« 上一页继续 »
** The Pope's denying to grant Bulls to all the Bishops nominated by the King, occasions a Disorder that daily augments, and which requires a speedy and efficacious Remedy. The Councils of Conftance and Bafil having endeavoured to contrive some moderation to the Court of Rome's Usurpations, and to the Confufion that was introduced in the distribution of Benefices, the pragmatick San&tion was afterwards compos'd of the Decrees of those Councils. But the Popes thereby perceiving their Authority to diminish, made use of all sorts of Artifices to abolilh it; and by the Concordate made between King Francis the ift. and by Pope Leo the soth, they regulated the manner of disposing of Bishopricks and Abbies: To the Pope was granted not only the devoluti: on, but also the prevention and the power of admitting the Resignations in favour, and many other Articles that are very burdensome to the ordinary Collaters, and absolutely contrary to the Ancient Canons.
And indeed our Fore fathers did for a long while complain against the Concordate. The Ordinance of Orleans did re-establish the Electi. ons; and it would be very advantageous that all Ecclesiastical Matters were transacted in the Kingdom, without ever being obliged to have recourse to Rome. In the sequel nevertheless the Concordate was sincerely executed on our part; and it is inconceiveable that the Pope Thould now, through an invincible Obstinacy, reduce us to deprive him of the profit,
which the Court of Rome derives from a Trea ty, which is so much to its advantage. !
TheKing is most Religious,in nominating to the Prelacies Ecclesiasticks of an exemplary Integrity, and of conspicuous merit; and because that these Ecclesiasticks do not believe that the Pope is I-N FALLIBLE; that they do not like the Italian Doctors,attribute to him the Title of Universal Monarch; that they are persua ded He has no power, either direct or indirect, over the Temporality of Kings, and that He is to all intentsinferiour to the Councils,that have a right to Correct him, and to Reform His Decisions. The Pope upon this imaginary pretence, refuses them BULLS, and leaves the third part of the Churches of the Kingdom destitute of Pa. Stors. Is this imitating the Care and Lenity of the Apostles in the Government of the Church? . After all, before the Concordate, those that were Elected by the Clergy and the people, and afterwards by the Chapters, in presence of one of the Kings Commissioners: Werę they not Ordained by the Metropolitan, állifted by the Bishops of the Province, after that the King had approved of their Election? The Right acquired to the King by the Concordate, being Authorized in this respect by the Tacit consent of the whole Gallian Church, and confirmed by a possession of near two Centuries, ought so much the less to receive any Change and Invasion, that during the first four Ages of the Monarchy, they went not to Rome to demand Institution and Induction of Benefi
ces":* The Bishops Disposid of all those that were vacant in their Dióceffes; and our Kings did almost ever nominate to the Bishopricks; ', and as they sometimes granted the Clergy and the people the liberty of Electing a Pastor ; . they often reserv'd the choice of him to themi selves; he they had chosen was immediately Confecrated, without the Popes intermedling in the Matter. Who hinders us from following these Examples, grounded upon this excellent Reason, That the Right, which all the Faithful had in the beginning of appointing themselves a Head; being no longer to be exercifed in common, ought to pals into the Power of the Soveráign, on whom the Subjects rely for the Government of the State; of which the Church is the noblest part....
But as to the Pope, since He refuses to join the Concourse of His Authority to the Kings Nomination : Wémay presume, that He means to discharge Himself of the painful burden which overwhelms Him; and that His Infirmities not permitting Him to extend His Paftoral Diligence over all the parts of the Uni. versal Church; the Devolution that is made in case of negligence, sometimes even from the Superiour to the Inferiour, may Authorize the Bishops to lay their Hands on those that shall be Nominated by the King to the Prelacies; His Nomination having as much, or more effeet; than chc Election of the people and the Clergy, which ought, without difficulty, to
to co . *sto video anin.be
be Confirmed by the Immediate Superiour ; when an unworthy person was nou chosen. ;
And if the like resolution requires the being accompanied with some temperament; If it requires the Bishops Concurrence: The King may be besought to convene the Provincial Councits, or if need be, a National Council ; therein to take Resolutions suitable to the OC casions of the Gallican Church.::
And as the Evil seems urgent,and that there would be possibly fome danger in ventyring upon the delays that are inseparable to the holding of a National Council, His Majesty may assemble such as he pleases of the principal Officers, of the Bishops, and considerable Persons of all the Orders of his Realm, to take their advice in so important an Affair. :
But it is not just, that while that the Pope refuses to Execute the Concordate in one of its principal Articles, he does, nevertheless, enjoy the Advantages that are granted him by that Treaty, which contains Conventions reciprocally obligatory; that people continue to go to Rome, and thither cairy Money, for the obtaining either the Institutions of Benefices or Dispensations, that may be easily expediated in the Kingdom.
Now if we purpose to break off this Traffick, it is only because it ceases to be recipro. cal;, and Because that the Pope by his Obsti. nacy, interposing an invincible impediment to, the Expedition of the Bulls of a great number of Bishopricks. It would be a shame to
fuffer that the Gallican Church should remain burden'd with the Yoke of Prevention of Resignations in favour, and of all the other Servitudes whereunto France was content to submit by the Concordate.
And herein We do but faintly repel the Injury that is done Us: We oppose the Buckler of our Liberties against a New and Un-exampled Enterprize. Calamity and Anathema, to those that out of Interest or Caprice, disturb the Correspondence that ought to be between the Priesthood and the Royalty, Who seem to have no other Aim than to raife a Schism in the Church, and by fatal Divisions disturb the Peace which all Europe enjoys, and which was procured It by the Valour and Wisdom of our Invincible Monarch. 'n rose :2. But whatever endeavours thofe factious Spi. rits may use that possess the Pope and abuse the power which his great Age and Infirmities oblige him to give them in the Government of the Church, We shall ever remain infperably united to the Holy See, We will acknowledge Saint Peter's Successor as the first and the chiet of the Bishops, We will most Religiously maintain the Communion and Correspondence with the Church of Rome, and we will detend our felves with as much moderation as vigour against the Insults, Invasions, and Innovations contrary to the King's Rights, to the Dignity of his Crown, to the Decrees of the Councils, to the General Policy of our Church and to our Liberries. Es wi