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inquiries. Messrs. T. L. Clingman,' of made “the Union, the Constitution, North Carolina, Bayard, of Delaware, and the enforcement of the laws," and Breckinridge,s of Kentucky, who their platform and their battle-cry, were all three close allies in the past now spoke and acted precisely as of the Confederate chiefs, and two would a community who, seeing their of them, since, open participants in sheriff set forth to serve a precept the Rebellion, were prominent and upon a band of desperate law-breakpertinacious in pushing these inqui ers, were to ask him why he did not ries; but Mr. Douglas, of Illinois, desist from his aggressive project, united in them, talking as if the Pre- and join them in preserving the sident were at perfect liberty to en peace. The Republicans of the Senforce the laws or not, at his discre- ate were either unable or unwilling tion, and as if his attempting to do it to shed any additional light on the would render him responsible for purposes of the Executive—the resolighting the flames of civil war. He lution in regard to them, offered by distinctly advocated the surrender of Mr. Douglas, being laid on the table the Southern fortresses; saying: by a party vote: Yeas 23; Nays 11.

6 We certainly cannot justify the holding But, before the Senate adjourned, it of forts there, much less the recapturing of was very generally understood-certhose which have been taken, unless we in

tainly among Republicans—that the tend to reduce those States themselves into subjection. * * * We cannot deny that there Southern forts were not to be surrenis a Southern Confederacy, de facto, in ex dered, and that the Union was to be istence, with its capital at Montgomery. We may regret it. I regret it most pro

maintained. foundly; but I cannot deny the truth of the The month of March had nearly fact, painful and mortifying as it is."

worn away prior to any outward * No Democrat in the Senate, and manifestations, by the new lords' at no organ of Democratic opinion out Washington, of a firm resolve to disof the Senate, proffered an assurance card the policy of indecision and inor an exhortation to the President, action whereby their predecessors had tending to encourage and support permitted the Republic's strongholds, him in upholding the integrity and arms, munitions, and treasure, to be enforcing the laws of the Union; and seized and turned against her by the not Democrats only, but those who, plotters of Disunion. So late as the in the late Presidential contest, had 21st of that month, the astute and rarely over-sanguine Vice-President / might be deemed desirable acquisiStephens lo congratulated his hearers tions, Mr. Stephens spoke more that their revolution had thus far guardedly, yet no less complacently, been accomplished without shedding as we have already seen." a drop of blood--that the fear of deadly This was by no means idle gascollision with the Union they had conade or vain-glorious presumption. renounced was nearly dispelled—that Throughout the Free States, eminent the Southern Confederacy had now a and eager advocates of adhesion to the population considerably larger than new Confederacy by those States that of the thirteen United Colonies or so many of them as might hope to that won their independence through find acceptance—were widely heard a seven years' struggle with Great and heeded. The New England "? Britain that its area was not only States (except, possibly, Connecticonsiderably larger than that of the cut), it was agreed, need indulge no United Colonies, but larger than that such hopetheir sins were past forof both France and the Austrian Em giveness, and their reprobation eterpire-larger than that of France, nal. So with the more “fanatical Spain, Portugal, and the British Isles States of the North-West; so, perhaps, altogether. He estimated the prop with Western New York and Northern erty of the Confederate States as Ohio. The remaining States and parts worth Twenty-two Thousand Mil- of States, it was assumed, might easily lions of Dollars ; while the last Cen- and wisely fit themselves for adhen sus makes that of the entire Union sion to, and acceptance by, the Southbut Sixteen Thousand Millions--anern Confederacy by expelling or supunderstatement, doubtless. That the pressing all “fanatics,' and adopting remaining Slave States would break the Montgomery Constitution, thus away from the Union and join the legalizing slaveholding as well as Confederacy was regarded by him as slavehunting on their soil. Among a matter of course. “ They will ne | those who were understood to urge cessarily gravitate to us by an impe- such adhesion were Gov. Seymour, rious law.” As to such others as of New York, Judge Woodward and

? Mr. Clingman offered the following resolu 9 The New Orleans Bee, one of the most restion:

pectable of Southern journals, in its issue of "Resolved, That, in the opinion of the Senate, March 10th, thus expressed the universal conit is expedient that the President withdraw all viction of the Southrons that no fight could be Federal troops from the States of South Carolina,

educed from the North : Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, and Louisiana, and abstain from all attempts to

“The Black Republicans are a cowardly set,

after all. They have not the courage of their collect revenue in these States."

own convictions. They tamper with their princi8 Mr. Breckinridge finally offered the follow. ples. Loathing Slavery, they are willing to incur ing resolution ; action on which-together with

almost any sacrifice rather than surrender the that of Mr. Clingman-was precluded by the

Border States. Appearances indicate their dis

position even to forego the exquisite delight of adjournment of the Senate:

sending armies and fleets to make war on the " Resolved, That the Senate recommend and Confederate States, rather than run the risk of advise the removal of the United States troops | forfeiting the allegiance of the frontier Slave from the limits of the Confederate States." | States. We see by this how hollow and perfidi

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ous is their policy, and how inconsistent are are supposed to be so fanatical in their views as their acts with their professions. The truth is, to render it impossible that there should be any they abhor Slavery; but they are fully alive to peace under a government to which they were the danger of losing their power and influence, parties." should they drive Virginia and the other Border States out of the Union.

And Gov. Letcher, of Virginia, in his Message

They chafe, doubtless, at the hard necessity of permitting South

of January 7, 1861, after suggesting that a comCarolina and her sisters to escape from their

mission, to consist of two of our most intelligent, thraldom; but it is a necessity, and they must, discreet, and experienced statesmen," should be perforce, submit to it.”

appointed to visit the Legislatures of the Free 10 In his speech at Savannah, already quoted.

States, to urge the repeal of the Personal

Liberty bills which had been passed, said: 11 See pages 416–18.

"In renewing the recommendation at this 12 The New York Herald of December 9, 1860, 1 time, I annex a modification, and that is, that has a Washington dispatch of the 8th relative to

| commissioners shall not be sent to either of the

| New England States. The occurrences of the a caucus of Southern Senators then being held

last two months have satisfied me that New at the Capitol, which said:

England Puritanism has no respect for human “The current of opinion seems to set strongly constitutions, and so little regard for the Union in favor of a reconstruction of the Union, with that they would not sacrifice their prejudices, or out the New England States. The latter States | smother their resentments, to perpetuate it."

PROPOSED PRO-SLAVERY 'RECONSTRUCTION." 439 Francis W. Hughes,' of Pennsylva- | provement and blessing of both the nia, Rodman M. Price,' of New Jer Whites and the Blacks. The prosey, etc., etc.

gramme of this society thus illusKindred in idea, though diverse in trates the bland, benignant piety its mode of operations, was an associa wherein the movement was groundtion organized at New York during

ed :this month, naming itself the “ Ameri - We believe that the time has come when can Society for promoting National such evil teachings [Abolitionism) should be Unity," whereof Prof. Samuel F. B.

firmly and boldly confronted, not by the an

tagonisms of doubtful and perishable weaMorse (of telegraphic fame and for pons, but by the Word of God, which liveth tune) was made President, while The and abideth for ever,' as expounded by a

broad and faithful recognition of His moral. Journal of Commerce became its ac

and providential government over the world. credited organ. The cardinal idea It is with this view that we propose an orof this fraternity was the restoration

ganized effort," etc., etc.

“Our attention will not be confined to and conservation of National Unity Slavery; but this will be, at present, our through the conversion of all dissi main topic. Four millions of immortal be

ings, incapable of self-care, and indisposed dents to the faith that African Sla

to industry and foresight, are providentially very is ordained by God, for the im committed to the hands of our Southern

13 For many years, Chairman of the Democratic | terests are identical with our own to a considState Committee.

erable degree, will, when they elect, choose also

to cast their lot with the South. And, after 14 Formerly Representative in Congress from them, the Western and North-Western States California; since, Democratic Governor of New will be found in the same balance, which Jersey. Gov. Price's letter to L. W. Burnett, Esq.,

would be, essentially, a reconstruction of the old

Government. What is the difference whether of Newark, N. J., appeared in The Newark Mer

we go to the South, or they come to us? I cury of April 4, 1861. He says:

would rather be the magnanimous brother or “ If we find that to remain with the North, friend, to hold out the hand of reconciliation, separated from those who have, heretofore, con than he who, as magnanimously, receives the sumed our manufactures, and given employment proffer. to a large portion of our labor, deprived of that “It takes little discernment to see that one reciprocity of trade which we have hitherto en policy will enrich us, and the other impoverish joyed, our Commerce will cease, European com us. Knowing our rights and interests, we dare petition will be invited to Southern markets, our maintain them. The Delaware River only sepapeople be compelled to seek employment else-l rates us from the State of Delaware for more where, our State becoming depopulated and im- | than one hundred miles. A portion of our State poverished, thereby affecting our agricultural extends south of Mason and Dixon's line, and interest, which has not yet felt the crisis-com

south of Washington city. The Constitution merce and manufactures being always first to

made at Montgomery has many modifications feel political and financial embarrassments. But and amendments desired by the people of this at last the blow will be felt by all; even now, State, and none they would not prefer to disthe farmers' products are at ruinous prices at the 1 union. We believe that Slavery is no sin; West. These are the prospective results of re that the negro is not equal to the white man; maining with the present Northern confederacy. that Slavery_subordination to the superior race Whereas, to join our destiny with the South will -is his natural and normal condition ;' still, we be to continue our trade and intercourse, our pros might desire some change in the Constitution, perity, progress, and happiness, uninterrupted, which time may effect; but, as a whole, it is, in and perhaps in an augmented degree. Who is my opinion, the only basis upon which the counhe that would advise New Jersey to pursue the try can be saved; and, as the issue between the path of desolation when one of prosperity is open North and the South has been a practical one before her, without any sacrifice of principle or | (the question of territorial rights was immatehonor, and without difficulty or danger; besides rial, and, practically, nothing to us), let us, then, being the course and policy, in my judgment,

save the country-let us do that which is most most likely to reünite all the States under the likely to reünite the States, speedily and peaceglorious 'Stars and Stripes ?

fully." "The action of our State will prove influen

Arguments nearly identical with the foregotial and, perhaps, potential, from our geographical position, upon the adjoining great States of

tes of | ing were used to like purpose by Gov. SeyPennsylvania and New York; and I am confi- mour, of New York, but in private conversadent that the people of those States, whose in- / tions only.

friends. This stupendous trust they cannot sent? They freely concede to us our conput from them, if they would. Emancipa scientious convictions, our rights, and all tion, were it possible, would be rebellion our privileges: should we not as freely conagainst Providence, and destruction to the cede to them theirs? Why should we concolored race in our land. We at the North tend? Why paralyze business, turn thourid ourselves of no responsibility by assum sands of the industrious and laborious poor ing an attitude of hostility to Slavery, and out of employment, sunder the last ties of thus sundering the bonds of State fellow affection that can bind these States together, ship; we only put it out of our power to do destroy our once prosperous and happy nathe good which both humanity and religion tion, and perhaps send multitudes to premademand. Should we not rather recognize ture graves--and all for what? Is not such the Providence of God, in His placing such a course a struggle of arrogant assumption a vast multitude of the degraded and de against the Providence of the Most High? pendent sons of Africa in this favored land, I and, if persisted in, will it not surely bring and cheerfully coöperate, by all needful down His heavy and prolonged judgments labors and sacrifices, with His benevolent | upon us ?” design to save and not to destroy them? Under a Providential dispensation, lifting

ng Such were the means whereby them up from the degradation and miseries of indolence and vice, and exacting of them many conservative and Christian due and needful labor, they can certainly be men were intent on preserving our trained and nurtured, as many have been, for the services and joys of heaven; and, if

National unity, and reviving the the climate and institutions of the South are sentiment of fraternity among our such that our fellow-citizens there can afford

people, in March and the beginning to take the onerous care of them, in return for their services, should we not gladly con- / of April, 1861.

XXVIII.

FORT SUMTER.

WHETHER the hesitation of the document, that he fully purposed, to Executive to reënforce Fort Sumter the extent of his ability, to maintain was real or only apparent, the re- the authority and enforce the laws serve evinced with regard to his of the Union on every acre of the intentions was abundantly justified. geographical area of our country. The President, in his Inaugural Ad- Hence, secessionists in Washington, dress, had kindly and explicitly set as well as South of that city, uniforth his conception of the duties formly denounced that manifesto as and responsibilities assumed in taking a declaration of war, or as rendering his oath of office. No man of decent war inevitable. The naked dishonunderstanding who can read our lan- esty of professed Unionists inquiring guage had any reason or right to as even Senator Douglas,' for two doubt, after hearing or perusing that weeks, persisted in doing-whether

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