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XXXIII.

EAST VIRGINIA-BULL RUN.

If the North had been, or at least 27th of April, a proclamation anhad seemed, obstinately apathetic, be- nouncing the blockade of the coast cause skeptical as to the probability of Virginia and North Carolina; or the imminence of Civil War, it due evidence having been afforded was fully and suddenly undeceived that Virginia had formally and North by the developments that swiftly fol- Carolina practically adhered to the lowed the bombardment of Fort Rebellion. Some weeks were reSumter, but especially by the occur- quired to collect and fit out the vesrences in Baltimore and the attitude sels necessary for the blockade of of Maryland. For a few weeks, all even the chief ports of the Rebel petty differences seemed effaced, all States; but the month of May' saw partisan jealousies and hatreds for this undertaking so far completed as gotten. A few conservative presses to make an entrance into either of sought to stem the rushing tide; a those ports dangerous to the blockfew old Democratic leaders struggled ade-runner. On the 3d, the Presito keep the party lines distinct and dent made a further call for troops rigid; but to little purpose. Twelve this time requiring 42,000 additional States, whose Legislatures happened volunteers for three years; beside to be sitting in some part of April adding ten regiments to the regular or May, 1861, tendered pecuniary army --- about doubling its nominal aid to the Government, amounting, strength. A large force of volunin the aggregate, to nearly Nineteen teers, mainly Pennsylvanians, was Millions of Dollars; while some Five organized at Chambersburg, Pa., Millions were as promptly contribu- under the command of Major-Gen. ted, in the cities and chief towns of Robert Patterson, of the Pennsyithe North, to clothe and equip volun- vania militia ; while Gen. Butler, teers. Railroads and steamboats having completed the taming of Balwere mainly employed in transporting timore, by planting batteries on the men and munitions to the line of the highest points and sending a few of Potomac or that of the Ohio. Never her more audacious traitors to Fort before had any Twenty Millions of McHenry, was made a Major-Generpeople evinced such absorbing and al, and placed in command of a Degeneral enthusiasm. But for the de- partment composed of tide-water Virplorable lack of arms, Half a Million ginia with North Carolina. George volunteers might have been sent into B. McClellan and John C. Fremont camp before the ensuing Fourth of (then in Europe), had already been

appointed Major-Generals in the President Lincoln issued, on the regular army, as had Gen. John A.

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July.

Richmond and Norfolk, the 8th; Charleston, | Savannah, the 28th.

May 16th. the 11th; New Orleans and Mobile, the 27th; ! * May 1st and speedily thereafter.

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of the and Magrudem

that hailed

GEN. BUTLER AT FORTRESS MONROE.

529 Dix likewise in the volunteer ser- , soil of Virginia, save within the narvice. Lieut. Gen. Winfield Scott, at row limits, or immediately under the Washington, was commander-in-chief, frowning walls, of Fortress Monroe. as well as in immediate charge of the So Gen. Butler soon found some ten large force rapidly pouring into the or twelve thousand Confederates in capital and its environs-in part, by his front, under command of Gens. steamboat up the Potomac; in part, Huger and Magruder, (both recently by way of the Railroad through Balti- of the regular army,) with earthmore. There were cities that hailed works and batteries facing him at the Union soldiers with greater en every commanding point, well mountthusiasm, but none that treated them ed with powerful guns from the with more civility and deference, spoils of the Norfolk Navy Yard. than Baltimore, from and after But- The white population in that slaveler's arrival in that city; though he holding neighborhood was so genesomewhat embarrassed the trade of rally disloyal that, of a thousand inthat hitherto thriving mart by search- habitants of the little village of ing for and seizing large quantities Hampton, lying just under the guns of arms, secreted in her cellars or of the fort, but a hundred remained snugly stowed away in the holds of on the 1st of June. her vessels, awaiting transportation Gen. Butler found his position so to lower Virginia. One of his last cramped by the proximity and auand most important seizures was that dacity of the Rebels, whose cavalry of the person of George P. Kane, and scouts almost looked into the Marshal of Police; who, making all mouths of his guns, that he resolved possible opposition to captures of on enlarging the circle of his Virarms designed for the Rebels, was ginia acquaintance; to which end he taken also to the Fort, that he might seized and fortified the point known see that they were in safe hands. as Newport News, at the mouth of Unluckily, he, like other traitors, was James river; and, on the 9th of not retained there so long as he June, ordered a reconnoissance in should have been ; but this was by force for some eight, or ten miles no fault of Gen. Butler, who was northward, with intent to surround, ordered to take command at Fortress surprise, and captures the Rebel poMonroe, whither he repaired on the sition nearest him, known as Little 22d, and where he soon found him-Bethel. To this end, Col. Abram self at the head of some 15,000 raw Duryea's Zouaves were dispatched but gallant soldiers.

from Hampton at 1 o'clock next It had been decided that no offen- morning, followed by Col. F. Townssive movement should be made prior end's 3d New-York, an hour later, to the 24th (the day after the farce with directions to gain the rear of of voting to ratify the Ordinance of Little Bethel, so as to cut off the reSecession)—the Government having treat of the Rebels; while Col. apparently resolved that no Union Phelps, with a Vermont battalion, soldier should, on that day, tread the supported by Bendix's New-York

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4 This village was burnt, August 9th, by Ma- , ter to our troops. An attempt was at first made gruder's order, that it might no longer afford shel- / to attribute this devastation to the Unionists.

AMERICAN CONFLICT. regiment, was to approach that post precautions to avoid collision in the in front, ready to attack at daybreak. darkness between the several portions The whole expedition was under the of our own forces. Yet, just before command of Gen. E. W. Pierce, a daybreak, at a junction of roads, militia Brigadier from Massachusetts. some two miles from Little Bethel,

Gen. Butler had given precise or the regiments of Col. Bendix and ders and directed the use of ample Col. Townsend neared each other;

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and the former, mistaking the latter | thrown into confusion-those in adfor enemies, opened fire with both vance, with reason, presuming that artillery and musketry, whereby two the Rebels were assaulting their rear, of Col. Townsend's men were killed, and preparing for defense on this preand eight or ten seriously, besides a sumption. The Rebels at Little Bethel large number slightly wounded. The were, of course, alarmed, and made mistake was soon discovered; but not good their retreat. Gen. Pierce sent until the whole expedition had been / back to Gen. Butler for reënforce

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