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lines (they were within musket range) was covered with dead and wounded. The artillery played heavily on those seeking safety in flight, from the heights in our rear and from the flank, where the line remained unbroken. The deadly work was fearful to look upon; fearful now to recall from the dim past.

No trooops passed beyond the broken line in battle order. Fear seemed to hold those who were behind. That dreaded double-reserved line, which the Federals always kept within reach, was with the Confederates a myth. There was no second line-only a little hastily-placed artillery. The attack and recapture was made by troops brought from the extreme right of Gen. Lee's lines.

The success was wonderful; and I may add just here that Gen. Mahone's commission as a major-general bears the date of that day in commemoration of that deed, at the request of Gen. Lee and the order of President Davis. Since those sad days, some years agone now, I had the pleasure of looking at, upon the walls of his hospitable mansion in Petersburg, a large and finely-executed oil painting representing that special battle scene. It is well worth the examination of a critical artist.

The battle ground, the Crater, etc., was kept, I have heard, for exhibition to the peaceful curious, and revenue so made! I make no remark upon that subject.

I will give you one or two incidents illustrating the peculiarities of men even in the midst of such

horrors. As the date and the locality would indiGEN. MAHONE IN WAR TIMES

cate, the temperature was high. The sun gave out

his fiercest rays, and flesh could not be allowed to retecting ditch, and by every gesticulation showed the main long uncovered when dead and festering. way to the front-and perhaps to victory. So the Therefore, about noon of the next day, Gen. Grant command came whispered along our line from the raised a white flag and asked time for the removal of left to "Charge! Now, men, charge!”

his wounded and burial of the dead. The latter act As yet, the Georgia brigade and Alabama brigade became absolutely necessary, and the first, of course, had not gotten into position, but the moment was

humanity called for. As I have stated, the space becritical. Gen. Mahone had no idea to stand and re tween the two lines of battle was strewn with the ceive volleys of lead on open field from perhaps two dead and some few wounded. or three lines of battle, so he ordered his Virginia In visiting each body to determine whether dead brigade (Col. W. in command) to the fearful charge, or wounded, one poor fellow about midway between unprotected or unsupported by the flanks, and the the lines, as soon as approached, bounded to his feet boys answered to the low-toned command. With and no wound was found upon him; but he had laid fixed bayonets and a strong double-quick, they sprang upon that field rigid and stiff through the long day from the ravine and rushed upon the foe, the packed and night, afraid to raise his head, so close and trenches. Nor was a shot fired until we hit the line; steady was the fire from the Confederate battle-line; but many fell under the single volley from the rifles and from the Federal, too. He had waited motionof the regiments in the trenches. From the right less, as far as could be discovered, and after being a regiment in that short, bloody charge of not one little refreshed by the ever-ready restorative, whiskey, hundred yards, eighty-two men fell from the front marched off jauntily to his line for protection. and flank fire, and so the loss was felt all along the The dead in the Crater proper were buried where line, lessening as the fire reached the left regiments. they lay, deep below the surface of the ground, simThe trenches were won at that dash all the way on ply by hastily shoveling the broken and loose dirt in the right-our left-of the Crater, but it still shel upon the bodies. How many were buried in that pit tered its packed, disordered hunreds of black and I do not recall, but many had sought shelter there and wbite men.

met death. Now came the deadly thrust of the bayonet. Dur One fellow I noticed closely. He lay upon his ing the preceding years of that bloody war, it was the stomach, face to one side, on the incline of the pit first time I had ever seen or ordered the bayonet to side, and did not move at all while the earth rose be used. To think of it makes me recoil even now. around him. His tongue hung from his mouth, and Soon the trenches were filled with the dead-in many the Aies buzzed about it and his head, and still he places they lay heaped, and there was literally no made no movement until the earth was reaching his place on the ground for the feet.

head rapidly, when the fear of being buried alive Many tried to escape by the front and were shot overtopped his dread of his enemies, and he then from the start. The space between the two battle rose up and shook away the earth from his body, and


it was found that he had no wound save that a bullet Capt. John A. Dicks, Natchez, Miss., who was Sechad passed through his jaws, cutting the roots of his ond Lieut. Company E, Fourth Louisiana Battalion : tongue. He was sent quietly to the rear as a prisoner, and to a hospital. The dread of death with those

As a Confederate veteran, I think your periodical men surmounted every other sentiment; per contra,

one of the best I have ever seen, and I have been a one wounded and helpless man, a colored barber

subscriber to everything in shape of a war book that from New York, made so terrible an outcry during has come my way, I take deep interest in everything the night-before there had been opportunity to care

connected with the great war, and as I grow older for any of the wounded—that I went to him and

that interest grows upon


Your subscription asked why he did it. He replied that he was badly

list ought to be a large one. Every Confederate who wounded by a piece of shell, that his thich was shat

can spare the dollar should take the VETERAN. tered, and that he was in great pain and could not

I wish to get some information in completing my control his cries. In reply to my inquiry, he said

diary of war events. I should like to correspond that he was in the army against his will, that he was

with any Union soldier who was among a lot of pris. a drafted man and was obliged to take up his mus

oners brought out of Tennessee in advance of Hood's ket, and that, having enlisted, he had done his duty Army, in December, 1864. Any soldier who was in as far as poseible. All others to whom I spoke pro

the retreat of Gen. Hood from Nashville can well retested: "I ain't fired a shot to day, Massa. I prays

member what a terrible trip it was. I do not believe don't kill me."

any army in any war ever experienced greater hardWhen told that nothing could be done for him, but

ships than the little band of brave men who went that as soon as the firing slacked a little he should be

from Florence, Ala., to Nashville, and back again to removed with the wounded to our rear for help, he

the Tennessee River. remained patiently and quietly until the aid came.

I was one of the guard that left Columbia, Tenn., The history called "The War of the Rebellion,"

with 1,200 Union prisoners a day in advance of the made up of official reports-Federal, chiefly, of retreating Confederates, and I shudder to think of course--gives the loss on that memorable day as

the terrible suffering endured by the Confederate about 4,500, nearly 1,000 prisoners, and 20 stands of guards, as well as the poor prisoners, during the colors.

march from Columbia to the Tennessee River. I But little is said of it in the history I cite; but, in

thought it probable you might help me. I am extruth it was one of the most desperate charges made

ceedingly anxious to find sume Union soldier who by an unsupported single line of battle any history

was with that number of prisoners. makes record of. It is to be remembered that this loss of life was enacted within one half hour, and In response to inquirers for "My Happiest Christalong a frontage of less than two hundred yards.

mas?" Mr. Polk Miller, in Richmond Times, states: After the broken line was repossessed by the Virginia brigade of a few thin regiments, the Georgia

Well, it was in the good old ante bellum daye brigade came up and rendered gallant aid in holding

when every white boy and nigger on the plantation the lines. But they failed to cover the Crater proper

had pop-crackers and popped 'em. The coming home or to oust the mixed crowd of whites and blacks now

of negroes who were hired out by the year as tanners, huddled there. Our front was yet too narrow.

blacksmiths, carpenters and shoemakers, and whom The Alabama brigade came up yet later, and while

we never saw at any other time, was a great pleasure the Virginia and Georgia brigades turned their fire to me and to them, and as they never failed to bring directly upon the excavation and kept down all heads

me “sump'n good” and made "a heap o' fuss” over and hands with guns, they (the Alabama troops)

me, It made me happy. Then, too, it was a time made a handsome charge directly on the mine and

when I could enjoy the companionship of those whom captured it without loss, comparatively. It was a

I preferred. The white boy was good enough to play handsome walk-over for them, while the Virginia

with at school, but he was inclined to have his way, and Georgia boys kept well under cover all offenders.

and if I opposed any proposition made by him to History gives this report from Gen. Lee: “That play a certain game, he or I one would have to give the recapture of the line broken by the mide explo

in or fight it out. But the negro boys looked up to sion was due mainly to the troops of Mahone's Divi.

me, and whatever was my will was theirs, and they bion, and his prompt and timely action."

obeyed me in all things and followed wherever I led. President Davis replied as below:

But “Have ordered the promotion of Gen. Mahone to

No mo' will I hunt for de 'possum an' de coon,

Or set about dat sweet ole cabin doh, date from the day of his memorable service, 30th of

For de cruel war has ruined my happy Southern home, July, as recommended.


An' I never specks to see de like no mo.'
Richmond, August 2, 1864."
Rarely, indeed, was there as much history made in

Capt. Dicks tells a funny story of how a Confederhalf an hour during the four years' conflict.

ate, while en route to a northern prison, shrewdly

swindled an old woman selling pies at twenty-five J. T. Cartwright, of Denton, Texas, tells for the cents each. He took advantage of her confusion, VETERAN readers some amusing incidents, and heroic slipped his hand under a fat one, raised it up, and deeds by a Company of Scouts under J. Ć. S. Black- said: “Old lady, give me my change.” “How much burn of Kentucky, now an eminent member of the is it, honey?” was replied; and he told her fifty United States Senate, during operations in the cents. She handed him the quarter, and he soon gave Mississippi Valley the latter part of the war.

it for more pie.

MEMORIAL PARK FOR APPOMATTOX. Eugene Worthington, Esq., of Annapolis, Md.,

concludes a subscription letter as follows: The Norfolk, Va, Pilot sent a letter of inquiry After reading a copy of the Veteran, Mr. Hays some time since to prominent men of the South, to called upon me, expressed much pleasure in it, and learn whether they favored making a National Park requested me to have his name placed on the subat Appomattox.

scription list. Wade Hampton replied that there was "ro historic He is a G. A. R. man—a Past Commander of Meade place of the war so full of interest.”

Post and Aid-de Camp Dept. of Maryland. He Major General Nelson A. Miles favors it, and adds:

served in Co. H. 48th, Reg. Penu. Volunteers. It was

the Regiment that dug the mine in front of Peters“Any movement toward properly carrying out those views will have my hearty sympathy."

burg. Mr. Hays was wounded badly at the second

battle at Cold Harbor, in attempting to capture a Gov. Fish back, of Arkansas: If there is any one

battery of Artillery-the 1st Maryland, in which I spot in the United States. the memory of which our

served as a private. national government should cherish and mark with

I intend, as soon as relieved of the press of other appropriate monument, that spot is “Appomattox.” business, to begin to solicit subscriptions for the

Gen. Louis Wagner, writing from the Battlefield VETERAN, those whose names I have sent in all asked Memorial Association Philadelphia, trusts that a me to havs it sent to them. monument may be started to that end. He corrects a popular error by stating that the government has The old Confederates are profoundly gratified by not purchased nor magnificently parked the great the fucces which has crowned the tireless efforts of field at Gettysburg, they have neither purchased nor Mr. S. A. Cunningham, founder of the CONFEDERATE parked, but will probably do so if Congress passes the VETERAN Magazine. Class papers usually fail, but bill introduced at this session by General Sickles. Mr. Cunningham's success is a brilliant exception to All the work heretofore done at Gettysburg has been the rule. The December number brings the good done by the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial asso- news that Mr. S. W. Meek, a leading publisher of ciation (see the above letter-head), which associa- Nashville, has associated himself with Mr. Cunningtion has been started and managed by members and

ham as publisher and business manager. The literposts of the G. A. R. and the monuments upon the ary and editorial departments remain in charge of the field have been erected at the expense of the several founder, and the Magizine anticipates a great future. States and regimente, represented in that battle.

Thanks for the above to the Sunny South, Atlanta. The scene enacted there will ever be remembered as the greatest drama of the civil war, and should be J. E. Boyett, Chico, Texas :-I wish to make inperpetuated, the spot suitably marked, and the quiry of the whereabouts of two ladies who waited grounds preserved by the national government. upon me when I was wounded at Franklin, Tenn.

Their names, at that “long time ago,” were Misses Lieut. Gen. S. D. Lee, Commanding Department Mollie Brown, and Sallie Reams. I belonged to the East of the Mississippi, United Confederate Veterans, Forty-seventh Tennessee issued an order from Columbus, Miss., Dec'r 27th, Divisiou. Fell just where the Columbia and Frank1894, in which he appointed the following staff with

lin Turnpikes cross, and lay there all night. I the rank of Brigadier General.

was wounded in the left shoulder and right thigh. E. L. Russell, Mobile, Ala., Ass't-Adj't-General;

These ladies came to me the next morning just after Wm. Elliott, Beaufort, S. C., Inspector-General; B.

sun up. They dressed my wounds and waited on me F. Jonas, New Orleans, La., Quartermaster-General;

for seventeen days, until I was sent to Nashville, I Wm. Gordan McCabe, of Petersburg, Va., Commissary

would like to hear from them if living. I often General; Wm. L. Calhoun, of Atlanta, Ga., Judge

think of these dear ladies as having saved my life. Advocate-General; W. J. McMurray, vf Nashville, Tenn., Surgeon-General ; W. S. Penick, of Shreveport, Cox, wants to know the whereabouts of Maj. James

E. A. Bullock, Uz, Texas: “My old friend, W. R. La., Chaplain-General. The following additional officers were appointed He was with him at the battle of Cold Harbor, Va.

H. Nounnan, of the Sixteenth Virginia Regiment. · with the rank of Colonel, all as Aids.de. Camp:

Charles Broadway Rours, Sam'l L. Robertson, of HEADSTONES FOR TENNESSEANS AND VIRGINIANS.— Birmingham, Ala.; Rich'd E. Jones, Birmingham, The Tennessee Association of Confederate Soldiers Ala.; A. J. Russell, Jacksonville, Fla.; L. L. Middle- has a letter from the Ladies' Memorial, of Charlottesbrooks, Covivgton, Ga.; C. M. Wiley, of Macon, Ga.; ville, Va., stating that the following named TennesM. D. Logan, of Danville, Ky.; John H. Stone, of see soldiers are buried there, and asking contribuClinton, La.; W. D. Holder, of Jackson, Miss.; G. tions to put headstones at their graves : D. Shands, of Oxford, Miss.; Thos. Harrison, of

Adams, E. S., Co. I, 14; Moore, D. C., Co. E, 14; Columbus, Miss.; Chas. M. Steadman, of Ashville, Bayless, R. B., Co. K, 43; Pengen, J., Co., G, 14; N. C.; James Armstrong, of Charleston, S.C.; Tully Donald, T. J., Co. E, 14; Richards, B. P., Co. B, 7; Brown, Nashville, Tenn.; Rob. S. Bashen, of Rich. Forester, T., Co. C, 7; Vaughne, G. N., Co. B, 1; mond, Va.

Kelso, J. I., Co. G, 1; Wyatt, J., Co. D, 1. The order is official by E. T. Sykes, Adj't-Gen'l Any contributions sent to Col. Jno. P. Hickman, and Chief of Staff. And the appointees are requested Nashville, will be forwarded to the Ladies, and proper to report by letter.

credit will be given to the donors.


Confederate Veteran.

file of all these armies. On the sea, where our

sailors covered themselves all over with glory, they 8. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Prop'r, S. W. MEEK, Publisher. were directed by Sons of the Revolution, like Decatur,

and Hull, and Porter, and Bainbridge, and CommoOffice: 208 NORTH COLLEGE STREET, NASHVILLE, TENN.

dore Perry. In the war of 1812, as a matter of course,

the Sons of the Revolution should be at the front. This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All persons who approve its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for

As in the war of 1812, so in the Mexican war the Aseociations throughout the South, are requested to command its patron- leading spirits were Sons of the Revolution, and age and to co-operate in extending it.

there were thousands of them under the command of

Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor, both of whom OUR VETERAN ANCESTORS AND THE UNION.

were Sons of the Revolution. So in the civil war

the Sons of the Revolution were represented out of Argument is effective, upon the review of history, all proportion to their numbers. that the most loyal friends of the Union, until the actual outbreak in 1861, were the Southern people.

H. M. Stanley, the explorer, was not endorsed by the No greater claim is made than for the proportion VETERAN, and no deserter will ever be. A comrade at the South bore in the Revolution. It is but natural Waco, Texas, writes regarding H. M. Stanley's that foreigners could not become as loyal as those record as a Confederate soldier: "The Missouri Rewhose ancestors fought under Washington. Remem. publican, in war tales published a few years ago, gave ber the words of Andrew Jackson: “The Union, it it, and it is not very much to his credit. It states must and shall be preserved." Kentucky stood by that while he was acting as Paymaster's clerk he her motto “United we stand, divided we fall,” in re. absconded with the funds entrusted to him with maining neutral. This theme was taught by the fire. which to pay off the regiment. Possibly, this was not sides and in the schools of those who espoused the Bo, but it has never been denied. Such renegades cause of the South in our great war. Now and then should find no mention in the VETERAN." expressions are given by those who suffered for the The story of his extraordinary life was given as principle of State Rights, that must seem strange a matter of history. It is deplorable that a man who to those whose training has been since the war, has done so much for civilization should ever have but the theme of their ancestors was that the been faithless to any colors, especially when their Union of the States be maintained. It was argued people would have made any sacrifice for them, as policy, however, rather than principle. The right even to the surrender of their lives. to withdraw from the compact had never been questioned, hence the greater fear that the Sovereign Nine widows of Revolutionary Soldiers are on the States would do it. The plea of the South during Government Pension list. They are Mary Brown, age the childhood of those who made the best Confed- eighty-nine, Knoxville, Tenn.; Nancy Cloud, age erate soldiers was that the Union be perpetuated, eighty-one, Chum, Va.; Esther S. Damon, age eighty, 80 when they actually went to war under a different Plymouth Union, Vt.; Nancy Jones, age eighty, Jonesflag, the provocation was such as to make them des. boro, Tenn.; Rebecca Mayo, age eighty-one, Newbern, perate. Confederates honor the memory of ancestors Va.; Patty Richardson, age ninety-three, East Bethel, who fought under Washington, whether they went Vt.; Mary Snead, age seventy-eight, Parksley, Va.; from New Jersey, Vermont or South Carolina. Asenath Turner, age eighty-nine, Manchester, N. Y.;

Since the above was in type, an address of Gen. R. Nancy Weatherman, age eighty-four, Lineback, Brinkerhoff upon the patriotism of Ohioaps shows Tenn. Of these, six live in the South, three each in that he concurs in the foregoing. Gen. Brinkerhoff Tennessee and Virginia.

Tennessee and Virginia. Two of the others are in is a Union Veteran of Ohio. As a young man he was Vermont, and one in New York, tutor of the grandsons, by adoption, of Andrew Jackson at the Hermitage.

A serious error occurred in the article paying tribIn the annals of history we have no record of a ute to Capt. Edwin R. Crockett, by B. G. Bidwell, nobler body of men than the fathers of the American

Esq., in the December VETERAN. The fault was enRevolution, and it could not be otherwise than that they should transmit something of these qualities to

tirely in this office. The last two sentences were their descendants, and, therefore, in all the wars of added to Mr. Bidwell's tribute. In calling attention the republic the Sons of the Revolution have been to our error, the author of the tribute states: His first at the front. The war of 1812 was fought out family and friends in Tennessee know that I know under the direction of Sons of the Revolution : Jack

he was not a son of Davy Crockett. He was a son of son in command of the army of the south; Harrison, of the west; Van Rensselaer of the centre; and Wade

Martin D. Crockett, and grand-son of Samuel Hampton, of the north, were all Sons of the Revolu Crockett, one of the earliest settlers in Robertson ition, and so also were three fourths of the rank and county, Tenn.


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ALBION, MICHIGAN, January 15, 1895.

MY DEAR MR. CUNNINGHAM.-I send you clippings Months ago publication was made in the VETERAN

from our local paper and from the Hillsdale College of the exceeding kind thought on the part of a Union Herald, relative to the lecture of General Gordon, reVeteran, of Michigan, Hon. Washington Gardner, in cently delivered in our town and also at Hillsdale sending a cordial invitation to attend their last Grand and Ann Arbor on “Last Days of the Confederacy.”

In each and all of these educational centers magnifiArmy reunion. He had previously written the Com

cent audiences greeted the General. mander suggesting the propriety, and quoted his cor

Probably more federal soldiers faced the speaker dial words. Mr. Gardner extended such generous than any previous lecturer who ever visited our city. hospitality in his invitation characteristic as that they came from miles away as well as from the which has long been the pride of Southern people. town. Some had fought face to face with the Gener

als troops, some had been captured by his command, and all felt they were looking into the face of one of the ablest of living commanders, and one of the bravest and most gallant spirits of the war.

At the close of the lecture, the General, by request, held an informal reception, receiving all the soldiers present and many students and citizens who pressed forward to grasp his hand.

The lecture was admirable in tone as well as in manner of delivery. No son of the South, however devoted to the past, had he chanced to be present, would have felt called upon to carry back to his late comrades in arms an apology for anything uttured, and no veteran of the North,

however loyal to the old flag, could discover other than a spirit of fealty to the restored Union.

Is not this the ground the soldiers of both armies and their descendants are destined to occupy-each holding sacred the memories of the men whose deeds of valor are imperishable, and all rallying around one common standard, the emblem of authority, of order, of law and government?

I am sure I correctly represent the feelings of the great mass of the surviving veterans of the federal army when I say there is to-day in their hearts no feeling of bitterness, nor hate, nor revenge toward the brave men, who, a third of a century ago, met us so valiantly on the battle's front.

There is military glory enough in the past to cause Americans for all time to point with pride to the fact that the actors of both sides were their countrymen.

There are national possibilities before us, great enough Mr. Gardner was a private, a boy soldier in the

to tax the intelligence, the patriotism and the dewar, and shot in the knee at Resaca, Ga. He has

votion of all the people of all the sections of our great since risen to much literary, social and political country. prominence. He has been very popular for some In a personal letter, Mr. Gardner states: “I am years as a lecturer, as a professor in the Albion col

convinced that of all classes in the two sections, there lege, a beloved minister, a politician so prominent

is less of enmity and most of charity between the

men who faced each other on the battlefield.” that as a candidate for Secretary of State at the last State election his plurality was over 108,000, and it

Victor Montgomery, Santa Ana, Cal., corrects some was the largest ever given any man by either party E. Fuller, of that place, in regard to the medal

errors made in a note in September VETERANS by D. in Michigan. It was consistent with the high char

which was given by a Confederate to a Union soldier, acter of Mr. Gardner to introduce Gen. J. B. Gordon at the battle of Fort Donelson, in appreciation of on his recent visit to Albion. The press notices are kindness shown him while wounded. The name upon very kind indeed. Mr. Gardner was thoughtful and

the medal is Robert J. instead of "T." J. True, as kind enough to write an account of it, which is here published. The heirs of Mr. True are advised to

communicate with Geo. M. Doyle or Victor Montgiven. In his letter he mentions Gen. Gordon as

gomery, at Santa Ana, Cal., and on satisfactory proof “now seamed by the storms of time as well as scarred that they are the heirs, the medal will be forwarded by the bullets of battle.” The following are extracts: to them.



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