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S. S. COX AND W. P. JOHNSON FOR 'PEACE.

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breaking the national unity and resisting / “ And be it further enacted, That this the national authority: Yet,

Congress recommend the Governors of the Be it resolved, First: That, while we several States to convene their Legislatures make undiminished and increased exertions for the purpose of calling an election to by our Navy and Army to maintain the select two delegates from each Congressional integrity and stability of this Government, district, to meet in general Convention at the common laws of war, consisting of those | Louisville, in Kentucky, on the first Monday maxims of humanity, moderation, and hon- in September next; the purpose of the said or, which are a part of the international Convention to be to devise measures for the code, ought to be observed by both parties, restoration of peace to our country.” and for a stronger reason than exists be Mr. CARLILE, of Va. “Mr. President, tween two alien nations, inasmuch as the there is no one, perhaps, within the limits two parties have a common ancestry, histo of the Union, who is more anxious that ry, prosperity, glory, Government, and Union, peace should be restored to our country and are now unhappily engaged in lacera- | than I am ; but, sir, in the presence of a ting their common country. Second: That, large, organized army, engaged in an effort resulting from these premises, while there to overthrow the institutions of the country, ought to be left open, as between two alien and permanently to divide these States that nations, the same means for preventing the have so long existed as one people, I do not war being carried to outrageous extremities, think any such proposition as this ought to there ought, also, to be left open some means be made until that army shall be disbanded, for the restoration of peace and Union. / and until an offer to meet those who desire Third: That, to this end—the restoration of peace shall be made to them by those who peace and union on the basis of the Consti- are engaged in this Rebellion. I cannot, tution—there be appointed a Comunittee of therefore, entertaining these views, vote for one member from each State, who shall re- | the amendment offered by the Senator from port to this House, at its next session, such Missouri—not that I would not go as far as amendments to the Constitution of the Uni he will go, or any other Senator on this ted States as shall assuage all grievances, floor, to allay the strife in our land; but I and bring about a reconstruction of the na- | think that propositions of this kind, coming tional unity; and that, for the preparation from the Senate of the United States at this of such adjustment, and the conference re hour, are inopportune; and, instead of aidquisite for that purpose, there be appointed ing the effort that may be made for peace, a commission of seven citizens of the United they will prolong the civil war that is now States, consisting of Edward Everett, of Mas- raging in the country.sachusetts, Franklin Pierce, of New Hamp-1 Mr. McDougall, of Cal. “I wish merely shire, Millard Fillmore, of New York, Rev- to amend the remark made by the Senator erdy Johnson, of Maryland, Martin Van from Virginia. He says this proposition Buren, of New York, Thomas Ewing, of would be inopportune. I say it would be Ohio, and James Guthrie, of Kentucky, who | intensely cowardly." shall request from the so-called Confederate

| Mr. Johnson's proposition was reStates the appointment of a similar commission, and who shall meet and confer on the jected by the following vote : subject in the city of Louisville, on the first

YEAS --- Messrs. Bayard, Breckinridge, Monday of September next. And that the

| Bright, Johnson, of Mo., Latham, Pearce, Committee appointed from this House notify said Commissioners of their appointment and

Polk, Powell, and Saulsbury-9.

Nays——Messrs. Baker, Browning, Carlile, function, and report their action to the next

Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Cowan, Dixon, session, as an amendment of the Constitution

Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, of the United States, to be proposed by Congress to the States for their ratification,

Harris, Howe, King, Lane, of Ind., Lane, of according to the fifth article of the Constitu

Kansas, McDougall, Morrill, Rice, Sherman, tion."

Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wil

kinson, Wilmot, and Wilson-29. The House refused to suspend : The bill increasing the pay of sola Yeas 41 ; Nays 85.

diers being that day under consideraMr. Waldo P. Johnson,' of Mo., tion. Mr. Wilson of Mass moved to proposed (Aug. 5th) to add to the bill

add the following: providing for an increase of the En

" And be it further enacted, That all the gineer Corps the following:

acts, proclamations, and orders of the Presi

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? Who, with his colleague, Trusten Polk, openly joined the Rebels soon afterward.

dent of the United States, after the 4th of “That, whilst it is the duty of Congress, March, 1861, respecting the Army and Navy by appropriate legislation, to strengthen the of the United States, and calling out or re- hands of Government in its efforts to mainlating to the militia or volunteers from the tain the Union and enforce the supremacy States, are hereby approved, and in all re- | of the laws, it is no less our duty to examine spects legalized and made valid, to the same into the original causes of our dissensions, intent, and with the same effect, as if they and to apply such remedies as are best calhad been issued and done under the previous culated to restore peace and union to the express authority and direction of the Con- country: Therefore, it is gress of the United States."

" Resolved (The Senate concurring here. The amendment was agreed to,

in), that a Joint Committee, to consist of

nine members of this House and four memand the bill thereupon passed, as fol- bers of the Senate, be appointed to consider lows: Yeas 33;

and report to Congress such amendments to

the Constitution and laws as may be necesNays-Messrs. Breckinridge, Kennedy, sary to restore mutual confidence and insure Polk, Powell, and Saulsbury-5.

a more perfect and endurable Union amongst This bill was, the same day, recon these States." sidered, and the above amendment,

This proposition was laid on the being moved afresh, was again adopt

table: Yeas 72; Nays 39--nearly a ed: Yeas 37;

party division. And Mr. Diven, of Nays-Messrs. Breckinridge, Bright, Ken

N. Y., thereupon asked the unaninedy, Pearce, and Powell-5.

mous consent of the House to enable So the amendment was once more him to offer the following: agreed to, and the bill passed. The bill being thus returned to ' “ Resolved, That, at a time when an armed.

rebellion is threatening the integrity of the the House, Mr. Vallandigham moved

Union, and the overthrow of the Govern. to strike out the above section, which ment, any and all resolutions or recommendwas defeated by the following vote:

ations designed to make terms with armed

• | rebels are either cowardly or treasonable.” YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Ancona, George H. Browne, Calvert, Cox, Crisfield, Jackson, Mr. Vallandigham objected; and Johnson, May, Noble, Pendleton, James S. Rollins, Sheil, Smith, Vallandigham, Voor

the House refused to suspend the hees, Wadsworth, Ward, and Webster-19. rules: Noes 36; Ays 56_not two Nays – 74.

thirds. The bill was thereupon passed. The session terminated by adjourn

Mr. Calvert, of Md., offered the ment at noon, August 6th, having following:

| lasted but thirty-three days.

XXXV.

MISSOURI.

We have seen Conventions of the ligation to uphold or obey its Govern. people of several States coolly assume ment, in flagrant defiance of that the power, asserted or reserved in no Federal charter, framed for and one of their respective Constitutions, adopted by the people of the United to take those States out of the Union, States, and by them recognized and and absolve their people from all ob- | accepted as the supreme law of the MISSOURI BETRAYED BY JACKSON.

573

land, anything in the Constitution press terms, irrevocable. We have and laws of any State to the contrary seen State Legislatures, in default of notwithstanding. We have seen one | Conventions, usurp, practically, this of these Conventions assume and ex. tremendous power of secession; and ercise the right of revoking a funda- have heard a now loyal Governor mental compact between the State proclaim that a popular majority for and the Union, which is, by its ex- | Secessionists, in an election of mem

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bers of Congress, might serve to nul- | civil war, not in obedience to, but in lify the obligation of the citizens of defiance of, the action of her Conventhat State to the Federal Constitu- tion and the express will of her peotion and Union. We are now to con- ple-not, even, by any direct act of template more directly the spectacle her Legislature, but by the will of of a State plunged into secession and her Executive alone. Gov. Jackson,

'Pollard, in his “Southern History," says:
“Upon the election of Abraham Lincoln, the

Border States were unwilling to rush into dissolution until every hope of a peaceful settlement

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as we have seen, having found the ively some forty and one hundred Convention, which his Legislature miles west of Jefferson, and in the had called, utterly and emphatically heart of the slaveholding region. intractable to the uses of treason, had This call having been made, Jackson reconvened his docile Legislature and Price, fearing an attack from the But even this body could not be in- Federal forces gathering at St. Louis, duced to vote the State out of the started westward with their followUnion. Below that point, however, ers, reaching Booneville on the 18th it stood ready enough to aid the of June. Price, being sick, kept on bolder conspirators; and its pliancy by steamboat to Lexington. was taxed to the utmost. The State They had not moved too soon. School Fund, the money provided to Gen. Lyon and his army left St. pay the July interest on the heavy Louis by steamboats on the 13th, and State Debt, and all other available reached Jefferson City on the mornmeans, amounting in the aggregate ing of the 15th, only to find that the to over three millions of dollars, were Confederate chiefs had started when appropriated to military uses, and he did, with a good hundred miles placed at the disposal of Jackson, un advantage in the race. Reëmbarkder the pretense of arming the State ing on the 16th, he reached Rockport, against any emergency. By another nearly opposite Booneville, next act, the Governor was invested with morning, and espied the Rebel endespotic power-even verbal opposi campment just across the river. In tion to his assumptions of authority it were collected some two or three being constituted treason; while every thousand men, only half armed, and citizen liable to military duty was not at all drilled, under the immedeclared subject to draft into active diate command of Col. Marmaduke: service at Jackson's will, and an oath Jackson, utterly disconcerted by of obedience to the State Executive Lyon's unexpected rapidity of moveexacted. Under these acts, Jackson ment, had ordered his “State Guard' appointed ex-Gov. Sterling Price to be disbanded, and no resistance to Major-General of the State forces, be offered. But Marmaduke deterwith nine Brigadiers-Parsons, M. L. mined to fight, and started for the Clark, John B. Clark, Slack, Harris, landing, where he hoped to surprise Rains, McBride, Stein, and Jeff. and cut up the Unionists while deThompson, commanding in so many barking. He met Lyon advancing districts into which the State was di- in good order, and was easily routed vided. These Brigadiers were or by him, losing two guns, with much dered by Maj. Gen. Price to muster camp-equipage, clothing, etc. His and organize the militia of their sev raw infantry were dispersed, but his eral districts so fast as possible, and | strength in cavalry saved him from send it with all dispatch to Boone utter destruction. ville and Lexington, two thriving Jackson fled to Warsaw, on the young cities on the Missouri, respect Osage, some eighty miles south-west.

of the question had vanished. This was the elected from his district as a Union man, withposition of Missouri, to whose Convention not a l out opposition; and, on the assembling of the single Secessionist was elected. Gov. Price was Convention, was chosen its President." ? May 3d. SIGEL'S FIGHT NEAR CARTHAGE.

575 Fifteen miles north of that place, at | trated. Sigel found the Rebels, haltCamp Cole, a half-organized regiment ed after their morning march, well of Unionists, under Capt. Cook, was posted, vastly superior in numbers asleep in two barns, with no pickets and in cavalry, but inferior in artilout save northward, when, during lery, which he accordingly resolved the night of the 18th, they were sur should play a principal part in the prised by a Rebel force from the battle. In the cannonade which southward, under Col. O’Kane, and ensued, he inflicted great damage utterly routed—being unable to offer on the Rebels and received very any serious resistance. Capt. Cook little, until, after a desultory combat and a portion of his followers barely of three or four hours, the enemy reescaped with their lives.' Jackson, solved to profit by their vast superiorreinforced by O’Kane, halted two ity in cavalry by outflanking him, days at Warsaw, then continued his both right and left. This compelled retreat some fifty miles to Montevallo, Sigel to fall back on his baggagein Vernon County, near the west line train, three miles distant, which was of the State, and was here joined on otherwise at the mercy of the enemy. the 3d of July by Price, with such The retreat was made in perfect order, aid as he had been able to gather at with two cannon on either flank, two Lexington and on his way. Their in front, and four in the rear, keeping united force is stated by Pollard at the Rebel cavalry at a respectful 3,600. Being pursued by Lyon, they distance; save when, at the crossing continued their retreat next day, of Dry Fork creek, where the road halting at 9 P. M., in Jasper County, passes between bluffs, an effort was twenty-three miles distant. Ten made to stop him by massing a strong miles hence, at 10 A. M., next morn-cavalry force in his front. This was ing, they were confronted by a Union easily routed by bringing all his guns force 1,500 strong, under Col. Franz to bear upon it; when he continued Sigel, who had been dispatched from his retreat to Carthage, and through St. Louis by the South-western Pacific that town to Sarcoxie, some fifteen road, to Rolla, had marched thence miles eastward. It was well, indeed, to Springfield, and had pushed on to that he did so; for Jackson's force Mount Vernon, Lawrence County, was augmented, during that night hoping to prevent a junction between and next morning, by the arrival of Jackson and some forces which his Price from the southward, bringing Brigadiers were hurrying to his sup- to his aid several thousand Arkansas port. Each army appears to have and Texas troops, under Gens. Ben. started that morning with intent to McCulloch and Pearce. Our loss find and fight the other; and such in the affair of Carthage was 13 mutual intentions are seldom frus- killed and 31 wounded--not one of

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* It seems to be pretty well agreed that Cook's killed, a large number wounded, and over men were about 400 in number: but he reported 100 taken prisoners; while the Rebels lost that he was attacked by 1,200, while Pollard but 4 killed, 15 or 20 wounded, and captured makes O'Kane's force only 350. Cook's ac- 362 muskets. Such are the materials out of count makes his loss 23 killed, 20 wounded, and which History is necessarily distilled. Pollard 30 prisoners; whie Pollard says we lost 206 | is probably the nearer right in this case.

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