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QUERIES Was Dutchess County once known as ceived the honor of Knighthood previNine Partners? If so, was the name ous to the Revolutionary War? derived from its being owned by nine

PENOBSCOT men, and what were their names ?

New YORK, June 12

A. H. ANNISQUAM, Mass., June 10, 1884 Who can tell me why Delaware is

called the “Blue Hen's Chicken," and Can any of the readers of the Maga- when it took the name ? DUKE zine tell me how many Americans re- DOVER, Delaware, June 16

REPLIES Slavery IN MASSACHUSETTS-Editor unto the said phinas Spraigue Jun a of Magazine of American History :-In negro woman named pidge with one neconnection with the article on “Slavery gro boy to have and to hold to his proper in the Colony and State of New York” use and behoofe of him the said phinas [xi. 408] you afterward printed [xi. 552] Sprague his heirs, executors administraa copy of a bill of sale of a negro woman tors and assigns for ever and I Thomas in New York. Here is the account of nickles for my self my heirs executors the sale of a negro woman and boy to a adminiserators and asigns ganst all in all resident of this town, Melrose, Mass., manner of person I shall warrant and for then North Malden, which I copied ver- ever Defend by these present. In witbatim, et puncticatim, et literatim, from ness whereof with the Deliver of the the original now in possession of a fel- bargained persons I have set to my hand lowtowns-man, Mr. Artemas Barrett. and seal the twenty five Day of april in

E. H. Goss the 17 fifty three year of ye Reign of MELROSE, May 30, 1884.

oure Sovereign lord gorg the Second “ Know all men by these present that over grate Britton. I Thomas Nickels of Reding In the

Thomas Nichols (seal] County of middlesex gentilman for and Signed and our Seal 1753 and Delever in Consideration of the sum of thirty in the present of us three pounds six shillings and Eight

Jona Kidder pence lawfull mony of New England to

Edward Lambert" me in hand paid by piniash [Phineas] Spraigue Jun. of Malden in the same JAMES VAN CORTLANDT-The menCounty above sd Cordwinder whereof I tion in the Clinton Private Intelligence do hereby acknowledge the Receipt and Papers in the June number of the Magamy selfe therewith fuly and entirely satis. zine [xi. 537] of Mr. James Van Cortfied have bargened sold set over and landt, of Yonkers, induces me to send Delivrd and by these present in plain you the annexed notice of him : and open markit according to the due “On Monday last, after a long and fourm of law in that case mad and pro- painful illness, died in this city, James vided do bargain set over and Deliver Van Cortlandt, Esq', of Yonkers, in the County of Westchester, in the 55th Year go down till she swung several miles up of his Age.—To say that the Death of the Sound, when she went down in a this worthy Gentleman is sincerely re- bay called “The Brothers” at 7 in the gretted by all who knew him, is a Trib- evening, same day, in seven fathoms of ute justly due to his Merit. His tender water; and a strong current then runand affectionate Temper endeared him ning at the rate of nine knots an hour, to his Relations, and their Connections. occasioned the loss as near as can be His Probity, Candour and Hospitality ascertained of 107 fine brave fellows, made his Acquaintance to be sought, part of her crew. When the accident and his Friendship highly valued, by the happened the Huzzar was on her way first Families and Characters in the Prov- from New York to Gardiner's Bay with ince; while his Humanity, Benevolence despatches to Admiral Arbuthnot." and Condescension procured him the Marshall, in his biography of Sir Love and Respect of all Ranks of Peo- Charles Maurice Pole, the Captain of ple."-Gaine's New York Gazette and the Huzzar, says : “ The officers and Weekly Mercury, for Monday, April 9, people except one, being all saved, and 1781.

WESTCHESTER as no blame whatever could be imputed June 9, 1884

to Captain Pole in this accident, he was

charged with Admiral Arbuthnot's desTHE FRIGATE Huzzar [xi. 550) - patches to the Admiralty, and soon after Historians have passed over slightingly, his arrival in England received the apeven if they have mentioned at all, the pointment to the Success, 32 guns and wreck of the Huzzar in Hell-Gate, and 220 men.” it is chiefly among the newspapers of Other accounts make no mention of the time that information must be sought any loss of life, but there is one stateregarding it. The Providence Gazette, of ment that 70 American prisoners taken December 9, 1780, says : "A New Brit- from the prison ships in the Wallabout ish Frigate of 32 guns, one of the con- heavily ironed, went down with the ves. voy of the Cork fleet which lately arrived sel. The last is evidently sensational. at New York, we hear was lost last week The Huzzar was a frigate of 28 guns ; coming through Hell-Gate, and a great built in 1763; gun deck, 114 feet 4 inchpart of her crew perished.”—The Boston es ; keel, 102 feet 8 inches ; beam, 33 Gazette, of December 13, 1780, says : feet 8 inches; hold, 11 feet ; tonnage, “We learn that the Huzzar frigate was 619; crew, 200. cast away in Hell-Gate the latter end of

W. A. MITCHELL last month, when all the people except 140 BROADWAY, New York 8o were lost with the frigate.” In a let- June 9, 1884 ter from Fletcher Yetts, a petty officer of the Huzzar at the time, to the Edin. CHOWDER (xi. 550]-Chowder is an burgh Observer (Scotland), appears the archaic Devonshire (England) word for a following account of the wreck : fish-seller. It is easy to imagine the

“The Hussar struck on Pot Rock transfer of the name from a seller to the near three o'clock in the afternoon of fish itself.

U. K. the 23rd of November 1780, and did not GERMANTOWN, Pa., Free Library


NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY- William Wallace, Esq., the late President At a stated meeting of the society, June of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, 3d, Hon. Benjamin H. Brewster, United and the Hon. Augustus Schell, the PresiStates Attorney-General, and Señor Don dent of the New York Historical Society, Jose Silverio Yorrin, of Havana, Cuba, were accomplished and distinguished men were elected corresponding members. who had rendered valuable service in The paper of the evening, on “French their respective spheres, and whose charspoliations before 1801," was contributed acters entitled them to every consideraby the Hon. James W. Gerard. This tion. Our records may well contain very interesting and highly valuable mon- this passing tribute of respect to their ograph we take great pleasure in present memories, and of sympathy with our ing to our readers in its entirety, in ano- sister societies." ther part of this issue of the Magazine. Memorial resolutions on the decease of the late Charles O'Conor, formerly the Tue ONEIDA HISTORICAL SOCIETY first vice-president of the society, were

The one hundred and seventh anniveradopted. The society then adjourned

sary of the battle of Oriskany will occur to the first Tuesday of next October.

on the 6th of August. On that date the

Oneida Historical Society, at Utica, New THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SO- York, will dedicate the fine monument CIETY held its annual meeting in Boston, which it has erected in honor of General April 10, 1884, on which occasion the Herkimer, and the brave men of his comPresident, Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, mand who fell in this battle. The monLL.D., in an eloquent address, paid a ument is already in position, and its four tribute to the eminent French historian, bronze tablets are now being attached. Mignet, recently deceased. In his in- It only remains for the committee to troductory remarks President Winthrop grade, fence, put the grounds in order, said :-“We come to our annual meet- and erect suitable entrances. The first ing once more, gentlemen, under circum- tablet contains the memorial epitaph ; stances of satisfaction and prosperity, the second tablet is a bas-relief of Gen. which may well make us grateful for the Herkimer,leaning against a tree, wounded, past and trustful for the future. But I and directing the battle ; the third tableave all the details of our condition for let gives the roster ; the fourth tablet is the annual reports of our council and a bas-relief, representing a revolutionary treasurer, which will presently be sub- soldier, piercing with his bayonet the mitted to you.

breast of an Indian chief—thus showing “It can hardly fail to have been ob- the conflict of civilization with barbarserved that, by a striking coincidence, ism. The opening address is to be detwo of our leading sister societies have livered by Hon. William Dorsheimer, successively been bereaved of their presi- M. C., and many guests from abroad are dents within a few weeks past. John expected.

NEW YORK GENEALOGICAL AND BIO- titled, “ A Historical Review of LiteraGRAPHICAL SOCIETY—The annual meet- ture in Maine.” Rufus King Sewall, of ing was held in the hall of the Academy Wiscasset, read a paper on “Wi-wurof Medicine, No. 12 West 31st St., on na, and his speech at the Treaty at Friday evening, May 20. An admirable Georgetown, Me., 1717.” Mr. John T. and eloquent address on William Wirt Hull exhibited pages of his copy of the was delivered by Prof. William Mathews, first volume of the Records of York LL.D., of Boston, the well-known essay- County, proposed to be published. In ist and author. At its close, General order that this important undertaking be James Grant Wilson moved, and Judge carried successfully through, it is necesC. A. Peabody seconded, a vote of thanks sary that more subscribers be obtained. to Dr. Mathews, each making short At the evening session President Bradspeeches. Two valuable portraits were bury presented a volume of the silhoupresented to the Society through General ettes of the members of the famous class Wilson, one of Edward Livingston, au- of 1825, of Bowdoin College ; also, the thor of the Civil and Criminal Code of broadside exercises at the graduation of Louisiana, American Minister to France, the class. Hon. Joseph Whitcomb Porand a member of Jackson's Cabinet; and ter, of Bangor, read a paper on Jonathan the other of Philip Livingston, who not Eddy, David Cobb, and other Revoluonly signed but most strenuously urged tionary heroes, who became settlers in the adoption of the Declaration of Inde. Eastern Maine. The original accountpendence, the gifts of William Alfred book of Col. John Allan was produced, Jones, Esq., of Norwich, Conn., a great showing an entry for powder furnished grandson of the signer. A vote of to Col. Eddy, as Commander at Machias. thanks was tendered to Mr. Jones, who Remarks were made by Gen. John Maris known as a scholar and author. Philip shall Brown, Edward P. Burnham, Esq., Livingston died in 1778, and Edward Joseph Williamson, Esq., George E. B. Livingston in 1838. They were both Jackson, Esq. members of the distinguished New York The annual meeting for the election family whose ancestor, Robert Living- of officers and new members will take ston, obtained a patent of Livingston place at Brunswick in July. Manor in the year 1686.

CHICAGO HISTORICAL SOCIETY.-An THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.— adjourned meeting of this society was The spring or quarterly meeting of the held on the evening of May 20, Hon. E. Society was held at its library in Portland, B. Washburne in the chair. Judge Mark May 22, afternoon and evening. Mr. Skinner offered resolutions, which were H. W. Bryant, the librarian and curator, adopted, in memory of the late Presiden, presented his report, showing large ac- of the Society, Hon. Isaac N. Arnold ; cessions to both library and cabinet. also requesting Mr. Washburne, at his The Rev. Samuel Longfellow presented convenience, to prepare a memorial advaluable autograph letters. Hon. Joseph dress. E. H. Sheldon introduced a Williamson, of Belfast, read a paper en- memorial notice of Sir Alpheas Todd late of Ottawa, Canada ; and, as a mark pletion of the grand monument to Washof respect, his name was placed upon ington at the national capital, and that the records of the Society. Hon. Will- the members of the Executive Committee iam Bross having been appointed to pre- will attend the ceremonies which will be pare a memorial on the late Thomas H. observed to commemorate that event. Armstrong, the President then introduced Resolved, That we would express our William Henry Smith, General Manager high gratification at the selection of the of the Associated Press, who read an Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, of Massachuinteresting paper upon “Charles Ham- setts, as the orator of the occasion, and mond, and his Relations to Henry Clay we rejoice that he who, as Speaker of and John Quincy Adams.” At its con- the House of Representatives on the clusion, Mr. Washburne appointed Messrs. 4th of July, 1848, delivered the oration E. H. Sheldon, Mark Skinner, and W. upon the laying of its corner-stone, has K. Ackerman, a committee to draft reso- been spared to perform a similar service lutions in memory of the late Cyrus H. at the completion of the monument, and McCormick. Before adjourning, the So- that in him we have a fellow-citizen who ciety tendered Mr. Smith a vote of thanks by his virtues and his genius is eminently for his interesting and instructive paper, worthy of the occasion. asking that a copy be placed upon its records.


triennial meeting of the General Society VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY-A of the Cincinnati was held in Princeton, meeting of its Executive Committee was on May 14th and 15th, at the University held May 17, in the Westmoreland Hotel, in charge of the New Jersey Club House, Hon. A. M. Keiley in the Society as hosts. This is the one hunchair. Mr. Brock, the corresponding dred and first year of the existence of secretary, officiated as recording secre- the organization, formed in 1783 for the tary. Many valuable gifts were reported, purpose of perpetuating a friendly alchiefly of books. Also an admirable oil liance and feeling between the descenportrait of Major James Gibbon, who dants of the Revolutionary Army and led the forlorn hope at Stony Point, French officers. Originally there were painted by the late John B. Martin of thirteen State societies, corresponding to Richmond, Va., and presented by his the original thirteen States of the Union, son, Rev. S. Taylor Martin. Col. Robt. and also a society in France. The only Beverley, of Va.; Col. Samuel Adams societies now in existence are seven: New Drake, of Boston ; Gen. C. W. Darling, York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryof Utica; and Mrs. Martha J. Lamb, of land, South Carolina, Massachusetts and New York City, were elected members Rhode Island. The sessions were preof the Society.

sided over by ex-Governor Hamilton The following resolutions offered by Fish, of New York, who is President of Mr. Henry, were unanimously adopted: the New York State Society, and who

Resolved, That this Society views with has also been President of the General great interest the near approach to com- Society since 1854.

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