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Ministers, as Æolus to Govern the Winds, Nuptune the Sea, &c. Therefore they called them Dii Medioxumi, Inferior Gods, as standing in the Middle betwixt the Supreme God and us, to Succor or Punish us, according to His Orders. St. Augustine, who knew them well, tells us what they Argued for them
selves, they said, We do not Non colimus mala De.] monia, Angelos quos die Worship Evil Dæmons or soisit is, ipfos do Nes colie rits, but we worship those mis Virtutes Dei Magwi, to Mysteria Dei whom you (Christians) call Magni.AuguftinPfal. Angels, the powers of the xcvi.
. Great God, the Mysteries of the Great God. But St. Augustine answered them, That they must be Evil Spirits whom they Worshipped, because they Required Worship from Men, as the Devil did from our Saviour, which the Good Angels always Refused, and he quotes, Rev.xix, 10. xxii. 9. Where the An. gel forbade John to Worship him. And the fame did the Saints upon Earth, as Peter re
fused it from Cornelius and A&.X. 26. xiv. 14, 15. Paul and Barnabas from the Men of Lystra, &c.
I. But we suppose not that the Heathens had any Notion of the Supreme and True God, but thảt they Worshipped every one of their Gods as Supreme and Independent. :
G. Some Men make Monsters of others, to hide their own Deformity! Your Guides have fet up this Notion, to hinder the. Parallel betwixt the Heathen Worship of their Inferior Gods, and yours of Saints and Angels. For
ther is nothing more Evident than that the Heathen did acknowledge the One Supreme and True God, though in much Ignorance and Superstition. St. Paul said that they knew God, that He was Manifest
in Rom.i. 19, 20,
ele 21, 22. 23. unto them, even His Eternal Pow. er and Godipead. So that they were without Excufe in their foolish Imagination, to change the Glory of the Uncorruptible God into an I mage made like to Corruptible Man, &c. And he told the Athenians, Whom there. fore ye ignorantly Worship, Him de A&. xvii. 23. clare I unto you. He did not preach a false God unto them, but they had blended the WorTip of God with these Inferior Gods or Demons, which was their Superstition, for so the Word fignites Δεισιδαιμονία, the fear of thefe Dæmons, and it is thus rendred every where in the New Testament, which we translate Superstition, and so your own Vulgar Latin, Act. xvii. 22, and xxv. 19. And the Latin word Superstitio means the same thing, and is derived, as Servius has it from Super Stare, as being a fear of those Heavenly Powers who Supra Itant stand over us, and ro Superfition is Superftantium rerum timor. Others derive it from Superstites, that these Devi ex bominibus fa&ti, Men Deifyed after their Death, are still Superfiites, and the fear of them as such is Superstition; or qui Superftitem Memoriam defanctorum Colunt, Who Worship the Memory of these Dead Men.
The Worship of these leller Gods is what is forbidden in the First Commandment, which respects the Object of Worship, that no Religious Worship is to be given to any but to the Supreme God alone. The Second Commandment relates to the Manner of Worship, that is, by Images. But this your Church has hid from the People, and divided the Tenth into Two to keep up the Number, that the People might think they still have the Ten Commandments. And it is thus in your very Catechism ad Paro. chos. But of this hereafter.
The Heathens had their Good and Evil Dæmones, as their Good and Evil Genii, but according to St. Augustine's Rule, they must be Evil Dæmons who accepted the Worship of Men,which were all the Heathen Dæmons, therefore the Word Demon is taken in the Worst Sense, and translated Devil throughout the New Testament, and what we translate the Doctrines of Devils, 1 Tim. iv. I. is the Doctrine of the Dæmones, or of the Worship of Dæmones, Judecorarías Δαιμονίων, and a various Ledion has it νεκρούς nalpeúovtes, who worship the Dead. The Dæ. mones of the Heathen were their Dead He. roes, whom they made Divi by an Apotbeolis; as the Pope does Saints by a Canonization. But it is too Gross to put it upon the Heathen, that they thought every one of those Gods whom they Made was the Supreme God who made themselves. They owned these to be Leser Gods, ond only the Vertues and Powe ers of the Great God; and they thought that
they Honoured the Supreme God the more, by doing Honour to His Substitutes; and all their Worship' was Ultimately Referred to Him. So that He only was Worshipped in all their Gods and Godder. ,,Hi omnes Dii Deeque fit
rejo Unuus Jupiter. August. de ses; for they made bim King Civit. Dei 1. iv. c. xi.“ of all their Gods and God. Ipsum enim Deorum om
. nium Dearumque Regem desses.
effe volunt. Ib. c. ix. .
· And the Common Appellation given to Jua piter in Homer is, Hatip and Baarneus and prove the Otcov Te, The Father and King of the Gods as well as of Men. And he represents Him as Commanding all the other Gods, sending them on his Errands, calling them to Account, and sometimes Chastizing them. He was called Majus Deus, the Great God. Lucian in his Dialogues brings in Neptune making Suit to Mercury, that he might speak with Jupiter.
But besides all these, we have sufficient Testimony in Scripture of the Heathens acknowledging the One Supreme and True God, Nebuchado nezzar calls him God of Gods, and Lord of Kings~ The most High God And says, I blefed the most High, and I praised and honoured Him Dan. ii. 47. iji. 26.
29. iv. 34, 35. that Liveth for Ever and . Ever, whose Dominion is an Everlasting Dominion, and His Kingdom from Generation to Geo neration. And all the inhabitants of the Earth are reputed as Nothing : And He dotb according to His Will in the Army of Heaven, and among the Inhabitants of the Earth: And no
Man can stay His Hand, or say unto Him, What doeft Thou? Ezra i. 2. vi. ió.
i Cyrus calls Him the Lord 12.
*. 'God of Heaven And Darius Dan. vi. 26. Dancing the same, in as High Expressi
De ons as any Cbriftian could use, The Living God, and stedfast for Ever, and His Kingdom that wbich fall not be destroyed, and His Dominion (hall be even unto the End, &c. ;
L. It is Strange that when they Acknowledged the Great God fo fully, they did not forsake their own little Gods.se
G. No, for they did not think it Inconsistent to Acknowledge One God above all, and yet to Suppose that every Nation had its own God, er Gods, in Subordination to the Supreme God, and as Deputies under Him. This was their Notion. And they supposed that Judea had its own Tutelar God, as well as other Countries. Therefore the King of Asyria baving Conquered it, sent to teach his People who went
2 Kin. xvii. 26. thither, the, Manner of the 27,33.
God of the Land, to appease His Wrath who had Plagued them with Lions. But yet they forlook not their own Gods, for it is said, 'They feared the Lord, and served their own Gods. And they allowed the fame Liberty to the Jews, who were pot Required in any of their Captivities to Renounce their own God; but only to Worship the Gods of the Nations where they lived. And of these Tutelar Gods, they supposed one might be Stronger or more powerful than another,