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CONFEDERATE NATIONAL MEMO
Lieut.-Gen. S. D. Lee, Commanding Department East of the Mississippi, United Confederate Veterans, issues general order No. 4:
COLUMBUS, Miss., January 15, 1895.
The Lieutenant General Commanding invites the attention of all Confederate Veterans to, and heartily commends the
SECRETARY. patriotic suggestions of Col. Charles Broadway Rouss, of New York citywho, in the war between the States, was a comrade in the Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia-looking to the establishment and maintenance of a GEN. W.H.JAGKSON
ELDER R. LIN CAVE National Memorial Association, in and FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT.
SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT by which "to perpetuate the memories of the glorious struggle of the South for Constitutional rights, to pay deserved tribute to the heroic deeds of their fallen oomrades, to furnish an inspiring object lesson to their descendants, and to leave to posterity enduring proofs of the courage, loyalty and devotion to duty of the Confederate soldier."
P.P. PICKARD For the erection of the necessary
PRESIDENT buildings and to provide an adequate fund for the permanent maintenance of the contemplated Memorial, it is estimated that the sum of Two Hundred Thousand Dollars will be necessary, to be raised as now outlined in the form of subscriptions to an incorporated body, with the stated capital and stipu
REV. JOSEPH E. MARTIN lated valuation of shares, under a Board TREASURER.
CHAPLAIN of Administrators, charged with the organization and management of the Association, to be composed of the nine surviving Confederate officers of the highest rank, who, after organizing, will alone receive donations and subscrip
S.W. EDWARDS tions to the stock to be issued by them;
SERGEANT AT ARMS. and that none might be excluded from
STATE OFFICERS TENNESSEE DIVISION CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS. participation in the patriotic undertaking, it is contemplated that the PAR value of the stock of the struggle of the South and the evidences of her be fixed at Ten Dollars PER share.
glorious prowess in the field are scattered broadcast It is the purpose of this general order to enlist in over the country. Should they not be collected and torest at once in the proposed Memorial, and to urge provision be made for their preservation as a rich inupon the pine surviving ranking Confederate officers heritance for our children and a patriotic object legto meet at an early date, organize the Board of Ad son for generations to come?" To this eloquent apministrators, and formulate the details of organiza- peal we believe the responsive answer of all true extion, so that the Veterans and their sympathizers Confederates will be, Yes! Then, as our ranks are overywhere will be placed in possession of the pur- being rapidly thinned by the Scythe of Time, let the pose, scope and extent of the movement, and be pre- comparatively few of us that remain at once take pared to consider and perfect the uncompleted de the matter in hand, and labor for the realization of tails of the work when they meet in Reunion at the prophetic vision and joyous hope of the patriot Houston, Texas, next April.
orator-Senator Daniels, of Virginia-in the con Let it be understood that the contemplated Memo summation of a completed Battle Abbey, in which rial will in no wise antagonize, but rather supple- the "figure of Jefferson Davis shall be the central mont the existing Memorial organizations here and object, and around which shall be grouped the heroio there throughout the late Confederate States.
relics of the battles of the Confederacy, and the pictAs well said by Comrade Rouss: "The mementos ured faces and sculptured forms of the great and
true and brave men who fought them. An undying for him. One day I carried the poor, dirty havermemorial of the people who fought their own battles sack to the washerwoman, and we opened it to find in their own way, for their owo liberty as they con- two small pieces of cornbread and two thin slices of ceived it, for their own independence as they desired bacon and a small rag of salt. Somehow the little it, and who need give to the world no other reasou rag of salt and the poor lunch caused me to shed the why.” E. T. SYKES,
first tears I had given the sick soldier. We had Adjutant. General and Chief of Staff. made vice soups for him, but he could eat nothing.
One morning when I entered his room I noticed an CARED FOR A SICK SOLDIER BOY. expression of intelligence on his face. When I carMRS. ELLEN G. M'CORD, ALBERTVILLE, ALA.
ried the medicine to his bed, he said, “How long have I been here, and where am I?”
I replied that he had been very sick and that we One bright Sabbath morning in the early autumn had been nursing him for two weeks. of 1864, two soldiers came to my well for water. One
To my inquiry as to where he lived and if his of them was an old man, and the other seemed a mere
parents were alive, he told me they lived in southern boy. Hood's army had left Atlanta and his soldiers
Alabama. He gave me their address and requested had been passing by for two days. Some were riding me to write to them and let them know where he was. and some were on foot. Old men and boys had been I wrote to them and they answered, thanking me for called out to defend their native State, but now the attentions, but were too poor to come to him. Weeks magazines had been blown up, Atlanta had fallen, passed by and the soldier boy grew strong and well and we were in the enemy's lines.
and no Federal soldier had visited us, but we were in I was a widow then, with two small children, and a
their lines; eo one morning I told "Uncle Cage” to kind old lady, Mrs. Smith, who had lost husband,
take the mules and wagon and a load of wheat below children and home by the war, lived with me.
Griffin to some friends of mine for the enemy were I saw the two soldiers as they tarried at the well, foraging near us. The soldier asked me to let him and as I was going to see about dipner I stopped to
go on the wagon so he could go from Griffin on the speak to them. While the old man was talking to cars home. I gave him a good suit of gray jeans me, the boy said, “I will go out to the grove and lie
clothes and some money to pay his fare home, aunt down and rest a little while."
Smith gave him a great deal of good advice, and he I saw that the boy was sick, and I told him to go bade us goodbye. with me to the house and I would prepare him a com- After a while there came a letter saying he was safe fortable place to rest. He had neither coat nor at home, but when the war ended he would come back. blanket, only a dirty haversack.
and oversee the hands on the farm for me. When dinner was ready I invited them both to
I never saw our soldier boy again, but I often feel dine. The old soldier gladly accepted, but the sick glad that I helped to save the life of one Confederate boy could not hat.
soldier, and I pray God that he may be true in all the After dinner the old man said: “Madam, we must
relations of life. go now." The boy tried to rise from the bed, but fell back, saying, "I can't go, I am so sick.” I asked the E. T. Hollis, Sharon, Tenn.: “I heartily and enold man to stay with his son until morning, as he thusiastically endorse the Veteran, and look formight be able to go then.
ward to its monthly coming with pleasure. The "He is not my son," said the old soldier. “When
reading of it makes me both a better man and a betwe gave up Atlanta he was sent out with other sick
ter citizeu; for the love and sympathy for my old soldiers from the hospital and the ambulance broke comrades in arms, aroused in my heart by reading down, and I have helped him this far."
it, embraces very largely all mankind." I sent for old Cage, an old family servant, to come and put clean clothes on the sick boy and then put W. R. Bloomfield, editor of the “National Bivhim to bed. The next morning he could not rise at ouac," writes of the VETERAN as. follows: We
copy all. The old man bade me goodbye with many ex- from it this month liberally, not only on account of pressions of gratitude for shelter and food, leaving the value of the articles, but that our boys might the sick boy in my care.
judge of its merits. We have received three copies, The railroad was torn up for miles and there was and read them with care, but cannot find a line that no hospital near, so I told the old soldier we would the most fastidicus of the boys in blue could object take care of the lad.
to. This magazine will aid, as does this and other We called in a physician, who said he had the papers published in the interest of the old armies of typhoid fever. I sat down by his bed and inquired the blue and the gray, to preserve much valuable un. where he lived and asked his name, but he could not written history of the hard days of the war, tell me anything at all. He tried to collect his The editor says: 'The VETERAN belonge to the thoughts, but his mind wandered. For two weeks he South.' In this we take issue with him. It belongs knew nothing, but lay and muttered about shooting to us of the North as does the ‘Bivouac' to those of men, and sometimes he talked of people we supposed the South. This is, or should be, true of every paper to be his friends at home. He was neither bright published in the interest of the soldier, whether he por attractive, but we remembered that he was a wore the blue or the gray, provided they are edited soldier and felt that somewhere a mother longed to in a broad and catholic spirit. The war is over. We see her boy, so we nursed him through the long days fought brave men, and should now extend the olive and nights. The doctor attended faithfully, and he branch to them, and they should feel kindly toward did not suffer for anything the neighbors could do
WORTHY ACTION BY MEMPHIS COMRADES. We also request, that you signify your approval of
securing a place for "Headquarters" for the State, Camp No. 18, U.C. V., has taken this important
as well as botel accommodations for all who desire it. action: It has addressed a communication to Camps Dinkins, A.J. Vaughan, W.F. Taylor, and J. P. Young.
The Committee is comprised of comrades Jas. in Tennessee, requesting that their delegates meet in Memphis, and all go in a body to Houston, Texas, on
SKETCH OF THE ALAMO. the occasion of the Fifth Annual Reunion in April, 1895; and ask their authority to instruct them to
The story of the Alamo is the most awful on recarrange for Quarters for the Tennessee delegates, and also to secure a place for “Tennessee Headquarters." ord, concerning the sacrifice of American soldiers.
At the Reunion in Birmingham, the State had no On the morning of March 6th, 1836, Santa Anna stated headquarters; nor was there any conference overpowered the gar.ison and put to death the occubetween the different delegations, and therefore
pants. It is briefly as follows: Tennessee had a Speaker for each Camp, while other States would speak through one delegate selected by ing his conquests all over Mexico, until Texas alone
“During this time Santa Anna had been extendall the Camps. The report adds : There are strong reasons why Tennessee should be
held out against his power, and in favor of a Repub. creditably represented at Houston. It is a fact that
lic. Texas he now determined to conquer, and at Tennessee and Texas are bound to each other more
the head of his victorious army, he rapidly marched closely than any other States. Tennessee furnished
to San Antonio. A detachment of his troops reached more troops to free Texas from Mexico, and has sent
the heights of the Alamo overlooking the city on more of her citizens there since the war between the
Febuary 22d, 1836, when Colonel W. B. Travis, with States, than any other State. Of the 172 heroes who
one hundred and forty-five effective men, retired to sacrificed their lives in the Alamo, over one hundred
the Alamo. of them were Tennesseans. Sam Houston was a Santa Anna's army arrived Febuary 22d, and he Tennesseau. In fact the history of one belongs to appeared next day bearing the red flag, which he dig. the other. It is fitting, therefore, that we should played from the tower of the Cathedral in plain sight make a good appearance on the occasion of the Re of ihe Alamo. He then sent a summons to the Texunion, and we urgently beg that you will send your ans to surrender, but was answered by a cannon shot. delegates to meet in Memphis, and all go in a body Colonel Travis secured eighty bushels of corn and to Houston, and let us have a banner inecribed, twenty or thirty beeves that day. “TENNESSEE AND TEXAS.”
The second day was of a harmless bombardment
Colonel Travis sent out couriers for reinforcements, was terribly enraged at the disobeying of his orders, saying, “I shall never surrender or retreat."
saying: "I want no prisoners," and turning to a file On the third day Santa Anna moved his head- of soldiers, ordered them to shoot the heroes. Coloquarters across the river, and made a personal recon- nel Travis was first shot. He folded his arms stifly naissance. The Texans killed two of his party and across his breast, and stood erect until a bullet pierced younded six others.
his neck, when he fell beadlong among the dead. DaOn the fourth day the Mexicans made an unsuccess- vid Croskett fell at the first fire, his body completely ful attempt to divert the water from the ditches which riddled with bullets. And soon all were killed. supplied the Alamo. That night the Texans burned some wooden bridges north of the garrison.
PASSED WITHOUT THE COUNTERSIGN. On the fifth, sixth, and seventh days the bombardment was continued without effect.
Eighth day-Thirty-two citizen soldiers from Gon. Miss Lucy R. Buck, Front Royal, Va.: The followzales reinforced them.
ing incident is, I think, curious enough to be preFor eleven days the Mexicans continued the bom- served in your
served in your record of war experiences : bardment. but the Texans, being short of ammuni. tion, seldom fired. When Colonel Travis, in despair,
Capt. Irving A. Buck was adjutant-general on Pat. proposed to surrender to Santa Anna, pleading only Cleburne's staff during the campaigo in the Southfor the pledge of mercy, his answer was: “You
west, and was often entrusted by his chief with im. must surrender at discretion, without any guarantee, portant missiɔns., A short time after the battle of even of life, which traitors do not deserve." Santa Chickamauga, wishing to ascertain something as to Anna's excuse for this course was that it accorded
the position of the enemy, Gen. Cleburne sent Capt. with the will of the Mexican Congress.
Buck on a private reconnaissance toward ChattaColonel Travis then announced to his companions reached the skirmish lines he was halted by a Con
nooga. The night was very dark, and when he their desperate situation, and, after declaring, his federate picket, and the countersign demanded. determination to sell his life as dearly as possible,
He replied: “I am an officer on Gen. Cleburne's drew a line with his sword, and asked all who would do likewise. to form on the line. With one excep
staff, and may pase without any countersign."
“How am I to know that you are telling me the tion they all fell into ranks, even Colonel Bowie, who
truth?” questioned the sentry. was dying, had his cot carried to the line. The man
“Put out your hand and feel the bars on my col. who declined made his escape to the Mexicans.
lar," answered Capt. Buck. Sunday morning the Mexican bugles bounded the
This ceremony being performed, and the soldier befatal peal. With a rush like tigers the enemy ing satisfied, Capt. Buck paesed on. dashed forward, but the heroic Texans, roused to
Years after that, Capt. Buck, then a merchant in their last duty, did so well that twice the brutal hosts Baltimore, was conversing upon current topics with of Santa Anna were hurled back defeated, only to be
some friends in the lobby of his hotel, when a stranagain forced forward by the sabres of the Mexican
ger standing by stepped forward and said to him : cavalry. This time Santa Anna himself urged for
“Excuse me, but were you with Bragg's Army in ward his troops. General Castillion’s division, after Tennessee? half an hour's desperate fighting, and after repeated
Capt. Buck replied in the affirmative. repulses and unheard of losses, effected an entrance.
“Then you are the officer I halted near the skirmin the upper part of the Alamo, in a sort of outwork, ish lines at Chattanooga two nights after the battle but the fighting had only begun. The doors and
of Chickamauga, and whom I identified as a captain windows of the Alamo church were barricaded and
by feeling his bars. I felt sure you must be the guarded by bags of sand heaped up as high as a
same man as soon as I heard your voice." man's shoulders, and even on the roof were rows of This is a remarkable case of retentive memory. sandbags, behind which the Texans fought as never man fought before-muzzle to muzzle, hand to hand.
The experience and knowledge of the editor does Each Texan rifle shot exhausted its force in succes
not concur in the conduct of that “ 'Sentry.” A sive bodies of Mexicans packed together like a wall yankee might have secured a coat with bars of a Conof flesh. Muskets and rifles were clubbed, and bayo- federate officer. And yet, how could an officer piminets and bowie knives never before wrought such fearful carnage.
larly situated, be expected to know the countersign
of an army that he was not a part of? The proper The picture was indescribable in its sublime terror Each room in the building was the scene of a desperthing would evidently have been to arrest the man ate struggle, the men driven to desperation, conscious
and have him establish his identity with the officer that escape was impossible. They fought even when in charge. stricken down, and when dying still struggled to slay Mexicans. Colonel Bowie, whose name tells of his T, M. Murphree, Troy, Ala. :-I certainly enjoyed fearful knife and deeds, lay stark and stiff on a cot. reading the December issue on account of the contri
One account of the death of Colonel Travis is that bution by our North Carolina Comrade concerning he was shot in the head with a rifle ball, just as he the Battle of Sharpsburg, as I was there and can say impaled on his sword a Mexican officer, who was that “Rebel” states it correctly as to who manned attempting to mutilate him.
the guns of Miller's Battery at the very critical Generals Cos and Castillion united in asking Santa moment. I was then a member of the Sixth AlaAppa to spare Travis' life, but the brutal Santa Anna bama Regiment, D. H. Hill's Division,
THE CRATER BATTLE, 30TH JULY, 1864. shelter-almost directly opposite the Crater proper.
As we entered that patural ravine from the artificial Col. Geo. T. Rogers, now of Washington, D. C.:
zigzag way, we met the division commander, Gen.
Mabone, who gave orders to each commanding officer Much has been said and written about that battle.
of a regiment, as we passed, to move up the ravine Some bold truths of history, in a general way, have about the front of his brigade. I was on the right, been recorded, but full, accurate details have never
and, therefore, front of the brigade. been given to print, because the participants who
"And then, sir," was the General's order,"halt only kvow much of the matter from observation and
your right front, and move up and down the line, and experience have not been writing. was attached to “Mahone's Old Brigade."
give the order softly that no shot is to be fired until He
after the men are in the broken trenches. Fix your commanded, really, a division at the time, and for many months before. The brigade was under the
bayonets, and await the order to forward. Let your command of Col. W., afterward made a brigadier, be
men understand that it is only “forward,' and with
cold steel." ing the oldest colonel of the army, and we had for several months before the Crater explosion been do
Let we say that such orders were not often given. ing duty on the outside of the trenches with his com.
They were not often necessary. We looked around mand as “flankers.” We were engaged in protecting
and saw that there must be no failure. There was no the main line of supply to Gen. Lee's Army, the
second line, as the enemy thought, between them and Weldon Railroad, and rarely a week passed that we
the city of Petersburg; only some scattered artillery were not moved out to push off the attacking enemy
had been brought into position in the rear. or to re.ake and re-establish the brokeu line of the
If we broke-failed to retake and re-establish the railroad of such vital importance. Many men had
broken line-the enemy could march without strong boen lost, killed, and wounded in those oft-repeated
check to the capture of the city. I was informed by conflicte, and, in truth, the command had been very
the General, as I moved up the ravine, that a Georgia nearly “frazzled out”—to use a vulgariem-and no
brigade would follow directly and form on my right, recruits, having their choice, would enlist in it.
then an Alabama brigade would move to the right of command.
Georgia, and in that way the whole broken line would The brigade of five regiments could not always re
be covered, recaptured, and re-established at one rush. port for duty more than one thousand men,
But alas! plans and purposes rarely go as designed. alties were so great and frequent. The worn-out The evemy, who had held the line since 5:30 A.M., command that had taken part in every skirmish, as
were very restless. The explosion was a success, and we called them, on the railroad, was brought to notice
they were in possession of the line by a frontage of a little after the Crater Battle because of its thin
at least three or four brigadee. Those then in the ranke, and was sent to take charge of the line between trenches, unfortunately for any final or lasting sucthe two rivers, James and Appomattox, tbat had been
cess, were negroes, and many of them were under fire held by pickets-a recruting division of perhaps five
for the first time. Several of those captured bad thousand men. Yet it is a fact that that line was
been owned by white men of the adjoining county, held by this thin brigade for months before the and had been gathered from the fields in a recent march to surrender. But when the mine explosion
Federal cavalry raid. sounded deep, low, and rumbling, as we read of earth- By whose order such an arrangement was made I quakes, on the 30th of July, 1864, the brigade was on do not venture to say. There was disagreement the extreme right and three or four miles from the among the Federal authorities, and it was soon found disaster, outside the trenches, except about one balf that those colored troops were only ready for slaughof our regiment, the Sixth Virginia, that was on the ter. They were led by white officers; one a colonel, picket line.
held position on the right of the Crater, and in our Just as the day began to dawn came that low, deep, front. He was a very gallant man, and used all the quivering, ominous sound. I had stretched myself means at his command to induce his regiment to on a board, raised a little, under an old cart shed that charge from the broken line he held to the heights had been bored and splintered again and again by the in his front; but his gallaxt men, whom history tells onemy's batteries in the front, on the right, and on us "fit nobly," were not ready or willing to follow the left, hoping that in the quiet, all along the line him from those sheltering trenches. Yet how safe just then reigning, I might catch a short nap.
they were. There was a double line of ditch at least The thunderous explosion shook me from the four feet deep, and as wide, with a heavy line of board, and I leaped to my feet to find its cause. earthwork between them six to eight feet in height,
The rumbling was yet to be heard; and knowing and impenetrable to shot or shell. The front line, that mining and counter-mining had been going on, now their rear, was capped by heavy, thick sand. the cause was soon determined. In the course of an bags, through the little ports of which our men had hour or more, a courier rode to brigade headquarters, fired while in possession, and did again as soon as and in a very few moments the order ran around to regained. We boys who had never fought "behind 'fall in, fall in quietly, men ;” and under a guide any dirt” thought it was “just splendid,” yet rashwe started for the scene of action and disaster by a ness lost for us several men after the recapture. circuitous and somewhat hidden approach, to avoid But the efforts of the colonel referred to were of as much as possible the outlooks of the enemy. 80 energetic a character, and so great his encourage
By a zigzag, covered way, pretty safe from shot, ment by command and example, it was thought by we drew up in front of the broken Confederate line. our general, Mabone, that he might induce his med We entered the ravine to avoid observation and for to charge. He seized his colors, eprang over the pro