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dissenting minister, who preached here, named Seal, who preached the doctrines contained in the thirtynine articles of the Established Church. About the year 1752, a new meetinghouse was built; soon after which, the minister and principal persons gradually embraced the Arian doctrine concerning Christ, and still receding from the sentiments of their predecessors, at length became Unitarian, and followers of the late Dr Priestley.


Newport, Isle of Wight. Built by Unitarians. Portsmouth, (High Street;)—(St Thomas' Street, liberally endowed ;)—Ringwood; all originally Trinitarian.


St Albans. Orig. Trin. Founded A. D. 1690. One of the earliest ministers was Mr Grew, who was succeeded by Samuel Clarke, D. D. (a lineal descendant of the well known Samuel Clarke, ejected from St Bennet Fisk, London,) a great friend of Dr Doddridge. He founded the first Dissenting Charity School out of London, about 1710. He was followed by his son-in-law, Rev. Jabez Hinos, for about sixty years, who inclined to Arianism. The present minister is decidedly Socinian.


Bessels Green ;—Canterbury ;—Chatham ;—Deptford ;—Dover ;—Maidstone ;—Rochester, almost extinct ;—Teuterden, large endowments; all originally Trinitarian.

Our authority regrets not having the means of giving a more complete history of the chapels in this county. We add to the above, from recent accounts, Biddenden, built by Unitarians.


Blakely, near Manchester. Orig. Trin. Mr Thomas Pyke, ejected from Ratcliffe church, preached at this place when Charles issued his indulgences in 1672. Later ministers are, Messrs Brooks, Heywood, Valentine, Berm, Pope, afterwards tutor at the Unitarian college, Hackney, and Harrison. This place is endowed.

Bolton-Le-Moors.—Bank Chapel. Orig. Trin. Mr W. Tone, author of the life of Matthew Henry, and of a preface to Mr Samuel Bourn's Sermons, says of this town, 'it has been an ancient and famed seat of religion. At the first dawn of the reformation, the dayspring from on high visited that place and the adjacent villages, and by the letters which we have of those brave martyrs, Mr Bradford and Mr George Marsh, it will appear what persons and families in that neighbourhood had so early received the gospel.' Mr Godwin, vicar of Bolton, was ejected in 16G2. Afterwards he preached here as he had opportunity. In 1672, he took out a license and preached twice every Lord's day in a private house. He died at Bolton, December 12, 1685, aged seventytwo. Mr Park was lecturer at Bolton at the time of the ejectment; he also preached here occasionally to some of his old hearers till 1669, in which year he died, aged seventy. These holy men may be considered as having laid the foundation of the Dissenting cause tit Bolton. Mr John Lever succeeded these worthy men in their labors, and collected a numerous congregation. He died July 4, 1692, aged fiflyeight. »nd was succeeded by several Trinitarians until 1764, when Mr Philip Holland came to Bolton, and preached Unitarian sentiments. During his ministry, some of his hearers withdrew, and united in the erection of the independent chapel in Duke's Alley. Mr John Holland succeeded his uncle, and was ordained at this place in 1789. Mr Jones succeeded him. The present minister is Mr Franklin Baker, who was ordained, September 23, 1124.

Bolton. Deansgate Chapel. This place wat- purchased by the friends of Mr G. Harris, the late minister, when he removed from Liverpool.

Bury Orig. Trin. The Rev. H. Pendlehury, ejected from Holcombe chapel, near Bury, was the founder of the Dissenting cause in this parish. The present chapel was erected in Silver Street, in the year 1719. Mr Braddock was the first minister of this chapel, and is reported to have been a Trinitarian. He was minister here fortyfive years. He was followed by Mr John Hughes, from Daventry academy, to whom many of Job Orton's letters are addressed. He occupied the pulpit about thirtyfive years, and was probably an Arian. Mr Allard the present minister, has been here above twenty years. Dr Watts's Psalms and Hymns have been very lately given up at this place of worship, and a new selection adopted in their room.

Charley. Little is known of the early history of nonconformity in this town. The chapel now occupied by the Unitarians, is said to have been built by Abraham Crompton, Esq. of Charley Hall, in 1725. Mr Samuel Bourn, son of Rev. Mr Bourn, of Bolton, was the first minister at the chapel, and removed from hence to Birmingham in 1732. In the latter part of his life, he embraced the Arian system. After him, Mr. Bent, was minister here many years, but his sentiments are not precisely known. Mr Tate, a Unitarian, is the present minister, who was formerly a preacher among the Wesleyan Methodists. The chapel is endowed.

Chowbent. Orig. Trin. Mr James Woods, ejected from the Episcopal chapel in this place, continued to exercise his ministry among his former hearers, according as circumstances permitted, in public and private. He was the means of raising a large and respectable congregation of Dissenters here, over whom he presided many years. He was an indefatigable and useful minister. He died about 1669. His son succeeded him in the pastoral office, till his death in 1759, having been minister here sixty years. The father and son preached at this place above a century. It is recorded of the younger of these Woods, that when intelligence was brought to Chowbent of the approach of the Scotch rebels in 1715, he headed his congregation, armed with scythes and other implements of husbandry, and marched with them to Walton, near Preston, to dispute with them the passage of the Ribble; but the king's forces arriving in time, and the subsequent capitulation of the Scots, rendered General Woodt' intended assistance unnecessary. The present chapel at Chowbent was erected in 1722. It is a large handsome building and is amply endowed Mr Davies has been minister here many years. The congregation is not large in winter.

Cockey Moor. Orig. Trin. The Bartholomew Act in 1662, found Mr John Lever at this place. He was succeeded by Mr John Crompton, who died in 1703. The chapel now occupied by the Unitarians was erected in 1718. Orthodoxy continued to prevail here, until the ministry of Mr King, who died in 1813. In the latter part of his life he acknowledged himself to be a decided Unitarian. Mr Brettell, educated at York academy, and author of some pleasing poems, was minister here a short time, and then removed to Rothenham. Mr Whitehead is the present minister.

Doblam, near Manchester. This place is sometimes called Newton Heath. The chapel owes its origin to Mr William Walker, who was ejected from an Episcopal place of worship in this neighbourhood. Between the years 1755 and 1775, Unitarian doctrines had obtained a footing here under the ministrations of Mr Robinson. Mr Lewis Loyd, now an eminent banker in Manchester and London, was formerly minister at this place.

Gatrane, near Liverpool. Little information has been obtained concerning the earliest ministers at this place. When Mr Joseph Lawton came to Gatrane, he preached Calvinistic doctrines. At one period he was suspected of Arianism, but disavowed it towards the close of his life. He left some land to the chapel, which let for £40 per annum. Besides this, there are other endowments to a considerable amount. His successors were, Messrs Richard, Godwin, and Edwards. The present minister is Mr Shepherd, joint author of a work on practical education. His congregation is very small. Gorton, near Manchester. The endowments are about £200 a year. Mr Jeffreys is the present minister.

Ilindlcy, near Wigan. The chapel, now occupied by the Unitarians here, was built by Mr Crook, of Abram, in the year 1700. Endowments £100. This is one of the places Matthew Henry usually preached at in his visits to Lancashire. Late ministers of this place, some of whom were Unitarians, were Messrs Bourn, Davenport, Hodgkinson, who preached here upwards of thirty years, Manley, Kay, and Rayland, the present minister.

Knowsley, near Prescott. This chapel is not far from Knowsley Park, the residence of the earl of Derby, and is supposed to have been built by some of that noble family. It is endowed with an estate in Cheshire, but has undergone various changes of late years. No minister being settled here, the Rev. John Yates, of Liverpool, who has the management of the place, permitted the Wesleyan Methodists to occupy the pulpit; but at present two laymen, members of the established church, go from Liverpool on the Lord's day, one to read prayers, and the other to read a sermon. Hence it appears, that though Knowsley chapel may be under the control of Unitarians, it is not literally occupied by them.

Lancaster. Doctor William Marshall was ejected from this vicarage in 1662. The present chapel in Nicholas Street, was built for Mr Day, who is supposed to have been an Arian, and settled here in 1740. Mr W. Lamport is the present minister.

Liverpool; Renshaw Street. The dissenting interest at Liverpool, was commenced by a number of persons who had been accustomed to attend at Toxteth Park chapel, in an adjoining township. Owing to the increase of the town of Liverpool, and the consequent enlargement of the congregation, the people built a much larger place of worship in Benn's Gardens, to which they removed in 1727. It was in this chapel that Dr Enfield preached for some years, lie was succeeded by Dr Clayton, and next by Mr Lewin, under whose ministry the chapel was sold to the Welch Wesleyan Methodists. With the proceeds, amounting to £2000, and other means, the congregation formerly assembling in Benn's Gardens, built the present Unitarian chapel in Renshaw Street, in 1811. Mr Harris, now of Glasgow, was minister here a few years.

Liverpool; Paradise Street. This elegant chapel was erected in 1791. The congregation had its origin about the year 1707. Mr Yates was the pastor of the people when they removed to Paradise Street, and is now succeeded by Mr Grundy from Manchester.

Manchester, Cross Street Chapel. The original place of worship built on this spot was erected in 1693, for the congregation of Dissenters collected by Mr Henry Newcome, who was ejected from the collegiate church of this town. This chapel was nearly destroyed by a mob in 1714, and Parliament gave £1500 to repair it. In 1737 it was enlarged and rebuilt; and in 1788, during the popular ministry of Dr Barnes, it was again enlarged. Calvinism began to give way here at about the usual period, under the ministry of Mr Mottershead, who found the congregation rigid Calviuists, and was supposed to be decidedly orthodox himself. In the latter part of bis ministry he imbibed Arian principles. He is said to have been a convert for a time to the Socinian arguments of his son-in law, Mr Seddon, but afterwards to have reverted to his former opinions. He died in 1771, at the advanced age of eightythree. Mr John Seddon became assistant to Mr Mottershead in the year 1739, whose daughter he afterwards married. Mr Seddon was one of the first who preached Socinian doctrines in the pulpits of Lancashire. In one of his published sermons he says; 'thoroughly persuaded I am, and therefore I think myself bound openly and publicly to declare my own conviction, that the New Testament, rightly understood, does not afford any real foundation for either an Athanasian, Arian, or any notion of a Trinity at all.' He died Nov. 22, 1769, when about fiftyfour years of age. He lies buried in the vestry of the chapel. Mr Gore appears to have been chosen as the successor of Mr Seddon, though his sentiments concerning the person of Christ were not exactly the same, he being an Arian. He died in 1779. Mr R. Harrison became minister at Cross Street, in the room of Mr Mottershead. His religious opinions accorded with Mr Seddon's rather than Mr Mottershead's. He edited a small volume of Mr Seddon's Sermons, on the 'Person of Christ,' «fec. with a memoir of the author, in which he speaks of him in terms of high commendation Mr Harrison died in 1810, having been a preacher in this place thirtyeight years. Dr Thomas Barnes was chosen to succeed Mr Gore. He was born at Warrington, in 1747. After he had finished his academical education, he settled at Cockey Moor chapel, near Bolton, but receiving an invitation to Cross Street, after the death of Mr Gore, he accepted it, and entered on his labors at Manchester in 1780. His popular manners gratified a numerous congregation that attended his ministry. He took an active part in many of the charitable and literary institutions of the town; and when on the dissolution of the academy at Warrington, one on a similar plan was commenced at Manchester, he undertook the office of divinity tutor. After about twelve years of unremitted and generous industry, he resigned his office. His sentiments were probably Arian. The author of his funeral sermon says—' a fear of hurting the feel'

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