ePub 版

of its contents. We wish merely to welcome it among "A Visit to the Red Sulphur Springs of Virginia, during the us, and to promise the readers of the Messenger, a full Summer of 1937; with Observations on the Waters. By Henry criticism of the manner in which Mr. Prescott has exe

Huntt, M. D. 1838. cuted the task coufided to him. At the mention of the Dr. Hunit has given us an interesting account of the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, every American heart curative powers of the Red Sulphur water, in diseases will beat with emotion. It perhaps was never before of the lungs; and for the benefit of our readers who allowed to one individual, to be the actor in so many may feel an interest in this subject, we will briefly important scenes, as distinguished the career of Isabel- stale, that in the cure of the incipient stage of phthisis la,—the magnanimous, intelligent and courageous, yet pulmonalis, or consumption, recognised by hemorrhage, effeminate Spanish queen. With her name is asso- attended with a quick pulse, cough and hectic fever, ciated the conquest of Granada, the conquest of Na- the Red Sulphur Spring has established an unrivalled ples, the establishment of the modern inquisition, the reputation. In all the cases of this form, which came expulsion of the Jews, the revival of letters, the dis- under the notice of the Doctor, the patients were much covery and colonization of America. The excellent benefited and most of them restored. Dr. H. was himtaste with which this work has been brought forth, self attacked with hemoptysis and other symptoms indireflects great credit upon the skill of the American cating an approaching pulmonary disease of a formidaStationers' Company.

ble character. A residence of a few weeks, at the Red Sulphur, with the free use of the water, accomplished a

cure. We earnestly trust that all who repair to this " The Spirit of the Age." An Address delivered before the two medicinal fountain may be effectually restored, and

Literary Societies of the University of North Carolina, by that subsequent experience will establish the fact, that Hon. Henry L. Pinckney. Published by the request of the from the mountains of Virginia issues the healing balm, Philanthropic Society. 1936."

the antidote to that dire scourge which moves unmolesWe have just received a copy of the above able ted through our land, despoiling it of the fairest portion address, and, notwithstanding considerable time has of our race. elapsed since its delivery, we shall venture a word of approbation. It is a well written and logically arranged essay, and reflects great credit upon the acquire. ments and morality of its highly gifted author. His extensive research and classic taste, has thrown about HISTORICAL ERROR CORRECTED. the subject all the ornaments of a well stored mind; while the occasion-the separation of youthful friends

In the 3d volume of Jefferson's Correspondence, page 393, is

a letter from Mr. Jefferson to Colonel John Taylor or Caroline at the close of a scholastic life-lends a peculiar interest county, dated June 1, 1798, which contains the following pas lo his christian counsel; and we doubt not, that in after years, the graduates of 1836, will look back with pride which gave me aw opportunity of observing what you said as to

“Mr. New showed me your letter on the subject of the patent, and gratitude to the admonitor of their youth.

the effect with you of public proceedings, and that it was not unwise now to estimate the separate mass of Virginia and North Carolina, with a view to their separate existence.” After which Mr. Jefferson proceeds to urge a variety of arguments

against a division of the states. Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the University of

As the biographer of Mr. Jefferson, I was induced to refer ta Virginia. Session of 1837-38.”

this letter for the purpose of repelling one of the calumnies

against him, and in paying a merited tribute to his just and This deservedly popular institution of learning con- patriotic views on the value of the Union, some of my remarks tinues to sustain its claim upon the South, and notwith-exhibited Colonel Taylor in disadvantageous contrast."

It hus, however, been lately discovered, on comparing Mr. standing the distracted state of the monetary affairs of Jefferson's original letter with the published copy, that he had, our country, has its usual number of students. The not unusual now to estimate," instead of not "unwise,” &c., by number of the present class is 230, and although 39 reason of which mistake, Colonel Taylor is made to express, as less than the last, is no evidence of a decline in the his own, sentiments which he merely attributed to others.

This error has been the subject of a recent correspondence scholastic or literary departments, but entirely refer- between Mrs. William P. Taylor, Mr. T. J. Randoiph, and able lo the changes which occurred in the medical de myself, and it appears, on investigation, to have arisen from the

obscurity of the press-copy, from which this letter, in common partment. We have appended the number in each with the others of the published correspondence, was prietec. class for the last two sessions.

These press-copies, though in general quite legible and plain,

are occasionally so faint that they can be decyphered only by the 1836–37.-Whole number of matriculates, 269. An- aid of the adjoining words; and it so happens that the letter in cient Languages, 78; Modern Languages, 65; Mathe question is one of the most imperfect in the collection. matics, 135; Natural Philosophy, 110; Chemistry, 130; as my agency in giving it diffusion, it is proper for me to declare Medicine, 55; Anatomy and Surgery, 61; Moral Phi- written, I should not have felt myself warranted in making those losophy, 48; Law, 55. Number of tickets taken, 743. references to Colonel Taylor's opinions to which I have adverted.

I cannot forbear to add, that since the mistake has occurred. I 1837-38.—Whole number of matriculates, 230. An- rejoice in its detection, not only because the injustice to Colone! cient Languages, 68; Modern Languages, 71; Mathe-Taylor's memory may be thereby repaired, but also because the matics, 115; Natural Philosophy, 88; Chemistry, 78; ciple of our national policy on which I consider every other to Medicine, 32 ; Anatomy and Surgery, 32 ; Moral Phi- be more or less dependent.

GEORGE TUCKER, losophy, 80; Law, 67. Number of tickets taken, 631.

University of Virginia, March 19, 158 The decline in several of the academic schools is compensated by the increase in others, so that in this notice should be inserted in the Enquirer, Whig and Netiene?

I It is the wish of the parties concerned that the preceding department of the University there is no material fall- Intelligencer. ing off.

* Life of Jefferson, II. p. 36, 37.


Vol. IV.


No. VI.

T. W. WHITE, Editor and Proprietor.


conflict of liberty with tyranny: innocent blood has JEREMIAH T. CHASE.* been shed : our cities are conflagrated and our temples

profaned: helpless families are flying at midnight from Maryland boasts of no purer patriot than JEREMIAH their homes : misery and wretchedness now clothe our Townler Chase, who was born at Baltimore, May land with sackcloth and ashes. Behold, the haughty 23, 1748.

foe now holds in his grasp the cities of New York and Schools were then rare, and conducted on a very Philadelphia, while disease, exposure and famine daily limited scale, and his education, like that of Washing. waste our little army at Valley Forge! See them, naked ton, was by no means liberal. His mind, however, being and exposed to snow-storms, while the heart of their naturally strong, overcame the difficulties and impedi- chief is dissolved in sorrow! That illustrious man now ments arising from the want of early culture. Cer- looks to us for aid; let it not be in vain. Cast your eye, tain it is, that no bosom ever glowed more intensely to the prison shop. Hear ye not the groans of our with the fire of patriotism; for in the dawn of our re- starving brethren, held in cruel captivity since Novemvolation, young Chase is found among the foremost of ber '76. The genius of America cries to us for their those gallant spirits who resisted the tyranny of Great relief. Now is the time to strike for our country. Tell Britain, and swore that they would be free. He was a me not of the portentous cloud hanging over us: look member of the first committee of observation for Balti- beyond it. The time will arrive when our fears shall more, whose duty it was to watch the movements of vanish; when war shall end, and peace spread her the enemies of liberty, and with vestal vigilance, guard balmy wing over this once fair, but now desolated land. the rights of their oppressed country.

Forget not that in August, '76, we proclaimed to the asWhen the tidings of the battle of Lexington reached tonished world, that we would lay down our lives in Baltimore in the spring of '75, Mr. Chase enrolled him- defence of our dearest rights: that we would do or self as a private in the first company of militia raised in die.' Shall we now shrink from the contest and leave the state, and thus contributed to call into action that Washington to perish? The eyes of unnumbered milindomitable spirit of the Maryland line, which after- lions are upon us: let us do justice to our posterity: the wards won for itself imperishable laurels at Cowpens, gratitude of future ages shall constitute our rich reward. Guilford and Eutaw.

It is true that our resources are scanty: our soldiers In the summer of '76, the conyention met at Annapolis, are undisciplined: munitions of war are hardly to be to establish a form of government, and continued its obtained : yet will aid come from unexpected sources. session until August 14th, when the bill of rights and He who rules human destiny, will awaken the sympapresent constitution were adopted; founded on the thy of European nations, who will supply our necessiprinciples of Magna Charta, the Petition of Right, and ties and assist us in this mighty conflict." This appeal other bulwarks of English freedom, and beyond all, on was irresistible-under the energetic administration of the inalienable right of self-government. They de- Thomas Johnson, first governor of the state, supplies clared that the people alone were the true fountain of of cattle and flour were sent to the army: troops were all power, and could alter or abolish their form of go- recruited and disciplined: the energies of war called Ternment at their sovereign will. This was a new and into action : and the unsubdued spirit of Maryland felt untried experiment. History furnished no parallel: it in the cabinet and the field, until the banner of Amerished but feeble light on their path. Yet did this assem ca floated on the heights of York Town. Mr. Chase bly, amid the din of battle, proclaim to the universe, was universally esteemed one of the most conspicuous that they would maintain their rights, or die in the actors in the war of independence, which terminated struggle. They undertook the enterprize under a per- with the treaty of peace in ’83. He was a member of fect conviction that they must expiate their offence on Congress at Annapolis, when on the 23d of December a gibbet, if victory did not settle on their banner. I of this year, the father of his country surrendered into find, on examining the journal, that Mr. Chase was in the hands of that august assembly, his commission as constant attendance on all the deliberations of the con commander-in-chief of the armies of the United States, vention.

which he had received in June, '75. He was now in his From this period until 1779, when he removed to fifty-first year, in the full possession of all his powers ; Annapolis, he represented Baltimore in the House of enjoying unbounded fame: the army, which he had Delegates. During these three gloomy and appalling | just left at Newburgh, ready to clothe him with the years, when the stoutest hearts were almost ready to imperial purple. Disdaining the proudest trophies of despair, Mr. Chase cheered and animated the House ambition, he comes before Congress, and begs them with his powerful and eloquent speeches. “Our cause," to receive the insignia of his authority. He is dressed he would say, “is just : Heaven is on our side : it is the in his military costume, surrounded by his aids de

camp Walker and Humphreys; and in the presence * We are indebted to a gentleman of Maryland for the Sketches of Howard, Smallwood, Williams, and the now veneraof Jeremiah T. Chase, Daniel Sheffey, and Roger B. Taney. ble Mayor of Baltimore, who had fought by his side, Memoirs of Judge White and of Samuel Cooper, of the revolu: and well knew the toils and perils he had encountered, tionary army, both of whom are now living in Georgetown, D.C.' he asks to become a private citizen of that country for

Vol. IV,44

whose independence he had oft perilled his life. Carroll, astrous end which so soon awaited him on the mounof Carrollton, Madison and Monroe beheld the scene- tains of Gilboah, he could not have exhibited an apthe admiring nations of the earth echoed his praise, as pearance more awfully enchanting, than did the judge he retired from public admiration to the enchanting in his address to the grand jury on this occasion. The lawns of Mount Vernon. Charles the 5th resigned his silence of death reigned through the house, as he comcrown to Philip, only when he was incapable of wear- menced his charge. The subject was duelling. His ing it: Cincinnatus surrendered his second dictatorship mind had been led to its contemplation from the recent of Rome, after holding his power only fourteen days: death of a son of Robert Bowie, Esq. then governor of but Washington for more than eight years reigned in the state, and a friend of Mr. Chase. The youth was the hearts of his countrymen with unexampled sway, an officer in the army of the United States, of noble during which period it might be supposed that lust of form, chivalric spirit and amiable bearing, who fell in power had obtained such an ascendancy as would have the morning of life on the banks of the Mississippi, tempted him to enlarge and perpetuate the influence at the shrine of this cruel and gothic custom. His which he now possessed. By this single act alone, he melancholy end filled Prince George county, where he at once descends from the pinnacle of glory to his own had been reared, with undissembled sorrow. As the peaceful fireside.

judge progressed, you saw before your eyes the bleed. Having served with much honor in Congress the ing corpse of the unfortunate man consigned to the lonely "term for which he was elected, Mr. Chase engaged ex. grave in a distanı land; the forms of his mourning tensively in the practice of law, and occupied a very parents were visible: instantly the jury and audience distinguished rank in his profession. The reports of were dissolved into tears. Presently he spoke of the Harris and Mr. Henry show that his cases were argued Divine law, and how the shedding of blood was dewith much ability, evincing great labor in the examina- nounced at the death of the first martyr: that the Sation of authorities: his profound learning, combined viour of the world had inculcated peace and good will with distinguished clearness of reasoning, adorned with among men, and the forgiveness of injuries; and that a manner plain and persuasive, always delighted and he had died on the cross praying for his enemies. The instructed the court and jury.

laws of our country, too, said he, solemnly forbid this The constitution of the United States had been adopt- savage practice, which desolates our firesides, and ed by the convention at Philadelphia in September, 1787. drives the happiness of society far from the haunts of Washington, who presided over that illustrious body of man. I invoke you, then, in the name of all these high statesmen, with all the weight and simplicity of his and holy considerations, to rally round those laws which character, recommended it to the ratification of Con- you have sworn to sustain, and assist the court in gress, with an affection and earnestness which equalled extirpating this wide-wasting iniquity. The charge the great law-giver of the Jews. Like him he had led his continued for an hour: its effect was thrilling and countrymen from bondage to liberty, and like him now pathetic. gave them the law of their future action. When this On the 23d May, 1828, this pious judge was no more constitution was submitted to the people of Maryland, In his lofty and useful career, he had pronounced the in convention assembled, Mr. Chase was its ardent, law affecting his fellow creatures, with the abiding conuntiring, and able advocate. He coincided with Hamil. viction that he was himself soon to be passed upon by ton, Madison and Jay, in the fundamental doctrines the Great Judge of both quick and dead: “Thou, God, contained in their joint work, and was eminently use- seest me,” was written on all his decisions. In his last ful in removing the doubts and quieting the fears of his hour, Addison called to his bedside an infidel young man, fellow-citizens as to many portions of that extraordi- and requested him to witness how a christian could nary charter of their political rights. From 1794 to die. Judge Chase might not only have imitated the ex. 1805, Mr. Chase acted as chief judge of the general ample, but have appealed to the whole world to point to court of Maryland. During this period, no state in any act of his well-spent life which fell short of the our Union beheld a more brilliant constellation of pro- most perfect purity of intention, or which did not aim to fessional talent, than was now exhibited at the bar of promote the welfare of his fellow-men. this court; yet the decisions of judge Chase were not only admired by all, but very seldom reversed by the appellate tribunal. On the abolition of the General Court, he was appointed chief judge of the third ju

DANIEL SHEFFEY. dicial district, comprehending the counties of Anne Arundel, Calvert and Montgomery, and presiding judge Daniel SHEFFEY was born in Frederick, Maryland, of the Court of Appeals, which station he filled with in 1770. His education was inconsiderable. At an early consummate ability until 1824, when he resigned his age, his father taught him the trade of a shoemaker. commission.

He continued to work with him until he attained manIt was in the fall of 1809 I first saw this venerable hood. The house yet stands, where he spent, in this man at Rockville, where he was holding court. His occupation, many long and wearisome years of his life. locks were white as snow, floating on his shoulders; his While engaged on his bench, he was frequently observ. countenance that of an angel : his brilliant eye com. ed, during leisure moments, to be intensely occupied in bined the fire of genius with the meekness of the dove: the perusal of some author for his instruction or amusehis form bent under the weight of years: his voice feeble ment. By moonlight he was to be found in his father's and tremulous: he seemed the representative of both garden, making observations of the heavenly bodies, worlds. When the prophet arose on the night previous with telescopes, which he had borrowed : and then again to the battle, co admonish the ill-fated Saul of the dis- he was buried in profound meditation, while detecting the errors of mathematical or philosophical works, which trying crisis. His speech in favor of a renewal of the occasionally met his eye. The arcana of nature, and the charter of the first bank of the United States, was a mysteries of astronomy, constantly exercised his strong masterly combination of sound argument and concluand fertile genius. His more discerning friends saw that sive facts: for three hours profound silence prevailed; he would one day be ranked among the distinguished and the most experienced statesmen were astonished at men of his country; yet none were so generous and this exhibition of his talents. He was opposed to the disinterested as to assist his efforts with their pecuniary declaration of war in 1812. Ever on the side of his resources, or to polish the unsightly diamond with the country, he felt indignant at the injuries which our fostering hand of education. His time was chiefly commerce had sustained on the high seas : the impressspent at his trade. Arrived at manhood, he left his ment of our seamen, and the murder of our citizens father's house, with no other property than his cools, within our own waters: yet he thought that these diffiand travelled on foot to Winchester, Virginia, where culties might be adjusted by negotiation, and that the he worked as a journeyman for some months, in the last resort of nations might be avoided. He painted in shop of a respectable mechanic. Having thus raised glowing colors the horrors of war and the blessings of funds sufficient to supply his present wants, he sat out peace, and spoke of the treasure which must be wasted, again in pursuit of employment, halting at the different and the blood which would be shed; the danger to villages through which he passed, on his route along our civil institutions amidst the clangor of arms and the valley, in order to raise his expenses by his labor, the shout of victory, and implored his fellow citizens to until he arrived at Abbeville, Wythe county, as poor as pause ere the country was plunged into the dangers ever. He knew no one: bore no letters of introduction; which he foreboded. It was in vain. Mr. Sheffey, was friendless and destitute: a stranger in a strange however, always rejoiced in the success of our arms. land. Here he commenced at his trade once more. The Sometimes in the ardor of debate, he was attacked novelty and originality of his character, and the flashes rather uncourteously by some of his political opponents, of genius which enlivened his conversation, often com- but they never escaped the severity of his retort, and pelled his newly acquired friends to look on the eccen

were often entirely overwhelmed. The celebrated and tric youth with wonder and amazement. He became eccentric John Randolph of Roanoke, was for many popular, and was finally received as a student into the years the Ajax Telamon of the House of Representaoffice of Alexander Smyth, Esq. an eminent lawyer in tives, whose bitterness of satire no man could withthat part of the state, and afterwards commander of stand. He once took occasion, in commenting on a our northern army in the war of 1812.

speech of Mr. Sheffey, to say that “the shoemaker Sheffey was now in his long desired situation. Dispo- ought not to go beyond his last.” Quick as the lightsing of his tools, he toiled incessantly in his new vocation, ning's flash, he replied, “if that gentleman had ever been and improved rapidly. Here, with his own hand did he on the bench, he would never have left it.” The Virlay the basis of his future fame, and resolved to avoid ginia orator never renewed the attack. the application to himself of the verse of Gray:

Having served for several years in the councils of his

country, he withdrew to the practice of his profession "Full many a gem of purest ray serene

at Staunton. A numerous family now reminded him, The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear;

that intense diligence would be requisite, not only to Full many a flower is born to blush unseen

supply their wants, but to sustain his fame. For a long And waste its sweetness on the desert air.”

time he toiled incessantly in the courts of Virginia, and

occasionally was engaged in the supreme court of the Who supplied his wants during his residence with United States. In December, 1830, he had been attendMr. Smyth, I have not been able to learn. Soon after ing court, in Nelson county, and started for home in his admission to the bar of Wythe county, he was perfect health. He travelled about twelve miles, and called on to enter the lists with his old friend and stopped at a tavern for the night. Hardly had he taken patron, whom he handled with so much dexterity and his seat, when an apoplectic fit numbered him with the adroitness, that it was generally said among the mass dead. of the community, the apprentice will soon surpass the Thus died an extraordinary man, who by the native master. So it happened. Mr. Sheffey was employed vigor of his intellect, and the force of industry, occupied in all the important causes of that court, and soon ex- a conspicuous station among the patriotic and distintended his practice to several adjoining counties. His guished men of America. professional brethren, however eminent, admired his There was nothing dignified in the person of Mr. powers, and trealed him on all occasions with respect Sheffey: he was low of slature; his manners by no means and kindness. In the county and superior courts of polished; all was plain, energetic

, original. His pronunlaw and chancery, he was uniformly heard with unaf- ciation was not agreeable: his German accent sounded fected pleasure, both by court and jury. His humble heavy on the ear; yet the most refined audience origin, meager education, and the singular incidents of always paid to him the most profound attention. In his life, awakened the feelings and curiosity of his the argument of his causes, he seized on the strong audience, while they were at once delighted and enlight-points of the law and evidence, and maintained his poened by the efforts of his powerful and original intel-sitions with a courage and zeal which no difficulties lect

. After some years, he settled in Staunton, where could subdue. Like Patrick Henry, he was the artificer he soon commanded an extensive and lucrative practice. of his own fortunes, and like him, in after life, lamented He often represented the county of Augusta in the that in his early days the lamp of science had shed but House of Delegates, and in 1811 we find him in Con- a feeble ray over the path along which it was his desgress, busily engaged in the important events of that Itiny to travel.


place to the smile of joy, and happiness shed her divine ROGER BROOKE TANEY.

ray over all classes of society.

The result of this new condition was, that after the
Justum et tenacem proposite virum
Non civium ardor prava jubentium

revolution, Mr. Taney's father was repeatedly elected to Non vultus instantis tyranni

represent his native county in the House of Delegates. Mente quatét solida.

His eldest son, Roger, was born in Calvert county, The late Chief Justice of the United States has de

on the 17th March, 1777. scended to the tomb, and left a nation in tears. His

In the spring of 1792, he became a student at Dicklofty virtue, fertile genius, and profound erudition, com

inson college, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, then under the bined with the most patient assiduity and unsullied superintendence of the Rev. Dr. Nesbitt, a Scotch Presintegrity, have embalmed his memory in the hearts of byterian divine, celebrated for his wit and extensive his countrymen, and constituted him one of the lights of

acquirements in classical literature. Here he was grathe world.

duated in 1795. I have not been able to ascertain whe His mantle fell on ROGER Brooke Taner, a favorite ther during his collegiate course, the first efforts of his inson of Maryland, whose fame is identified with the tellect glowed with the light of that genius which was history of America. I design, in the ensuing sketch, to

so strongly developed in after years; or whether he delineate the professional and public character of this then manifested that ever-growing ambition in the acamiable and upright citizen, who unites to the various quisition of knowledge, which has placed him among acquirements of a profound jurist all the urbanity of the ablest lawyers of his country. a refined gentleman.

In the spring of 1796, he commenced the study of Soon after the usurpation of Cromwell, in 1656, the law at Annapolis, in the office of Jeremiah T. Chase, paternal and maternal ancestors of Mr. Taney were

then judge of the general court of Maryland, and driven from their native land, because of their adhe- came to the bar in 1799. Soon after, he began the pracrence to the Catholic church. They sacrificed all the tice in Calvert, and in the fall of this year was electtenderest ties which bound them to their birth place,

ed to the House of Delegates. This was an all-impor. encountered the dangers of the sea, and the hardships

lant era in the political history of the United States. incident to every new settlement in a howling wilder- Great and violent was the struggle between the conness, to enjoy peace of conscience, and the liberty of tending parties : popular feeling was aroused to an unworshipping God after the faith of their fathers. Well precedented height, ere the first office in the gift of the might these inoffensive people have said to the gloomy nation passed into the hands of Mr. Jefferson. The tyrant, as their native island gradually disappeared legislature of Maryland partook of its portion of this from their view,

excitement, and amid the stormy debates which some

times occurred, young Taney displayed an intrepidity of " Man's inhumanity to man

character and an uprightness of molive, which gained for Makes countless thousands mourn."

him the admiration of his contemporaries. He declined They however submitted to their fate without a mur

a re-election, and in March, 1801, settled himself in the mur, and settled themselves on the banks of the Pa. practice of law in Frederick. A new scene now opened tuxet. On the accession of Charles the Second to the to his view. He was a stranger in the county where he throne of his father, the disabilities of the Catholics was about to commence his career. But the wary and were greatly mitigated; and even during the brief but reflecting yeomanry of Frederick, Washington, Alleturbulent reign of his brother James, they enjoyed com- ghany, and Montgomery counties, soon discovered that parative repose, when they looked back to their former his industry had no bounds: that he possessed a mind sufferings under the dark and gloomy usurpation of the of the highest order: that judgment, acuteness, peneProtector. Hope once more dawned on the troubled tration, capacious memory, accurale learning, steady bosoms of the Catholics, but it was soon changed into perseverance in the discharge of duty, a lofty integ. sorrow and anguish of spirit

. For when William and rity, united with a grave and winning elocution, were Mary assumed the reins of government, their former developed. These qualifications were soon rewarded disfranchisements were revived, and they were again with an extensive and lucrative practice. As his powers enduring all the penalties of legislative proscription. were unfolded with experience, they saw that in the ar

The ancestors of Mr. Taney felt the tyranny of the gument of important causes, he disentangled what was English monarch even in their secluded retreat in Cal. intricate, confirmed what was doubtful, embellished vert county, where they tilled the soil in peace and what was dry, and illustrated what was obscure. charity with all men: they seemed studiously to have In 1806, he is engaged at the court of appeals, enretired from the turmoils of the world, and sought hap- countering some of the most distinguished men of the piness in their own humble dwellings. Such was their state, and the reports of Harris and Johnson show that condition, until the convention of Maryland, in August, he was always well prepared for argument, and was 1776, proclaimed to the world that the bill of rights and deservedly ranked with the most talented of his comthe constitution which then came from their hands, petitors. Martin, Harper, Shaofe, and Philip B. Key, should be the sovereign rule of action to the once en

were the monarchs of the bar. But Mr. Taney feared slaved, but now emancipated colonists. To the Catho- no one: relying on his own resources, he never allowed lics it was the bow of promise, betokening the eessation of either the weakness or the power of an adversary to the storm: tyrants no more trampled down their rights: change his purpose or alter his views. Notwithstandall civil disabilities were abolished: the spirit of tolera. ing the unrivalled fame of his opponents, his reputation tion for the first time shed its heavenly influence equally was now in the ascendant. Virgil tells us that his hero over all religious sects: the heaviness of sorrow gave' was borne through the regions of the nether realms by

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