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o'clock-an almost uninterrupted conflict of show as trophies five of Sigel's six six hours. The order to retreat was given

guns; but there is no pretense, on soon after the enemy gave way from our front and center, Lieut. Dubois's battery their part, of having pursued those having been previously sent to occupy, with

whom they claimed to have beaten; its supports, the hill in our rear. Capt. Totten's battery, as soon as his disabled

and McCulloch's first official report horses could be replaced, retired slowly only says of our army, “ They have with the main body of the infantry, while

met with a signal repulse—which Capt. Steele was meeting the demonstrations upon our right flank. This having was the truth. He admits a loss of been repulsed, and no enemy being in sight, 265 killed, 800 wounded, and 30 the whole column moved slowly to the high, open prairie, about two miles from the bat

missing. Our official reports make tle-ground; our ambulances, meanwhile, our loss 223 killed, 721 wounded, and passing to and fro, carrying off our wounded.

292 missing. McCulloch says: “My After making a short halt on the prairie, we continued our march to Springfield.

effective force was 5,300 infantry, 15 "It should be here remembered that, just pieces of artillery, and 6,000 horseafter the order to retire was given, and while it was undecided whether the retreat

men, armed with flint-lock muskets, should be continued, or whether we should rifles, and shot-guns. There were occupy the more favorable position of our other horsemen with the army, who rear, and await tidings of Col. Sigel, one of his non-commissioned officers arrived, and

were entirely unarmed, and, instead reported that the Colonel's brigade had been of being a help, were continually in totally routed, and all his artillery captured,

the way.” Lieut. Col. Merritt, of Col. Sigel himself having been either killed or made prisoner. Most of our men had |

the 1st Iowa, in his report, says: fired il vay all their ammunition, and all that could be obtained from the boxes of the

“ The enemy brought to the field 14,000 killed and wounded. Nothing, therefore,

well-armed and well-disciplined troops, and was left to do but to return to Springfield;

10,000 irregular troops; and our own force where 250 Home Guards, with two pieces

amounted to about 5,000 troops in the early of artillery, had been left to take care of the

| part of the engagement, and considerably train. On reaching the Little York road,

less than 4,000 troops for the concluding we met Lieut. Farrand, with his company

four hours of it.” of dragoons, and a considerable portion of Col. Sigel's command, with one piece of Maj. Sturgis, in his official report artillery. At 5 o'clock, P. M., we reached of the battle, says: Springfield.”

"That 3,700 men, after a fatiguing nightOf course, the Confederates claimed

march, attacked the enemy, numbering the result as a success; and with good

.

bloody conflict of six hours, withdrew at reason, since they stood on the de

their pleasure, is the best eulogium I can fensive and held the field, and could pass on their conduct that day."7

6 It was very hard for our soldiers engaged in that. * * * Schofield also stated that, in the main or front attack to admit that the day attempting to ride forward to reconnoiter and went against us, when they never saw the faces

see where the enemy were, their dead were of the Rebels throughout the fight without see

piled up so thick that he could not ride over

them, but had to make a considerable détour. ing their backs directly afterward. Thus Col.

“There was a flag of truce sent out after our John B. Plummer, 11th Missouri (who was bad return to Springfield, as I heard. A young docly wounded), testifies before the Committee on tor of the army went out with it, with a few men the Conduct of the War:

and some wagons, to obtain the body of Gen. "I have but little more to say in regard to the

Lyon, and to look for our wounded left on the battle except that we whipped them. * * *

field. He told me that Gen. McCullochi remarked I was severely wounded, and, in the course of

to a non-commissioned officer-a sergeant--who an hour and a haif, was myself in an ambulance.

attended the party, 'Your loss was very great; I did not see the latter part of the action, but

but ours was four times yours;' and I think it

but a fair estimate to put their loss at least as repulse, it was a perfect rout-that the enemy

high as 4,000 men, killed and wounded." fled in the wildest confusion. Everybody says | Gen. Lyon's entire force, as returned by his

He further says:

sciences. I have driven the enemy from

among you. The time has now arrived for “Our total loss, in killed, wounded, and the people of the State to act. You can no missing, amounts to 1,235--that of the longer procrastinate. Missouri must now enemy will probably reach 3,000.”

take her position, be it North or South." Beyond doubt, the Rebel army

In an order to his army, issued that was considerably larger than ours

day, he says: probably about two to one. It em

“The flag of the Confederacy now floats

near Springfield, the stronghold of the bodied not only the mass of the Mis

enemy,”— souri Rebels under Gen. Price, as well

proving that he did not, even yet, as those of Arkansas under McCul

feel strong enough to attack that loch, but a considerable force, also, city. But Springfield was neither from Texas, with one regiment from fortified nor provisioned for a siege: Louisiana. Among its losses were while the immense preponderance of Col. Weightman, commanding a brig

the Rebels in cavalry would have ade of Missourians, while Gens. Slack

enabled them to cut off our supplies and Clark were severely, and Gen.

from every quarter: a retreat was, Price slightly wounded. Yet the pre

therefore, wisely determined on, and ponderance of losses was undoubted

commenced during the night of the ly on our side; that of Lyon alone

10th. On the 15th, our little army, being a national disaster. McCul

with a baggage train five miles long, loch, from his camp near Springfield, reached Rolla utterly unmolested. on the 12th, after learning that the

Indeed, it does not seem to have Union army, under Sturgis and

been even pursued. Sigel, had retreated from that city, issued an exulting proclamation, in

JOHN C. FREMONT had, on the 9th which he said:

of July, been appointed to the com“ We have gained over them a great and

mand of the Western District, insignal victory. Their general-in-chief is cluding the States of Illinois, Kenslain, and many of their other general offi

tucky, Missouri, and Kansas, with the cers wounded; their army is in full flight; and now, if the true men of Missouri will

Territories stretching westward of rise ap and rally around our standard, the these; but was still in New York, State will be redeemed. * * * “ Missouri must be allowed to choose her

endeavoring to obtain necessary arms, own destiny-no oaths binding your con- equipments, and munitions, when Adjutant, J. C. Kelton, on the 8th of August preciated the force of audacity and quick de(the day before the battle), was 5,368; which in cision in a revolutionary war. To military edu. cluded his sick and wounded in hospital, all who

cation and talents, he united a rare energy and

promptitude. No doubts or scruples unsettled were absent on special duty, and his guard left

his mind. A Connecticut Yankee, without a in Springfield. It is, therefore, certain that he

trace of chivalric feeling or personal sensibility fought the battle of Wilson's Creek with less -one of those who submit to insult with inthan 5,500, and, after the rout of Sigel, with difference, yet are brave on the field. he was less than 4,500. We have seen that the Rebels,

this exception to the politics of the late regular by their own account, had at least twice this

army of the United States, that he was an

unmitigated, undisguised, and fanatical Abonumber in the field, beside those left in camp

litionist.” for want of arms.

'Pollard, in his “Southern History," says: 8 Pollard, in his “ Southern History," says: “Shortly after the battle, the Confederate

"The death of Gen. Lyon was a serious loss to army returned to the frontier of Arkansas; the Federals in Missouri. He was an able and Gens. McCulloch and Price having failed to dangerous man-a man of the times, who ap- agree upon the plan of a campaign in Missouri.”

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tidings were received of the Union | night, hiding in the forests, or disdisaster at Bull Run. He left that persing to their homes and pretendcity on the evening of that day ing to be peaceful citizens, by day. (July 22d), and reached St. Louis The bolder traitors were ready and on the 25th.

eager for open hostilities; the more The bad news had, of course, pre-cowardly would follow their leaders ceded him; and he found most of in a midnight raid on a peaceful the Union soldiers in his department Union settlement, or aid them in just ready to be mustered out of ser- burning railroad bridges. Kentucky, vice at the close of their three months' though hitherto closed against Union enlistment-disaffected, because un soldiers, received without objection paid; while arms, money, and nearly large bodies of Rebels from Tenneseverything else required by the public see and below, and, from herthoroughexigency, were wanting. The Union- ly disloyal Western district, formiists were temporarily stunned and dably threatened Cairo. Gen. Frealmost paralyzed by their great and mont's position and its difficulties are unexpected disaster near Washing- very forcibly depicted in the private ton. The energies of the Govern- letter which he addressed, five days ment were absorbed in hurrying to after his arrival, to the President, as the Potomac every available regiment follows: and battery from whatever quarter;

“HEAD-QUARTERS WESTERN DEPARTMENT, while the Secessionists, exultant and

"St. Louis, July 30th, 1861. sanguine, were preparing on all sides

to say that, as occasions of sufficient gravity to push their advantage promptly arose, I might send you a private note. and to the utmost.

"I have found this command in disorder; Lieut. Gov. Reynolds, in a procla

nearly every county in an insurrectionary

condition, and the enemy advancing in force mation to the people of Missouri, by different points of the Southern frontier. dated New Madrid, July 31st, with Within a circle of fifty miles around Gen.

Prentiss, there are about 12,000 of the Congood reason assured them, that "the

federate forces; 10 and 5,000 Tennessee and sun which shone in its full, midday Arkansas men, under Hardee, well armed splendor at Manassas, is about to

with rifles, are advancing upon Ironton. Of

these, 2,000 are cavalry, which, yesterday rise upon Missouri.” Every young

morning, were within twenty-four hours' slaveholder instinctively snatched his march of Ironton. Col. Bland, who had rifle, mounted his horse, and started

been seduced from this post, is falling back

upon it. I have already reënforced it with for the nearest Rebel camp. Each old one regiment; sent another this morning,

to Ironton and that to Rolla, so securing trality, if the Union sentiment of

our connections with the South. Other his neighborhood were decidedly pre measures, which I am taking, I will not dominant, but sent his older sons to

trust to a letter; and I write this only to in

form you as to our true condition, and to reënforce Jackson and Price. Wher

say that, if I can obtain the material aid I ever, as in north-eastern Missouri, am expecting, you may feel secure that the

enemy will be driven out, and the State reand along the great lines of railroad,

duced to order. I have ordered Gen. Pope Rebel armies could not be main back to North Missouri, of which he is now tained, there guerrilla bands were

in command. I am sorely pressed for want

of arms. I have arranged with Adams's organized, to operate with vigor by Express Company to bring me everything 10 That is, in Kentucky and south-eastern Missouri, threatening Cairo, where Prentiss commanded.

with speed, and will buy arms to-day in ' “From St. Louis to Cairo was an easy New-York. Our troops have not been paid, day's journey by water, and transportation and some regiments are in a state of mutiny; abundant. To Springfield, was a week's and the men whose term of service is ex- | march; and, before I could have reached it, pired generally refuse to reënlist. I lost a fine Cairo would have been taken, and with it, regiment last night, from inability to pay I believe, St. Louis. then a portion of the money due. This “On my arrival at Cairo, I found the force regiment had been intended to move on a under Gen. Prentiss reduced to 1,200 men ; critical post last night. The Treasurer of consisting mainly of a regiment which had the United States has here $300,000 en agreed to await my arrival. A few miles tirely unappropriated. I applied to him below, at New Madrid, Gen. Pillow had yesterday for $100,000 for my Paymaster, landed a force estimated at 20,000, which Gen. Andrews, but was refused. We have subsequent events showed was not exaggernot an hour for delay. There are three ated. Our force, greatly increased to the courses open to me: One, to let the enemy enemy by rumor, drove him to a hasty repossess himself of some of the strongest treat, and permanently secured the popoints in the State, and threaten St. Louis,

sition. * * * which is insurrectionary. Second: to force “I returned to St. Louis on the 4th, haya loan from Secession banks here. Third : ing, in the mean time, ordered Col. Stephento use the money belonging to the Govern son's regiment from Booneville, and Col. ment, which is in the Treasury here. Of | Montgomery from Kansas, to march to the course, I will neither lose the State, nor per relief of Gen. Lyon. mit the enemy a foot of advantage. I have “Immediately upon my arrival from infused energy and activity into the depart Cairo, I set myself at work, amid incessant ment, and there is a thoroughly good spirit demands upon my time from every quarter, in officers and men. This morning, I will principally to provide reënforcements for order the Treasurer to deliver the money in Gen. Lyon. his possession to Gen. Andrews, and will “I do not accept Springfield as a disaster send a force to the Treasury to take the belonging to my administration. Causes, money, and will direct such payments as wholly out of my jurisdiction, had already the exigency requires. I will hazard every- | prepared the defeat of Gen. Lyon before my thing for the defense of the department you arrival at St. Louis." have confided to me, and I trust to you for support.

Adj. Gen. Harding, whom Gen. “ With respect and regard, I am yours truly, Fremont found, by appointment of

“J. C. FREMONT,
“Major General Commanding.

Gen. Lyon, in practical command at “To the PRESIDENT of the United States." St. Louis, says: Gen. Fremont, in his testimony

" Gen. Fremont was not inattentive to

the situation of Gen. Lyon's column, and before the Committee on the Con went so far as to remove the garrison of duct of the War, thus explains his Booneville in order to send him aid. Dur

ing the first days of August, troops arrived action in the premises :

in the city in large numbers. Nearly all of “A glance at the map will make it appa them were unarmed; all were without rent that Cairo was the point which first

transportation. Regiment after regiment demanded immediate attention. The force lay for days in the city without any equipunder Gen. Lyon could retreat, but the po

ments, for the reason that the Arsenal was sition at Cairo could not be abandoned ; the

exhausted, and arms and accouterments had question of holding Cairo was one which

to be brought from the East. From these involved the safety of the whole Northwest.

men, Gen. Lyon would have had reënforceHad the taking of St. Louis followed the ments, although they were wholly undefeat of Manassas, the disaster might have

practiced in the use of the musket and knew been irretrievable; while the loss of Spring- | nothing of movements in the field; but, in field, should our army be compelled to fall

the mean time, the battle of the 10th of Auback upon Rolla, would only carry with it gust was fought.” the loss of a part of Missouri -a loss greatly News of Gen. Lyon's repulse and to be regretted, but not irretrievable.

"Having reenforced Cape Girardeau and death reached St. Louis on the 13th. Ironton, by the utmost exertions I succeeded Gen. Fremont thereupon decided to in getting together and embarking with a force of 3,800 men, five days after my ar

fortify that city with all possible rival in St. Louis.

dispatch, as a permanent and central GEN. FREMONT'S ORDER-PRICE ADVANCES.

585

base of operations; to fortify and to be confiscated to the public use; and garrison, likewise, Cape Girardeau,

their slaves, if any they have, are hereby

declared free men. Ironton, Rolla, and Jefferson City; “All persons who shall be proven to have using for this purpose hired labor so destroyed, after the publication of this order,

railroad tracks, bridges, or telegraphs, shall far as possible, so that his raw re

suffer the extreme penalty of the law. cruits, even though unarmed, might “All persons engaged in treasonable corhe drilled and fitted for service so respondence, in giving or procuring aid to

the enemies of the United States, in disrapidly as might be; when, on the turbing the public tranquillity by creating receipt of sufficient arms, he would and ciiculating false reports or incendiary

documents, are in their own interest warned take the field at the head of a nu

that they are exposing themselves. merous and effective army, and speed “ All persons who have been led away ily regain all that should have, mean

from their allegiance are required to return

to their homes forthwith; any such absence, time, been lost. He now issued the

without sufficient cause, will be held to be following stringent and stirring gene- | presumptive evidence against them. ral order:

“The object of this declaration is to

place in the hands of the military authorities “HEAD-QUARTERS OF THE WESTERN DEP'T, | the power to give instantaneous effect to

“St. Louis, August 31st. existing laws, and to supply such deficiencies “ Circumstances, in my judgment, of suf- as the conditions of war demand. But it is ficient urgency, render it necessary that the not intended to suspend the ordinary tribuCommanding General of this department | nals of the country, where the law will be should assume the administrative power of administered by the civil officers in the usual the State. Its disorganized condition, the manner and with their customary authority, helplessness of the civil authority, the total while the same can be peaceably exercised. insecurity of life, and the devastation of “The Commanding General will labor property by bands of murderers and ma | vigilantly for the public welfare, and, in his rauders, who infest nearly every county in efforts for their safety, hopes to obtain not the State, and avail themselves of the pub only the acquiescence, but the active suplic misfortunes and the vicinity of a hostile port, of the people of the country.” force to gratify private and neighborhood

“J. O. FREMONT, Maj.-Gen. Com." vengeance, and who find an enemy wherever they find plunder, finally demand the se

This order, so far as it declared the verest measures to repress the daily increasing crimes and outrages which are driving slaves of Rebels to be free, was suboff the inhabitants and ruining the State. sequently overruled and annulled by In this condition, the public safety and the success of our arms require unity of pur

President Lincoln, as will hereafter pose, without let or hindrance to the prompt be seen. administration of affairs.

Gen. Price, very naturally, did not “In order, therefore, to suppress disorders, to maintain, as far as now practi

I see fit to await the fulfillment of cable, the public peace, and to give security Gen. Fremont's programme. Though and protection to the persons and property of loyal citizens, I do hereby extend and

abandoned by McCulloch, with the declare established martial law throughout bulk of the Confederate army, he the State of Missouri. The lines of the

moved northward from Springfield army of occupation in this State are, for the present, declared to extend from Leaven

about the middle of August, receivworth, by way of the posts of Jefferson ing reënforcements continually, and, City, Rolla, and Ironton, to Cape Girardeau,

deflecting to the west as he advanced, on the Mississippi river. All persons who shall be taken with arms in their hands, pushed back a far inferior force of within these lines, shall be tried by Court Unionists under Gen. Lane, after a Martial, and, if found guilty, will be shot. The property, real and personal, of all per

little brush, at the crossing of a sons in the State of Missouri who shall take stream known as Dry Wood, and up arms against the United States, or shall

sent a detachment to and occupied be directly proven to have taken active part with their enemies in the field, is declared | Fort Scott, on the edge of Kansas,

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