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on the death of his father, but soon died, and was succeeded in the sachemship by Philip. This noted chief is well known in history; and his war, called “King Philip's war," has immortalized his name. Unhappily, he did not possess the peaceable disposition of his father. He became an enemy to the English and sought their extermination,

Massasoit possessed many noble traits of character that would have greatly honored any Christian ruler. “He possessed,” says G. M. Fessenden, Esq., "all the elements of a great mind, and a noble heart. With the advantages which civ. ilized life and the light of pure Christianity would have supplied, he might have achieved a brilliant destiny, and occupied a high niche in the temple of fame. He never had full justice done to his character. In all of the memorials of Indian character which have come down to us, Massasoit's character stands above reproach. No one has ever charged him with evil. Other Indian chiefs appear on the page of history noted for some great act or distinguishing quality, mostly of a warlike, but occasionally of an amiable or benevolent nature, yet, often betrayed into some act of weakness, or guilty of cruelty and want of fidelity. But from the time when Massasoit repaired to Plymouth to welcome the Pilgrims and to tender to them his friendship, till the time of his death, a period of nearly forty years, when the Pilgrims were weak and defenseless, encountering want, sickness and death--when at almost any moment he could have exterminated them in no one instance did he depart from those plain engagements of treaty which he made when he plighted his faith to the strangers. It was well for the Pilgrims that he lived between them and the powerful tribe of the Narragansetts, under Canonicut, who early showed a determination to attack and expel them, and were prevented only by Massasoit.” Trumbull, in his work on “Indian Wars,” pays a most honorable tribute to his character: “ He seems to have been a most estintable man. He was just, humane, beneficent, true to his word; and in every respect an honest man.” His personal appearance must have been noble and majestic, and his bearing exceedingly dignified. Physically, he was large, strong, and wellproportioned. Morton in his “ Memorial,” says: “The king is a portly man, and in his best years, grave countenance, and spare of speech.”

He died in the autumn of 1661, and must have been at the time of his death about eighty years of age. As he had long lived in peace, so he died. All who knew him mourned for his death, feeling that they had lost a true and valued friend. We will honor his great virtues, though a heathen. His name is engraved on material more durable than marble, and shall live while American history survives. And though we may not be permitted to circle his brow with all the honors of a Christian hero, yet we may honor his memory as one of the best of pagan rulers, and especially as one who contributed largely toward the settlement and prosperity of this great republic.

R. W. ALLEN.

NOTES

BOSTON NOTIONS—This is a well- ary, and Mr. Sullivan in an eloquent known expression and goes back many speech urged the propriety of an approyears. It was used during the last cen- priation to complete the monument. tury, and even at that time had become The committee unanimously reported a proverbial. In the preface to an oration bill appropriating $40,000, which passed on the Beauties of Liberty, delivered at the Senate on the ist of May without a Boston, December 3, 1772, "by a Brit- dissenting vote. It was also reported to ish Bostonian" [Mr. Allen), it says that the House, but it was impossible to “the Bostonians are very notional.” reach it in order, and it went over to the Again, in the “Massachusetts Mercury," next session, with no reasonable doubt May 3, 1793, is an article, headed “Bos- of its passage. ton Folks are full of notions," which The monument itself, as completed, speaks of the fact as a proverbial saying. has cost $65,000, of which the State of BOSTON.

S. A. G. New York and individual subscriptions

have furnished $35,000, and Congress, THE SARATOGA MONUMENT—At the by the efforts of Mr. Starin when a memlate annual meeting of the trustees of ber, $30,000. The further cost will be the Saratoga Monument Association, that of statues, bass-reliefs, tablets, stairheld at Saratoga Springs, Aug. 9, 1884, cases, etc., which will be made up in the Mr. William L. Stone, chairman of the same way.

It is the most important Committee on Design, presented a very Revolutionary monument in New York, interesting report of the transactions of and one of the most important in the the year and the progress of the work. country, and when completed it will be The designs for the statues of Generals largely due to the efforts of ex-Governor Gates, Schuyler, and Morgan have been Seymour, Mr. Marvin, Mr. Starin, Mr. accepted, and one niche will be left va- Sullivan, and a few other earnest and cant to signify the treason of Arnold. devoted gentlemen, among whom no one The walls of the five stories of the monu- has been more untiring in his interest ment are to be covered with bass-reliefs, and devotion than the secretary, William and memorial tablets are to be placed L. Stone. upon the most interesting spots upon the field of operations, as at Freeman's farm, MONHEGAN — On the authority of where the first battle of Saratoga was John Johnston's excellent “History of fought, the extreme outpost of the Ameri- Bristol and Bremen," it was stated, in can intrenchments, the spot where Gen- the article “Something about Monheeral Frazer fell, etc. Seven of these gan” (XII. 266], that this quaint old tablets are already erected.

landmark was mortgaged by Thomas A committee of the trustees, Mr. Sta. Elbridge to Richard Russell, of Charlesrin, Mr. A. S. Sullivan, and Mr. D. S. town, Mass., in 1650 (Nov. 3). AccordPotter, appeared before the joint Con- ing to “Suffolk Deeds," Liber I., p. 131, gressional Library Committee in Febru- recently issued by the city of Boston, it had been already mortgaged to Mr. from the “ Massachusetts Records,” vol. Abraham Shurt, of Pemaquid, the “Fa. 5, page 122 : at a session of the General ther of American Conveyancing.” This Court held Oct. 12, 1676, would indicate that the Russell mort- “ It is heereby ordered, that, for the gage was a second one, which does not service of the eastern parts, there be seem hardly probable, or, that Mr. John- forthwith raysed in the county of Sufston was wrong in his data, as will be folke one hundred & twenty able souldseen by the following:

jers, with twenty of our Indians, which “10 (10) 1650. Thomas Elbridge shall be sent wth all expedition, fitted & of Peñaquid in N: E. Merch' granted furnished with armes, amunition, & provnto Abraham Shurt the Island of Mon- vissions sufficjent, in convenient vessells, higan in new England wh all the houses to Kinnibecke, Shipscott, Monhegin, & edificies buildings woods vnderwoods Casco Bay, or Black Point, or where comons meadowes pastures feedings & they may have opportvnity to doe sercomodities there to appertaineing. wth all vice vpon the ennemy; and that Majo? pfitts issues due & payable vppon any Clarke be desired and is heereby authordemise or lease thereof or any pt there ized to rayse & send away sayd forces of reserved, weh all evidences concerning as abouesayd ; and to put them vnder the same : Provided that if the sd Tho. such conduct as himself, the council, or Elbridge shall pay or cause to be pd the Generall Court shall appoint." vnto sd Abraham Shurt or his assignes

E. H. Goss. the summe of thirty pounds sterle at or

MELROSE, Masstt. before the 29th of Sept. 1651. that then this grant shal be void. datd 11th Sep:. 1650. Thomas Elbridge & a seale

FAMILY HISTORY — A Register has Sealed & dd in pnce of

been opened by the publishers of the John Daud

Rhode Island Historical Magazine whereRobert Long

in to record the address of all persons

who may have collected matter relating This deed was affirmed by m' John to the Family History of Rhode Island. Daud of Bosto to be signed sealed & This Register can be consulted at the dd by m' Tho: Elbridge to m" Abr. Shurt office of the magazine, where will be before mee

found many valuable records relating to William Hibbins :

the subject.

Publishers and authors having circuDuring Philip's War, Monhegan was lars relating to family reunions and Geresorted to, as a place of safety, by the nealogical or historic works, are reinhabitants of the neighboring sett!e- quested to send copies, that they may be ments which were being devastated. filed for the mutual benefit of all conThe steps taken by Massachusetts for cerned. Address Mr. R. H. Tilley, 323 their relief will be seen by the following Thames Street, Newport, R. I.

his vse.

QUERIES

CAPTAIN PIERRE LANDAIS—The New Can any of the readers of the MagaYork Sun of November 27th, 1883, cor- zine inform me where a piece of light tains an article of one and a half columns artillery carried by the American Army on this officer, signed D. C. Has any in 1778, about the time of the battle of longer biography of him ever appeared ? Monmouth, can now be found ? He was never an Admiral, as D. C. calls

S. him.

B. BROOKLYN, Sept. 8, 1884.

Will some reader of this Magazine

A BUTTON-I have in my possession have the kindness to inform me where I

a button found about thirty-five years can consult rolls of the men who were

ago near the old Clove with Ethan Allen at the taking of Ft.

Road and the present Ticonderoga?

Butler Street ; it was Where are to be found accounts of the

found in plowing up fight with Indians at Fort Morrison in

an old oak stump; it is Coleraine, Massachusetts, in March,

made of brass and has 1759, earlier (or more particular) than

a copper shank. I enthe notice in “Holland's History of close a drawing of it, and should like to Western Massachusetts," Vol. II., P. 339? learn whether during the Revolution of

I specially want information of the '76 any such button was worn by the “Dea. Hurlburt” therein mentioned : soldiers of that time, and from which who he was and where he came from?

State ?
Chas. W. BRYANT.

F. W. BOELL, JR.
Sept. 5, 1884

25 BROAD STREET, NEW YORK.

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REPLIES MURILLO(XII, 281] If "Art Student," in the United States, the most important who inquires concerning the pictures by of which are : The Immaculate ConcepMurillo now in this country, will consult tion, belonging to Mrs. W. H. Aspinwall, the Catalogue of the works of Velasquez New York ; The Legend of Saint Diego. and Murillo, by Charles B. Curtis, Lon- of Alsala, who is discovered by the don and New York (Bouton), 1883, he prior of his convent with bread in his will find the information he seeks. This robe miraculously changed to flowers, catalogue contains an account of every which picture belongs to Mr. Curtis, the authentic picture by Murillo now known, author of the catalogue, and is in New with the name of the owner, also a list York city ; St. Rose of Lima, in the posof pictures formerly known but which session of Frederick E. Church, the dishave disappeared. It appears that of the tinguished artist, at his residence in 481 paintings by Murillo there are seven Hudson, N. Y.; The Virgin and Child, a half-length, formerly belonging to the ing, the perspective being invariably acMarquis of Salamanca, and now in the curate, the extremities carefully finished, possession of Henry Mason, Esq., of the draperies graceful and well disposed, New York,

and the faces modeled with spirit and Of the first of these compositions three instinct with life. repetitions are known; of the third,

PINTON. . three; and of the fourth, four. There is no repetition of the picture belonging

SCHOONER. — The origin of this word to Mr. Curtis, an etching of which by has often been inquired for. It is the Lalauze is given in the Catalogue. It is word skunard, applied to two-masted a large gallery work of eleven life-size vessels by nations sailing on the northern figures, executed in 1645-48 for the con- seas of Europe. A somewhat similar vent of San Francisco at Seville, and its craft is called goëlette by the French, pedigree can be traced in an unbroken from the name Gaulis, by which they

were known in old times.

B. line of descent from the day it left the painter's hands down to the present time.

BROOKLYN, Sept. 8, 1884.
It is doubtful if there is another work in
America by any artist whose history can

SMOKE (IX. 475].—A year or more be established with absolute certainty for ago, the question was asked by Hon.

Benjamin H. Brewster where the poem so many years. The only one of the above paintings

“Smoke " could be found, as he desired executed in the third, or vaporoso man

to possess a copy of it. The following is ner of the artist, is the Immaculate Con- copied from Bentley's Miscellany, Vol.

II., ception. Ten others are in the second,

pp. 268-9. Date, 1837. or Cálido manner, which style Murillo

SMOKE. employed in his greatest works, nota

" A trifle light as air." bly in those executed for the Capuchin Swift sang a broomstick, and with matchless lore

wer; Church, and those of the Hospital of the Rehearsed the contents of a housemaid's Ciudad. Specimens of the fish or firo Old Homer epicized on frogs and mice;

Great Burns's genius shone sublime in lice; manner are scarce; probably not more

And, leaping from his swift Pindaric car, than five or six are in existence.

Great Byron eulogized the light cigar; It should be remarked that the second Pope for a moment left the critic's chair, and third styles do not indicate progres- And he whose harp to loftiest notes was strung,

And sang to the breezy fan that cools the fair; sive steps in the method of the artist.

E'en Mantua's Swan, the homely salad sung ; They were employed by him contempo- Colossal Johnson, famed for dictionary. raneously, his selection being determined

A sprig of myrtle; Cowper, a canary, by the subject, the locality, or perhaps in Nor scorn’d the humble snail; and Goldsmith's some degree by the price; for the vaporoso lyre manner, being shadowy and indistinct A haunch of venison nobly did inspire;in outline required less labor in execu

Of such light themes the loftiest lyres have

spoke, tion than the Cálido, whereas the greatest And my small shell shall sound the praise of care is shown in composition and draw- “smoke,"

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