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You will soon receive several instructions from the General Court which have passed in Senate. One of them is to use your endeavors to obtain an ordinance of Congress, that for the future their Secretary be elected annually.

Another, that no gentleman be appointed to offices of high trust while he is a member of that body.

Mr Lowell acquainted me with federal politics. Mr Sullivan is exceeding ill, his life despaired of.

We have added Mr Parsons to the Agency, and it appears to me necessary that we add another. My respects to the President, your colleagues, and other friends

I am your affectionate

Sam' Adams Hon Mr Gerry.

Aaron Burr to Elbridge Gerry

New York 234 June 1797. Dear Sir

I congratulate you on your appointment, it has given much pleasure to your Republican friends in this quarter.

Allow me to call to your recollection young Prevost who was Secretary to Munroe and is now in Paris. I have thought that he might be useful to you in the same character, as he writes and speaks the French language with great accuracy and facility and possesses other advantages from his knowledge of country and of characters.

Present me respectfully to Mrs G, and be assured of my very great attachment and esteem

A. Burr. Hon Mr Gerry


THE PAST AND THE PRESENT-Rev. glance shows no progress. Fix your eye G. R. Van de Water, the first graduate for a half-hour on one point, and you of Cornell University ever invited to see with all that flux and reflux of the preach a baccalaureate sermon in Sage waves, a steady advance. Chapel (June 15), touching upon the topics “Never times better than these, never suggested by his text, said: “Joy and opportunities for greatness in everything happiness prove themselves perpetual by good more abundant than now. This is the way they impress themselves on the an age of unceasing progress in the arts, mind, while tribulation and sorrow are in the sciences, in the moral and religious seen to be temporal in the fact that all culture of the races. The golden fruits memory of them fades away when they of a ripening civilization are waving are past. We seem in fishing up the upon a thousand fields. Our time is things of the past to drop out of our distinguished above all its predecessors drag-net all the sand, the sea-weed and for the increase of liberty, for the sethe drift-wood, and retain only the tinted curity of chartered rights, for a greater shells, with brilliant exteriors, smooth amount, present and prospective, of inlining of pearl, and when held to the telligence, industry, peace, order and ear sounding the soft murmurings of a prosperity. The Brotherhood of Men receding and unwritten music, angelic and the Fatherhood of God are two and sublime. One effect of all this is articles of a common faith, which reveals good. Another effect is dangerous, and the unique features of the times. Art, needs to be guarded against. If it serve science, commerce, philosophy and reto make us forget the unpleasant things ligion are working together to bring men of the past, well. If in any estimate it to realize that God hath made of one cause us to paint the past in brighter blood all races of the earth, and that the colors than it deserves, then croak over highest law of life is that they love one the present and despair of the future, another.” ill. Fanciful retrospection is a good thing for sentiment. It is a very bad BURGOYNE'S ORDERLY BOOK—Among thing for fact. Solomon rebukes the the many invaluable Revolutionary docpeople for saying 'former days wereuments which are preserved at Washbetter,' and tells them in this ye in- ington's Headquarters in Newburgh, few quire not wisely.' To inquire wisely in possess greater attractions for the student the matter of estimate between past of American history than the Orderly times and present ones, we must take Book of Gen. Burgoyne, from the time epochs. The movement of society is he entered the State at the north, till not like the current of a rapid river run- his surrender to the American troops, ning unceasingly in one direction, but under Gen. Gates, at Saratoga, on Ocrather like the swing of the mighty ocean tober 16, 1777. The book contains the with the rising of the tide. One wave terms of surrender as agreed between comes in, breaks, rolls back. A single the two generals. On the last page of the book may be found the following floor. There is likewise on said place a interesting account of incidents con- good barn, garden, and sundry other connected with Burgoyne's personal sur- veniences. Whoever inclines to purchase render. We give it below, with its orig- may apply to Mrs. Elizabeth Herring, on inal orthography, capital letters, etc. the premises, Mr. Cornelius C. Roose

“When Genl. Burgoyne arrived at Be- velt, at New York, or to Doctor G. Stones, mises Heights he was received by Genl. in Morris County.-N. Y. Gazette, Feb. Gates at the Head of the Continental 26, 1776.

W. K. Army, which was drawn up upon that occasion. Genl. Gates advanced to receive him, told him he was glad to see LITERATURE AND HISTORY — Presihim”-Genl. Burgoyne replyed, “I am dent McCosh, at Princeton College, said not glad to see you,-it is my Fortune, in his baccalaureate sermon of June 15, Sir, but not my Fault." Genl. Schuylers 1884: “Literature should fall down beCarriage was sent for to receive and fore its king. Speech is the gift of God. conduct Genl. Redsa'l, his wife and five We are not to regard blessings we enjoy Children to Albany-Genl. Burgoyne and as less a gift from on high because they the rest of the Staff-officers were escorted come from second causes. Literature, on Horseback-They all dined at Genl. in all its forms, is a divine endowment. Schuyler's. At Table Genl. Gates drank God has made a revelation of his will the King of Great Britain's Health. Genl. in the highest forms of literature. No Burgoyne in return thanked him, and in one wrote purer history than Moses. the next Glass drank, the “ Continental Deeper themes are discussed in the Congress.” Genl. Burgoyne observed to Book of Job and in a grander manGenl. Gates, he admired the Number, ner than in the tragedies of Æschylus. Dress, and Discipline of his Army : but 'We have no lyrics like those by David. above all the Decorum and Regularity I shrink from comparing any other literwas observed : said, your Funds of Men ature with the discourse of our Lord. are inexhaustible; like the Hydra's Head, Paul had a style much like his character, when cut off, seven more sprung up in abrupt, living, piercing like a sword, and its stead. When Genl. Burgoyne arrived yet lifting us to Heaven in its sublimity. ip Albany, the Boys gathering 'round Our literature owes much to Athens and cryed out—make Elbow Room there' Rome, but much also to Jerusalem. The - the Rejaycing word.” — Newburgh Bible has given the world new ideas, Daily Journal.

such as are not found elsewhere in the

province of letters. Grand and tender ANDRE'S PRISON AT TAPPAN-[III. 743, ideas have been thrown into the thought V. 57]-To be sold at Private Sale, that of men by religion. Superb themes for noted house and lot where Casparus poetry and eloquence have been furnishMabie formerly lived, at Tappan, two ed. It is thus that high enjoyment is atmiles from the North River, and twenty- tained and the mind refined. Literature, four from Hobuck Ferry: It is a con- like every other work of man, is under venient stone building, four rooms on a the law of God.”


QUERIES THE FIRST ENGLISH TAVERN-KEEPER “History of New York during the Rev. IN THE PROVINCE OF NEW YORK—What olutionary War," after giving a most inwas his name? “On Saturday last de- dignant account of the plundering of parted this life Mrs. Elizabeth Cockran, the Public Libraries in New York by the in the 92nd year of her age. Her Father British troops, says, “To do justice even was the first Englishman who ever kept to rebels, let it be here mentioned, that a Tavern in this Province after it was though they were in full possession of conquered from the Dutch. She was the New York for nearly seven months, and wife of Capt. Cockran, and supported had in it at times above 40,000 men, the character of a good Christian.” I neither of those libraries were ever medtake the above from Gaine's New York dled with (the telescope which General Gazette and Mercury of Nov. 27, 1780. Washington took excepted.)" Vol. II. Can any of your readers give us his p. 137. name? Perhaps some member of the I suppose Washington heard of the New York Genealogical and Biographi- telescope, and sent a request for it, and cal Society may be able to do it. obtained it through Berrien and Wilmot

from the Provincial Convention.

Where is this telescope, and does it not THE TELESCOPE OF WASHINGTON, belong to Columbia College now? or TAKEN FROM KINGS COLLEGE-Where is did Washington practically consider it it? In the “Journals of the Provincial a capture ? Congress, Provincial Convention and

OPTIC Committee of Safety of New York,” vol. I. p. 561, under date of August 8th 1776 EDITOR OF MAGAZINE OF AMERICAN - the Convention then sitting at Harlem HISTORY-In looking through Drake's -appears the following: “A letter Dictionary of American Biography, I from John Berrien and Henry Wilmot, notice there are two Livingstons menEsqrs., dated and received yesterday, tioned as signers to the Declaration of was read and filed. They therein men- Independence, Robert R. and Philip; tion that they had by application to the as Philip Livingston's signature is atReverend Mr. Inglis [then Rector of tached to the Document, why was Robert Trinity Church and a Trustee of Kings R. Livingston's omitted ? College] obtained the telescope belong

JOHN ROWE ing to the college for the use of His AMSTERDAM, New York, July 12, 1884 Excellency General Washington, and delivered it to his aid-de-camp, whom (Robert R. Livingston had the honor of being the General had sent to receive it: that chosen one of a committee of five to draft the Mr. Inglis readily consented to the

Declaration of Independence; but owing to

absence, he was prevented from signing the delivery of it, and the General had been

document, having been summoned to New York anxious to obtain it." Judge Thomas to attend the Provincial Congress, of which he Jones in his striking and interesting was a member.- Editor.]


NINE PARTNERS [xii. 89) is the name called blue hen's chickens, a name subof a land grant in Dutchess County, sequently applied to Delawareans genN. Y. Its name was derived from its be- erally. ing owned by nine men. The following

Respectfully, are the names of eight of the partners,

N. B. WEBSTER viz.: Sampson Broughton, Rip Van Dam, NORFOLK, VA. Thomas Wenham, Rodger Mompesson, Peter Fauconier, Augustine Graham, Richard Sackett, and Robert Lusting. I

THE LEADEN PLATE (xi. 360)—What do not recollect the name of the ninth

evidence has Mr. Lambing that De Celepartner.

ron's (not Oloron) plate deposited at the I. C.

“Indian God Rock” (No. 2 on Mr. ALLEGHANY, PA.

Marshall's map) was found by a boat.

man named Andrew Shall in 1832 ? BLUE HEN'S CHICKEN (xii. 89]—

Rupp, Albach and others say that this

plate was found. Rev. Dr. Eaton, in his “Blue Hen,” a nickname for the State of

Historical Sketch of Venango County, Delaware, United States. The term

1876, says (p. 5), “This plate was not arose thus : Captain Caldwell, an officer

permitted to remain long in its little bed, of the ist Delaware regiment in the

as it was stolen by the Indians, and taken American War for Independence, was

to the State of New York, that the 'devilvery fond of game-cocks, but main

ish writing,' as they called it, might be tained that no cock was truly game un- interpreted', less its mother was a “blue hen." As he

Dr. Wm. H. Eyle, in his History of was exceedingly popular, his regiment Penn-Venango County (p. 1122), gives was called “The Blue Hens' and the

Dr. Eaton's second statement; “This term was afterward transferred to the

plate was stolen from Joncaice by the State and its inhabitants."

Senecas the following year, and brought E. H. G.

to Colonel Johnson to be read, who MELROSE, Mass.

made good use of it to exasperate them

against the French.” BLUE HEN'S CHICKENS (xii. 89]- Mr. Marshall (Mag. Am. His., ii. 129, During the Revolutionary War, a com- et seq.) shows conclusively that this pany or regiment from Delaware, under stolen plate had not been buried, or dug an officer named Caldwell, became known up or used, but that, as the Cayuga as “game-cocks" from their valor and Sachem stated, “the Senecas got it by the fact that their commander was noted some artifice from Jean Coevr." for his fondness for cock-fighting. Cald- Now Mr. Marshall, a writer of such well had a theory that a genuine game- careful research that it is not safe to cock must descend from a blue hen, and dispute his statements without evidence, hence the men of his command were says in his article (ii. 141) of the French

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