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THE U S FRIGATE ST. LAWRENCE SINKING THE PRIVATEER “PETREL,'' AUG. 1, 1861

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hand in the business. Doubling Cape | tearing them to pieces and destroying Hatteras next morning, the Monti- all on board. Had our land forces cello, Lieut. Braine, came upon the efficiently coöperated, most of the main Rebel force at 11 P. M., and Rebels might have been taken; as it I opened upon them with shells, put- was, Col. Brown returned unmolested ting them instantly to flight, with to the fort. great slaughter. The bank or beach between the ocean and the Sound, Fort Pickens, on the western exbeing less than a mile wide, afforded tremity of Santa Rosa Island, comlittle protection to the fugitives, who manding the main entrance to Pensustained an incessant fire from the sacola harbor, was saved to the Union, Monticello for two hours; and two of as we have seen,' by the fidelity and our shells are said to have penetrated prompt energy of Lieut. Slemmer. two Rebel sloops laden with men, It was reënforced soon after the fall

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MAP OF FOKT PICKENS, PENSACOLA, ETC. of Sumter, and its defense confided to bombardment, which, on our side, Col. Harvey Brown. A formidable was eagerly awaited. Rebel force, ultimately commanded Com. William Mervine, commandby Gen. Braxton Bragg, was assem- ing the Gulf Blockading Squadron, bled, early in the war, at Pensacola, having observed that a schooner and long threatened an attack or named the Judah was being fitted

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*Page 412.

out in the harbor of Pensacola as a / and it was claimed, on our side, that privateer, with intent to slip out some their loss exceeded 300; but, as they dark night, prepared to cruise against left but 21 dead on the island, and our commerce, planned an expedition 30 prisoners, the claim is simply ab. to destroy her. During the night of surd. Our loss was 60, and theirs Sept. 13th, four boats, carrying 100 probably a little more. But several men, commanded by Lieut. Russell, thousand Rebels were kept at Penput off from Com. Mervine's flag-ship, sacola throughout the campaign by Colorado, approaching the schooner less than 1,000 on our side; and, at 31 A. M., of the 14th. The pri- when they finally decamped, they had vateer's crew, duly warned, opened a no choice but to surrender the Naval fire of musketry as the boats neared Floating Dock and Railway, with her; but were speedily driven from much other public property, to the her deck by our boarders, and she set flames, to prevent their easy recovery on fire and burned to the water's to the Union. edge, when she sunk. Her gun, a 10-inch columbiad, was spiked, and The blockade of the mouths of the sunk with her. All was the work of Mississippi, naturally difficult, because a quarter of an hour, during which of their number and distances, was our side had 3 killed and 12 wounded. successfully evaded on the 1st of July As the Judah lay directly off the by the steam privateer Sumter, Capt. Navy Yard, where a thousand Reb- Raphael Semmes, who, darting swiftly els were quartered, this was one of from point to point throughout those the most daring and well-executed | portions of the West India waters achievements of the year.

known to be most thickly studded Finally, during the intensely dark with our merchantmen, made some night of Oct. 9th, a Confederate force twelve or fifteen captures in hardly crossed silently from Pensacola to so many days, and then ran into the Santa Rosa Island, with intent to sur-friendly British port of Nassau, where prise and destroy the camp of the 6th he was promptly supplied with everyNew York (Wilson's Zouaves), some thing necessary to a vigorous prosetwo miles distant from Fort Pickens. cution of his devastating career. The attack was well planned and Having continued it some time longer well made. The surprise seems to with great success, he finally ran into have been complete. The Zouaves the British harbor of Gibraltar, where were instantly driven from their the Federal gunboat Tuscarora soon camp, which was thoroughly de- found him and his vessel, and, anstroyed; but the darkness, which had choring in the Spanish port of Algefavored the surprise, invested every siras, just opposite, where no law step beyond the camp with unknown would compel her to remain twentyperils; and, when day broke, the four hours after the Sumter had deRebels had no choice but to retreat parted, she held the privateer fast as swiftly as possible to their boats, until relieved by the Kearsarge, by eight miles distant. Of course, they which the blockade was persistently were followed, and harassed, and fired maintained until the Confederate upon after they had reëmbarked; officers abandoned their vessel-proHOLLINS'S RAID-DU PONT'S EXPEDITION. 603 fessing to sell her—and betook them- | Commander Hollins, formerly of selves to Liverpool, where a faster our Navy, and more notorious than and better steamer, the Alabama, famous for his bombardment of Greyhad meantime been constructed, and town, Nicaragua, had drawn rather fitted out for their service. So the liberally on his imagination in the Nashville, which ran out of Charles- above. His prize was a deserted ton during the Summer, and, in due coal-boat; he had not sunk the time, appeared in British waters, Preble; and his peppering' was after burning (Nov. 19th) the Harvey done at a prudent distance, and with Birch merchantman within sight of little or no effect. ' But he had burst the English coast, ran into South- upon our squadron blockading the ampton, where lay the Tuscarora; mouths of the Mississippi, at 3.45 which, if permitted to pursue, would A. M. of that day, with a flotilla comhave made short work of her soon posed of his ram Manassas, three fireafter she left, but was compelled to rafts, and five armed steamers. The remain twenty-four hours to insure ram struck our flag steamship Richher escape. This detention is author- mond, Capt. Pope, staving in her side ized by the law of nations, though it below the water-line, and, for the has not always been respected by moment, threatening her destruction. Great Britain: Witness her capture Our squadron, consisting of the Richof the Essex and Essex Junior in the mond, Preble, Vincennes, and Water harbor of Valparaiso, and her de- Witch, instantly slipped their cables, struction of the Gen. Armstrong pri- and ran down the South-west Pass, vateer in the port of Fayal, during very much as they would have done the war of 1812. But the concession had all on board been considerably of such belligerent rights and immu- frightened. Commander Robert Hannities to a power which has neither dy, of the Vincennes, ran his vessel recognized national existence nor aground in the flight, and deserted maritime strength will yet be regret her, with all his men; setting a slowted by Great Britain, as affording an match to destroy her, which happily unfortunate and damaging precedent. failed. His vessel was recovered un

In October-the communications harmed. The fire-rafts were entirely between our blockading forces in the avoided; the Rebel steamboats not Gulf and the loyal States being fitful venturing within range of the Richand tedious—the North was startled | mond's guns; while Hollins's haste by the following bulletin, which ap- to telegraph his victory seems to have peared as a telegram from New Or cost him all its legitimate fruits. Beleans to the Richmond papers: yond the destruction of the fire-ships,

“FORT JACKSON, Oct. 12, 1861. the losses on either side were of no "Last night, I attacked the blockaders with my little fleet. I succeeded, after a

account. very short struggle, in driving them all aground on the Southwest Pass bar, except On the 29th of October, another the Preble, which I sunk. “I captured a prize from them; and,

and far stronger naval and military after they were fast in sand, I peppered expedition set forth from Hampton them well.

Roads, and, clearing the capes of Vir: “There were no casualties on our side. + It was a complete success. HOLLINS." Iginia, moved majestically southward,

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