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Vol. XII.


No. 2.


$1,000,000 00

702,988 30 140,706 97

716,664 89 $2,559,299 16

Total Assets, January 1, 1883,
Reserve for all other Liabilties,
Reserve for Re-Insurance,
Cash Capital,
Net Surplus,

Portrait of Horatio Seymour,

Frontispiece. The Story of a Monument.


97 ILLUSTRATIONS.— The Monument-Portrait of Nicholas Herkimer-Bas-relief representing General Herkimer sitting on his saddle directing the battle-Bas-relief, an Ideal Scene-General Herkimer's

House, Danube,
Did the Romans Colonize America ? I. Problems and Factors. M. V. MOORE. 113
Lee's Campaign against Pope in 1862.

ILLUSTRATIONS.- Map of the North-Eastern Portion of Virginia-Map showing route of the Armies
between Washington and Spottsylvania Court House-Map showing roads between Centreville and

Manassas Junction.
Charles Fenno Hoffman.

WM. L. KEESE. 148
ILLUSTRATION-Portrait of Hoffman,
Sunnyside and Washington Irving.

HENRY W. Hulbert.

ILLUSTRATIONS.-Sunnyside-Portrait of Irving.
Original Documents. Sir Henry Clinton's Original Secret Record of Private Daily In-

telligence. Contributed by Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet. Introduction and Notes hy
Edward F. De Lancey. Chapter XI. Conclusion. With Clinton Arms. (Begun in Oc-
tober, 1883). Valuable Original Letters, Alexander Hamilton to John Jay-Alexander
Hamilton to Elbridge Gerry-Samuel Adams to Elbridge Gerry-Aaron Burr to Elbridge

162 Notes. The Past and the Present. Burgoyne's Orderly Book--André's Prison at TappanLiterature and History.

179 Queries. The First English Tavern-Keeper in the Province of New York The Telescope of Washington, taken from Kings College - The Two Livingston Signers.

181 Replies.-Nine Partners-Blue Hen's Chickens-The Leaden Plate- Burr, Hamilton and

James Monroe-The Monroe Letter—Correction—The First Piece of Artillery-An
Army "Duel, .

182 Societies. Rhode Island Historical Society-Cincinnati Society, New York—The New

Jersey Cincinnati Society-List of Historical Societies in the United States—Contem

plated Historical Association-Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. 185 Book Notices. Prose Writings of William Cullen Bryant, by Godwin-History of the

First Church in Hartford, by Walker-Annual Report of the Presbyterian Historical
Society-Memoir of George Barrell Emerson, LL.D., by Waterston-On History and
the Study of History, by Atkinson-Myths of the Iroquois, by Mrs. Smith-Three
Villages, by Howells-Bound Together, by Mitchell - There was once a Man, by
Orpheus C. Kerr-The Discoveries of America to the year 1525. by Weise-A Palace
Prison-Catholic, by Monsigneur Capel.

189 Advertisements-Books, Schools, etc., 1 to 8-Periodicals and Miscellaneous, 9 to 18.

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BINDING THE MAGAZINE OF AMERICAN HISTÓRY.-We can furnish Covers for Binding in dark green levant cloth, for 50 cents; sent by mail, post-paid. Back numbers exchanged, if in good condition, for bound volume in cloth (as above), $1.00; in half Turkey Morocco for $2.00 subscribers paying charges both ways.

TERMS :-$5.00 a year, in advance; 50 cents a number. Postmasters receive subscriptions.


57 & 59 Ludgate Hill,


Communications should be addressed to

30 Lafayette Place, New York City.

Entered at New York Post Office as Second Class matter.

Copyright, 1884, by Historical Publication Co:





I N D E X.

A plan has long been in contemplation to establish at Ann Arbor, the seat of the University
of Michigan, a journal of high character, that should reflect the maturest thought on educational,
literary, scientific, artistic, political and historical questions of current interest. The presence
and the influence of this great center of learning seemed to afford unusual facilities for carrying
forward such an enterprise; and it was felt that an institution of so great influence in moulding
the education of the West should have some recognized medium of communication with the
leading teachers and scholars of the country. Through a series of steps not necessary here to
describe, the fortnightly INDEX, now about to enter upon its third year, finds itself in a position
to undertake the mission just indicated; and the attention of the educational public is invited
to the announcement we now have to make.

By an arrangement recently completed with Professors Alexander Winchell, Charles K.
Adams and William H. Payne, of the University of Michigan, these gentlemen have been added
to the editorial staff of the INDEX; and the paper will be conducted hereafter in accordance
with the following general plan:

I.-ALEXANDER WINCHELL, LL.D., Professor of Geology and Palæontology, will take in
charge the department of Science and Arts, and by way of editorials, notes and leading articles
will present regularly a careful digest of whatever is most valuable in these important domains
of knowledge. There is a growing recognition of the value of science in all schemes of public
education; and Dr. Winchell will discuss the various phases of scientific intelligence and

II.—Charles K. ADAMS, LL.D., Professor of History, and Dean of the School of Polit-
ical Science, will write upon current affairs and upon such Historical themes as bear on matters
of present political and educational importance. He will also discuss another class of subjects
now assuming a deserved prominence—the training of the young for the duties of citizenship
through suitable instruction in Political Science; and the need of diffusing among the people
at large correct ideas on governmental and municipal administration.

III.-WILLIAM H. PAYNE, A.M., Professor of the Science and the Art of Teaching, will
discuss the subject of Education in its three phases, the practical, the scientific and the histor-
ical. The treatment of these themes will be catholic and impartial. The purpose will be to
expound the rational elements in scholastic questions, and to ally the methods of the school-
room with common sense as well as with philosophy.

IV.—The LITERARY DEPARTMENT, remaining in the same hands as heretofore, will
continue to maintain a high standard of excellence. A trustworthy record of the latest pub-
lications will be presented, and a series of leading essays and short poems of merit will be
made prominent features.

V.—The DEPARTMENT OF CRITICISM will be conducted in a spirit of judicial independ-
ence. Exhaustive review articles, and extended notices of important works and events of the
realm of Art, written by specialists in their several lines, will express the critical judgments of
men qualified to form an unbiased opinion.

VI.—LETTERS FROM FOREIGN CORRESPONDENTS will contain intelligence of progress in
different parts of the world. We shall allow our home correspondents ample space for the
discussion of all questions that fall within the compass of an educational and literary journal.

VII.—The INDEX will be issued fortnightly, the subscription price remaining as before-
$2.00 per year, prepaid. The publishers are encouraged to solicit subscribers among all
persons interested in the maintenance of an independent journal of liberal education such as
the Index, upon the broad plan here outlined, aims to be. For the present all subscriptions
may be sent directly to the



“We have not only read these books with delight and studied them with profit in the seclusion of the library, but we have traveled with them and by them on the sea and land. As every point they meet you with just the facts you wish to know; they repeat to you the old legend associated with the locality: they tell you the story of the battle fought there : they hum to you the song, or murmur the lines in which some poet has enshrined events by which a spot has become memorable. A condensed literature of great variety and richness is stored up within their pages. They are simply indispensable to tourists

in the regions named, and those who have sallied forth without them have omitted really the most important part of their equipment.”Literary World.




The best companion for all travelers who wish to get the largest possible amount of information and pleasure out of a summer journey. Arranged on the celebrated Bædeker plan; endorsed by all European travelers. The history, poetry, and legends of each locality tersely and clearly given. Scores of maps, city plans, and panoramas. Giving prices and locations of all hotels and boarding-houses, summer resorts, and routes. 400 to 500 pages each. Bound in flexible red cloth. $1.50 each.

“The Osgood Guide-books are much the best we have ever had in this country, and they can challenge comparison with Bædeker's, which is the best in Europe. The volume devoted to the White Mountains is full, precise, compact, sensible, and honest."New York Tribune.

NEW ENGLAND. A Guide to the Cities and Towns and Popular Resorts of New England, and to its Scenery and Historic Attrac

tions. With Sixteen Maps. $1.50. Carefully Revised and Enlarged in 1884. "Osgood's 'Hand-book to New England' bids fair, in New England, to rival the fame of Murray and Bædeker abroad. It merits the good words as well as the liberal patronage it receives, for it is a faithful, painstaking piece of work, and condenses into brief compass a vast amount of information, which all tourists to the sea-side, mountain, and country summer resorts of New England will gladly possess.”—New York Evening Post.

It is prepared with great care and thoroughness, and is the best American guide-book that has yet appeared."- The Independent.

“It is about as nearly faultless as such a book can be, -carefully edited, beautifully printed, and neatly bound. There is not a page too much or too little ; and its red cover, clean typography, and convenient size recall the masterpieces of Bædeker."-New York Tribune.

THE WHITE MOUNTAINS. A Guide to the Peaks, Passes and Ravines of the White Mountains. More than 400 pages of thorough and

practical descriptions ; prices and locations of all Hotels and Boarding-Houses, and Routes. Six Maps ; Six Fine Panoramas from the Mountain Tops. $1.50. Thoroughly Revised in 1884, with Large Additions,

"Altogether, in plan and workmanship, this guide book is as perfect a thing of its kind as could well be produced. It is simply indispensable to all who visit or sojourn among the White Mountains.”-Congregationalist.

THE MARITIME PROVINCES. A Guide to Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, New Brunswick, Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, etc.

With Eight Maps. Newly Revised. "By its intrinsic value, copiousness of information, and impartiality, it is likely to take the place of all other guides or handbooks of Canada which we know of."- Quebec Chronicle.

I 2mo.

By Miss E. B. CHASE. I volume.

Illustrated with Heliotype Engravings. $1.50.
A charming description of recent summer travel in Nova Scotia, with piquant sketches of life and manners in
Acadia, the land of Evangeline, and descriptions of the grand scenery and singular people about the Basin of Minas.


Revised and Enlarged Edition of 1884. I volume. 32mo. With Six Maps. $1.50. This book describes the most attractive routes in Great Britain, France, Germany, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Norway and Russia. It includes fuller and better arranged details of routes, points, and objects of interest, fares, hotels, currency, etc., than are given in many guide-books. of far greater proportions.

"Infinite riches in a little room."—New York Mail and Express.
A gem of comprehensiveness, compactness and good taste.” – Vew York Tribune.

Sold by all Booksellers. Sent, postpaid, on receipt of price by the Publishers,




Mrs. Sylvanus Reed's Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies,

Nos. 6 and 8 East 53d Street (Central Park), between Madison and 5th Avenues. The success and reputation of this school for twenty years is due, with God's blessing, to its own merits and to that “ Eternal vigilance which is the price of safety.” It is supported by that class of citizens who demand and appreciate the best educational advantages and fidelity to the true interest of their children.

Each year brings it nearer to the idea of its founder, and it has lately been relieved from the peril of depending for existence upon the tenure of a single life. The standard of the Collegiate Department for the coming year has been materially raised. While the class-rooms are in charge of ladies as heretofore, the staff of instructors has been greatly reinforced by professional talent, men of distinction in the respective branches assigned to them.

DR. LABBERTON will give his time exclusively to class instruction in this school in the Departments of History and Historical Literature.

DR. WILLIAM H, CARPENTER, of Columbia College, will have charge of English Grammar, Rhetoric, Critical Literature, Composition and Philology.

Classes in Popular and Mathematical Astronomy in charge of Professor REES, of Columbia Observatory, and Miss EDGERTON. Physics and Chemistry, Professor BOWEN, of School of Mines. Art, Professor GOODYEAR. Latin, French, German, Mathematics, Psychology and Logic will be in charge of the same able teachers as heretofore. Mrs. REED will be aided in the Boarding Department by ladies of scholarly attainments, refinement and experience, enabling her to give more of her own time to her class-rooms. Resident teachers speak the French and German languages with purity.

Pupils prepared for examinations of any class in Columbia or other colleges.
Special students are admitted to any or all of the courses without examination.

The Primary and Preparatory Departments will be continued under the same teachers. The twenty-first school year begins October 1, 1884.

Connecticut, Brookfield Center.


Miss Comstock, The Curtis School for Boys. Nos. 32 & 34 West qoth St., facing Reservoir Park.

Nos. 32 & 34 West 40th St., facing Reservoir Park.

English, French, and German Boarding and Day School. Gymnastics. Studio. Private class for young boys. Classical Department. WEDNESDAY, OCT. Ist.

Miss Comstock at home after Sept. 24th.

Rev. Dr. and Mrs. C. H. GARDNER'S

Twelve lads taught carefully, in the family, in school and out, in the best things that make useful and noble lives, by an experienced Yale graduate. Village life and good influences. Three hours from New York by rail. Growing boys need just such individual attention as is offered here.

$350 a year. Tenth year opens September 17th.

Circulars on application. Please mention THE MAGAZINE OF AMERICAN HISTORY.


Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies,

No. 603 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. Thorough and extended courses of study in Mathematics, Science, Literature, and History.

Twenty-seventh year begins September 24, 1884.




Established, 1855.

For boys and young men from 7 to 20. Building 200 x 54 entirely devoted to and built purposely for the School. Gymnasium and Chapel 50 x 50 x 26 each. Pupils prepared for all Colleges, Scientific Schools, and Business, by College Graduates, devoting all their time to instruction, untrammeled by business cares.

Re-opens SEPTEMBER 23, 1884.

French, German, and Spanish taught by and daily spoken with Native teachers.



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