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DRIVING MR. HOAR OUT OF CHARLESTON.

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In the evening, a gentleman to retract the offer; as what he had whom Mr. Hoar had a letter of in- proposed might thwart the purposes troduction called, and said the sher- of the State; that he had not been iff had offered, in case he would long in office, and did not know that leave, to agree on a case to be sub- there was any case which would mitted to the U. S. Circuit Court, properly present the question in and thence carried to the Supreme controversy. At all events, he could Court for final decision. To this, not abide by his agreement. He Mr. Hoar readily assented, observing added that he had information from that such an agreement would very Gov. Hammond which removed all much expedite his departure. He personal objection, but rëiterated had prepared himself, in Boston, his former remarks about the insult with the names of a number of by Massachusetts to South Carolina, colored seamen who had been taken and her determination to be rid of out of Massachusetts vessels in Mr. Hoar by some means. Charleston, and there imprisoned On leaving the sheriff's office, Mr. under the law in question, and he Hoar was proceeding to make a call, felt authorized by his commission to when he was stopped by a middlecommence a suit in the name of aged, decently-dressed man, who either of two of them. It was agreed presented a cane or club, asking, “Is that a meeting should be held at your name Hoar ?" "Yes," was the the sheriff's office next morning at answer. He then said, “You had nine o'clock, for the purpose of per- better be traveling, and the sooner, fecting this arrangement. At that the better for you, I can tell you ; if hour, Mr. H. duly appeared at the you stay here until to-morrow mornsheriff's office, but found there ing, you will feel something you will neither the sheriff nor any other of not like, I am thinking.” Mr. Hoar the gentlemen who were to meet walked on, passing a number of him. Being informed by one of the young men assembled on the streetclerks that the sheriff had just corner, who offered him no molestastepped out on business, and would tion. In the evening, a Dr. Whitprobably soon return, he waited half redge, to whom Mr. Hoar had or three-quarters of an hour to no brought a letter from Boston, called purpose, and was about to leave, upon him and urged him to leave when the clerk said that, if he would the city at the earliest moment. Dr. name a future hour when he would W. had been around the city, had be there, he would inform the sheriff, just come from the Council, and reso that he might meet him. He garded the danger to Mr. H. as not named twelve o'clock, and, return- only great, but imminent. But a ing at that time, found the sheriff. word was needed to bring on the That personage now admitted that meditated attack. Yet he thought the gentleman who had conferred Mr. Hoar, should he start at once, with Mr. H. the evening previous might get safely out of the city. He had correctly represented his pro- urged him to procure a carriage, and posal; but said, that, on further re- go to his (W.’s) plantation, about flection and consultation, he must twenty miles distant, where he would

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be hospitably treated. Mr. Hoar | ing without exposing whoever shelthanked him, but concluded that he tered him to annoyance, if not peril, could not accept his offer, but must created a fresh embarrassment. At remain, and abide the consequences. this moment, a waiter informed Mr.

The following night passed with- Hoar that some gentlemen wished to out any disturbance. The next day see him in the hall. He descended, at noon, three leading citizens of and found there the bank-president Charleston, two of them eminent and his associates surrounded by a lawyers, and the third a president of considerable bevy, with an assemone of the city banks, called on Mr. blage about the door, on the piazza, H. for the first time, and gave their and in the street, where a number of names, saying they had come to see carriages were in waiting. The presiif they could not induce him to leave dent announced that they were there the city. After the usual appeals on to conduct him to the boat. Mr. the one side and replies on the other Hoar now stated that there was a rehad consumed half an hour, the bank port in circulation that he had conpresident gave Mr. H. notice that a sented to leave the city, which was number of gentlemen would call on not true. If he left, it would be not him at two o'clock and conduct him because he would, but because he to the boat. Mr. H. responded that must. The bank-president remarked he would be found there; that he did that there was a misunderstanding; not propose to fight a whole city, and that he had understood that Mr. was too old to run, so that they could Hoar had consented to leave for do with him as they thought proper. the sake of preserving (or restoring] He added that he had a daughter the peace of the city ; but that, if he with him; on which the bank presi- refused, they had no power to order dent observed, “It is that which cre- him away; all they could do was to ates (or created] our embarrassment.” warn him of the consequences of reThey left him about one o'clock. maining. Mr. H. repeated his lan

Mr. H. and his daughter now pre- guage at the preceding interview, pared for their departure, and waited which the president did not deny to from two till three o'clock, but no be accurate, but said that he had one came. He afterward learned understood Mf. H. as consenting to that an accident had prevented the leave. arrival of the boat at the usual hour. Hereupon, several of the party uniThe next day at noon, Dr. Whitredge ted in urging his departure at once, called and informed Mr. H. that the saying it was impossible that he keeper of the hotel had requested should remain, and that the purpose the city government to take measures of his mission could not be effected. to remove Mr. H. from his house, in Among these, were two to whom order to preserve it from the impend- he had been specially commended. ing danger. He had never intimated Finding that he had but the choice such a request to Mr. Hoar, nor any between walking to the carriage and thing approaching it. But the fact being dragged to it, Mr. Hoar paid that his host wished to get rid of him, his bill at the hotel, called down his and that he could find no other lodg- daughter from her room, and enANNEXATION CONSUMMATED BY TEXAS. 185 tered with her the carriage pointed | the rights, while protecting the libout to him, and one of the crowd or- erties, of her free citizens, as guarandered the coachman to drive on. He teed by the Constitution of the United was thus taken to the boat, which States. Massachusetts proposed no was very soon bearing him on his | appeal to her own courts, no reliance homeward way. Mr. Hoar, in closing on her own views of constitutional the official report of his visit to and right and duty, but an arbitration expulsion from South Carolina, asked before, and a judgment by, the trithe following portentous questions: bunals of the Union, specially cloth

“Has the Constitution of the United States ed by our Federal pact with juristhe least practical validity or binding force diction over 66 all cases in law and in South Carolina, except where she thinks its operation favorable to her? She prohib equity arising under this Constituits the trial of an action in the tribunals tion.” Here was the precise case established under the Constitution for determining such cases, in which a citizen of

meditated—a complaint by one State Massachusetts complains that a citizen of that the rights and liberties of her South Carolina had done him an injury; citizens were subverted by the legissaying that she has herself already tried that cause, and decided against the plain

lation of a sister State ; here was the tiff. She prohibits, not only by her mobs, tribunal created by the Constitution but by her Legislature, the residence of a

for the trial of such issues. South free white citizen of Massachusetts within the limits of South Carolina, whenever she Carolina repudiated its jurisdiction, thinks his presence there inconsistent with as she had previously, with regard to her policy. Are the other States of the Union to be regarded as the conquered

the Tariff, repudiated the authority provinces of South Carolina ?”

of Congress, or any other that should Such was themannerin which South contravene her own sovereign will. Carolina, with the hearty approval of When we are told that the North her slaveholding sisters, received failed, some years later, to evince sufand repelled the attempt of Mas- ficient alacrity in slave-catching, let sachusetts to determine and enforce these facts be freshly remembered.

XIV.

THE WILMOT PROVISO.

MR. POLK succeeded Mr. Tyler as doubtless gratified to find his prePresident of the United States, destined work, in which he had exMarch 4, 1845. No change in the pected to encounter some impedipolicy of the former with regard to ments at the hands of Northern Annexation was made, or, with rea members of his own party, so nearly son, expected. The agent so hastily completed to his hand. On the 18th dispatched to Texas by Mr. Tyler to of June, joint resolutions, giving speed the consummation of the de- their final consent to Annexation, creed union, was not, of course, passed both Houses of the Congress recalled. The new President was of Texas by a unanimous vote; and

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this action was ratified by a Conven- | leans, and landed, early in August, tion of the People of Texas on the at Corpus Christi, on Aransas Bay, ensuing 4th of July.

near the mouth of the Nueces, which The XXIXth Congress met at was the extreme western limit of Washington December 1, 1845, with Texan occupation. The corresponda strong Democratic majority in ence between the Secretary of War either branch. John W. Davis, of (Gov. Marcy) and Gen. Taylor, Indiana, was chosen Speaker of the which preceded and inspired this House by 120 votes to 72 for Samuel movement, clearly indicates that Mr. F. Vinton (Whig), of Ohio, and 18 Polk and his Cabinet desired Gen. scattering. On the 16th, a joint re- Taylor to debark at, occupy, and solve, reported on the 10th from the hold, the east bank of the Rio Committee on Territories by Mr. Grande, though they shrank from Douglas, of Illinois, formally ad the responsibility of giving an order mitting Texas as a State into our to that effect, hoping that Gen. TayUnion, was carried by the decisive lor would take a hint, as Gen. Jackson vote of 141 to 56. The Senate con- was accustomed to do in his Florida curred, on the 22d, by 31 Yeas to 13 operations, and do what was desired Nays.

in such manner as would enable the Thus far, the confident predictions Government to disavow him, and of War with Mexico, as a necessary evade the responsibility of his course. consequence of our annexing Texas, Gen. Taylor, however, demanded exhad not been realized. . Technically plicit instructions, and, being thereand legally, we might, perhaps, be upon directed to take position so as said to have been at war ever since to be prepared to defend the soil of we had determined on Annexation; our new acquisition “to the extent practically and in fact, we were not. that it had been occupied by the peoNo belligerent action on the part of ple of Texas,” he stopped at the Mexico directly followed the decisive Nueces, as aforesaid. Here, though step, or its official promulgation. no hostilities were offered or threatOur commerce and our flag were ened, 2,500 more troops were sent still welcomed in the Mexican ports. him in November. Official hints The disposable portion of our little and innuendoes that he was expected army, some 1,500 strong, under Gen. to advance to the Rio Grande conZachary Taylor, commander of the tinued to reach him, but he disreSouthwestern department, in obe- garded them; and at length, about dience to orders from Washington, the 1st of March, he received positive embarked (July, 1845) at New Or- orders from the President to ad

i Hon. Charles J. Ingersoll, a leading Demo- the Nueces and the Bravo rivers, are the natural cratic representative iu Congress from Pennsyl boundaries between the Anglo-Saxon and the vania, and a zealous Annexationist, in a speech

Mauritanian races. There ends the valley of

the West. There Mexico begins. * * * We in the House, January 3, 1845, said:

ought to stop there, because interminable con"The territorial limits are marked in the conflicts must ensue, either on our going South or figuration of this continent by an Almighty hand. their coming North of that gigantic boundary. The Platte, the Arkansas, the Red, and the While peace is cherished, that boundary will be Mississippi Rivers * * * these are natur kept sacred. Not till the spirit of conquest ally our waters, with their estuaries in the Bay | rages, will the people on either side molest or of Mexico. The stupendous deserts between mix with each other.”

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WAR WITH MEXICO BEGUN.

187 vance. He accordingly put his col- | Rio Grande was among the “spoils umn in motion on the 8th of that of victory.” month, crossing the arid waste, over President Polk (May 11th) commuone hundred miles wide, that stretch- nicated some of these facts to Cones south-westward nearly to the Rio gress in a Special Message, whereGrande, and reached the bank of that in he averred that the Mexicans river, opposite Matamoras, on the had “at last invaded our territory, 28th. Here' he erected Fort Brown, and shed the blood of our fellow-citicommanding Matamoras—the Mexi- zens on our own soil.Congress, cans, under Ampudia, being at the two days afterward, responded, by same time engaged in throwing up the passage of an act, calling out batteries on their side. These being 50,000 volunteers, and appropriating completed, Ampudia (April 12th) ad- $10,000,000 for the prosecution dressed Gen. Taylor, requiring him of the struggle thus begun, with a to return to the Nueces forthwith, prëamble, running, there to remain “while our Govern

“Whereas, by the act of the Republic of ments are regulating the pending Mexico, a state of war exists between that question relative to Texas;" with a Government and the United States, Be it warning that his refusal would be enacted," etc. regarded by Mexico as a declaration Only 14 votes in the House, and of war. Gen. Taylor courteously re-2 in the Senate were cast against this plied that he was acting under instruc- bill, though several members (among tions that were incompatible with the them Mr. Calhoun) refused to vote Mexican's requirement. Ampudia on it at all; and a motion in the was soon after superseded by Arista, House to strike out the prëamble who, early in May, crossed the Rio was sustained by nearly every memGrande at the head of 6,000 men, ber elected as a Whig. and, on the 8th, attacked Gen. Tay-! Congress remained in session till lor's 2,300 at Palo Alto, and was the 10th of August; before which badly defeated. Retreating to a time, it had become evident that strong position at Resaca de la Pal- Mexico, distracted and enfeebled by ma, a few miles distant, he was there so many revolutions, could make no attacked next day by Gen. Taylor, effective resistance- to the progress who routed his forces, after a sharp of our arms. President Polk, not conflict, and drove them in disorder without reason, believed that a treaty across the river. The Mexican loss of peace might be negotiated with in these two affairs was 1,000 men, her rickety government, whereby, on with eight guns, and a large amount the payment of a sum of money on of baggage. The undisturbed posses- our part, not only the boundary of sion of the entire left bank of the the Rio Grande, but a very consider

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2 The following is extracted from a letter | the soil leaving their homes, and we, with a written by one of our officers, soon after Gen. small handful of men, marching with colors flyTaylor's arrival on the Rio Grande, and before

ing, and drums beating, right under the very the outbreak of actual hostilities:

guns of one of their principal cities, displaying

the star-spangled banner, as if in defiance, un"CAMP OPPOSITE MATAMORAS, April 19, 1846. der their very nose, and they, with an army

“Our situation here is an extraordinary one. twice our size, at least, sit quietly down, and Right in the enemy's country, actually occupy- make not the least resistance, not the first effort to ing their corn and cotton fields, the people of | drive the invaders off. There is no parallel to it."

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