga, Franklin, and a hundred other and others. For the effectiveness of Capt. Walker's great battlefields of the war.

firing, the celebrated gun “Long Tom,” was preMr. Smith is Quarter Master Sergeant of Memorial sented to the brigade, for better service and execuPost, No. 141, of Cleveland.

tion on the Potomac. The idea of a Veteran from either army boasting as

Like to the movements on the chess-board, the

concentration of forces at the stubbornly contested a pedestrian suggested of humor, and reply was so point contributed to demoralization, and the panio made, to which he responde:

that ensued, (see War Records, Vol. 2), assured

victory to the Army of the Potomac, and hence “the AN INTERESTING RECORD FIRST PUBLISHED. critical service” rendered by the 2nd Tennessee, 1st

Arkansas, and Walker's Artillery at Manassas.
HEADQUARTERS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.

MONUMENT TO SOUTHERN WOMEN.-Mrs. A. True-
MANASSAS, July 22, 1861, )
General Orders, No. 147.

heart Buck, Washington, D. C., after congratulations I. The President deems it important that Gen'l upon their good work of the VETERAN, writes: Holmes shall return with his command to his former I want to endorse the sentiments of our friend, position at an early moment, he will accordingly pre- Mrs. Halsey, in advocating a university for a memopare to march in the morning.

rial or monument to Southern woman. I think most II. The President regrete to be obliged at this Southern women would prefer something that, as juncture, to request this movement of General Mrs. Davis says, "would be a constantly recurring Holmes-after his remarkable march to the support benefit to mankind,” to a marble shaft. The accomof this Army, at a critical juncture, a march for plishment, however, of this, would require years. An which the General Commanding has to express his enterprise like that cannot be completed in a short sincere thanke, as also for the critical service ren- time, even if sufficient money was in hand. In the dered on the field of battle yesterday, by that portion meantime, the steps of our veterans grow slower and of the brigade which was called to the immediate feebler. Some of them are near the grave. Some scene of action. By command if Gen. Beauregard. have already reached the other shure of the dark True Copy,

THOMAS JORDAN,

river, leaving behind helpless and destitute families. W. W. WALKER, A. A. G.

A. A. G. The immediate relief and care of these weigh upon A clever correspondent who has done other valued every true Southerver's heart. This is a glorious service for the VETERAN sends us an unpublished work, and there is plenty of it to do. “The Daughorder of President Davis through Gen'l Beauregard ters of the Confederacy” are in the field. A Confed. the day after the battle of Manassas, which appro. erate Veteran or member of his family in the poorpriately should have appeared in connection with the house! Alas, this has been, let it never occur again. sketch of Gen'l W. B. Bate in the November issue. Let us feed, clothe and honor these vow, and when

The brigade of Gèn. Holmes included the 2nd they have all gone where there are neither wants nor Tennessee Regiment (Col. W. B. Bate), 1st Arkansas tears, let the chivalry of the South proclaim the fact, (Col. Fagan), and Capt. Walker's battery of artillery that it is not dead, as some would have it. There -in all about 1,440 men, and "the critical juncture, would be no better way of proving that "there is life alluded to in General Order, No. 147, was the march in the old land yet” than by building a grand Southfrom near Fredericksburg, Va., from the afternoon orn university for the education of women.

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