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KENTUCKY FOR THE UNION-HENRY CLAY. 609 the 'State-Rights' apostles of the Bor- | Democrat, in a district where the der-State school contemplated Seces- Democratic party had, since 1826, sion, and everything pertaining there- uniformly commanded overwhelmto, primarily, as means of perfecting ing majorities. That district, at the and perpetuating the slaveholding western extremity of the State, hemascendency in the Union as it was. med in between West Tennessee, Hence, we have seen Gov. Magoffin Southern Missouri, and that portion protest against the secession of South of Illinois widely known as 'Egypt,' Carolina and the Cotton States, not and traversed by the great Southern as a treasonable repudiation of their rivers Tennessee and Cumberland,

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merical futility, and as a betrayal of of a century, been alien from Kenthe slaveholding Border States into tucky in character and sympathies, the power of the ‘Black Republicans.' | as it proved itself in this case. The

Kentucky, as we have shown, nine residue of the State elected only weeks after the reduction of Fort Unionists to Congress, by a popular Sumter, gave an aggregate of 92,365 majority of almost three to one. votes for Union to 36,995 for Seces. This majority was - very nearly sion candidates, in choosing, at a spe- maintained at her regular State eleccial election, her representatives in tion (August 5th), when—Magoffin the XXXVIIth Congress, while, as being still Governor, Buckner comyet, no Federal soldier stood armed mander of the State Guard, and the on her soil, and while her Legislature, local offices mainly held by "StateGovernor, and most of his associate Rights' Democrats, with the recent State officers, were the Democratic Union rout and disaster at Bull Run compatriots of Breckinridge, Burnett, tending still further to unmask and and Buckner. Only a single district develop all the latent treason in the elected a Secessionist, by four-sev- State-a new Legislature was choenths of its total vote; and he its old sen, wherein Unionism of a very demember, who had hitherto received cided type predominated in the profar larger majorities, running as a portion of nearly three to one.* " See pp. 340-41. P. 496.

States referred to~Maryland and Kentucky

considered either in proportion to what was * Pollard, in his "Southern History,” fully ad

offered the Lincoln Government by these States, mits, while he denounces and deplores, the hos

or with respect to the numbers of their populatility of Kentucky to the Rebel cause-saying: tion, were sparing and exceptional; and althouglı

" It is not to be supposed for a moment that, these demonstrations on the part of Kentucky, while the position of Kentucky, like that of Ma from the great and brilliant names associated ryland, was one of reproach, it is to mar the with them, were perhaps even more honorable credit due to that portion of the people of each, and more useful than the examples of Southwho, in the face of instant difficulties, ard at the | ern spirit offered by Maryland, it is unquesexpense of extraordinary sacrifices, repudiated tionably though painfully true, that the great the decision of their States to remain under the body of the people of Kentucky were the active Federal Government, and expatriated them allies of Lincoln, and the unnatural enemies of kelves that they might espouse the cause of lib those united to them by lineage, blood, and comerty in the South. The honor due such men mon institutions." is, in fact, increased by the consideration that Those who love and honor the name of Henry their States remained in the Union, and com

Clay will thank the author of the “Southern pelled them to fly their homes, that they might

History” for the following undesigned but richly certify their devotion to the South and her cause of independence. Still, the justice of history

merited homage to the character and influence must be maintained. The demonstrations of of that great man: sympathy with the South on the part of the l “It is certainly defective logic, or, at best, an

39

A determined Union Legislature 1 portion of Kentucky. This movement was having thus been elected but not yet

preceded by the active organization of com

panies, regiments, etc., consisting of men assembled, Gov. Magoffin, feeling that sworn into the United States service, under his time was short, and that any fur- | officers holding commissions from yourself. ther mischief to the Union cause at

Ordnance, arms, munitions, and supplies of

| war, are being transported into the State, and his hands must be done quickly, ad placed in large quantities in these camps. In dressed to the President of the Uni

a word, an army is now being organized and

quartered within the State, supplied with all ted States, by the hands of two

the appliances of war, without the consent 'Commissioners,' the following cool or advice of the authorities of the State, and

without consultation with those most prorniepistle:

nently known and recognized as loyal citi

zens. This movement now imperils that “COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY,

peace and tranquillity which, from the be“EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, FRANKFORT,

ginning of our present difficulties, have been " August 19, 1861.

the paramount desire of this people, and “To His Excellency, ABRAHAM LINCOLN,

which, up to this time, they have secured to President of the United States :

| the State. “Sir:. From the commencement of the

“Within Kentucky, there has been, and unhappy hostilities now pending in this

is likely to be, no occasion for the presence country, the people of Kentucky have indi

of military force. The people are quiet and cated an earnest desire and purpose, as far

tranquil, feeling no apprehension of any ocas lay in their power, while maintaining

casion arising to invoke protection from the their original political status, to do nothing

Federal arm. They have asked that their by which to involve themselves in the war.

territory be left free from military occupaUp to this time, they have succeeded in se

tion, and the present tranquillity of their curing to themselves and to the State, peace

communications left uninvaded by soldiers. and tranquillity as the fruits of the policy

They do not desire that Kentucky shall be they adopted. My single object now is to

required to supply the battle-field for the promote the continuance of these blessings

contending armies, or become the theater of

the war. to the people of this State. “Until within a brief period, the people

“Now, therefore, as Governor of the of Kentucky were quiet and tranquil, free

State of Kentucky, and in the name of from domestic strife, and undisturbed by in

the people I have the honor to represent, ternal commotion. They have resisted no

and with the single and earnest desire to law, rebelled against no authority, engaged

avert from their peaceful homes the horrors in no revolution, but constantly proclaimed

of war, I urge the removal from the limits their firm determination to pursue their

of Kentucky of the military force now orpeaceful avocations, earnestly hoping that

ganized and in camp within the State. If their own soil would be spared the presence

such action as is hereby urged be promptly of armed troops, and that the scene of con

taken, I firmly believe the peace of the peoflict would be kept removed beyond the bor

ple of Kentucky will be preserved, and the der of their State. By thus avoiding all

horrors of a bloody war will be averted from occasions for the introduction of bodies of

a people now peaceful and tranquil. armed soldiers, and offering no provocation

“B. MAGOFFIN." for the presence of military force, the people of Kentucky have sincerely striven to pre The President, declining to receive serve in their State domestic peace, and avert the calamities of sanguinary engage

Magoffin's Commissioners otherwise ments.

than as private citizens, returned this “Recently, a large body of soldiers have

terse and pungent reply to their masbeen enlisted in the United States Army, and collected in military camps in the central ter's request:

inadequate explanation, which attributes the sub- | large portion of the Kentucky people to the serviency of a large portion of the people of Ken Northern cause must be attributed to permanent tucky to the views of the Lincoln Government causes; and among these were, first, an essential to the perfidy of a party or the adroitness of its unsoundness on the Slavery question, under the management. However powerful may be the influences of the peculiar philosophy of Henry machinery of party, it certainly has not the power Clay, who, like every great man, left an impress of belying public sentiment for any considerable upon his State, which it remained for future even length of time. The persistent adhesion of a I more than contemporary generations to attest.”

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“WASHINGTON, D. C., Aug. 24, 1861. I plaining that she had suffered in her “To his Excellency, B. MAGOFFIN, Governor of the State of Kentucky : |

commerce and property from the acts “Sir: Your letter of the 19th inst., in of either; but more especially that a which you 'urge the removal from the lim Federal force had recently been orits of Kentucky of the military force now organized and in camp within that State,' is

ganized and encamped in the heart received.

of that State without the permission "I may not possess full and precisely ac- l of her lawful authorities — (Beriah curate knowledge upon this subject; but I believe it is true that there is a military Magoffin, to wit;) whereupon he proforce in camp within Kentucky, acting by posed to so amend an act of the late authority of the United States; which force

Legislature as to enable the Military is not very large, and is not now being augniented.

Board to borrow money for the pur“I also believe that some arms have been

chase of arms and munitions for the furnished to this force by the United States. “I also believe that this force consists ex

defense of the State, etc., etc. He clusively of Kentuckians, having their camp desired the Legislature authoritain the immediate vicinity of their own homes,

tively to request all Military organiand not assailing or menacing any of the good people of Kentucky.

zations within the State, not under "In all I have done in the premises, I her authority, to be disbanded forthhave acted upon the urgent solicitation of many Kentuckians, and in accordance with

with; and complained of the introwhat I believed, and still believe, to be the duction of arms by the Federal Govwish of a majority of all the Union-loving ernment and their distribution among people of Kentucky.

“While I have conversed on the subject private citizens, which-considering with many eminent men of Kentucky, in that the incipient Rebels obtained a cluding a large majority of her members of large proportion thereof and in due Congress, I do not remember that any one of them, or any other person, except your time carried them off to the camps of Excellency and the bearers of your Excel- the Secession forces-was unreasonalency's letter, has urged me to remove the military force from Kentucky or to disband

ble. On the main question at issue, it. One other very worthy citizen of Ken he said: tucky did solicit me to have the augmenting

"Kentucky has meant to await the exof the force suspended for a time. "Taking all the means within my reach

hausting of all civil remedies before she will to form a judgment, I do not believe it is the

reconsider the question of assuming new expopular wish of Kentucky that the force

ternal relations, but I have never undershall be removed beyond her limits; and,

stood that they will tamely submit unconwith this impression, I must respectfully de

ditionally to the aggressions of the North; cline to remove it.

that they renounce their sympathy with the “I most cordially sympathize with your

people of her aggrieved sister States; nor Excellency in the wish to preserve the peace

that they will approve of a war to subjugate of my own native State, Kentucky; but it is

the South. Still can I not construe any of with regret I search for and cannot find, in

their votes as meaning that they will proseyour not very short letter, any declaration or

cute à coërcive war against their Southern intimation that you entertain any desire for

brethren. They meant only that they have the preservation of the Federal Union.

still some hope of the restoration and per“ABRAHAM LINCOLN."

petuation of the Union; and, until that hope

is blasted, they will not alter their existing The Legislature convened Septem

| relations. Their final decision will be law

to me; and I will execute every constituber 3d, but was not fully organized

tional act of their representatives as vigitill the 5th, when Magoffin submit lantly and faithfully as though it originated ted a Message based on the assump

with myself." tion of Kentucky's proper and per- These few words elicited no sympafect neutrality between the belliger- thetic response from the Legislature, ents North and South of her; com- / fresh from the people, and imbued with

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