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them abandoned to the enemy; while | nated the first Monday of the Nothe Rebels reported their loss at 40 vember ensuing as a day of election, to 50 killed and 125 to 150 wounded. whereat the people should ratify or Sigel, now outnumbered three or four disapprove this decisive action; and, to one, was constrained to continue meantime, elected Hamilton R. Gamhis retreat, by Mount Vernon, to ble Governor, Willard P. Hall Lieut. Springfield; where Gen. Lyon, who Governor, and Mordecai Oliver Sechad been delayed by lack of trans retary of State. These officers were portation, joined and outranked him that day inaugurated, and the Conon the 10th.

vention, immediately thereupon, adMeantime, Gen. Harris, Jackson's journed to the third Monday in DeBrigadier for north-eastern Missouri, cember. Their action was ratified, had rallied a considerable force at of course, and the functionaries above Paris, near the Mississippi, and hence named continued in their respective commenced the work of destroying offices. These proceedings were met the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad. Col. Smith's Union force at- Lieut. Governor, Reynolds, styling tacked him on the 10th at Palmyra, himself acting Governor, dated New whence Harris fell back to Monroe, Madrid, July 31st; wherein he defifiteen miles west, where he destroyed clares that he has been absent for two much of the railroad property. Here months,as a Commissioner of Missouri he was again attacked by Smith, and to the Confederate States, and that now worsted, losing one gun and 75 pris

1 “I return to the State, to accompany, in oners. He thereupon disappeared;

my official capacity, one of the armies but continued actively organizing which the warrior statesman, whose genius guerrilla parties, and sending them

now presides over the affairs of our half of

| the Union, has prepared to advance against out to harass and plunder Unionists, the cominon foe. * * * destroying their property through all “I particularly address myself to those who,

though Southerners in feeling, have permitthis section, until he finally joined

ted a love of peace to lead them astray from Price, with 2,700 men, at the siege the State cause. You now see the State auof Lexington. In fact, all over Mis

thorities about to assert, with powerful for

ces, their constitutional rights; you behold souri, partisan fights and guerrilla out

the most warlike population on the globe, rages were now the order of the day. the people of the lower Mississippi valley,

about to rush, with their gleaming bowie

knives and unerring rifles, to aid us in driving The State Convention reässembled out the Abolitionists and their Hessian alat Jefferson City July 20th, and pro

lies. If you cordially join our Southern

friends, the war must soon depart Missouri's ceeded–52 to 28—to declare the

borders; if you still continue, either in offices of Governor, Lieut. Governor, apathy, or in indirect support of the Lincoln Secretary of State, with those of mem

Governrnent, you only bring ruin upon your

selves by fruitlessly prolonging the contest. bers of the Legislature, vacant by the The road to peace and internal security is treason of their occupants, and all the only through union with the South. We

will receive you as brothers, and let bygones acts of said Executive and Legisla

ve and Legislabe bygones. Rally to the Stars and Bars, ture, in contravention of the Federal in union with our glorious ensign of the Constitution, and in hostility to the Union, null and void. They desig Jackson followed this (August 6th) 4 July 30th.

5 Jefferson Davis, to wit.

ALEN

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by a Declaration of Independence, on the part of Jackson, and R. M. T. mainly made up of abuse of the Fed Hunter acting for Davis, an offensive eral Government, and its efforts to and defensive alliance between Mismaintain its authority in Missouri. souri and the Confederacy; whereby He thus established his right to take all the military force, matériel of war, that State out of the Union:

and military operations of the former "By the recognized universal public law were transferred to the said Davis, as of all the earth, war dissolves all political though she were already in the Concompacts. Our forefathers gave as one of their grounds for asserting their indepen

federacy; to which was added a stipudence that the King of Great Britain had lation that she should, so soon as pos'abdicated government here, by declaring | sible. be admitted into the Confedus out of his protection, and waging war upon us.' The people and Government of

eracy; and she has since been reprethe Northern States of the late Union have sented in its Congress, although no acted in the same manner toward Missouri,

election for members thereof was ever and have dissolved, by war, the connection heretofore existing between her and them. | held by her people.

“The General Assembly of Missouri, the The Rebels, largely reënforced from recognized political department of her Government, by an act approved May 10th,

the South, and immensely strong in 1861, entitled, "An act to authorize the cavalry, soon overran all southern MisGovernor of the State of Missouri to sup

souri, confining Gen. Lyon to Springpress rebellion and repel invasion,' has vested in the Governor, in respect to the

field and its immediate vicinity. rebellion and invasion now carried on in Aware of their great superiority in Missouri by the Government and people of the Northern States and their allies, power

numbers, Lyon waited long for reënand authority to take such measures, as in his forcements; but the disaster at Bull judgment he may deem necessary or proper, Run, and the general mustering out to repel such invasion or put down such rebellion.'

of service of our three-months' men, “Now, therefore, by virtue of the au prevented his receiving any. At thority in me vested by said act, I, Claiborne F. Jackson, Governor of the State of Mis

length, hearing that the enemy were souri, appealing to the Supreme Judge of advancing in two strong columns, the world for the rectitude of my intentions, from Cassville on the south and Saraná firmly believing that I am herein carrying into effect the will of the people of Mis

coxie on the west, to overwhelm him, souri, do hereby, in their name, by their au he resolved to strike the former thority, and on their behalf, and subject at

before it could unite with the latter. all times to their free and unbiased control, make and publish this provisional declara He accordingly left Springfield, Aution, that, by the acts of the people and gust 1st, with 5,500 foot, 400 horse, Government of the United States of America, the political connection heretofore ex

and 18 guns; and, early next mornisting between said States and the people ing, encountered at Dug Springs a and Government of Missouri is and ought to detachment of the enemy, whom he be totally dissolved; and that the State of Missouri, as a sovereign, free, and indepen

lured into a fight by pretending to dent republic, has full power to levy war, fly, and speedily routed and dispersed. conclude peace, contract alliances, establish

The Rebels, under McCulloch, therecommerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent States may of upon recoiled, and, moving westward, right do."

formed a junction with their weaker On the strength of the preceding, column, advancing from Sarcoxie to there was negotiated at Richmond, strike Springfield from the west. on the 31st of October ensuing, by Lyon thereupon retraced his steps to E. C. Cabell and Thomas L. Snead, Springfield. The Rebels, now com

manded by Price, their best General, self, seeking the enemy in front; advanced slowly and warily, reaching while Sigel, with 1,200 men, was to Wilson's Creek, ten miles south of gain their rear by their right. Springfield, on the 7th. Lyon pur- Price had planned an attack on posed here to surprise them by a night our camps that night; but, jealousies attack; but it was so late when all arising, had resigned the chief comwas ready that he deferred the at- mand to McCulloch, who had recalled tempt until the 9th, when he again the order to advance, because of the advanced from Springfield in two intense darkness of the night. At 5 columns; his main body, led by him- | A. M., of August 10th, Lyon opened

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WILSON'S CREEK.

dAOA E O

Explanations to the Plan of the Battle of Wilson's Creek. A Capt. Totten's Battery.

M Capt. Plummer's Battalion, B Section of Totten's Battery.

Home Guards. Dubois's Battery.

0 Kansas Rangers (Cavalry). Cornfield,

Col. Sigel's Position. { hotly contested. Log House,

Q Part of Rebel train. F Road to Cassville.

R Concealed Rebel Batteries. 2d Missouri Volunteers.

V Rebel Cavalry. H 2d Kansas Volunteers.

W Sigel's Brigade, 3d and 5th Missouri I Spot where Gen. Lyon fell.

X Road through Rebel camp. K Rebel batteries masked.

Y McCulloch's Head-Quarters.
L 1st Kansas, 1st Missouri, 1st Iowa, and Capt.

Z Rains's Head-Quarters,
Shaler's Battalion.

S

UNION HEROISM-DEATH OF GEN. LYON. 579 upon the Rebels in front, while Sigel, both sides were brought into action ; with his 1,200 men and 6 guns, al- and the 1st Missouri, 1st and 2d most simultaneously, assailed the rear Kansas, and 1st Iowa regiments, with of the enemy's right. The battle was Steele's battalion of regulars, won obstinate and bloody; but the dis immortal honor by the persistent and parity of numbers was too great, and heroic gallantry with which they for the division of forces proved, there- hours maintained their ground against fore, a mistake. The Rebels, at first immense odds. The Rebels were resurprised by Sigel's unexpected at- peatedly driven back in confusion, tack, and most gallantly charged by and the firing would be nearly or quite him, gave way before him; and he suspended for ten to twenty minutes; soon secured a commanding position when, perceiving their decided sufor his artillery. But the weakness periority in numbers, since the rout of his force was now manifest; and and flight of Sigel's command, the he was deceived by the advance of a Confederate officers would rally their Rebel regiment, which was mistaken men and bring them once more to by his men for Lyon's victorious van- the charge. Meantime, Gen. Lyon, guard, and thus came close to them who had led out his little army to unopposed. At a signal, Sigel was fight against his own judgment, upon assailed by two batteries and a strong the representation of Gen. Sweeny, column of infantry, and instantly that to abandon all south-west Misthrown into confusion. The enemy's souri without a battle would be worse fire was so hot that our cannoneers than a defeat, and who had evinced were driven by it from their pieces, the most reckless bravery throughout, the horses killed, and five guns cap- had been twice wounded, and had tured. Our infantry fell back in con- had his horse killed under him. The fusion, followed and assailed by large second ball struck him in the head, bodies of Rebel cavalry. Of Sigel's and seemed for the moment to con1,200, less than 400 were present at fuse him. He walked a few paces to the next roll-call. One of his regi- the rear, saying to Maj. Schofield, his ments, 400 strong, under Col. Salo- | Adjutant, “I fear the day is lost ;" mon, was composed of three-months' to which Schofield responded, “No, men, who had already overstaid their General ; let us try them once more.” term of enlistment, and who had re- Maj. Sturgis offered him his own luctantly consented to take part in horse, which Lyon at first declined, this battle; but who, when charged by but soon after mounted, and, bleedan overwhelming Rebel force, were ing from his two wounds, swung his suddenly seized with a fit of home- hat in the air, and called upon the sickness, and fled in all directions. troops nearest him to prepare for a

Meantime, our front or main ad | bayonet-charge on the lines of the vance, under Gen. Lyon, had waked enemy. The 2d Kansas rallied up the great body of the Rebels; around him, but in a moment its Capt. Totten's and Lieut. Dubois's brave Col. Mitchell fell severely batteries opening upon their immense wounded, and his soldiers cried out: masses with great vigor and decided “We are ready to follow—who will effect. Very soon, the infantry on | lead us?” “I will lead you !" replied

Lyon; “ come on, brave men !” and before fired by the enemy. At this moment, at that moment a third bullet struck

the enemy showed his true colors, and at

once commenced along our entire lines the him in his breast, and he fell mor- fiercest and most bloody engagement of the tally wounded.

day Lieut. Dubois's battery on our left,

gallantly supported by Maj. Osterhaus's batStill, the battle was not lost. For

talion and the rallied fragments of the Misthe enthusiastic, death-defying valor souri 1st, soon silenced the enemy's battery of the Unionists had repelled the as

on the hill, and repulsed the right wing of

his infantry. Capt. Totten's battery, in the saults of their enemies along their center, supported by the Iowas and regulars, entire front, and scarcely a shot was was the main point of attack. The enemy

could frequently be seen within twenty feet fired for the twenty minutes following

of Totten's guns, and the smoke of the opGen. Lyon's death. Maj. Sturgis, in posing lines was often so confounded as to his official report of the battle, says:

seem but one. Now, for the first time during the day, our entire line maintained its

position with perfect firmness. Not the “ After the death of Gen. Lyon, when the slightest disposition to give way was manienemy fled and left the field clear, so far as fested at any point; and, while Capt. Steele's we could see, an almost total silence reigned battery, which was some yards in front of for a space of twenty minutes. Maj. Scho the line, together with the troops on the field now informed me of the death of Gen. right and left, were in imminent danger of Lyon, and reported for orders. The respon being overwhelmed by superior numbers, sibility which now rested upon me was duly the contending lines being almost muzzle to felt and appreciated. Our brave little army muzzle, Capt. Granger rushed to the rear was scattered and broken; over 20,000 foes and brought up the supports of Dubois's were still in our front; and our men had had battery, consisting of two or three compano water since 5 o'clock the evening before, nies of the 1st Missouri, three companies of and could hope for none short of Springfield, the 1st Kansas, and two companies of twelve miles distant; if we should go for- the 1st Iowa, in quick time, and fell upon ward, our own success would prove our the enemy's right flank, and poured into it certain defeat in the end ; if we retreated, a murderous fire, killing or wounding nearly disaster stared us in the face; our ammuni every man within sixty or seventy yards. tion was well-nigh exhausted ; and, should From this moment, a perfect rout took place the enemy make this discovery, through a throughout the Rebel front, while ours, on slackening of our fire, total annihilation was the right flank, continued to pour a galling all we could expect. The great question in fire into their disorganized masses. my mind was, Where is Sigel ?' If I could “It was then evident that Totten's batstill hope for a vigorous attack by him on tery and Steele's little battalion were safe. the enemy's right flank or rear, then we Among the officers conspicuous in leading could go forward with some hope of success. this assault were Adj. Hezcock, Capts. If he had retreated, there was nothing left Burke, Miller, Maunter, Maurice, and Richfor us but to retreat also. In this perplexing | ardson, and Lieut. Howard, all of the 1st condition of affairs, I summoned the principal Missouri. There were others of the 1st officers for consultation. The great question Kansas and 1st Iowa who participated, and with most was, “Is retreat possible?' The whose names I do not remember. The consultation was brought to a close by the enemy then fled from the field. advance of a heavy column of infantry from "A few moments before the close of the the hill, where Sigel's guns had been heard engagement, the 2d Kansas, which had firmbefore. Thinking they were Sigel's men, a ly maintained its position, on the extreme line was formed for an advance, with the | right, from the time it was first sent there, hope of forming a junction with him. These found its ammunition exhausted, and I ditroops wore a dress much resembling that of rected it to withdraw slowly, and in good Sigel's brigade, and carried the American order, from the field, which it did, bringing flag. They were, therefore, permitted to off its wounded, which left our right flank move down the hill within easy range of exposed, and the enemy renewed the attack Dubois's battery, until they had reached the at that point, after it had ceased along the covered position at the foot of the ridge on whole line; but it was gallantly met by which we were posted, and from which we Capt. Steele's battalion of regulars, which had been fiercely assailed before; when, had just driven the enemy from the right of suddenly, a battery was planted on the hill the center, and, after a sharp engagement, in our front, and began to pour upon us drove him precipitately from the field. shrapnell and canister-a species of shot not “ Thus closed--at about half-past 11

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