Sicily, acknowledg'd not tbe Pope's Authority, and bad Power to Absolve, Punish, and Excommunicate all forts of Persons, whether Laicks, or Ecclesiásticks, Monks, Priests, Abbots, Bishops, and even Cardinals, residing in that Kingdom.

R. Ć. But this Spiritual Power was lodg'd next in a Chiļd. Ibid. ..C. E. I hope whatever Power was lodg'd in King Edward the Vlch, you will not allow to be compar'd with what your Popes pretend to, and in particular with that of Pope 7ohn XI. of whom yet your own zealous Historian Bar ronius Thews, (a) that he must necessarily have been Pope, and possibly some Years, under the Age of Eighteen.. Or if this be not sufficient, it were easy to remind you, from the same Raropius, of another Pope, I mean Benedict IX. inřelted with the Pontifical Power, and so made Head of the Church, in a far higher Sense than King Edward pretended to, at (b) Ten or Twelve Years of Age. So that you might as well have let this Reflection alone, for any thing you will get by it; for you see it is no such wonder amongst yourselves, to have a Boy made Head of the Church (6) and owned as such. Bar any thing serves for an Objection against us, though at the same time ic bear ever lo much harder upon your felves. , ,

R. C. But once more, You have not only given this Prerogative to a blustering Ķing, and to a Child, but to a Woman likewise. Ibid.

C. E. And why I pray might not a Queen be call'd," The Head of the English Church, with. as little Offence, as a Pope Foan could be Head of the Roman, and according to the Mo

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dern Do&rine avowed by you all, of all other Churches ? Yet the learned Marefius cites near Eighty Authors, and almost all of them your own, for the Proof of your having had such a Pope. And I am very confident, you will not be able to name any one Writer of any Aychosity, that ever took upon him to deny it, çill the time of the Reformation. Besides that, it is worth your while to observé, what the forea cited F. Simon relates of the Queens of Sicily ; (a) That seeing in the Kingdom of Sicily, the Female fucceeded as well as in England, a Princess migbt take the Title of Head of the Church of Sicily, and of Beatisfimo & Santiflimo Padre. Nay, says he, e bath happened so already in the time of Joan of Arragon and Caftile, the Mother of Charles Look now Sir, try whether you do not plainly see your own Face, naturally and lively represented, in the Pidure you been drawing for us. The truth is, it fits you much the better of the two; not only because we give not now that Title of Head of the Church to our Princes, but because when they had it, it was always allow'd po imply much less in it, than has been for many Centuries assumed by your Popes, and ascrib'd to them by their Flatrerers, whosoever or howsoever qualified they have been. As will plainly appear, if you will but be pleased to cast your Eye upon the XXXVIIth Article of the Church of England, in which you will find (b) these words;

becauity much med by you wholoer

" Where

(a) Hift. of Eccl. Reven. p. 117. . (b) Whereto also agrees, 'what we find in the Admoni. tion to fimple Men deceived ty malicious, towards the end of the Queen's Injunctions, in the Year 1559..“ And further, “ her Majesty forbiddeth all manner her Subje&s, to give c. car or credit to such perverse and malicious Perlons, " which moft finifterly and miliciously labour to notify, có

is i. . ". her

es Where we attribute to the Queen's Majesty of the chief Government, by which Titles we of understand the Minds of some dangerous

Folks to be offended : We give nor our Prin. 6 ces, the miniftring either of God's Word, or ss of the Sacraments, the which thing the Inof junctions also set forth by Elizabeth our Queen « do most plainly testify; but that only Prero.

gative, which we see to have been given always to all Godly Princes in Holy Scriptures,

by God himself, that is, that they should rule of all Estates and Degrees, committed to their '" charge by God, whether they be Ecclefiaftia " cal or Temporal, and restrain with the civil « Sword the stubborn and evil doers. " Whence it appears, to a Demonstration, that if by a Spis ritual Supremacy given to our Princes, you mean a Power to act as a Spiritual Person, to Ordain,

" her loying Subjects, how by words of the faid Oath it
"{ may be collected, that the Kings or Queens of this.
« Realm, Poffeffors of the Crown, may challenge Authoe
“ rity and Power of Ministry of Divine Service in the
« Church, wherein her faid Şubjects be much abused by
« such evil disposed Persons. For certainty Her Majesty
“ neither doth, nor ever will challenge any Authority,than
« what was challenged, and lately used by the said noble
“ Kings of famous Memory, King Henry VIII. and King
« Edward VI. which is, and was of antient time due to
" the Imperial Crown of this Realm, that is, under God,
« to have the Soveraignty and Rule over all manner of
« Persons born within these her Realms, Dominions, and
" Countries, of what Estate, either Ecclesiastical or Tem
« poral foever they be, so as no other Foreign Power
“ Shall, or ought to haye any · Superiority over them.
« And if any Person thar hath conceived any other Sense
" of the Form of the said Oath, shall accept the same

ci Oath with this Interpretation, Sense or Meaning, Her i « Majesty is well pleased to accept every such in that be

"half, as her good and obedient Subjeets,and shall accquit ! . " them of all manner of Penaltics contain'd in the said "Act, 2006

. ; Confirm,

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Confirm, Excommunicate, dc. you are most grolly mistaken. If you mean only a Civil Su-' premacy over all Persons, as well Ecclesiasticks as Laicy, with a Power and Authority, to see that they all in their several Stations perform their Duty, and faithfully discharge the Offices committed to them, and inflict all necessary Civil Penalties upon the refractory and disobe. dient, you may give this as many hard Names as you please, but will never prove it a greater Power, than justly belongs to all Christian Princes.

As for Mr. St. the Author of the observatie ons upon the Elay, &c. as he professed not to be of our Church, so neither was he a Man of that either Learning or Prudence, that his Judgment was ever had any regard to, amongst those that knew him much better than you can be sup. posed to have done. And therefore till you can produce some other more considerate, and less prejudiced Writer against us, I shall not need co concern my fell, for any thing he was pleased co charge us with. Yet you frequently produce him, and I know not what Author of the English Atlas against us, as if they were Men of Figure amongst us. But it is only for want of such as are so.

R. C. The Reformation of the Church of England was ushered in, and confirm d, by the Spiritual Supremacy of Kings, and Authority of Parliaments, p. 6.

C. E. The learned Bishop of Derry, and afterwards of Armagb, Bishop Brambal, (b) has told you long ago, That the Secession and Substraktio on of Obedience, (to the Pope] was not made by cur Reformers, or by any of their Friends or Favourers, but

en mit ein normade by our

(6) Fuft Vindication of the Church of England from Crie minal Schifm. Ch. 3.

By their capital Enemies and Perfecutors, by Zealots of the Roman Religion. And this was not done secretly in a Corner, but openly in the light of the Sun, disputed publickly, and determined beforehand in both our Uni. versities, which after long deliberation, and much difputation, done with all Diligence, Zeal, and Conscience, made this final Resolution and Professiin. Tandem in hãnc sententiam unanimiter convenimus ac concordes fuimus, videlicet, Romanum Epifcopum, &c. "That the Roman Bishop had no s greater Jurisdi&tion, within the Kingdoni of ( England, conferr'd upon him by God in holy • Scripture, than any other foreign Bishop. After this, ibe same was voted and decreed in our National Synods; and lastly, after all this receiv'd and establishid in full Parliament (a Popish Parliament by the free Consent of all the Orders of the Kingdom, the Concurrence and Approbation of Four and Twenty Eishops, and Nine and Twenty Abbots, then and there present, &c. He adds moreover, that there very Papists declar'd, That the King, as Head of the Body Politick, 'confifiing of Spirituality, and Timporality, bath plenary Power to render final Justice for all Matters. Now you see who they were thaï first gave this high

Title to King Henry VIII, and by consequence how little concern we have in it.:

And as to what you urge, of our Religion being brought in by King and Parliament, I own this we often hear of, but I would beg of you to tell me to what purpose? For is there any more fault in this, than in Fcbu's destroying Baal and his Worshippers ? 2 Kings 10. 29, c. or in Hezekiah's banishing Idolatry out of 7udab? 2 King's .18. 4. And yet I hope you will not blame eicher of these for so doing. I am sure the one of them is highly commended for it in Scripture, in the two Vesses next following that now refer'd to, in these words. After him was none like him, among

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