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westward to Wheeling, Virginia, / weekly journal entitled The Philanwhere, during the next four years, thropist was soon after started at he learned the trade of a saddler, Mount Pleasant by Charles Osborne; and gained an insight into the cruel and Lundy, at the editor's invitation, ties and villainies of slaveholding- contributed to its columns, mainly by Wheeling being at that time a great selections. In a few months, he was thoroughfare for negro-traders and urged by Osborne to join him in the their prey on their route from Mary- newspaper enterprise, and finally conland and Virginia to the lower Mis- sented to do so, removing to Mount sissippi. Before he made Wheeling Pleasant. Meantime, he made a voyhis home, he had spent some time at age to St. Louis in a flat-boat to disMount Pleasant, Ohio, whither he pose of his stock of saddlery. Arrivreturned after learning his trade, ing at that city in the fall of 1819, and remained there two years, dur- when the whole region was convulsed ing which he married a young wo by the Missouri Question, he was man of like spirit to his own. He impelled to write on the side there then, after a long visit to his father unpopular in the journals of the day. in New Jersey, settled at St. Clairs His speculation proved unfortunate ville, Ohio, near Wheeling, and the whole West, and, indeed, the opened a shop, by which in four whole country, being then involved years he made about three thousand in a commercial convulsion, with dollars above his expenses, and, with trade stagnant and almost every one a loving wife and two children, was bankrupt. He returned to his home as happy and contented with his lot on foot during the ensuing winter, as any man need be.

having been absent nearly two years, But the impression made on his and lost all he was worth. mind by his experiences of Slavery Meantime, Osborne, tired of his in Wheeling could not be shaken off thankless and profitless vocation, had nor resisted. In the year 1815, when sold out his establishment, and it had twenty-six years of age, he organized been removed to Jonesborough, Tenan anti-Slavery association known nessee, where his newspaper took the as the “Union Humane Society,” | tịtle of The Emancipator. Lundy whereof the first meeting was held removed, as she had purposed, to at his own house, and consisted of Mount Pleasant, and there started, but five or six persons. Within a few in January, 1821, a monthly entitled months, its numbers were swelled to The Genius of Universal Emancifour or five hundred, and included pation. He commenced it with six the best and most prominent citizens subscribers; himself ignorant of printof Belmont and the adjacent coun- ing and without materials; having ties. Lundy wrote an appeal to phi- his work done at Steubenville, twenty lanthropists on the subject of Slavery, miles distant; traveling thither frewhich was first printed on the 4th of quently on foot, and returning with January, 1816, being his twenty-sev- his edition on his back. Four months enth birthday. Short and simple as later, he had a very considerable subit was, it contained the germ of the scription list. About this time, Elihu

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ABOLITION SOCIETIES IN THE SOUTH.

113

cipator in Tennessee, died, and Lundy / second meeting adjourned, an antiwas urged to go thither, unite the Slavery society was formed; and he two journals, and print them himself proceeded to hold fifteen or twenty from the materials of The Emancipa- similar meetings at other places withtor. He consented, and made the in that State. In one instance, he journey of eight hundred miles, one-spoke at a house-raising; in another, half on foot and the rest by water. at a militia muster. Here an antiAt Jonesborough, be learned the art Slavery society of fourteen members of printing, and was soon issuing a was thereupon formed, with the capweekly newspaper beside The Genius, tain of the militia company for its and a monthly agricultural work. He President. One of his meetings was removed his family a few months later, held at Raleigh, the capital. Before and East Tennessee was thencefor- he had left the State, he had organward his home for nearly three years, ized twelve or fourteen Abolition Soduring which The Genius of Univer- cieties. He continued his journey sal Emancipation was the only distinc- through Virginia, holding several tively and exclusively anti-Slavery pe- meetings, and organizing societies— riodical issued in the United States, of course, not very numerous, nor constantly increasing in circulation composed of the most influential perand influence. And, though often sons. It is probable that his Quaker threatened with personal assault, and brethren supplied him with introduconce shut up in a private room with tions from place to place, and that two ruffians, who undertook to bully his meetings were held at the points him into some concession by a flour- where violent opposition was least ish of deadly weapons, he was at no likely to be offered. time subjected to mob violence or He reached Baltimore about the 1st legal prosecution.

of October, and issued on the 10th In the winter of 1823-4, the first No. 1 of Volume IV. of the “GeAmerican Convention for the Aboli- nius," which continued to be well suption of Slavery was held in Philadel ported, though receiving little encouphia; and Lundy made the journey ragement from Baltimore itself. A of six hundred miles and back on year afterward, it began to be issued purpose to attend it. During his weekly. tour, he decided on transferring his Lundy visited Hayti in the latter establishment to Baltimore; and, in part of 1825, in order to make arthe summer of 1824, knapsack on rangements there for the reception of shouider, he set out on foot for that a number of slaves, whose masters city. On the way, he delivered, at were willing to emancipate them on

public address against Slavery. He country-in fact, were not allowed, spoke in a beautiful grove, near the by the laws of their respective States, Friends' meeting-house at that place, to free them otherwise. Being dedirectly after divine worship; and the tained longer than he had expected, audience were so well satisfied that he was met, on his return to Baltithey invited him to speak again, in more, with tidings of the death of his their place of worship. Before this wife, after giving birth to twins, and

hastened to his dwelling to find it en- | Poughkeepsie, Albany, Lockport, tirely deserted, his five children hav- Utica, and Buffalo, reaching Baltiing' been distributed among his more late in October. friends. In that hour of intense af- Lundy made at least one other fliction, he renewed his solemn vow visit to Hayti, to colonize emancipatto devote his entire energies to the ed slaves ; was beaten nearly to death cause of the slave, and to efforts de- in Baltimore by a slave-trader, on signed to awaken his countrymen to a whose conduct he had commented in sense of their responsibility and their terms which seemed disrespectful to danger. In 1828, he traveled east- the profession; was flattered by the ward, lecturing and soliciting sub- judge's assurance, when the trader scribers to his “Genius,” and calling, came to be tried for the assault, that in New York, on Arthur Tappan, “he [L.] had got nothing more than William Goodell, and other anti- he deserved ;” and he made two long Slavery men. At Boston, he could journeys through Texas, to the Mexihear of no Abolitionists, but made can departments across the Rio the acquaintance, at his boarding- Grande, in quest of a suitable lohouse, of WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, cation on which to plant a colony a fellow-boarder, whose attention had of freed blacks from the United not previously been drawn to the States, but without success. He Slavery question, but who readily traveled in good part on foot, obembraced his views. He visited suc- serving the strictest economy, and cessively most of the clergymen of supporting himself by working at Boston, and induced eight of them, saddlery and harness-mending, from belonging to various sects, to meet place to place, as circumstances rehim. All of them, on explanation, quired. Meantime, he had been approved his labors, and subscribed compelled to remove his paper from for his periodical; and, if the course Baltimore to Washington; and finalof a few days, they aided him to hold ly (in 1836), to Philadelphia, where an anti-Slavery meeting, which was it was entitled The National Inlargely attended. At the close of his quirer, and at last merged into The remarks, several clergymen expressed Pennsylvania Freeman. His coloa general concurrence in his views. nizing enterprise took him to MonHe extended his journey to New clova, Comargo, Monterey, MatamoHampshire and Maine, lecturing ras, and Victoria, in Mexico, and conwhere he could, and obtaining some sumed the better part of several encouragement. He spoke also in years, closing in 1835. He also made the principal towns of Massachusetts, a visit to the settlements in Canada, Rhode Island, and Connecticut; and, of fugitives from American Slavery, on his homeward route, traversed the to inquire into the welfare of their State of New York, speaking at inhabitants. On the 17th of May,

9 Lundy's brief journal of this tour has been “September 6thAt Albany, I made some acpreserved; and, next to an entry running- On quaintances. Philanthropists are the slowest creathe 25th I arrived at Northampton, Mass., after

tures breathing. They think forty times before they 9 o'clock in the evening, and called at three taverns before I could get lodgings or polite There is reason to fear that the little Quaker treatment-we find the following:

| was a 'fanatic.'

act."

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