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their sentiments. On the contrary, the House by 68 to 26, and in the the House, six days thereafter, re- Senate by 26 to 8. solved—71 to 26—that the Governor Magoffin promptly vetoed them. be directed to order by proclamation The Legislature as promptly passed the Confederate troops encamped on them over his veto by overwhelming the soil of that State to decamp im- majorities. Gen. Grant, commanding mediately. An attempt so to amend at Cairo, had already telegraphed to the resolution as to require all Union the Legislature, Sept. 5th, that Westas well as Disunion forces to quit the .ern Kentucky had been invaded State, was decidedly voted down; and by a large Rebel force, who were then the two Houses united in passing, by holding and fortifying strong posioverwhelming votes, the following: tions on the east bank of the Missis

sippi at Hickman and Chalk Bluffs. "Resolved, That Kentucky's peace and neutrality have been wantonly violated, her

The Legislature referred this dispatch soil has been invaded, and the rights of her to a Special Committee, which telecitizens have been grossly infringed, by the

graphed thereupon to Gov. Harris, of $0-called Southern Confederate forces. This has been done without cause: therefore,

Tennessee, who thus responded : Be it enacted by the General Assembly

“The Confederate troops that landed at of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, That the

Hickman last night did so without my Governor be requested to call out the mili

knowledge or consent; and, I am confident, tary force of the State to expel and drive out

also without the consent of the President. the invaders

I have telegraphed President Davis, request" Resolved, That the United States be in

ing their immediate withdrawal.” 5 voked to give that aid and assistance, that protection against invasion, which is guar

Gen. Grant did not see fit to deanteed to each one of the States by the 4th section of the 4th article of the Constitution pend on the fair promises of Gov. of the United States.

Harris, nor the amenity of Gen. " Resolved, That Gen. Robert Anderson be, and he is hereby, requested to enter im

Bishop Leonidas Polk, nor yet of mediately upon the active discharge of his President Davis, for the safety of his duties in this military district. "Resolved, That we appeal to the people

department, but occupied, next mornof Kentucky, by the ties of patriotism and ing, Paducah, on the south bank of honor, by the ties of common interest and the Ohio, near the mouth of the Tencommon defense, by the remembrances of the past, and by the hopes of future National

nessee, with two regiments and a batexistence, to assist in expelling and driving tery, finding Rebel flags flying over out the wanton invaders of our peace and

many of the buildings in that little neutrality, the lawless invaders of our soil."

city, in anticipation of the speedy apThese resolves were adopted-in pearance of a Confederate force, reGRANT AT PADUCA I-ZOLLICOFFER IN KENTUCKY. 613

Gov Magoffin communicated to the Legisla- | Richmond, requesting that Gen. Polk be ordered ture, Sept. 9th, a message to him from the four to withdraw his troops from Kentucky; and that Commissioners of the Governor of Tennessee, in

such order was issued from the War Department

of the Confederacy; that Gen. Polk replied to explanation of the reason why the Confederates

the War Department that the retention of the had not been withdrawn from Kentucky, from

post was a military necessity, and that the rewhich the following is an extract:

tiring from it would be attended by the loss of

many lives. This embraces the message re“The undersigned yesterday received a verbal ceived. message, through a messenger, from Gov. Harris. “The messenger, it is true, in conversation, The message was, that Gov. Harris had, by tele- | said that he had heard in Nashville that Secre.

aphic dispatch, requested Gen. Polk to with tary Walker had sent a dispatch to Gen. Buck, draw the Confederate troops from Kentucky, and ner, giving Gen. Polk a discretion to hold to or that Gen. Polk had declined to do so; that Gov. withraw from the occupation of the post in KenHarris then telegraphed to Secretary Walker, at | tucky.”

ported 3,800 strong, and but sixteen | crossed the Ohio was made an excuse iniles distant. He found there large for this invasion. In other words: quantities of prepared rations and of the people of Kentucky, through leather for the expected Rebel army, their then freshly chosen Legislature, and put them to a better use. In his having decided to remain in and be proclamation, thereupon issued, he loyal to the Union, the Confederates said :

regarded this as justifying them in

seizing any portion of that State of “I have come among you not as an enemy, but as your fellow-citizen; not to maltreat

which they should deem the occuor annoy you, but to respect and enforce the pancy advantageous to their cause; rights of all loyal citizens. An enemy, in rebellion against our common Government,

and, in fact, Gen. Zollicoffer, comhas taken possession of and planted his guns manding their forces in East Tenneson the soil of Kentucky, and fired upon you. see, had already occupied CumberColumbus and Hickman are in his hands. He is moving upon your city. I am here to

land Gap, and advanced through that defend you against this enemy; to assist the pass into Kentucky, at least so early authority and sovereignty of your Govern

as the 5th ; though no pretense of ment. I have nothing to do with opinions, and shall deal only with armed Rebellion Federal invasion, accomplished or and its aiders and abettors. You can pur

meditated, was, in that quarter, justisue your usual avocations without fear. The strong arm of the Government is here, to

fied. But East Tennessee was earnprotect its friends and punish its enemies. estly and unchangeably loyal to the Whenever it is manifest that you are able to

Union—had so voted by more than defend yourselves, maintain the authority of the Government, and protect the rights of two to one at the recent State Elecloyal citizens, I shall withdraw the forces tion; and it had become necessary ander my command. U. S. GRANT, “Brig. General Commanding."

to surround her with Confederate

camps, and cut her off from all comBishop Polk had not then occupied munication with the loyal States, to Columbus, as Gen. Grant supposed; prevent a general uprising of her but he did so next day, with a force hardy mountaineers in defense of the of ten regiments, six batteries, and cause they loved. three battalions of cavalry. Of course, Gen. Robert Anderson assumed the promise of Gov. Harris that he command, at Louisville, of the De should be withdrawn was not fulfilled, partment of Kentucky, Sept. 20th; and the fact that Grant had now and the organization of Union volun

6 Zollicoffer telegraphed, Sept. 14th, to Ma ism. We have felt, and still feel, a religious goffin as follows:

respect for Kentucky's neutrality. We will re “The safety of Tennessee requiring, I occupy

spect it as long as our safety will permit. If the

Federal force will now withdraw from their the mountain passes at Cumberland, and the three long mountains in Kentucky. For weeks,

menacing position, the force under my command I have known that the Federal commander at

shall immediately be withdrawn.Hoskins's Cross-Roads was threatening the in “The despotic Government at Washington" vasion of East Tennessee, and ruthlessly urging

could hardly, with reason, be blamed for refusing our people to destroy our own road and bridges. I postponed this precautionary movement until

to recognize the neutrality of Kentucky, when the despotic Government at Washington, refus Kentucky herself did that very thing with a doing to recognize the neutrality of Kentucky, had cision and emphasis quite equal to those evinced established formidable camps in the center and in President Lincoln's reply to Magoffin. Zolliother parts of the State, with the view, first, to

coffer's “religious respect," therefore, was paid subjugate your gallant State, and then ourselves. Tennessee feels, and has ever felt, toward Ken

to something exceedingly convenient to his tucky as a twin-sister; their people are as one cause, but which, if it ever had been, no longer people in kindred, sympathy, valor, and patriot- | existed.

teers was thenceforth actively pro- | Thomas B. Monroe, sr., U. S. Dis moted. On the 25th, a bill calling trict Judge, Thomas B. Monroe, jr., out 40,000 volunteers for the defense Secretary of State, Col. Humphrey of the State and Union passed the Marshall, late ‘American' member of House by a vote of 67 to 13; the Senate concurring by a vote of 21 to Capt. John Morgan, and several 5. On that day, the Senate, by 16 other prominent traitors, escaped to 10, passed a bill providing that about this time to the Rebel camps any and every Kentuckian who shall in Southern Kentucky, and passed have voluntarily joined the Rebel thence into Tennessee or Virginia, force invading the State, shall be in- where they openly gave in their adcapable of inheriting any property in hesion to the Southern Confederacy. Kentucky, unless he shall return to Judge Monroe formally renounced his allegiance within sixty days; and, his office and his allegiance, and was on the next day, the House Judiciary adopted a citizen of the Confederacy Committee, having reported' that, in in open court at Nashville, October its judgment, Congress had not tran 3d. Breckinridge and Humphrey scended its powers in imposing taxes Marshall were promptly made Confor the preservation of the Union, federate Brigadier-Generals. was discharged from further consider Zollicoffer, on entering Kentucky, ation of the subject by a vote of 67 issued an order promising that no to 13; and the Senate concurred citizen of that State should be mowithout a division.

lested in person or property unless On the 16th, Zollicoffer advanced found in arms for the Union, or to Barboursville, Ky., capturing the somehow giving aid and comfort to camp of a regiment of Kentucky the National cause. Of course, this Unionists, who fled at his approach. did not save active Unionists from

The changed attitude and deter- seizure, abuse, and confinement, nor mined purpose of Kentucky encour- the pigs, fowls, cattle, etc., whether

Unions Marshal


take some decided steps in defense wholesale confiscation by his loosely of its own existence. Ex-Gov. More- organized and undisciplined banditti, head,' a most inveterate traitor, was who swept over the poor and thinly arrested at his residence near Louis- settled mountainous region wherein ville, and taken thence to Fort La- the Cumberland and Kentucky rivfayette, in New York harbor, where ers have their sources, devouring and in he was long confined, and whence destroying all before them. he should not have been released. | Mr. Breckinridge, on finding himWarned by this blow, ex-Vice-Presi- self safely within the Confederate dent John C. Breckinridge, Hon. lines, issued an elaborate and bitter Wm. Preston, late Minister to Spain, Address, announcing his resignation

Charles S. Morehead, formerly a Whig rep- | in Mississippi, was now and evermore a devotee resentative in Congress from the Lexington dis- / of the Slave Power-hence a Disunionist. He trict, afterward' American Governor of the State bore an active and baleful part in the Peace Con. from 1855 to 1859, was originally a Unionist of ference of February, 1861; and was thenceforth, the Henry Clay school; but, having become though professing moderation, fully in the coun largely interested in slaves and cotton-growing sels of the Secessionists.

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of his seat in the Senate, and the disso- | not fully compensate the Rebellion lution of the Union; demonstrating, for the loss of its boldest and most after his fashion, the unconstitution unscrupulous champion in the Fedality of struggling to uphold the Con- eral Congress. stitution; the atrocity of the despo- Gen. W. T. Sherman, early in Octism which had ventured to arrest a tober, succeeded Gen. Anderson in few of the many traitors actively at command of the district of Kentucky. work to subvert the National Gov- The Rebels, with an art which they ernment; and charging the Legisla- had already brought to perfection, ture of his State with “woeful sub- imposed on him, with success, as on serviency to every demand of Fede- | Gen. McClellan and other of our ral despotism and woeful neglect of commanders, a most exaggerated noevery right of the Kentucky citizen," tion of the amount of their forces; so etc., etc. Here is a specimen of his that, when Kentucky might easily rhetoric:

have been cleared of armed foes by a

concerted and resolute advance, Sher“I would speak of these things with the simple solemnity which their magnitude de

man was telegraphing furiously to mands; yet it is difficult to restrain the ex the War Department for large reënpression of a just indignation while we smart

forcements; and, when visited at under such enormities. Mr. Lincoln has thousands of soldiers on our soil, nearly all

Louisville, on the 18th, by Secretary from the North, and most of them foreign Cameron and Adjt.-Gen. Thomas, he ers, whom he employs as his instruments to do these things. But few Kentuckians have

gravely informed them that he should enlisted under his standard ; for we are not need 200,000 men to recover and hold yet accustomed to his peculiar form of lib

Kentucky; when, in fact, there were erty.

I will not pursue the disgraceful subject. / not 40,000 Rebels in arms within the Has Kentucky passed out of the control of limits of that State. her own people? Shall hirelings of the pen, recently imported from the North, sitting in

Pollard, writing of the early part grand security at the Capital, force public of November, says: opinion to approve these usurpations and point out victims? Shall Mr. Lincoln,

“Despite the victory of Belmont, our sitthrough his German mercenaries, imprison | uation in Kentucky was one of extreme or exile the children of the men who laid weakness, and entirely at the mercy of the the foundations of the Commonwealth, and enemy, if he had not been imposed upon compel our noble people to exhaust them- | by false representations of the number of selves in furnishing the money to destroy our forces at Bowling Green. their own freedom? Never, while Ken

* * * “About the middle of September, tucky remains the Kentucky of old !--never, Gen. Buckner advanced, with a small force while thousands of her gallant sons have the of about 4,000 men, which was increased, by will and the nerve to make the State sing to the 15th of October, to 12,000; and, though the music of their rifles!”

other accessions of force were received, it

continued at about the same strength until It is clear that Mr. Breckinridge,

the end of November, measles and other dis

eases keeping down the effective force. The. in his exodus from Kentucky, had per

enemy's force then was reported to the War petrated a serious blunder. As a de Department at 50,000; and an advance was claimer in the Senate, in chorus with

impossible." Vallandigham, Voorhees, and May, The Unionists of south-eastern Kenhe was worth far more to the Con- tucky were mustering and organizing federacy than as a Brigadier in its under Col. Garrard at a point known military service; and even the elec- as Camp Wild-Cat, when Zollicoffer tion of Garret Davis in his stead did | advanced (Oct. 20th) with seven re

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and disperse them. Gen. Schoepf, siderable—not over 100—but the who had just reached the camp, as conduct of our soldiers was faultless, sumed command of the Union forces and their patient endurance of faprior to the attack, which was made tigue, exposure, and privation, most on the morning of the 21st. The commendable. Williams—who apRebels were superior in numbers; pears to have admirably timed and but the Unionists had a strong posi managed his retreat-reported his tion, and very easily beat off their force stronger at Pound Gap on the assailants, who made two attacks to | 13th than it was at Piketon on the 8th. no purpose, and were repulsed and driven away without serious loss on The heroic Unionists of East Teneither side.

nessee, who had anxiously expected A considerable Rebel force, under and awaited the arrival of a Union Col. John S. Williams, having been force since the opening of the strugcollected at Piketon, the capital of gle, were led to believe, after our Pike, the easternmost county of Ken- successes at Camp Wild-Cat and other tucky, at the head of the Big Sandy, points, that its appearance would not Gen. Wm. Nelson, commanding the much longer be delayed. Many of Union forces in Eastern Kentucky, them stole through the woods and started from Prestonburg, Nov. 8th, over the mountains to join it and in quest of them. Having not less hasten its march; while many of than 3,000 men, while Williams re those who remained at home conports his full strength at 1,010, Nelspired to burn the more important son had, at 11 o'clock, A. M., of the railroad bridges throughout their sec7th, dispatched Col. J. W. Sill, of the tion, in order to preclude the arrival


to gain the rear of Piketon by a cir pressors during the struggle supposed cuitous route through that rugged, to be just at hand. They succeeded almost roadless region, so as to inclose in burning three or four, but failed the Rebels between two fires, and with regard to others; and all of compel their surrender. It was first them who were captured by the Rebtelegraphed that this movement had els while engaged in or escaping from proved a perfect success; but Wil- these attempts were promptly conliams, who seems to have been thor- signed to an ignominious death. oughly posted throughout, retarded The hopes of the loyal Tennesseans Nelson's direct advance by smart, were strangely and utterly blasted. judicious skirmishing in the positions Gen. Schoepf, in command of our 'assuring him the greatest advantage, army which, after the repulse of the while he hurried off the cattle and Rebel attack on Camp Wild-Cat, conother spoils industriously collected fronted Zollicoffer, after advancing from that poor, thinly-settled region, two or three days in the direction of on the road to Pound Gap, whither Cumberland Gap, was induced, by a he retreated on the 9th-his rear- favorite stratagem of the Rebels, to guard of 400 leaving Piketon just as believe that an overwhelming ConNelson was entering it. The loss of federate force was advancing on his

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