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With the July, 1884, issue began the twelfth volume of this standard periodical.

The MAGAZINE OF AMERICAN History is the only magazine in the country devoted exclusively to history and the literature, antiquities and curiosities of history. It appears monthly, is elegantly illustrated with rare and valuable portraits, maps, and other pictures of historical authenticity and significance (many of which are here engraved for the first time), and forms a storehouse of priceless material not accessible in any other form.

Its contributors are among the most eminent of America's historians and authors, and several original articles are published in each monthly issue. Its departments of Minor Topics, Original Documents, Unpublished Letters, Reprints, Notes, Queries and Replies, interest all readers of intelligence, whether old or young. It furnishes monthly records of the proceedings of historical and other learned societies in the different States; and its notices of current publications serve as a guide to the collector

It is conducted in a spirited and popular manner, and it is printed with such care and taste that it is a pleasure to turn its beautiful pages.

There are two handsome volumes in each year, beginning with January and July, Each volume is accompanied with an elaborate index.

Subscriptions may begin at any time, and all booksellers and newsdealers receive them, or remittance may be made direct to the publishers. Price, $5.00 a year.







A Mirror for all Men and Women.

PROGRESS is unique in journalism. It aims to supply pleasant reading. It

has nothing to do with the horrible. It discusses topics of interest to the educated and cultured. It records important social movements at home and abroad, but is not a mere society journal as that term is usually understood.

Literature, Education, Art, Music, and the Drama, all have their departments. It is not a political journal, but it sometimes talks politics. Its views are strictly independent of all parties and cliques. From time to time it prints special articles by ladies and gentlemen who have devoted years of study to the subjects they write of.

THE CIRCULATION OF PROGRESS Extends into every State and Territory, and Europe, and is among the most intelligent class of readers.

As an advertising medium for the best class of goods it is unequaled. Book publishers, dealers in all Art Works, Jewelers, etc., etc., find that PROGRESS goes among exactly the people they wish to reach. Hotels of the first class in cities, and the fashionable resorts can best appeal for the custom they desire through PROGRESS. $2.50 a year.


Editor. Business Manager.

Press Building, S. W. Cor. 7th and Chestnut Streets,


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THE POPULAR SCIENCE Monthly was established a dozen years ago to bring before the general public the results of scientific thought on many large and important questions which could find no expression in the current periodicals. Scientific inquiry was penetrating many new fields, extending important knowledge, and profoundly affecting opinion upon numberless questions of speculative and practical interest. It was the policy of this magazine at the outset, and has been constantly adhered to since, to obtain the ablest statements from the most distinguished scientific men of all countries in their bearing upon the higher problems of investigation. Leaving the dry and technical details of science, which are of chief concern to specialists, to the journals devoted to them, THE POPULAR Science Monthly has dealt with those more general and practical subjects which are of the greatest interest and importance to the people at large.

That which was at first a dubious experiment has now become an assured and permanent success. Our Monthly is the acknowledged organ of progressive scientific ideas in this country. Received with favor at the outset, it has gone on increasing in circulation and in influence, until its power is felt and acknowledged in the highest departments of intellectual activity, and its leadership is recognized in the great work of liberalizing and educating the popular mind.

Making neither sensational appeals nor flaring announcements, we may now refer to its course in the past as a sufficient guarantee that it will continue to discuss in the same earnest and fearless, but always respectful manner, the various important questions falling within its scope that are entitled to the intelligent consideration of thinking people. The twenty-three volumes now published constitute the best library of advanced scientific knowledge to be found in any country, and each new volume is certain to prove of increasing interest and value.

Science is the great agency of improvement in this age, private and public, individual, social, professional, and industrial. In its irresistible progress it touches everywhere, and affects everybody. It gives law to the material interests of the community, and modifies its ideas, opinions, and beliefs, so that all have an interest in being informed of its advancement. Those, therefore, who desire to know what is going on in the world of thought in these stirring times, when new knowledge is rapidly extending, and old errors are giving way, will find that they can keep informed only by subscribing for The POPULAR SCIENCE Monthly.

TERMS: $5.00 per annum.
Volume XXIV. begins with the November number. Subscriptions may begin at any time.

New York : D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 1, 3 and


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These Guides describe Cities, Towns and Stations on the routes,
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The Good Literature Publishing Co.,

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An Illustrated Weekly Journal for all Readers Interested in the Progress of Science.

In so comprehensive a journal as SCIENCE record and discussion of current scientific news and to;ics

necessarily become, in order to be acceptable to the whole body of scientific men,



As a specimen of the contents of the journal we append the Tables of Contents of three weeks' issues :

VOLUME III. No. 56. FEBRUARY 29, 1884. An International Scientific Association. The Alaska Military Reconnoissance of 1883, F. Schwatka. Note on the Flora of the l'pper

Yukon, Sereno Watson. The Intelligence of Snakes, C. C. Abbott. Presentation of the Rumford Medals to Professor Rowland. Progress of Electrical Science during 1883, John Trowbridge. Biographies of Naturalists. Gordon's Electricity and Magnetism.

Bassler's Weather. Art Catalogue of the New England Manufacturers' Institute. Yarrow's Check-List of American Reptiles. Intelligence from Scientific Stations.-United States Geological Survey. Reports of Society Meetings.-Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Canadian Institute, Toronto. Princeton Science Club. Society

of Arts, Boston. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Notes and News. Letters to the Editor.-A Clock for Sending Out Electric Signals Once an Hour or Oftener, H. W. Pennock. Deafness in

White Cats, Alexander G. Bell; Benj. Miller. The Krakatoa Eruption, G. 7. Symons. Expulsion of Water from a Growixg Leaf, Joseph F. James. Scientific Swindler, F. V. Hayden.

No. 57. MARCH 7, 1884. Gouverneur Kemble Warren. The New Bogosloff Volcano in Bering Sea, George Davidson. The Danish Expedition to East Greenland. Humidity and

Chronometer Rates. The Great Comet of 1882, The Work of the Cambridge Archeological Museum. Vortex Rings. The Silk Industry in the United States. Scribner's Where Did Life Begin?, Intelligence from Scientific Stations.-United States Geological Survey. Reports of Society Meetings.-Chemical Society, Washington. Biological Society, Washington. Linnaean Society, New York,

Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Engineers' Club, Philadelphia. Notes and News, Letters to the Editor.–Arrow-points at Evanston, III., W. A. Phillips. Illusive Memory, Henry F. Osborn. Ripple-marks in

Limestone, L. C. Wooster. A Novel Magnetic Engine, Charles K. McGee. Congenial Deafness in Animals, Swan M. Burnett, A Singular Optical Phenomenon, F. 7. S. Defective Effect of the Earth's Rotation, 7. E. Hendricks. A Carboniferous Genus of Sharks Still Living, E. D. Cope. Artificial Production of Rain, L. Annual Growth of the “Tree of Heaven,” 7. 1. D. Hinds.

No. 58. MARCH 14, 1884. The International Bureau of Weights and Measures, H. W. Blair. A Question of Exposure, 1. C. Mendenhall. Iron from North

Carolina Mounds, Cyrus Thomas. Pennsylvania Anthracite, Charles A. Ashburner. Improvements in Testing Machines, A. V. Abbott. New Method of Mounting Reflectors, Simon Newcomb. After-Images, Fosiah Royce Lakes of the Great Basin, Israel C. Russell. The definition of Mean Solar Time. Morphology of the Pelvis and Leg, C. S. Minot. Recent Work on Brachiopods, W. H. Dall. The American Institute of Mining Engineers, Geology of the Grand Cañon. The Bacillus of Beriberi,

Biological Theories of an Artist. The Illinois Geological Report. Intelligence from Scientific Stations.-U. S. Geological Survey. Reports of Society Meetings.-Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelpia. Philosophical Society, Washington. Ottawa Field

Naturalists' Club, Canada. Boston Society of Natural History. Notes and News. Letters to the Editor.-Red Sunsets and Precipitation, W. H. Howard. Does Unio Spin a Byssus, E. P. Larkin. Retrogade Meta

morphosis of a Strawberry Flower, Byron, D. Halsted. The Reproduction of Clathrulina Elegans, Alfred C. Stokes. Formation of Anchor Ice, 7. G. Manayunkia Speciosa, Sara Gwendolen Foulke. Appearance of the Cyclone Cloud at Rochester, Minn., 1883, H. W. Holmes. Stones Placed in Pine Trees by Birds, C. R. Orcutt. How a Spider Sometimes Lifts Heavy

Objects to its Nest, E. P. Larkin. The Use of the Method of Limits in Mathematical Teaching, Truman Henry Safford.

Five dollars ($5.00) per year; foreign countries, six dollars ($6.00). Trial subscription of three months, thirteen numbers, one dollar ($1.00).

Address PUBLISHER OF SCIENCE, 4 Bond St., New York City.


OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS.-D. C. GILMAN, of Baltimore, President; Gardiner G. HUBBARD, of Washington; ALEX. GRAHAM Bell, of Washington, Vice-President; 0. C. Marsh of New Haven; Simox Newcome, of W. ton.

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