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And then away to Venice to your friend; SCENE 1V.-Belmont. A room in Portia's For never shall you lie by Portia's side
house. Enier Purtiu, Nerissa, Lorenzo, Jessica, With an unquiei soul. You shall have gold anu Baltazar. To pay the petty debt twenty times over; When it is paid, bring your true friend along : Lor. Mzdım, although I speak it in your preMy maid Nerissa, and inysell, mean time,
sunce, Wil live as maids and widows. Corne, away; You have a noble and a true conceit For you shuil hence upon your wedding-day: of god-like amity; which appears most strongly B:d your friends welcome, show a merry cheer :' In wearing thus the absence of your lord. Since you are dear boughi, I will love you dear. But, if you knew to whom you show this honour, But lei me hear the letter of your friend.
How true a gentleman you send relief, B.iss. (R ads.) Sweet Bussanic, my ships have How dear a lover of my lord your husband, all iniscarried, my creditors grow cruel, wy estale I know, you would be prouder of the work, is very loro, iny bond to the Jew is forfeil; and Than customary bounty can enforce you. since, in paying it, il is impossible I should live, Por. I never did repent for doing good, all de bls are cleared berwten you and I, if I might Nor shall not now: for in companions but see you at my death: notwithstan iing, use That do converse and waste the time together, your pleasure : if your love do not persuade you to Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, come, let not my leiter.
There must be needs a like proportion
I will make hasie : But, till I come again, Being the bosom lover of my lord,
Must needs be like my lord: If it be so, No rest be interposer 'twixt us twain. How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
(Exeunt. In purchasing the semblance of my soul
From out the sta'e of hellish crucity? SCENE III.-Venice. A street. Enler Shylock, This comes too near ile praising of myself; Salunio, Antonio, and Gaoler.
Therefore no more of it: hear other things:Sły. Gaoler, look to him ;- Tell not me of Lorenzo, I commit into your hands mercy ;
The husbandry and manage of my house, This is the foolihai lent out money gratis ;- Until my lord's return: for joine own part, Gaoler, look to himn.
I have toward heaven breath'd a secrel vow Ani.
Hear mc yet, good Shylock. To live in p ayer and con'cmplation,
Until her husband and my lord's return:
Madam, with all my heart; Ant. I pray ther, hear me speak.
Ishull obay you in all fair commands. Shy. Ili have my bond; I will not hear thee Pur. My neople do already know my mind, speak :
And will acknowledye you and Jessica I'll have my bond; and therefore speak no more. !n place of lord Bassanio and mysell. I'll not be inade a soft and dull-era fool,
So fare vou well, till we shall meet again. To shake the head, relent, and sizh, and yield Lur. Fair thoughts, and happy hours, attend on To Cloristian inte ensors. Follow not;
you. I'll have no speaking ; I will have my bond. Jes. I wish your ladvship all heart's content.
(Exil Shylock. Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur,
plcasid That ever kept with men.
To wish it back on you: fare you well, Jessica.Ant. Let him alone,
[ Exeunt Jessica and Lorenzo. I'll follow him no rare with bootless pravers. Now, Balthazar, He seeks my life; his reason well I know ; As I have ever found thee hones", true, I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures
So let me ind thee still: 'Take this same letter, Many that have at times made myan to me;
And use thou all the endeavour of a man, Ther-fore he hates me.
In speed to Padua; see thou render this Salan.
I am sure, the duke Tuto my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario; Will never grant this forfeiture to hold.
And, look, what notes and garments he doth giro Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of law.
thce, For the commodity that strangers have
Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed With us in Venice, if it be denied,
into the traneet, to the common ferry Will much impeach the justice of the state; Which trades to Venice :--waste no time in words, Since that the trade and profit of the city But cet ihre gone; I shall be there before thee. Consisteth of all nation Therefore, go:
Balth. Madam, I go with all convenient speed. These griefs and losses have so 'hatet mo,
(Exit. That I shall hardly snare a pound of Nesh
Por. Come on, Nerissa; I have work in hand, To-morrow to my bloody creditor.
Thit you ver know not of: we'll see our husbands, Well, gaoler, on:--Pray God, Bassano come Before they think of us. To see me pay this debi, and then I care not!
Shall they see us ? (Ereunt. Por. They shall, Nerissa ; but in such a habit,
That they shall think we are accomplished (1) Face.
(2) Foolish. With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager,
When we are both accoutred like young men, silence; and discourse grow commendable in none I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two,
only but parrots.-Go in, sirrah; bid them prepare And wear my dagger with the braver grace;
for dinner. And speak, between the change of man and boy, Laun. That is done, sir; they have all stomachs. With a reed voice; and turn two mincing steps
Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you! Into a manly stride; and speak of frays, then bid them prepare dinner. Like a fine bragging youth: and tell quaint lies, Laun. That is done too, sir ; only, cover is the How honourable ladies sought my love,
word. Which I denying, they fell sick and died;
Lor. Will you cover then, sir ? I could not do withal;-then I'll repent
Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my dutv. And wish, for all that, that I had not kill'd them: Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell,
thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an inThat men shall swear I have discontinued school stant? I pray thec, understand a plain man in his Above a twelvernonth:--I have within my mind plain meaning: go to thy fellows; bid them cover A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in Which I will practise.
to dinner. Ner.
Why, shall we turn to men ? Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served in; Por, Fie! what a question's that,
for the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for your I thou wert near a leid inierpreter?
coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device
and conceits shall govern.
(Eril Launcelot, When I am in my coach, which stays for us Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are At the park gate; and therefore haste away,
suited! For we must measure twenty miles to-day. (Exc. The fool hath planted in his memory
An army of good words; And I do know SCENE V.-The same. A Garden. Enter A many fools, that stand in better place, Launcelot and Jessica.
Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Laun. Yes, truly :-for, look you, the sins of Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou Jessica ? the father are to be laid upon the children : there. And now, good swce', say thy opinion, fore, I promise you, I fear ou. I was always plain How dost ihou like the lord Bassania's wise ? with you, and so now I speak my agilation of the The lord Bassanio live an upright life;
Jes. Pait all expressing: It is very meet, matter: Therefore, be of good cheer; for, truly, I think, you are damn'd. There is but one hope in for, having such a blessing in his lady, it that can do you any good; and that is but a kind He finds the joys of heaven here on earth; of hastard hope neither.
And, if on earth he do not mean it, it J. And what hope is that, I pray thee?
is reason he should never come to heaven. Lun. Marry, you may partly hope that your
Why, iftwo gods should play some heavenly match, suther got you net, that you are not the Jetv's And on the wager lay two earthly women, dauehter.
And Portia one, there must be something else Jes. That were a kind of hastard hope, indced; Lin’d with the other; for the poor rude world
Hath no: her fcllow. by the sins of my mother shouk be visited upon me. Lun. Truly then I far you are damn't both
Even such a husband by father and mother: th'is van I shun Seyila, Hast tho'i of me, as she is for a wife. your father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother:
Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. well, you are gone both ways.
Lur. I will anon; first, let us go to dinner. Jesi I shall be saved by my husband; he hath
Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have •
stomach. made inc a Christian. Laun. Truly, the more to blame he: we were
Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk, Christians enough before ; e'en as many as could Then, howsoe'er thou speak'st, 'mong other things well live, one by another: 'This making of Christinn I shall digest it.
Jes. will raise the price of hogs; if we grow oil to be
Well, I'll set you forth. (Ert. pork-outers, we shall not shortly have a rasher on the coals for money. Enter Lorenzo.
ACT IV, Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you SCENE 1.-Venice. A court of Justice. Enter sar; hire he comes.
The Duke, the Magnificoes ; Antonio, Bassanio, Lor. I shalgrow jealous of yo'l shortly, Launccloi, if you thus get my wife into corners.
Gratiano, Salarino, Salanio, and others. Jes. Niy, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Duke. What, is Antonio here? Launcelot and I are out: he tells me flatly, there Ant. Rady, so please your grace. is no morey for one in heaven, becausc I am a Jew's Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to an. daughter: and he cars, you are no good meinber of the commonwealth ; Tor, in converting Jews to A stonv adversary, an inhuman wretch Christians, you raise the price of pork.
Uncapable of pity, void and cmpty
I have heard, beliy: the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. Your grace hath ta'en creat pains to qualify
Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more is ri rorous course; but since he stands obdurate, than reason : but if she be less than an honest And that no lawful mean can carry me woman, she is, indeed, more than I took her for. Out of his envy's' reach, I do oppose
Lor. 'How every fool can play upon the word! My patience to his sury; and am arm'd I think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,
The very lyranny and rare of his. (1) Hatred, malicc.
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the oourts
Salan. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord. You may as well do any thing most hard,
As seek to soften that (than i' hich what's harder ?)
His Jewish heart :- Therefore, I do beseech you, Drike. Make
and let him stand before our Make no more oflurs, use no further means, face.
But, with all brief and piaill conveniency, Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will. That thou bu' lead'st this fashion of thy malice
B43. For ihy three Thousand ducats here is six. To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought
Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducals Thou'lt show thy mercy and remorse,' more strange I would not dra'vihem, I would have my bond.
Were in six paris, and every part a ducat,
Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring (which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,)
none? Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,
Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no But touch'd with human gentleness and love,
wrong? Forgive a moiety of the principal;
You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Glavicing an eye of pity on his losses,
Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules, That have of late so huddled on his back;
You use in abject and in slavish parts, Enough to press a royal merchant down,
Because you bought them:-Shall I say to you, And pluck commiseration of his state
Let then be free, marry them to your heirs ? From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of Nint,
Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd
B2 mide as sofi as yours, and let their palates To ottices of tender courtesy.
Be season'd with such viands ? You will answer, We all expect a gentle ansier, Jew.
The slaves are ours:-So do l answer you : Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I pur- The pound of flesh, which I demand or him, pose;
Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it': And by our holy sabbath have I sworn,
If you deny me, tie upcu your kw! To have the due and forfeit of my bond.
There is no force in the decrees of Venice: If you deny it, let the danger light
I stand for judgment: answer ; shall I have it ? Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. Duke. Upon my power, I may d.smiss this court, You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have Unless Bellario, a learned doctor, A weight of ca rion flesh, than to receive
Whom I have sent for to determine this, Three thousand ducats : I'll not answer that:
Come here to-day. But, sav, it is my humour ;Is it answer'd ? Salar.
My lord, here stays withou. What if my hoisc be troubled with a rat,
A messenger with letters froin the doctor, And I be pleas’d to give ten thousand ducats
New come from Padua. To have ii baned? What, are you answer'd yet ?
Dike. Bring us the letters; Call the messenger, Smo men there are, lov:not a gapings piz;
Bass. Good cheer, Antoniu! Whal, man ? Some, that are mad, is th y behold a cat;
courage yet! And others, ihan the bag-pipe sings i' the nose,
The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, Cinnut contain their urine; For atfcction,
Ere thou shalt lose foi me one drop of blood. Mi tress of passin, sways it to the mood'
Ant. I am a tantid veiher of the flock,
Diops earliest to the ground, ard so let ne.
You cannot better be employd, Bas: an o, Why he, a harmless necessary cat;
Than to live still, and wrie ini:c epitaph. Why he, a swollen bas-pipe; but of force
Enter Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's clerk. Must yield to such inevitable shame, As to offend, himself being oilended;
Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
Ner. From both, my lord : Bellariu freets your More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing
[Presents a letter. I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so ear. A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ?
riestly? Bass. This is no answer, thou uniceling man, Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt To excuse the current of thy cruelty.
there. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,
Thou mak'st thy knile keen: but no metal can, Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not No, no! the hangman's axc, bear hall he kecnness love ?
Orihy sharp envy Can no prayers piurce thee?
Thou almost mak’ime waver in my faith,
That souls of animals infuse themsclves
bond, 9) Pity.
(2) Seeming. (3) Whereas. (4) Particular fancy. (5) Crying. '16) Prejudice. (7) Converse
Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much,
Which is thou follow, this strict court of Venice Duke. This letter from Bario deth commend Must needs sive sentence 'gainst the merchant A :oing and learned ductor to our court:-
there. Where is he?
Shy. My deed's upon my head! I crave the law, Nir. He attende h here hard by,
nalty and forfeil of iny bond. To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Por. Is he not able to discharge the money? Duke. With all my heart:-some three or four Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court;
Yei, twice the sum: if thai will not suffice, Go give him courteous conduct to this place.- I will be bound 10 pay it ten times o'er, Menn tiine, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. On forleit of my hands, my head, my heart :
(Clerk reails.) Your grace shall un lerstand, If this will not sulice, it must appear that, al the receipt of your letter, I an very sick. That malice bears doun truth. And I beseech you, ou 'in the instant that your messenger caine, in Wrest once the law to your authority: loving visila'ion was with me a young doctr of To do a great right, do a little wrong; Rome, his name is Balthazar: L'acquainted him And curb this cruel devil of his will. with the cause in controversy between the Jere an? Por. It must not be ; there is no power in Venice Antonio the inerchant: we lurned o'er many books Can alter a decree established: together : he is furnish'd with my opinion ; inhich, 'Twill be recorded for a precedent; better'd with his own learning (the greatness and many an error, by the same example, whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes with; Will ruch into the staic: it car:not be. him, al my importunity, to fill up your grace's re- Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Daquest in my steal. I beseech you, let his lack of
niel !years be no impedimen! to let him lack a rereren. O wise young judre, how do I honour thee! estimation ; for I never knew so young a bouly with Per. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. so old a head. I leave him to your gracious accept- Shy. Here 'lis, most reverend doctor, here it is. ance, whose trial shall better publish his commen- Pur. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd dation.
thee. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bullario, what he Shu. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven: writes:
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
No, not for Venice.
Whr, this bond is forfeit; Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of Inxs.
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Give me your hand: came you from old Bellario ? A pound of nesh, to be by him cut off Por. I did, my lord.
Nearest the merchant's heart:- Be merciful ; Duke. You are welcome: take your place. Take ihrice thy money; bid me tear the bond. Are you acquainted with the difference
Szy. When it is paid according to the lenor.That holds this present question in the court ? It do h appear, you are a worihy judge;
Por. I am informed thoroughly of the cause. You know the law, your exposition
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear,
Shylock is my name. There is no power in the tongue of man Pur. Of a stranre nature is the suit you follow; Toaler me: I stay here on my bond. Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law
Ant. Most hrartily I do beseech the court Cannot impugn' you, as you do proceed.- To rive the judgment. You stand within his danger,do you not?
Why then, thus it is. [7o Antonio. You must prepare your bosom for his knife. Ant. Ay, so he says.
Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man! Por.
Do you confess the bond ? Pür. For the intent and purpose of the law Anl. I do.
Hath full relation to the penalty, Por.
Then must the Jew be merciful. Which here appeareth due upon the bond. Shy. On what compulsion must I ? tell me that. Shy. "Tis very true: () wise and upright judge!
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; Ilow much more elder art thou than thy looks! It droppeth, as the gentle rain from leaven
Por. Therefore, I ny bare your bosom. Upon the place bencath: it is twice bless'd; Shy.
Ay, his breast : It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge ? 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes Nearest his heart, those are the very words. The throned monarch better than his crown: Por. I: is so. Are there balance here, to weigh His sceptre shows the corce of temporal power, The Nesh? The attribute to awe and majesty,
Shy. I have them ready. Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings; Poř. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your But mercy is above this scepter'd sway,
charge, It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. It is an attribute to God himself;
Shu. Is it so nominated in the bonud? And earthly power doth then show likest God's, Por. It is not so express'd; But what of that? When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, 'Trrere good you do so much for charity. Though justice be thy plea, consider this, Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. That, in the course of justice, none of us
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say ? Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy : Ant. But little ; lam arm'd, and well prepar'd. And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well!
Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you ; (1) Oppose. (2) Reach or control. |For herein fortune shows herself more kind
Than is her custom. it is still her use,
Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate. To let the wretched man oui-live his wealth, Gra. A second Daniei, a Daniel, Jew! To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, Now, in del, I have thee on the hip. An age of poverty; for which lin cring penance Por. Why doih the Jew pause? take thy fore Oisch a misery doth the cut me off.
feiture. Commend me to your honourable wise:
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
Buss. I have it ready for thee; here it is. Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court; Ane, when the tale is tuld, bid her be judge, He shall have merely justice, and his bond. Whether Bassani» had not once a love.
Gra. A Daniel, stili say I; a second Daniel! Repent not you ihat you shall lose your friend, I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. And he repents not that he pays your debt; Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal? For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
Pur. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, I'll pay it instantly wiih all my heart.
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wise,
Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Which is as dear to me as lite itself';
I'll stay no longer question. But life itself, my wife, and all the world,
It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
If it be prov'd against an alien, Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for That by direct, or indirect attempts, that,
He seek the life of any citizen,
Gra. I have a wife, whom I protest I love; Shall seize one half his goods; the other half
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice.
That, indirectly, and directly 100, 'Would any of the stock of Barabbas
Thou hast contriv'd against the very lisc Had been her husband, rather than a Christian ! Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
[side. The danger formerly by me rehears'd. We trifle time: I pray thee pursue sentence. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Por. A pound of that same muchant's alesh is Gra. Bes, that thou may'st have leave to hang thine ;
thyselt: The court awards it, and the law doth give it. And yet, thy wcalth being forfeit to the state, Shy. Most rightful judge!
Thou hast not left the value of a cord; Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his Therefore, thou must be hang'datthe state'scharge. breast;
Duke. That thou shalt sce the difference of our The law allows it, and the court awards it.
For hali thy wealth, it is Antonio's;
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio.
You iake my house, when you do take the prop One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods That doth sustain my house ; you take my life, Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
When you do take the means whereby I live. Unto the state of Venice.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio 7 Gra. O upright judge !—Mark, Jew ;-0 learn- Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else, for God's sake. ed judze!
Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the Shy. Is that the law ?
Thyself shalt see the act: To quit the fine for one half of his goods; For, as thou urgcst justice, be assurd,
I am content, so he will let me have Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st. The other half in use,-to render it, Gra. O learned judge!-Mark, Jcw;-a learned Upon his death, unto the gentleman judge!
That lately stole his daughter : Shy. I take this offer then ;-ray the bond thrice, Two things provided more,—That, for this favour, And let the Christian go.
He presently become a Christian; Bass.
Here is the money.
The other, that he do record a gist, Pur. Soft ;
Here in the court, of all he dies possess'd, The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft!--no haste;- Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter. He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant Gra. O Jew! an upright judse, a learned judge! The pardon, that I late pronounced here.
Por, Therefore, prepare thee to cui off the fesh. Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou lees, nor more,
sav? But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Shy. I am content. Or less, than a just pound,- be it but so much Por.
Clerk, draw a deed of gisto As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance, Sky. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence: Or the division of the twentieth part
I am not well; send the deed aller me,
Get thee gone, but do it