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Their provisions comes by water as far as Singsing and Tarrytown; from whence it is carried in Waggons to their Camp.
Four heavy pieces of Cannon at Washingtons quarters.
. Underhills ; on the direct road to Stephen Wards, 31 miles from the Court house.
No account of the French Artillery ; they are very strict, nobody being allowed to come into their Camp.
The Strength of the French & Rebels about 7000 men. The number of Cav. alry from 350 to 400. The Rebels are very busy in cutting all the grass. All the wheat fields are priced, and the Inhabitants forbid to touch them.
One hundred and one wounded in the affair of the 3d July, were carried to Singsing, from whence they were sent up the North River. I
The position of the Rebel and French Army the same as the day before yesterday.
From Cap Marquard, gin July 1781. Agreeable to the Report of two deserters, the Armies of the French and Rebels consists of the following Regiments
* On Chatterton Hill at White Plains. + Towards Eastchester.
These casualties in the fight with Lincoln, between Cortlandt House and Kingsbridge, were in addition to the four wounded prisoners sent to New York by the British, and the 19 killed, buried by them near Fort Independence, mentioned before in Capt. Marquard's letter of 4th July; thus making a total of 19 killed, and 105 wounded in that affair.
& The following derivation of the word “hussar” appeared in an English paper in the opening of 1871, after the German successes in the war with France:
"Most persons are by this time aware that the once mysterious word “uhlan," from the Polish "ulan,” the bearer of a lance (“'ula”), means nothing more nor less than a lancer. The hussar coupled by Campbell with "the whiskered Pandour," and emphatically styled “the fierce hussar” -was once no doubt as great an enigma as the “ubiquitous uhlan " of last autumn. A contributor to the National Zeitung, in some interesting “ Travels in Hungary,” gives us the derivation of the There are no other troops at the Plains * at present.
Six men per company are left at Newport, 35 men of Bourbonnois left at Providence ; he don't know how many of the other Regiments. He says all their baggage is with them at the Plains. The French Deserter seems to be damned cunning—I don't trust him at all.
From Cap Marquard, 10 July 1781. Washington's quarters are at Hammonds. The French General at White Plains at Falkener's. The French have a large train of heavy cannon. The whole computed to be upward of 6,000. It was reported there was a movement of the Enemy towards Pelham's Manor.t No particulars about it. They are collecting the Militia very fast.
From Col : Robinson, 11 July, 1781. Hezekiah Traviss came in this day from Poughkeepsie which he left the 26th June, and says, when he got to Peekskill, Washington had marched with his army the evening before, but had left their tents standing; and he had an opportunity of viewing their Encampment which was very large.
That he came down to one Fishers near the White-plains where he had appointed a friend to meet him. This friend had been obliged to furnish horses for a French officer, and to attend him down to Rochambeau's quarters, after which he came to Fishers, and told him that he had been thro' the whole French army.
Rochambeau's quarters were at John Jenkins, 5 miles below White-plains. The French army was 5000, including 400 cavalry, with 4 large mortars, and 11 brass 12 pound cannon.
Washington's q? at one Applebys on the Manor of Philipsburgh. His army amounted to between 8 and 9000 Continentals, two-thirds of whom were new levies ; Moyland's & Sheldon's Dragoons included. He had 5 mortars and 18 cannon. Washingtorf had brought all the heavy cannon from the Forts, and had not left above 200 at West-point, where General McDougal commands. They had 72 flatboats on the River, most of them at Tarrytown. They bring all their provisions from Westp! by water and land them at Hunts at Tarrytown. Last Sunday great quantities were landed at that place. Washington's army lays from Tarrytown to
word, which, like the costume, is of course from the Hungarian. “Husz" in the Hungarian language signifies twenty, ar” signifies “price"; and "hussar” (pronounced like the German" hussar '') means the representative of twenty men.” The word dates from the time of Mathias Corvinus, when, in national Hungarian levies, every twenty men were obliged to contribute to the army one perfectly equipped horseman, who, in accordance with facts, was styled " Hussar."
* The short name for White Plains.
+ In the southern part of Westchester County, nearly due east from Kingsbridge, and Lower Yonkers.
Brunx River, and the French from Brunx River to the Sound, but what place he does not know. *
He saw no troops in Jersey ; they were all gone to Washington ; they were ordered to raise 1200 men in Jersey, for some months, to be sent to the army; and last Sunday they were warning the people together in order to do it. The militia in the upper part of New York Province were also under orders to be ready at an hours warning. Gen! Clinton was at Poughkeepsie † when he left it.
They have 74 or 75 boats of different kinds ; one of them a sloop of war ; she is sloop rigged and may carry about 10 guns.-Two gun-boats-exclusive of the above, [and] eight or 9 Provision sloops. .
The sloop of war, & gun-boats, cover Sneething's blockhouse, I 3 guns. The French have a great deal of baggage. They say we have 4000 men to defend New York.
From Cap Beckwith, 11 July, 1781. The cavalry of the French legion is encamped upon Chatterton's Hill : their right Aank is near Hunt's house : their left towards the Bronx. It is not accurately ascertained where the Infantry of this corps is posted. One French gen! is quartered at Absalom Gidneys, a little to the right and in the front. Another French general is quartered at James Jenkin's about a mile and half near [er] to Kingsbridge, upon the road leading from Chatterton's hill to Mile Square.
The camp of the French Infantry extends from David Pugsley's, which is their right flank, to John Tomkins's, which is their left flank. The distance from the right of the legion cavalry to the left of the French line, which is the shortest space between the two corps, is above one English mile and a half.
From Cap! Beckwith, 12'* July, 1781. Jos: Clarke § returned this morning from Jersey ; he went out last Tuesday night ; he has been above Paramus, and gives the following Intelligence.
That the Jersey brigade consisting of about 400 men, without Artillery, halted at Paramus on Tuesday night, and marched yesterday afternoon about 2 o'clock. He met them, but quitted the road and lay down in a wood about 50 yards distant, when they passed him. They were upon the direct road to Sneething's, and ne thinks they will pass the Hudson this day or night.
* This is an error, the French left was about four miles from the Sound in a straight line. The two armies together extended from Tarrytown to, and across the Bronx, at and just below, White Plains. + Gen. James Clinton.
The blockhouse at “Sneden's Landing” described above in entry of 27th June (May No. Magazine Amer. Hist.).
S Joseph Clarke, believed to be the son of Joseph Clark, M.D., of Stratford, Ct., who with all his family settled at Mangerville on the St. John's River, New Brunswick, after the war. This Joseph while on a visit to New York, died there in 1828.-II. Sabine, 2d ed., 314.
| Sneden's Landing mentioned above.
Every sixteenth militia man is to be embodied in Jersey. They are when assembled to join Washington.
The Rebels have 36 flatboats at Dobb's ferry. He knows nothing of any armed vessels.
He heard a person from West-point mention, that he had been in company with some Rebel Artificers there, who told him that their Artillery was to go from thence to the army on Monday last.
From Col: Robinson, 12 July, 1781. Intelligence by Moses Ogden, 11" July. 6 in
The Jersey brigade under Dayton, about 200 or 250 men, marched last Sunday for King's ferry. The Jersey Assembly have agreed to call the 16th part of the militia into 3 months service; to be commanded by a Mr. Hoogland. Likewise ordered 400 men to the Jersey brigade during the war. To give a bounty of 12 pounds, hard cash pr man, and to raise the money immediately by tax, &c.
The gentlemen Loyalists at Philadelphia are very anxious, and are about petitioning to have the River Delaware stopt by some means or other. They say if not stopt, they are fearful that Morris will accomplish his financier scheme as to cash &c., from the Havanna.
If [the] Delaware is stopt, it is their opinion they * cannot carry on the war for want of hard cash ; as paper is now done, and all supplies for the army is contracted for in solid coin: and (they] have no other dependence only from Havanna, &c., for flour and other produce which they pay for in Solid Coin. They say it is Morris's greatest dependence.
Report says, about 400 Batteaux from Canada to Ticonderoga with troops (what number have not heard) are arrived at Ticonderoga. It is likewise said that a body of troops and Indians have appeared at the North part of Wioming and decoyed a party of Militia into ambush, killed and wounded about 30. Forty escaped to tell the tale. I
* The Congress.
+ The undoubted truth is here stated. But who were The Gentlemen Loyalists” of Philadel. phia in 1781, who were so very anxious, and were “about petitioning to have the river Delaware stopped by some means or other ?” All the prominent Loyalists there had been driven out in 1776–7, and banished, or had fled away, such as the Penns, the Allens, the Shoemakers, the Galloways, the Quakers who were exiled to Western Virginia, &c., &c. Who then could have been these other “gentlemen Loyalists" who, at this time, some five years later, were quietly living in Philadelphia ? They must have passed as Whigs or they could not have remained in the City of the Continental Congress.” This Private Intelligence of Clinton shows that all was not gold that glittered in Philadelphia in 1781.
| The ambushing and massacre of Col. Zebulon Butler's forces—the famed massacre of Wyoming—by the British and Indians occurred on the 3d of July ; this incorrect rumor of it came to Clinton's head-quarters from Jersey on the 12th, nine days later.
From Cap Marquard, 13 July 1781.
The bearer will deliver two men from Philadelphia. * On their way thro' Jersey they were taken up by Colonel Dayton, who was on his march with the Jersey brigade about 600 strong, towards Dobbs ferry. They escaped from him & got to the shore opposite the Guard ships, from whence they were brought over. They give it out for certain that Dayton crossed the North River yesterday to join Washington. A person who was in the French camp the day before yesterday informs me, that their Artillery Park consists of 36 pieces of Cannon and Howitzers, and to each an ammunition waggon. That there are very heavy ones amongst them. The park is drawn up near Sear's house. Each French Regiment had some field pieces with them.
Col : Wurmb sends the following intelligence just now, that Washington's quarters was to be to-morrow at Edward Browns, two miles above Phillips's, on the North River road. That the army had been under marching orders these two days.
From Cap Beckwith, 13th July 1781. John & Moses Smedes came this day from Bull's ferry.t They left the Wallkilns I about a fortnight ago. The inhabitants in that County assured them, that an army from Canada had crossed Lake George, and landed ; but they cannot tell where nor do they know the number of troops which compose the expedition.
Fort Stanwix & they were told was taken ; they understood by stratagem, and the works destroyed.
The night before last about 10 o'clock, they fell in with the Jersey brigade at Pecksbridge, 4 miles above the Newbridge. || They were told there were 800 of them, & that they were marching to join Washington, passing the North River by Dobbs furry. They think they crossed the North River last night.
14 July 1781. Geo : James, a negro servant to a Cap! of Sheldon's Dragoons, left them at 9 o'clock yesterday morning at their camp about } a mile from Dobb's ferry. Sheldon's Reg! consists of 350 men, of which about 100 are mounted, the rest infantry.
300 men came from the army to work at Dobb’s ferry : they bring their arms,
* Peter Beattie and Michael Campbell, whose own account of themselves forms the second entry of 14th July following.
+ Opposite Fort Washington, on the Jersey side of the Hudson.
TOn the Batteries then being erected at that place to protect the crossing of the Hudson to Sneden's Landing, N. J.