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the World ; for all of them are of the Gene tiles. And for those who yet remain Unconverted, or have not had the Gospel sufficiently 5 proposed to them, we must leave them to God Who made them, and will Require from no Man more than He has given him, but will Judge all People Righteously. Of this I have spoke before.
(25.) But I observe that fince this Notion of Infallibility came in to the Church of Rome, it has Rooted out all Charity, and her Religion has been chiefly Employed in Curling and Damning all the World but her self. Her Canons are tagged with Anathemaes upon every Occasion, and you bear little in them of who shall be Sao ved, but every Page is full of who must be Damned. And the Bulla in Cæna pins the Bafket, and leaves very few to Escape, even of the Roman Communion it self.
It is a Common Argument with which your Priests frighten Women and Children, viz. Tou Protestants say it is possible for a Papift to be sao ved: But we Papists say, it is impossible for a Protestant to be Saved: Therefore it is safer being of our Side. But this has turned to their Confusion, for as ther is nothing in it but a confident A. verring, it shews that they have no Charity, which is Greater even than Faith it self, 1 Cor. xiii. 13. And therefore that they can be no. Christian Church: Their Want of Charity being by this much plainer than our Want of Faith. Take Chillingworth's Answer to this, Chap. vii.
of his Works, P. 306. “ You (Jays be to Knot the Jesuit) " vainly pretend, that all Roman « Catholicks, not one excepted, profess that Pro« teftancy unrepented destroys Salvation. From ” whichGenerality we may except Two at least " to my Knowledge, and these are, Your self, “ and Franciscus de Saneta Clara, who assures us, “ that Ignorance and Repentance may excuse "a Protestant from Damnation, tho' Dying in “ his Error. And this is all the Charity, which u by your own Confession also, the most fa“ vourable Protestants allow to Papifts.
Militiere was persuaded that King Charles I. was Happy in Heaven, because he preferred the Catholick Faith before his Crown, his Liberty, his Life. [Now it is known to all the World that King Charles I. lived and dyed in the Communion of the Church of England, wbich he declared with his last Breath upon the Scaffold. But Arch-Bilhop Bramhal gave him this Apswer, " That which you have con“ fessed here concerning King Charles, will spoil “ your former Demonitration, That the Prote" stants have neither Church nor Faith. But you ” confess no more here than I have heard some % of your famous Roman Doctors at Paris ac" knowledge to be true in General; and no more than that which the Bishop of Chalcedon (a Man that cannot be suspected of Partiality on our
Side) hath Affirmed and Published in Two of “ his Books to the World in Print. That Pros " teftantibus credentibus, &c. Persons living in
the Communion of the Protestant Cburch, if
« they endeavour to learn the Faith, and are not " able to attain unto it;, but hold it implicitly in “ the Preparation of their Minds, and are ready es to Receive it when God Mall be pleased to Re“ veal it (which all good Protestants and all "good Christians are) they neither want Church, os nor Faith, nor Salvation.
L Militiere supposed that King Charles I.. Secretly and Invisibly in the Lalt Moments of his Life, was by God's Spirit United to the Roman Catholick Church.
G. Then no Protestant, at least no, Protes Atant King need Despair- But to these Divines let us add some Royal Testimonies. King James I. in his Præmonition to Christian Monarchs tell us, That his Mother (Queen Mary) as she was ready to lay her Head upon the Block, fent him this Message ; That although the was of another Religion than that wherein be was brought up, yet she would not press him to change, except his Conscience forc'd bim to it, not doubting but if he led a good Life, and were careful to do Justice and Govern well, he would be in a Good Case in his own Religion.
This was perfectly agreeable to the Sentiments of his Grandson the late King Jam. II. who often spoke to those Divines who had the Instruction of both his Daughters, to be Dili-. genr in making them Religious and Good Chris, jligns, in the Way of the Church of England, without so much as hinting, at any Change of their Principles towards the Church of Roine, as I have heard my self from Two
of them, Dr. Turner late Lord Bishop of Ely, and Dr. Ken late Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells. And neither before nor after his coming to the Crown would he suffer any Attempt to be made upon them as to Religion, of wbich there is an eminent Witness now alive, who knows if I foeak Truth. And when a certain Zealot pressed him to endeavour theirReconciliation to the Church of Rome, and offered his Service for the purpose, the King answered, No, let them alone, they are so Good they will be Saved in any Church.? . L. It is strange then he should be a Roman Catholick himself. .
G. Not at all, for he might think that best for him, without thinking those in hazard who were sincerely of the Church of England, and lived up to the Rules of it. : :
L. He could not think it lawful to be pre. sent at your Common Prayers. : G. He did not think it Unlawful, because he heard them at his Coronation.
L. That was upon a particular Occasion. But does any Roman Catholick think it Lawful to hear them Constantly or Frequently?
(26.) G. They did think so, for after the Reformation the Roman Catholicks of England came to our Churches and to our Common Prayer without any Scruple. And this continued till about the Tenth Year of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, when Pope Pius V. forbad it by his Bull. So that he made the Separation, and if he had not sufficient Power to do it, or that, ther was not fufficient Cause for it, then he made the Schifm too, and it lies wholly at his Door. Now it is the undoubted Right of eyery National Church to Reform, Alter, and Model their Liturgy as shall be most Convenient, provided there be nothing put into it that is contrary to the Faith, which is not so much as Alledged against our Publick Offices. They have a Breviary at Milan and in other places, different from that at Rome. And in England before the Reformation ther were Divers in feveral Diocesses, as what was used in the Church of Salisbury, of Hereford, of Bangor, of Tork, of Lincoln, &c. as is mentioned in the Preface to our Common-Prayer Book, conferning tbe Service of the Church. But these · Differences did not break Communion, nor did the
Alteration made at the Reformation, till the Pope by the Plenitude of his Supremacy, and to be Revenged upon Queen Elizabeth, took upon him to break the Communion. For which as ther was no Sufficient Caufe, our Liturgy being all Orthodox, even our Enemies being Judges ; so on the other hand, the Pope's Supremacy did not extend to break in upon the Rights and Liberties of any National Church, as has been and is still Maintained by the whole Gallican Church, and others the most Learned in the Church of Rome. And my Lord, I know some Roman Catholicks of Figure and good Sense in England, who meerly upon this Account have come over to our Church, and thought themselves Obliged to Return to the