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American Revolution, what decisive effects do we frequently perceive resulting from the exhortations of the DAUGHTERS OF LIBERTY, on that continent, to their near kindred and others, to root out oppression, and plant independence in the soil which the baleful weed had so long and fo injurioully appropriated! In the heroic conflict which the Swiss maintained at Underwalden against their French invaders in 1798, many of the women and children fought in the ranks by their husbands and fathers and friends, and fell gloriously for their country* ! Our own country affords instances equally animating. Its annals will, in the persons of the queens Boadicea +, Matilda I, Margaret Ø, and Elizabeth ||, as well as of ladies of inferior rank, exemplify not only how forcibly females have exhorted, but how magnanimously they have achieved. Of the distinguished success of the same sex, in almost every department of study, even the most cursory notice is superfluous, at least in England, where we are all admiring witnesses of the deep reflection, sterling eloquence, refined sentiment, and classic wit, which are displayed in many of their productions 4. What just appreciator, then,

of See Exer. on the Globes, 4th, edit. p. 398. + See Jadex.

# Matilda defeated king Stephen, and took him prisoner at the battle of Lincoln, in 1141.

Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI. fignalized herself, by heading her troops, in several battles, against the house of York. See Chron, and Biog. Exer. 3d edit.

l Every history of England is enriched with Elizabeth's speech to the troops which she had encamped at Tilbury-Fort, to oppose the expected Spanish invasion. See Armada, Index, and Chron. and Biog. Exer. 3d edit.

1 To such of our young readers as may not be acquainted with the respective merits and names of our most celebrated

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of the eminence of our fair countrywomen in every literary, not to say scientific, pursuit, will charge the author with the introduction of many questions irrelative to female education ? or will censure him for having borrowed most of his themes from subjects in which, at this very day, so many adult ladies excel, rather than form questions in the common routine way *?

In the mean time, without undertaking a formal defence of the propriety of every individual question in this collection, I am encouraged to hope, that the candid and the serious part of the public will approve of a design (however imperfectly it may have been executed) which has for its chief objects, to facilitate the path of science ; to allure the learner to mental exertions ; to impress an early veneration and love for civil and religious LIBERTY ; to exhibit the beauty of virtue, and the fatal consequences of vice and profligacy; to hold up to the admiration of the rising age characters eminent for patriotism, benevolence, and general philanthropy ; and to their detestation and abhorrence those of despots, tyrants, and persecutors; to inculcate rational and manly ideas of government, and to enforce just notions concerning

female writers, we recommend the perufal of an instructive and entertaining performance entitled “ DIALOGUES con. cerning the LADIES.” A list of British female Literary Cha. racters living in the 18th century may be seen in Randall's Letter to the People of England, or in the Monthly Visitor for May 1799, p. 61.

The author is highly gratified in finding his plan fanctioned in one of the most popular treatises on Education that has ever been published in this country.

+ Miss Edgeworth's. See the annexed commendations of the Arithmetical Questions.

the

the inferior orders of society *. And. I am the more emboldened to expect the public approbation on this occasion, by reflecting, that in my endeavours to promote those prime views, no new burthen has been imposed, nor any very considerable encroachment made on the time of the pupil; the information communicated being incorporated with a branch of education in which ALL must be conversant.

The title announces this small treatise as designed for the use of YOUNG LADIES, because the author's department of teaching is solely confined to them. Perhaps, however, it may be thought equally adapted to the other sex, when it is considered that a youth, capable of working through the whole book, and of delivering a satisfactory account of each operation, would be qualified for almost any of the common concerns of business. Vulgar and decimal fractions, and the extraction of roots, are of little utility, except in a few particular employments; and as to profit and loss, barter, fellowship, exchange, and some other rules which have distinct heads in most treatises of arithmetic, they all belong to the Rule of Three ; and

This idea has been recently countenanced by one of the highest characters in the nation't, and fill more recently by another gentleman of rank in the law, in his judicial capacity. “ The poor," said Mr. Justice Hardinge, addressing himself to a superior class of the community, “ constitute the best wealth of the rich. Their love, and their esteem, is your proudest inheritance. It is not their bread alone (a degrading word), but their immortal food, their interest hereafter, as well as here, that is required by them from your liberality, your goodness of heart, and your example in virtue."

Charge to the Grand Jury at Brecon and

Carmarthen Asjizes, August 1805.

+ Lord Chief Justice Kenyon. See Equality, Index.

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CRITICAL COMMENDATIONS

OF THE

ARITHMETICAL QUESTIONS.

THOSE efforts which are bent towards the inftruc

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of the examination of the critic; and when, as in the present instance, the utile and dulce are happily blended, we should think we acquitted ourselves ill of our duty towards the public, if we withheld expressions of satisfaction. The dryness and dulness of books of arithmetic in general, have disgusted many with the study; the onlearned thinking it difficult and uneniertaining, and the more learned, puerile and not worth attention. The plan is, to combine come historical, geographical, political, or philosophical fact with every arithmetical question ; and, by these means, to convey some further instruction than is contained in books of this kind.

The selections are entertaining, and well calculated to inspire a love of the study with which they are connected.”

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Lit. Rev. Reg. Times, Sept. 1795, p. 351.

" There is a high degree of novelty in the design of conveying so much important instruction in a treatise on arithmetic; and, without judging of its moral and political importance, we think it has considerable merit in the way of supporting and strengthening attention, by relieving and

enlivening

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