網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版
[merged small][ocr errors]

[ocr errors]

the out and / gravely" (now

right flank from Bowling Green, and ers; and this Council proceeded to about to pounce upon and annihilate appoint Commissioners to negotiate him. There was not a shadow of for the admission of Kentucky into foundation for this story: the Rebels the Southern Confederacy! No cavat Bowling Green were glad enough ils as to the authority of these gento keep still, and not expose their tlemen to speak for Kentucky were weakness, knowing well that Sher- raised at Richmond; and, on the man might and would have crushed 16th of December, The Louisville them, had he been aware of it; yet, Courier (now issued at Nashville) without waiting to verify this absurd gravely annonnced that said Council report, Gen. Schoepf faced about and had this day chosen a full delegation raced two days toward the Ohio, as to the Confederate Congress, comif for dear life, strewing the road posed as follows: with wrecked wagons, dead horses, | Henry C. Burnett, George W. Ewing, baggage, etc., and leaving East Ten

John Thomas, Dr. Ď. P. White,

Thomas L. Burnett, John M. Elliott, nessee to her fate. The bitter disap S. H. Ford,

Thomas B. Monroe, pointment and agony of her gallant Thomas B. Johnson, George B. Hodge. sons in his army, who but now con How it happened that two of these fidently supposed themselves about persons-Messrs. Henry C. Burnett to see the old flag floating in triumph and Thomas B. Monroe-were, that from the spires of Knoxville and same day, sworn in as Senators from Jonesville, can but faintly be realized. Kentucky at Richmond, it is not easy

to understand ; but it is of no conseOn the 18th of November, the quence. They had probably been Kentucky Secessionists held a Con-appointed, several days before, by vention at Russellville, in the south- Governor Johnson. Suffice it that, ernmost of her counties, behind their since then, Kentucky has been reguprincipal camp at Bowling Green, larly represented in the Confederate and organized what they termed a Congress, though no popular election 'Provisional Government-perhaps thereto was eyer held on her soil, and from their inability to make any pro- no shadow of consent ever given by vision for its support. Geo. W. John- her to such delegation of power. Of son, of Scott county, was here chosen late, her representatives in that ConGovernor ;8 the party having had gress have been chosen by the Kenenough of popular elections, in which tuckians serving in the Rebel armies; they never had any success nor made which, though not very regular, a respectable figure. They chose, seems straightforward and businesslikewise, a “Legislative Council,” | like. They represent bayonets; let which they clothed with ample pow- them be chosen accordingly.10

8 Johnson being killed in the battle at Shiloh 10 The Louisville Journal of Oct. 12th sharply next Spring, he was somehow succeeded in his said: shadowy Governorship by Richard Hawes-a

“Hundreds of those exceedingly sensitive weak old man who, some quarter of a century Kentuckians, who so eloquently proclaimed that before, had twice represented, as a Whig, the they could never take up arms against the SouthLexington district in Congress.

ern States, inasmuch as those States were Ken

| tucky's sisters, have now taken up arms for the • So announced next morning in The Norfolk

conquest of Kentucky herself! Isn't that enough Day-Book.

to make the devil laugh?"

XXXVIII.

THE POTOMAC-BALL’S BLUFF-DRANESVILLE.

1

The disaster at Bull Run, and the months' men should not be disbanded amazing imbecility betrayed in al- and sent home without having been lowing several of the regiments there of the least positive service-had ever routed to continue their panic-stricken, desired or expected any such conflict disorderly flight over the bridges into as this. It was Gen. Scott who had Washington, whence many soldiers, given the orders under which Gen. and even officers, dispersed to their McDowell advanced and fought on respective homes, had dispelled all Sunday, the 21st of July. Gen. lingering illusions as to the capacity Cameron, the Secretary of War, who of Gen. Scott for the conduct of was at Centerville during the prea great war. Though it was still ceding day, saw plainly that our redeemed a military necessity to con- giments at the front were not so many ceal the failure of his faculties, to ex- as they should be, and returned hascuse his blunders, and even, in some tily that evening to Washington to instances, to eulogize his abilities as procure a countermand of the order well as magnify his services, the ur- for battle; but arrived too late to see gent, imperative need of replacing Gen. Scott and obtain it. Badly as him by a younger and more vigorous Patterson had behaved, he had recommander was felt by every intel ported, on the 18th, by telegraph to ligent Unionist. It was he, Winfield Scott, his flank movement to CharlesScott, and none other, who had pre- town; which, any one could see, left cipitated a third of our forces, on or Gen. Johnston at perfect liberty to near the line of the Potomac, into a hasten, with all his available force, decisive conflict with seven-eighths of to the aid of Beauregard at Manassas. the Rebel strength in Virginia, in And, on the 20th-the dåy before defiance of every dictate of prudence Bull Run-He had telegraphed to and of common sense. Neither the Scott that Johnston had actually dePresident, nor the Secretary of War, parted on that errand.' Though Gen. nor Gen. McDowell, nor the maligned Scott remained nominally in chief and detested Radicals—who were nat command until the last day of Octo urally anxious that our 75,000 three ber, he was practically superseded

"Gen. Scott, in commenting on Gen. Patter the reënforcement sent thither from Winchester, son's testimony in a deliberately written state

though urged to do so by one or more members ment, made to the Committee on the Conduct of

of the Cabinet. Now, it was, at the reception of

that news, too late to call off the troops from the the War, says:

attack; and, beside, though opposed to the move“As connected with this subject, I hope I ment at first, we had all become animated and may be permitted to notice the charge made sanguine of success; and it is not true that I was against me, on the floor of Congress, that I did | urged by anybody in authority to stop the atnot stop Brig. Gen. McDowell's movement upon tack; which was commenced as early, I think Manassas Junction after I had been informed of as the 18th of July."

GEN. MCCLELLAN IN COMMAND AT WASHINGTON. 619 forth with by the formation of a new each succeeding week was morally cermilitary department of Washington tain to diminish. They did not, howand of north-eastern Virginia, which ever, attempt to cross the Potomac in Gen. George B. McClellan was sum- | force, nor even to provoke another moned, by telegraph, from that of battle on its south bank; but, having Western Virginia to preside over. advanced their lines, soon after their This change was officially announced victory, to Munson's Hill, a few miles on the 25th of July; on which day from Alexandria, they only remained Gen. McClellan arrived at Philadel- there until a night attack had been phia, and there received a most en planned on our side; when, promptly thusiastic ovation. He proceeded next forewarned by traitors, they hastily morning to Washington.

withdrew to Fairfax. It does not Gen. McClellan found the army appear that the main body of their intrusted with the defense of the army ever deliberately took position capital reduced, by defeat, desertions, this side of Centerville. and the mustering out of most of the | Gen. McClellan commenced' by three-months' men, to 50,000 infantry, ordering the officers and men of his 1,000 cavalry, and 650 artillery, with army out of Washington, where too 30 field-guns. The city was pro many, especially of the former, had tected, on the Virginia side of the hitherto been indulged in idling away Potomac, by hastily-constructed but their time, to the neglect of their dusubstantial earthworks, on which ties and the damage of their morals. some heavy guns were mounted. Col. Andrew Porter, of the 16th reBut, if the Rebels had chosen to ford gulars, was appointed Provost Marthe Potomac a few miles above, either shal to carry this order into effect. Washington or Baltimore lay at their The organization of the Army into mercy, provided they could defeat brigades was soon afterward effected; this army in the open field. They and these brigades were ultimately * did not, however, see fit to risk so formed into divisions. But the formbold a movement; though military ation of army corps was, for some reacritics believe that, for the two weeks son, postponed and delayed, until succeeding their victory at Bull Run, finally it was peremptorily directed it might have been attempted with by the President." reasonable prospect of success. They Meantime, the patient, loyal, earncould probably have thrown across est North, soon recovering from the . the river a force nearly or quite equal shock of its astounding discomfiture, in numbers to that which defended had been soberly but resolutely raisWashington, whereof at least 5,000 ing new regiments and new batteries would necessarily have been retained for a more determined and more enin the earthworks on the Virginia ergetic prosecution of the struggle side; while the prestige of their re- forced upon it by slaveholding treason. cent victory, and the consequent de- Every State, county, and township, moralization of our troops, secured to addressed itself zealously to the work the Rebels decided advantages, which of recruiting and equipping; so that,

2 July 30th, 1861. Aug. 4th Oct. 15th March 8th, 1862.

[ocr errors]

by the middle of October, Gen. Mc-| pelled an advance of our lines—the Clellan found himself at the head of light troops covering the Rebel front fully 150,000 men—an army superior retiring whenever pressed. Lewinsin numbers, in intelligence, and in ville was reöccupied by our army on the essential quality of its material, the 9th, Vienna on the 16th, and to any ever led into battle by Napo- Fairfax Court House on the 17th of leon, and by far the largest and most October; the Confederates recoiling effective which had ever been seen without firing a shot to Centerville and on this continent. It was not only Manassas. On the 16th, Gen. Geary, far better drilled and fitted for ser- under orders from Gen. Banks, in vice than that with which Gen. Mc- Maryland, advanced to and captured Dowell had advanced to Centerville Bolivar Hights, overlooking Harper's and Bull Run, but it was better con Ferry. Leesburg, the capital of Loustituted, in that its members--not doun county, Va., was mistakenly reone of them a conscript-had enlisted ported evacuated by the Confederates for a term of years, after all sixty-day on the 17th; Gen. McCall, with a hallucinations had been dispelled, and considerable Union force, moving up with a full knowledge that they were the right bank of the Potomac to to encounter the hardships, the perils Dranesville, whence his scouts were • and the privations of protracted and pushed forward to Goose Creek, four inexorable war.

miles from Leesburg. On the 19th Gen. McClellan held his first grand and 20th, McCall made two reconparade at the close of September, noissances in the direction of Leeswhen 70,000 men of all arms were burg, encountering no enemy, and assembled, maneuvered, and review- being assured by those he met that ed; a larger army than had ever be- the Rebels had abandoned that town fore been concentrated on any field some days before. Thus advised, Gen. in America. Apprehensions were ex McClellan, on the 20th, directed the pressed that the Rebels would im following dispatch to be sent to Gen. prove this opportunity to attack some Stone, at Poolesville, Md., where he portion of our lines; but they were was watching and guarding the line not strong enough to warrant such a of the Potomac from the Maryland venture. Still, regiment after regi- | side of the river: ment, battery after battery,was poured

"Received October 20, 1861, from Camp Griffin. from the North into Washington, and

“Gen. McClellan desires me to inform you thence distributed to the several camps

that Gen. McCall occupied Dranesville yes

terday, and is still there; will send out heavy assigned them on either side of the

reconnoissances to-day in all directions from Potomac, until the mere bulk of our that point. The General desires that you quiescent forces, the necessity for

keep a good lookout on Leesburg, to see if

this movement has the effect to drive them ground whereon to station them, com away. Perhaps a slight demonstration on

6 Gen. McClellan, in his carefully elaborated mand of Gen. Dix at Baltimore and its depend "Report,” says:

encies, were as follows: "By the 15th of October, the number of

Total present for duty........133,201 troops in and about Washington, inclusive of the

"

W

in confinement......... garrison of the city and Alexandria, the city

... 1.156 guard, and the forces on the Maryland shore of Aggregate present...........143,647 the Potomac below Washington, and as far as

absent.

8,404 Cumberland above, the troops under the com

Total..................152,051"

"

sick...................

[ocr errors]

0

[merged small][ocr errors]

your part would have the effect to move | pursue them as far as he deems prudent, and them. A. V. COLBURN,

will destroy the camp, if practicable, before “Ass't Adjt. General. returning. He will make all the observa“Brig.-GEN. STONE, Poolesville.

tions possible on the country; will, under

all circumstances, keep his command well in Gen. Stone at once ordered Col. hand, and not sacrifice them to any supposed Devens, of the 15th Massachusetts, to

| advantage of rapid pursuit.

“ Having accomplished this duty, Col. transfer two flat-boats from the Ches Devens will return to his present position, apeake and Ohio canal, opposite Har | unless he shall see one on the Virginia side, rison's Island, to the river at that

near the river, which he can undoubtedly

hold until reënforced, and one which can be point, and therewith to ferry over his successfully held against largely superior regiment to the island; which was

numbers. In such case, he will hold on

and report. promptly done. About dark, in obe

"Chas. P. STONE, Brig.-General." dience to a verbal order, Devens sent

“Great care will be used by Col. Devens Capt. Philbrick, with fifteen or twenty to prevent any unnecessary injury of private men, across to the Virginia shore, property; and any officer or soldier stragwhich he ascertained was not pick

| gling from the command, for curiosity or

plunder, will be instantly shot. eted by the enemy, and ascended the “Chas. P. STONE, Brig.-General.” steep bank known as BALL’S BLUFF,

Col. Devens accordingly comwhich here rises about one hundred

menced crossing his force a little and fifty feet to the level of the adja

after midnight, and had his five comcent country. Pushing out a small

panies formed on the top of the bluff distance from the Bluff, Philbrick re

so soon as it was light enough to find turned and reported that he had dis

his way thither. Col. Lee likewise covered a small camp of the enemy,

crossed about a hundred men, and which did not appear to be well

took position this side of him. Scouts, guarded. This report was sent by

dispatched right and left, returned Col. Devens to Gen. Stone, who there

and reported that they could find no upon issued the following order:

enemy. Advancing, so soon as it "HEAD-QUARTERS CORPS OF OBSERVATION, POOLESVILLE, Oct. 20, 1861–101 P. M.

was light, to the supposed Rebel “SPECIAL ORDER No. ---,

camp reported to him the night be“Col. Devens will land opposite Harri fore, Col. D. found it no camp at all, son's Island, with five companies of his regi

but an optical illusion, created by ment, and proceed to surprise the camp of the enemy discovered by Capt. Philbrick in moonlight glimmering through a row the direction of Leesburg. The landing and of trees and presenting the appearmarch will be effected with silence and

ance of a row of tents. Having adrapidity.

* Col. Lee, 20th Massachusetts volunteers, vanced to within a mile of Leesburg will, immediately after Col. Devens's depart

without discovering a trace of an enure, occupy Harrison's Island with four companies of his regiment, and will cause the emy, Col. D. halted in a wood, unfour-oared boat to be taken across the island | perceived, as he supposed, by any foe, to the point of departure of Col. Devens. One company will be thrown across to oc

sent a messenger to Gen. Stone, and cupy the hights on the Virginia shore, after awaited further orders. Col. Devens's departure, to cover his return.

At 7 A. M., a body of riflemen ap"Two mountain howitzers will be taken silently up the tow-path, and carried to the

peared on his right, but fell back opposite side of the island, under the orders when approached;. when Rebel cavof Col. Lee. “Col. Devens will attack the camp of the

the alry became visible on the road to enemy at daybreak, and, having routed, will | Leesburg. Col. Devens hereupon,

« 上一頁繼續 »