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L. That is for not adhering to the Head and Universal Monarch of the Church. . ..
G. No, my Lord, it is that Pretence in the Church of Rome has been the great Caute of these Divisions. It has procured Peace in the Cburcb, just as setting up an Universal Monarchy would in the World, that is, fill it with inore Confusion and Bloudshed than ever was in it, or could otherwise possibly be. For which reason God has appointed nó Universal Monarch in the Church auore than in the State, For as Gregórythe Great faid to John Bishop of Constan. tinople (who, upon the seat of the Empire being Tranflated thither, set up for an Universal Supremacy in the Church) If the Church oould come to Depend upon One, it must suddenly fall. And St. Cyprian Caid, That therefore Chrisi made the College of Bishops numerous that if one should fall or turn Heretical, tbe reft might interpose for the faving of the Flock: For he says, there is but one Flock, and one Episcopat, of which every Bishop has rlie whole in Partnership with the reft. Episcopatus Unùs eft, cujus à Singulis in Solidum pars tenetur. This was the frame of the Church in his Days, and before from the Apoftles, this was the very State of the Aposiles. theinselves, who thus shared of the Apostolat, the whole of which was given to each, in Partnership, or in Commoti with the rest. ..
: L. This then is your Notion of the Church that as all Nations upon the Earth are One Kingdoin to God, so all Cbristian Churches are One Chierch to Cbrift, without any Universal Mo
narab in either Cafe. And that as the Unity of the World consists in what we call the Law of Nations, which is common to all fo the Unity of the Church consists in the common Christianity wherein all agree....
If so, then every one who Believeth in Cbrist is a Cbriftian. ji G. Yes surely, as every one that Believeth in Mahomet is a Mabometan. & L. Then there is no need to be of any Church, if you Believe in Christ that is enough.
G. No; we must obey His Commandments too, which oblige ús to live Peaceably and Quietly as Members of that Body or Church whereto we appertain, with Christian Love and Fellowship with all others, and not to make Schisms and Divisions by breaking Communion, where nothing Sinful is required as a Condition of it. And when such Disorderly Persons are cast out of the Church, or cut themselves off by a Causeless Separation, thoiigh they are no longer of the Church, yet they cease not to be Cbristians; (that is a Nostrum of the Church of Rome) and they inust Answer for their Schism as for other Sins, all of which are Damnable in their own Nature, without Repentance : And yet Allowances are made for Invincible Ignojance occasioned by the Prejudices of Education, &c. but not for Obftinacy. 'No Society of Men would bear such Perverse Members among them.
Now a Church is a Society professing such a Religion, be it Trụe or False. Thus there is a Church of the Jews, of Heathens, of Chri
ftians, and Mahometans. And I would ask your Lordship which is any of these Churches, for
Instance, which is the Church of the Maboine· tans ?
L. It is the Turks, Moors, Perfians, the Great Mogul, &c.
GYet there is no Chief Priest over all these, but every Church as Nation is 'Independant of each other. And thus among the several Nations and Churches cfthe Heathens. The fetus were but one Nation, and a finall one, therefore they had as one King, so one High Priest, There was something like this in that part of the Christian Church which was within the Roman Empire. But to extend the Supremacy of the Bishop of. Rome beyond the Limits of the Emperor of Rome, even to all the Christian Churches in the World, is a Fancy never came into the Heads of any other Mortals, and is not necessary to Denominate many Churches professing the same Religion'to be one Church, as of the Heathensand Mahometans,all of whicli are called the Heathen’or the Mahometan Church or Churches; without any common Head over them all. And there is not one word in Scripture appointing such an Universal Head in the Christian Church, or altering this common Sentiinent of Mankind, as to the meaning of the word Church, or taking it in any other Sense than coinmonly understood by all the World. And thus in our way of speaking, when we fay the Fathers of the Church, or the Primitive Church, we mean not any particular Church,
but the whole Body or Church of Christians, though divided into many Nations or Churches,
L. But all in Subordination to the Church of Rome.
G. What? Before there was a Church of Rome! For there were Christian Churches before, as I have told you. “And after there was a Church at Rome, the Bishops and Fathers of those Times knew nothing of it's Supremacy, far less of it's Infallibility, nor ever Appealed to it in their Disputes with Hereticks, which had been the shortest and the surest way, and impossible to have been forgot, had it been known, and received as the Current Faith, or but Opinion of the Church. But on the con trary, other Churches have Gontended with that of Rome, and Asserted their own Libera ties and Independency upon her, when her Encroachments began to arise and disturb the Peace and Unity of the Church, which I shall shew you presently; But this is only to let you see, That the Unity of the Church was then understood, not as being United under any one Supreine Bishop orChurch; but in the Concord and good Agreement of the several Churches among themselves, and in the Unity of the Common Faith. Which Unity is Described by their all having One Epls. iv. 3, 4, 5. Lord, One Faith, One Baptifm, and One Spirit, from which they are called one Body.' The Unity of the Spiriç is their Unity with Gad, and the Bond of Peace is the Unity of the Churches with qaçlı other, as Members of the fame Body. And this is a much stricter and clofer Union than that of the Secular, World. All Churches agree in that Summary of our Faith called the Apoftles Creed. And the Church of Rome her self, must think this fufficient for Salvation, becaufe the requires no other Profession of Faith in Baptism, or for being admitted into the Church. But the Twelve new Articles of Faith which the Council of Trent has added to the Twelve of the Apoftles, which we call Pope Pius his Creed, and is required to be Professed by Converts, has made many Contests and Divisions in the Church and I have not yet met with any Roman Catbolick so hardy as to say, that the Belief of all these is necessary to Salvation, only that we should not deny or oppose them, such as Purgatory, the Invocation of Saints, &c.'
(4) L. The Church pretends not to make nem. Articles of Faith, but only to explain the old ones. And such are what you call the però Articles of Trent..
G. What Article in the Apostles Creed does Transubstantiation explain ? For there is nothing at all of the Sacraments in that Creed.
L. Are not the Sacraments then part of our, Faith 2.viti i :.G. They are the signs and Seals of our Faith as Circumcifion was called, Rom, iv. II. but not the Faith it felf, and therefore are not put into that Suinmary of our Faith.