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Throne, whom Boniface Owned and Abetted, and was made Universal Bishop for his Reward, in the Beginning of the Seventh Century. Thus the Supremacy now Claimed by Rome was Introduced, and has been Maintained pro Viribus ever since, And, under this Britain has been subdued, which never was under the Patriarchat of Rome : So much has the Government and Unity of the Church been Altered from what it was in the Apostles time, or in the Firtt Ages of the Church. And thus has Rome L'surped the Name of the Catholick Church, and placed all its Unity in Submission to her Bi. shop! Here we see the Degrees by which this Encroachment crept on; the Patriarchat began in the Fifth, and the Universal Supremacy in the Seventh Century. And Britain which held it out against the Patriarchat of Rome, was at last Conquered by the more Apparent Usurpation of her Universal Supremacy, so Obtained as I have told. . -:And yet I have heard some Britains say, That though they thought the Church of Rome the most Corrupt Part of the Christian Church, both as to Doctrine and Worship, and to be a Cage full of Unclean Birds; yet that they must be of her, and enter into that Cage, because she was the Catholick Church. This is like that Desperate Maxim in the Canon Law, I quoted before out of the Decretals, That though the Pope mould draw Infinite Numbers of People with him into Hell, yet we must not find Fault with bim, nor Reprove him, &c.

(29.) And

(19.) And I must observe also here. That though France has thrown off the Pope's Infallibility, and his Deposing Power over Princes; and has Limited his Supremacy, that is indeed taken it wholly away, for no Supremacy (properly fo called) can be Limited, for then it Ceases to be Supreme : Yet France remains still in the Dreggs of the Corruptions of Rome, both as to Doctrine and Worship. The Religion of the People there, is, the Adoration of the Hoft, and of the Cross, Invocation of Saints, Worship of Images, praying Souls out of Purgatory, telling their Beads, and going to Confesion.

(30.) L. I have heard your self say, that Confesion was a good Thing, rightly Used.

G. And so I say still, But not in that Sense it is generally used with you, and is Expressed in your Catechism ad Parochos, de Pænitentiæ Sacramento, Sect. 46, 47. That such a Repentance as God will not Accept, nor Pardon for it, is made sufficient by the sacrament of Perance, and all our Sins Remitted by it. And that Pauciffimi, very few can be saved without it. They might have said, None, for they here require in Repentance acceptible to God, a Sense and Sorrow for Sin that shall be fully Equal to the Demerit, Ut cum scelerum Magnitudine Æquari conferrique poffit, which is Impossible for Mortal Man. And therefore All must be Damned without this Sacrament of Penance. And they

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fay; It was Necessary that God should In ftitute this Sacrament, as an Eafier way for Men to get to Heaven. Quare necefe fuit ut clementissimus Dominus faciliori ratione communi hominum saluti confuleret. An Easy way indeed ! Confess to a Priest and get Absolution, and this makes up the Defects of your Repentance, and you are faved ex Opere Operato, by the Work wrought the bare Performance of this Sacrament. And the Council of Trent Anathemarifes all thofe who say that the very Sacraments of the Gospel do not confer Grace in the fame Manner, by the bare Performance. Si quis dixerit per ipfa Novæ legis Sacramenta ex.Opere Operato non conferri Gratiam -- Anathema fit. Sefl. 7. Can. 8. It is true that God did Institute His Sacraments as Means of Grace, ( for which we Bless His Name Daily in our General Thanksgiving ) but this turns them into Charms, when the very Sacraments themselves, ipfa Sacramenta, confer the Grace, ex Opere Operato, by the bare Performance of the Work.

Let us Exemplify this to our selves by the like Ule made of the Institutions of God under the Law. The Jews had got this Notioni of the Opus Operatim, that the bare Performånce of the Letter of the Law, in their Sacrifices, Feasts, Fafts, and other observances was all that was Required of them. Whence the Voices of all the Prophets were against these Infti. tutions, they call them Iniquity, Abomination,

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and Hateful to God: Nay, God denies that He did Require Ifa. , , 12,13.14. them, or ever did Institute xh. -them. That is, as a dead Carcass without a Soul, and Working like Charms by the bare Opus Operatum. God did neyer Inftitute such, nor does Require them at our Hands. : And maỹ we not say, no more under the Gospel than the Law . For the Gospel introduced a more Pure and Spiritual Worship, but the Council of Trent by Naming only the Sacraments of the New Law, applies the Opus Operatum to them also, if not Chiefly..

What else is the Meaning of tying Men to the Repetition of such a percise Number of Ave's and Pater's and Credo's, at such particular Times, whether the Mind goes along with them, or not? For you will see People in the Markets, buying and selling, or Discoursing of Common Business, and droping their Beads all the while, to keep Count if they have Rightly Performed their Task of the Opus Operatum.

But if Prayers and Sacraments, which are Means of Grace of God's own Institution, may be thus Abused, and rendred Hateful to God: What shall we say of those Means of Grace which are of Man's mere Invention None can Appoint the Means but he who has the bestowing of the End to be Obtained by those Means : As if I have a Thousand Pounds to Bestow, I may put whạc Conditions I H 3

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think fit, and Appoint the Means for the Obtaining it; and none else can Appoint the Means : Now Grace is the Gift of the Holy Ghost, and none can Appoint the Means of Obtaining it, but who has the Bestowing of the Holy Ghost; which it is the Highest Blasphemy far any Creature to Allume to Himself ; hence Christ's fending the Holy Ghost is a sure Proof of His Divinity : But the Church of Rome takes upon her tc Appoint Means of Grace, many and various ; the whole Ponti. fical is made up of the Forms of Confecration of every thing almost one can think of into Means of Grace, as Bells, Books, Candles, Water, Salt, Oil, Ahes, Palms, Swords, Banners, and Vestments of divers Sorts, even to Chile drens Clouts, besides Crosses, Pictures, Images, Agnus Dei's, &c, By the Use of which, in the Manner prescribed, several Graces, both Ghoft·ly and Bodily, are faid to be Obtained, as 'besides the Favour of God, and the Remisfion of Sins, the Saving from Fire, from Difeases, from Storms at Sea, Thunder, Lightning, and Tempest at Land, at which times they Ring their Consecrated Bells, to Allay the Winds, and Chase away the Demons of the Air, who seeing the Sign of the Cross upon such Bells, and hearing their Sound, shall be Frighted and Fly away, as it is Expressed in the Form of Confecration of Bells in the Portifical. Nay ther is Nothing in the World 10 Insignificant, a Rose, or a Feather, which the Pope may not Gonfecrate into a Means of

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