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ficed. “I know it,' he replied. 'I heard you were place since the war has been the work of Southern down here, and have come to stay with you.'
men, and the future of the South depends upon the "In a few minutes the fighting was hand to hand. continued efforts of Confederate soldiers and their It was in the dusky twilight. A Federal cavalry- descendants.' man, whose horse had been shot from under him, stepped in front of Black Cloud, the horse. Col. La THAT ARTILLERY AT SHARPSBURG. mar was riding, seized the bit with his left hand and threw up his carbine with his right, and called W. H. Healy, West Point, Va., who served on No. on Lamer to surrender. Quick as lightning, he 1, Section 4, Woolfolk's Battery: plunged his spurs into his horse's sides and tried to DEAR VETERAN: I read with much interest the ride over his opponent. At the instant, as the correspondence in reference to the “abandoned horse reared and plunged above the soldier, he fired, brass six-pounder" at the battle of Sharpsburg, by and at the crack of the carbine, Lamar fell lifeless Capt. Beall, in VETERAN of Aug., 93, and “Rebel,” to the ground. In a few minutes I was captured. Dec., '94, and Feb., '95. It appears to me things The prisoners were kept that night in an enclosure
are much mixed. I don't intend any discussion as very near the place where Col. Lamar fell. I asked
to whether there were one or two incidents of findpermission to go out and recover his body. It was ing abandoned guns on that memorable field. I granted, and under guard, four of us prisoners went refer to the brass piece and the four officers of the out and found him right where he fell.
gallant old Fourteenth North Carolina, and not to the ried him into the place where we were confined, two pieces of Miller's, nor at all to Gen. Longcomposed his limbs, as he lay on the ground, and street and staff. What I know about that one then laid ourselves down by his side. He slept that piece, the “brass six-pounder,” is as follows: I was night with his friends. Green be the grass above a member of the Middlesex Artillery (Virginia Bathim! I never pass his grave without fancying that tery); our battery being short of horses. I was one I can almost hear again the words he spoke when of the twenty men detailed and put with Woolfolk's he joined me at the bridge: 'I know it, I heard you (Virginia) Battery-S. D. Lee's Battalion--for this were down here, and I have come to stay with you.' battle. I wish no more honor than having been [Two of the worthy daughters of Col. Lamar
one of those old twenty. We were soon placed in came all the
to Nashville to attend a call meet position, and then “there was work.” For about ing of the National Daughters of Confederacy.) two hours we held the enemy, from four to six lines
"The Confederate volunteers were the flower of of battle, in check, frequently breaking their lines, our youth. What the heart is to the oak, what the and repulsing their charges with double charges of sun is to day, they were to the South. There is no canister, and firing as rapidly as possible, until we virtue of the soldier they did not possess and adorn; were about played out and, having no support, there is no devotion in history more heroic than were ordered to retire. My piece was the last theirs; no patriotism more sublime. In the darkest to leave the field; we “limbered up," and had hour of the struggle they.clung to their colors. scarcely gone one hundred yards, when a shell from Even when chilled by the suicidal blunder and crime Antietam Mountain killed both pole horses, and, havof conscription, when duty was partly stripped of ing none to replace them, we were compelled to abanits grace, they still kept brightly burning in their don the piece. Just as I thought that I was about hearts the vestal fires of patriotic ardor."
to be captured, a portion of Hill's command came up Tributes were paid at the graves of other dead out of the woods near the little brick church and Confederates.
opened fire on the advancing columns. I was for a Col. Rufus E. Lester made a brief speech, in few minutes between the two fires. It was a hot, which he said:
sultry September forenoon. “Not only the South and the North, but the
Until seeing this correspondence, I was under the whole world recognizes the chivalric valor and the impression that my old friend, the brass "six-poundheroic devotion to principle which characterized the
er," had been captured shortly after my leaving it, Confederate soldier. They recognize the fact that
and am glad to learn that it was saved, and I am he has been true to principles in adversity, and that satisfied that it was the brass piece worked by the he is as true to them to-day as he was in the days four officers of the Fourteenth N. C. Regiment. of '61 to '65. In order to mark out our paths for the I most cordially agree with your Salisbury corfuture, we must look back to these men for lessons respondent in giving full honor to D. H. Hill's Diof honor, patriotism, and devotion to principle. vision on this occasion, and I feel assured that no The name of Confederate soldier, wherever it goes, soldier from Virginia, or elsewhere, who served in is recognized as a password of true manhood."
the army of Northern Virginia, would detract one Col. J. H. Estill made a short talk: “I am no be iota from the honor of these gallant old "Tar Heels." liever in the so-called 'N-South.' There never was a better type of civilization than that which existed The old veterans of DeLeon, Texas, had a meetfrom Virginia to Texas in 1861. The Southern ing recently, and organized Camp Joseph E. Johnpeople are the Americans of Americans, and ex-Con- ston, electing Wm. Howard Commander, and J. B. federates of to-day are representatives of an Ameri- Day, Adjutant. Other officers were also elected. can army-not an army made up largely of foreign- Messrs. Wm. Howard and James Terry were selected ers and blacks fighting for pay, but defenders of as delegates to the Houston reunion, with Dr. RedAmerican principles as handed down by the fore den and Mr. Dabney, as alternates. Upon motion fathers of the Republic. I believe in the old South. of W. €. Terry, the VETERAN was adopted as offiAll progress ad development which has taken cial organ of the Camp.
TRIBUTES TO GEN. BRAXTON BRAGG. He was made a Brigadier-General on entering the
Confederate Army; in less than a year he was a full Dr. S. H. Stout, now of Texas, has written a paper General, and in command of the Department of upon Gen. Braxton Bragg for the Tennessee His Tennessee. When he had attained to the comtorical Society, of which he has long been an hon mand of this army, he issued orders in exored member, and gives permission for such extracts pressive language against breaches of discipline, as may be desired in the VETERAN. After an in and required strictest conformity to his orders teresting historic introduction, he says that Gen. by officers as well as men. He had a soldier Bragg's career as a Commander of armies, and his Court Martialed and shot for reckless disregard of intimate personal and official relations with Presi- orders in firing his gun on retreat, and it was redent Davis, influenced the promotion or the degrada- ported, to the General's detriment, that he had the tion of many general officers. Every expression, soldier shot for killing a chicken. In fact, the man therefore, of Gen. Bragg concerning individuals was violated orders repeatedly by firing his gun, and a subject of comment, favorable or otherwise, as he had finally shot a negro child. seemed to regard the applicant for promotion.
After being superseded by Joseph E. Johnston, was "industry personified.” While commanding in Gen. Bragg went to Richmond and remained to conthe field he was always offcially accessible, but fer with the President about military movements. could rarely be approached socially.
Mr. Davis evidently never lost faith in his ability, Members of his staff, cognizant of his severe and and nobody ever questioned his patriotism. continuous mental and physiclal labors, were afraid President Davis being dissatisfied with the retreat he would not take nutriment enough to sustain life. by Gen. Johnston, was inclined to supersede him, They would often send his meals to his desk and but Bragg opposed it. Mr. Davis sent him there, urge him to eat them there. He was a pattern of when he reported that Johnston's only reply as to sobriety, and had not the slightest epicurean pro his movements was that he wonld be “governed by clivity. His dispatches and all of his official papers, the movements of the enemy." Bragg so telewritten by himself, were well to the point, and mod- graphed Mr. Davis, and requested that no change els of clearness and conciseness.
be made until he could see him in person, but in None who approached appealing for justice, spite of this “the return flash over the wire repleading for mercy, or asking a favor, ever went lieved Johnston and put Hood in Command." This from his presence unheard. He would not allow information was direct from Gen. Bragg to Dr. needless interruptions. His prompt dismissal from Stout. After the war, having been reduced to povhis presence of all parties when their business was erty, Gen. Bragg went to New Orleans and secured completed often offended even those whose requests employment in his profession as Civil Engineer, but had been granted.
he lost his position soon through carpetbag dominaReferring to the unhappy state of the army after tion. He afterward had charge of improvements the battle of Chickamauga, the arrest of certain Gen in Mobile harbor. He lost his position there beerals for failure to obey orders, and then the peti cause he would not approve certain methods of extion of a dozen of them to President Davis that penditure by the general government, as he bethe Commanding General be relieved, induced a vol lieved them detrimental to the interests of the city. unteer official conference with him by Dr. Stout. The tribute concludes with some pathetic illus
Under these conditions, Rev. C. D. Elliott, of trations of Gen. Bragg's sympathy for his fellowNashville, Tenn., who was widely known, and inti man concerning the wounded soldiers whom he left mate with generals and private soldiers, in speak on the battlefield at Murfreesboro. An account is ing with the Medical Director, said: “Ah! when given by Dr. A. J. Foard, who was at the time passing about the many headquarters, I heard lit Medical Director of his army. Dr. Foard stated: tle else than discussions about the chances of pro
"The General was alone, pacing the motion of various parties, and in some circles, noth floor, every gesture indicating great mental agony. ing but the abuse of poor old Bragg. But when At length, turning towards me with tears flowing ever, or wherever I have seen him, I have found down his cheeks, he said: "Doctor, I intend to him hard at work-night and day—always laboring evacuate Murfreesboro, and have sent for you to for the cause, thinking not of self-indulgence or consult as to what we had best do for our poor personal ease, but living hard. He is respected and wounded men who cannot be removed.' It was deloved by the private soldier. He is eminently a cided to put Dr. W. B. Avent in charge, which sugjust and, I believe, a consecrated Christian man. gestion relieved the General perceptibly." Again,
He never praises; he never permits him when Dr. Stout was in Richmond, April, 1864, Gen. self to be praised or flattered. If he only had suav Bragg was talking with him about Federal prisonity of manner commensurate with his self-denying ers at Andersonville. He said: “If the direction of patriotism and untiring industry, what a grandly Medical officers falls to you, do see that the poor felsuccessful man he would be!"
lows are supplied with good physicians and surGen. Braxton Bragg was born in Warrenton, N. geons. They are entitled to the most humane treatC., in 1815. He was one of the thirty-seven gradu- ment at our hands." ates from West Point, and appointed Lieutenant of A story of the lives of our Generals in charge Artillery. He served in the Seminole war, and was of departments will convince the soldier who simordered to Texas just before the war began in Mex- ply had to obey orders, and then was freed from reico. He distinguished himself in the hard battle of sponsibility, that he had the better time of the two. Buena Vista. Col. Jefferson Davis also won dis- Why, the private soldier had no more responsibility tinction there.
than did his slaves in the olden time.
THE GIRL WHO PILOTED FORREST.
It was Emma Sansom, a courageous girl in a home remote from other habitations on Black Creek, a stream with perilous fords near Rome, Ga., who volunteered to go with the Confederates when in hot pursuit of Gen. Streight at the time of his capture. She heard Gen. Forrest express intense concern about fording the stream, and as her father and brothers were away in the war, she wanted to do “some service” herself, and importuned her mother, who objected, but yielded when that “wizard of the saddle," as perhaps no other could have done, thrilled her with his need for a guide at once.
It is said that she asked Gen. Forrest on the way to let her ride in front, as she might be some protection to him against the bullets. The young girl had no thought that it would give her fame beyond all that she had ever done or could hope to do, and that she was mounting behind the General who was fast upon making the most noted captures of the war, save only those great events when our main armies surrendered from sheer exhaustion in '65.
Miss Sansom married in her mature years, but has long since crossed another dark stream, and may have conferred with General Forrest, who has done likewise, but who had previously made peace
with all his enemies.
When the First Tennessee Regiment (TurDR. S. H. STOOT MEDICAL DIRECTOR OF HOSPITALS.
ney's), was returning from Virginia to join Dr. Stout was born in Nashville, Tenn., March the Western Army, then falling back to Corinth, 3d, 1822. Graduated from University of Nashville, Miss., we stopped for a few days at Bristol, Tenn., A. B,, 1839, and A. M. ?42; M. D. from University waiting transportation. of Pennsylvania, '48. Married Miss Martha M. We went in camp, and soon some of the boys Abernathy, of Giles county, Tenn., in '48.
went out to see what they could pick up in the way May 5th, 1861, he began his service in the Con of provisions. In their rounds they came across a federate army as surgeon of Col. (afterwards Major number of box cars side tracked. In some way, General) John C. Brown's Third Tennessee Regi Ames White ascertained that one of the cars was ment. In October, '71, was transferred to the hos loaded with barrels of apple brandy and molasses. pital department at Nashville, where he was sur Dave Newson with a squad found an auger, geon in charge until Feb., '62. In March, he was with it Ames crawled under the car and, lying flat put in charge of the hospitals at Chickamauga. In on his back, he soon bored a hole through car and July, prior to Gen. Bragg's invasion of Kentucky, barrel, and out came the brandy. The boys caught he was made superintendent of all the general hos it in buckets and camp kettles which they soon pro-. pitals of the army and Department of Tennessee, cured. Ames bored another hole, thinking he which position he held to the end of the war. Dur would get more brandy, but he struck molasses, and ing Hood's campaingn into Tennessee territorial they saved about half of it. limits, in numbers of medical officers, hospitals and The squad returned to camp loaded with buckets patients, his department exceded that under any and camp kettles, and you will guess our stay in medical director in the service. He so organized Bristol was one long to be remembered. We lived and mobilized the Department, that at the time of on brandy sweetened with molasses. the surrender he had it well in hand.
Thę foregoing was contributed by one of the First Dr. Stout accepted a chair in tne Atlanta Medi Tennessee Regiment, but the name was mislain. cal College, but after delivering two courses of lec Those first Tennessee fellows! They were as bad as tures, he resigned to attend to his private interests, "old Forty-one"—the Forty-first Tennessee. When which were disastrously affected by the war.
this regiment waited over at Atlanta, enroute from In 1885, the University of Nashville (his alma ma Dalton to Demopolis, Ala., the men broke into cars ter in the arts) conferred on him the honorary degree loaded with whisky and peanuts. What a fix they of L. L. D., in acknowldgement of his professional were in that night! The writer ate gluttonously of services, and in the cause of humanity. Forty-six goobers, but was not as debauched as others who years after he graduated A. B. from her halls. ate puts and drank whisky.
B. L. RIDLEY'S JOURNAL-Continued. Bugle,” it was “Toot the Dinner Horn.” That takes
me to some of our greenhorns in the drill. When
we first started, a fellow in East Tennessee began And now I will while away a few of the hours of
drilling his Company thus: “Men, tangle into fours! armistice by transcribing some of the Nomenclature By move forward! Put! Wheel into line! By turn of our Southern Armies:
around! Git!” A Middle Tennessee Captain, wantThe North Carolinians are called “Tar Heels;" ing his Company to cross a creek on a log, said: South Carolinians, “Rice “Rice Birds;" Georgians,
“Attention Company! In one rank to walk a log! “Goober. Grabbers;" Alabamians, “Yaller Ham
Walk a log! March!"
It carried you back to old times to hear the mers;" Texans, “Cow Boys;" Tennesseans, "Hog
guards around a regiment halloo out, "T-w-e-l-v-e Drivers;"'-, Louisianians, “Tigers;" Floridians, o'-c-1-0-c-k and a-1-1-'s well!” The rude and un“Gophers;" Virginians, “Tobacco Worms;" Ar- trained soldier would play on that and say, kansians, “Tooth-picks;!' Missourians, "Border “T-w-e-l-v-e o’-c-l-o-c-k, and as sleepy as H-1!" Ruffians;" Kentuckians, “Corn Crackers;" and Mis- When a soldier goes out foraging, it is called “Gosissippians, “Sand Lappers.” The Cavalry, “But ing on a lark;" when he goes stealing, it is “Imtermilk Rangers;" Infantry, "Webfoot.” A regi- pressing it into service;" when a Quartermaster ment of deserters from the Federal Army, kept be- wants to shield his rascality, he has a favorite hind by us to build forts, “Galvanized Rebs." The abstract called “L,” which is used, and means "Lost Federals called us “Johnnies;" we. called them in the service:" when a squad runs from the ene“Yanks” and “Blue Bellies."
my, it is “Skedaddling;" the ricochetting of a See a fellow with a Bee Gum hat ride down a a cannon ball is "Skiugling”—words whose origin line, "He's a gentleman from the States.” The began with this war. Let a stranger or soldier ensoldiers guy him with such remarks as "Come out ter camp and call for a certain company-say, Comof that hat. I know you are thar; see your toes pany F. Some soldier will say, "Here's Company wigglin'.” If boots are long and big, they will say, F!" By the time he can get there, another will cry “See your head stickin' out.” In passing a troop out at the far part of the regiment, “Here's Comin camp, a number will look up a tree and halloo, pany F!” Then the whole command will take up the “Come out of that tree. See you up thar.” This refrain, until the poor fellow in vexation will sulk attracts, and then the laugh comes.
Let an old soldier recognize a passing friend, when all is still, the monotony is broken by some and say, “How are you, Jim ? a marching division forager making a hog squeal. His fellows cry out, will keep it up, with "How are you, Jim?" until “I'll kill any man's hog that bites me.” A caval- the poor fellow swoons. ryman, passing infantry, is accosted with “Jump In the army we liave some of the finest mimics in off and grab a root." A by-word of the soldiers- the world. Let one cackle like a hen, and the mo“I havn't had a square meal for three days.” Sol- notony of camp is broken by the encore of “S-h-o-o!" diers in camp say to soldiers going to the front, Then other cacklers take it up, until it sounds like “You'd better gim me that hat; you'll lose it out a poultry yard stirred up over a mink or weasel. thar.”
Let one bray like an ass, others take it up until the Cavalry tantalization to Webfoot: “If you want whole regiment will personate the sound, seemingly to get buttermilk, jine the Cavalry." old Webfoot like a fair ground of asses. As mimics they are replies: "If you want to catch h—1, jine the Web- perfect; as musicians, also. I met one once who foot." One of the staff, in drilling a Brigade, told said, “ If you'll give me a jigger, I'll give you some them to dress up in the center about half an inch. ·chin music. "He put his hand to his chin, and As he would pass afterward, they'd begin, "Boys, with his teeth made a sound like rattling bones, there goes half-inch.” Fun, to be sure, but it wor- keeping time to his song and pat. Some of the finried him shamefully.
est singing I ever heard, and some of the best acting I got hold of a silver crescent on the Dalton Cam- I ever saw, are done by the soldiers. In camp it is paign, placed it on the left side of my hat, put on a so delightful to hear the brass bands dispensing mubiled shirt and a paper collar, and rode down Divis- sic in the sweetest strains. Near Atlanta, a Dutch ion line. They began on me, “Ahem! Umph! Battery entertained us every fifteen minutes, and Umph! Biled shirt! Ladies' man! Parlor orna- whilst we kept our eyes open to the music of the ment! Take him to his ma!"
shells, from far away would beat upon our ears the On the march to Tennessee, the officer who would music of the enemy's brass bands; our bands would get them out of the sorghum patches caught it. tune up and make us oblivious to the roar of that They'd say, “Boys, there goes old Sorghum.” old Battery. I tried once in the progress of battle
In Cavalry, Number Four invariably held horses to assimilate it to music. The sound of a minie in battle. İt was such a delightful number that ball-Zip! Zip!—I dubbed the soprano; the roar of when it fell upon a soldier, he would say, “Bully!" musketry, the alto; the lingering sound of battle, Col. Paul Anderson changed the mirth by saying, the tenor; the artillery, the basso. Now, intersperse “Boys, Number One will hold horses, and you it with the interlude of an old Rebel yell, and 'Bullies' will dismount.” One night, one of Col. you've got it. As to the wit and sarcasm you hear McLemore's Captains formed a line of battle by in camp, I'd defy the world to beat it. Anyone atsayiitg: “Boys, you can't see me, but dress up on tempting to be consequential, or unnatural, is the
Col. Anderson would say, “Dress up character to work on, and the gravest of the Chapon my friend Brit.” These things got to be by- lains cannot look upon their ridicule without smiling. words in those commands. Instead of “Blow the A psalm-singing soldier one day gave out a distich
for song, to sing to the long metre hymn of St.
ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON. Thomas. Some blasphemous fellow changed it to
C. E. Merrill resurrects this manuscript for the "The possum am a cunning fowl, He climbs upon a tree.”
VETERAN, which he wrote August 18, 1869: The Regiment broke out with the chorus,
Honor to him who only drew
In Freedom's cause his battle blade, “Rye-straw! Rye-straw! Rye-straw!"
And 'round our Southern banners threw "And when he wraps his tail 'round a limb,
A halo that can never fade. He turns and looks at me."
Honor to him, whose name sublime, "Rye-straw! Rye-straw! Rye-straw! Rye-straw."
Shall be the watchword of the free,
When yet the latest wave of time This is shocking to us now, but when you reflect
Shall break on far eternity. upon the idea that in their daily walk the soldiers
In artless truth, a simple child; had no way of entertainment, it was excusable to
In valor, first of godlike men; find some means of pastime and of keeping cheer
Who, tho' his countrymen reviled, ful, if sacrilege is pardonable.
Did ne'er revile again. Some of the parodies on our Southern songs
Like some lone rock, 'gainst which the flow should be remembered. I copy a verse to the tune
Of Fickle passions foam and fret,
Unmoved our dear dead Captain stood, of “My Maryland.” (If you know the tune, sing it).
Firm-planted in his purpose yet.
What tho' detraction grieved the heart
That bled but for his country's woe!
He recked but of his country's part
To shield her weakness from the foe.
He gave his bosom to the storm,
That rose in curses on the air,
Courting the shafts that might not harm
His country, while they rankled there.
Slowjfalling back from Bowling Green, Tenn., within a stone's throw of the battlefield of
His crippled columns move along, Murfreesboro (Stone's River), and I think of the de
While flanking every side were seen
The myriad hosts of human wrong. vastation and desolation created there by war, I
Curtained beneath his clear, calm eye, will give a verse of my parody that I used to sing as
The heroic impulse held in sway, I rode along in Ward's Regiment, Morgan's Cavalry.
Till, turning in his path to die,
The wounded lion stands at bay ! (Also to enjoy it, sing it as you read.)
Ah! how he stood, and where he stood,
Where strong men perished in their strength,
On Shiloh's field of death and blood
His bolted thunders fell at length!
The fires of vengeance, hot and red,
Far flashed where rode his knightly form ;
And wreck, and rout, and ruin spread
Where swept that day his battle storm.
Oh, peace to him who slumbers now One more, on the Happy Land of Canaan, and I
Beneath the soil he died to save; am done. (If you know the tune, sing it.)
The wreath that decks his clay-cold brow,
Shall blossom in the martyr's grave; “I will sing you a song, as the ladies pass along,
Shall blossom where, in after time, All about the times we are gaining;
Our children's children bless the mold I will sing it in rhymes, and suit it to the times,
Where Sidney Johnston sleeps sublime,
Like some great mastodon of old.
The Calcasieu Camp, U. C. V., No. 62, met at its
quarters, Lake Charles, La., Feb. 8, and transacted For I'm bound for the Happy Land of Canaan.
expeditiously much important business. W. H. Al
bertson was chosen Commander to succeed Dr. W. A. In the Harper's Ferry section, there was an insurrection, Old John Brown thought the niggers would sustain him,
Knapp, who is absent. The Lieutenant CommanFut Old Governor Wise put his specs upon his eyes,
ders elected are H. C. Gill, I. A. Perkins, and J. L. And sent him to the Happy Land of Canaan.
Lyons. G. M. Gossett was made officer of the day, CHORUS.
and W. L. Hutchins, Adjutant. Delegates and Old John Brown is dead, and the last words he said,
alternates were chosen to attend the Houston reun"Don't keep me here a long time remaining;"
ion, and to local duties. The Commanders were So we led him up a slope, and hung him on a rope,
instructed by the Camp to cause the spread of the And sent him to the Happy Land of Canaan.
organization, known as the Daughters of the ConCHORUS
federacy, and to promote and aid in organizing
camps of Daughters in this and Cameron parishes; Col. R. B. Coleman, of McAlester, I. T., reports also Sons of the Confederacy, and that W. A. the organization of Camp Douglas Cooper, U. c. v., Knapp be added to said committee. at Antlers, I. T., with twenty-four members. W. It was ordered that the ConfeDERATE VETERAN M. Davis was elected Commander, and V. M. Locke, be selected as the organ of the Camp, and that a Adjutant.
copy be subscribed for the Camp. Carried.