The Language Encounter in the Americas, 1492-1800: A Collection of Essays

封面
Professor of History Edward G Gray, Edward G. Gray, Norman Fiering, Director and Librarian Emeritus Norman Fiering
Berghahn Books, 2000 - 342 頁

When Columbus arrived in the Americas there were, it is believed, as many as 2,000 distinct, mutually unintelligible tongues spoken in the western hemisphere, encompassing the entire area from the Arctic Circle to Tierra del Fuego. This astonishing fact has generally escaped the attention of historians, in part because many of these indigenous languages have since become extinct. And yet the burden of overcoming America's language barriers was perhaps the one problem faced by all peoples of the New World in the early modern era: African slaves and Native Americans in the Lower Mississippi Valley; Jesuit missionaries and Huron-speaking peoples in New France; Spanish conquistadors and the Aztec rulers. All of these groups confronted America's complex linguistic environment, and all of them had to devise ways of transcending that environment - a problem that arose often with life or death implications.

For the first time, historians, anthropologists, literature specialists, and linguists have come together to reflect, in the fifteen original essays presented in this volume, on the various modes of contact and communication that took place between the Europeans and the "Natives." A particularly important aspect of this fascinating collection is the way it demonstrates the interactive nature of the encounter and how Native peoples found ways to shape and adapt imported systems of spoken and written communication to their own spiritual and material needs.

 

讀者評論 - 撰寫評論

我們找不到任何評論。

內容

Babel of Tongues Communicating with the Indians in Eastern North America
13
The Use of Pidgins and Jargons on the East Coast of North America
59
Pictures Gestures Hieroglyphs Mute Eloquence in SixteenthCentury Mexico
79
Iconic Discourse The Language of Images in SeventeenthCentury New France
100
Mapping after the Letter Graphology and Indigenous Cartography in New Spain
117
Continuity vs Acculturation Aztec and Inca Cases of Alphabetic Literacy
153
Native Languages as Spoken and Written Views from Southern New England
171
The Mikmaq Hieroglyphic Prayer Book Writing and Christianity in Maritime Canada 16751921
187
Mohawk Schoolmasters and Catechists in MidEighteenthCentury Iroquoia An Experiment in Fostering Literacy and Religious Change
228
The Making of Logan the Mingo Orator
256
Spanish Colonization and the Indigenous Languages of America
279
Descriptions of American Indian Word Forms in Colonial Missionary Grammars
291
Savage Languages in EighteenthCentury Theoretical History of Language
308
Select Bibliography
325
Contributors
330
Index
332

Interpreters Snatched from the Shore The Successful and the Others
213

其他版本 - 查看全部

常見字詞

關於作者 (2000)

Norman Fiering is the author of two books that were awarded the Merle Curti Prize for Intellectual History by the Organization of American Historians and of numerous. Since 1983, he has been Director of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

書目資訊