in the hands of a few. We denounce the McKinley tariff and all other forms of protective tariff legislation, and favor the constitutional tariff for revenue only.” STATE BANKS.—“We favor the repeal of the unconstitutional tax of 10 per cent on State banks of issue.” | IN COME TAX.—“We declare ourselves in favor of a graduated income tax in order that wealth may bear its due proportion of the burden of supporting the Government, and we favor an immediate amendment of the Constitution of the United States authorizing its levy and collectron in express terms, leaving nothing for judicial construction.”


August 13, 1896.-Approved of the platform of the National Convention, 1896; demanded a free ballot and fair count in all | elections held in North Carolina; favored the exercise by the State of the reserved constitutional power to make all gold and silver coin of the United States (including the trade dollar) a legal tender for the payment of debts, and that this right be enforced by the passage of an appropriate act by the General Assembly; declared that all money demands should be | payable in the lawful money of the United States, without preference or discrimination, and therefore favored the passage by the General Assembly of a law, to prohibit, the taking or giving of gold notes, bonds and mortgages in this State, and the making of all money demands solvable in any kind of lawful money of the United States; pledged to maintain the 6 per cent interest law enacted by the Legislature; declared in favor of improving and broadening the public school system; condemned the Democratic State Administration for its failure to execute the anti-trust laws; favored the establishment of equitable and low railroad freight rates; recommended a constitutional prohibition of the purchase, lease or rental of parallel or competing, railway lines; condemned the lease of the North Carolina Railroad to the Southern Railway Company, and favored a law forbidding the giving of free passes to public officials, and forbidding their receiving the same.


April 15, 1896.-The platform instructs its delegates for McKinley, declares in favor of Protection and Reciprocity, in favor of the election of Senators by direct vote of the people, denounces the Demol crats for increasing the public debt, expresses sympathy for Cuba, and on the financial question says:

The Republicans of North Dakota are united in their demand for honest money, We are, unalterably opposed to any scheme that will give to this country a depreciated or debased currency. We favor the use of silver as currency, but to the extent only and under such restrictions that its parity with gold can be maintained. We are, therefore, opposed to the free and unlimited coinage of silwer until it can be arranged by international agreement.”


June 4, 1896.-The resolutions adopted indorsed the Wilson Tariff bill, favored the election of United States Senators by direct vote of the people, and approved the utterances of Senator Roach on currency questions, and demanded legislation that will admit silver and gold to free coinage at a ratio of 16 to 1.


March 11, 1896.-The platform congratulated the people of the country on the growth of Republican sentiment, and continued: “We denounce the Democratic Administration as the most destructive and disastrous the history of our country has ever known. It has not only disappointed the expectations of the country, but has justly forfeited the confidence and sup— port of its own party. ‘‘We affirm our adherence to the principles of the Republican party as defined by the National Convention in 1892. We are faithfully wedded to the great principle of Protection by every tie of party fealty and affection, and it is dearer to us now than ever before. It has more devoted supporters among the great masses of the American people, irrespective of party, than at any previous period in our National history. It is everywhere recog— nized and indorsed as the great, master– ful, triumphant American principle—the key to our prosperity in business, the safest prop to the Treasury of the United States and the bulwark of our National independence and financial honor. “We denounce the present tariff law as the sublimated product of Democratic ignorance and incompetency, bringing, as it has, to a prosperous and happy people. a period of unprecedented adversity and distress, from which nothing but a return to the policy of protection can relieve it. “We denounce the free-wool provision of the present Tariff law as unjust discrimination against an important indus– try and against a large part of our #. and demand such protection for sheep usbandry as will secure fair prices for American wool. “The Republican party stands for a reciprocity that reciprocates, and which does not yield up to another country a single day's labor that belongs to the American workingman. It stands for international agreements which get as much as they give, upon terms of mutual advantage. “It stands for a foreign policy dictated by and imbued with a spirit that is genuinely American: for a #. that will revive the National traditions and restore the National spirit which carried us proudly through the earlier years of the century. “It stands for such a policy with all foreign nations as will insure both to us and them justice, good faith, dignity and honor. It stands for the Monroe Doctrine as Monroe himself proclaimed it. “It stands for a commercial policy that will whiten every sea with the sails of American vessels

flying the American

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flag, and that will protect that flag wherever it floats. . It stands for a fiscal policy opposed to debts and deficits in time of peace and favors the return of the Government to a debt—paying policy and opposes the continuance of the debt—making policy. . It is too plain for argument that the public credit and commercial interests of the country require the revenues of the Government to be amply sufficient for the public expenditures at all times, without danger of deficit, and to that end Congress should without delay make due provision. “We contend for honest money; for a currency of gold, silver and paper with which to measure our exchanges that ! shall be as sound as the Government and as untarnished as its honor: and to that end we favor bimetallism and demand the use of both gold and silver as standard money either in accordance with a ratio to be fixed by an international agreement, if that can be obtained, or under such restrictions and such provisions to be determined by legislation as will secure the maintenance of the parities of value of the two metals, so that the purchasing and debt—paying power of the dollar, whether of silver, gold or paper, shall be at all times equal. “We denounce the present administration of the Pension Bureau for its...betrayal of the interests of the Union."


June 24, 1896.-The following planks of the platform presented by the majority of the committee were adopted by a vote of | size to 128:

“We, the Democrats of Ohio, in convention assembled, hold that the money question is the vital and paramount issue now before the people of this country, and that its early and correct setlement is neces— sary to the revival of business and the retarn of prosperity: therefore

“Resclved, That we are unalterably op

posed to the single gold standard and demand an immediate return to the Constitutional money of gold and silver by the restoration by this Government, independent of other nations, of the unre— stricted coinage of both silver and gold into standard money at the ratio of 16 to 1 and topon the terms of exact equality existing prior to 1873; such silver coin to be a ful legal tender equally with gold coin for all debts and dues, public and private.”

A minority report, recommending the addition of a tariff plank, a Cuban sympathy plank. and other resolutions denouncing the Republican administration of the State, was tabled.


August 27, 1896.-The platform adopted declares that the Chicago Convention platform is unwise and unpatriotic. It declares that the platform is intended to divide the people into classes and to array one against the other: that it constern ris the Federal Administration for the enforcement of law and for the preservation of the public credit, attacks the highest tribunal of law in the Nation, and

strikes at the right of private contract. It condemns the Chicago platform proposition to issue paper currency by the Government in place of the National bank

currency without limit, and refers to free-silver coinage proposition as crowning folly of the document. these declarations of the Chicago platfo are rejected by the platform of the Sol Money Democrats and the principles coinage proclaimed by Jefferson, Jacks Tilden and Cleveland are indorsed


April 22, 1896.-The platform decla in favor of free coinage of silver at a tio of 16 to 1.


March 28, 1896.-‘‘We contend for h est, money, for a currency of gold, sii and paper with which to meausre" oxchange that shall be as sound as Government and as untarnished as honor, and to that end we favor bim allism. and demand the use of both g and silver as standard money, under st Festrictions to be determined by legis tion as will secure the maintenance of Parties of the values of the two meta also, that the purchasing and debt-pay power of the dollar, whether of silv gold or paper, shall be at all times equ and we believe the best way to contin the parity of our dollars, and at the sa time enlarge the circulating mediu commensurate, with the growth of population, is the unlimited use of the . nestic silver product in our monet: system and the prohibition of foreign ver, modified by financial reciprocity.”

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April 10, 1896.-By a vote of 129 to the platform of the National Conventi of 1892 was indorsed. The platform r asserted the doctrine of “Reciprocit Protection, Sound Money and Prosperity The following is the financial plank: “T American people from tradition and inte est favor bimetallism, and the Republic; party demands the use of both gold a silver as standard money, with such or strictions and under such provisions, to Jetermined by legislation, as will secu the maintenance of the parity of yalues of the metals, so that the purcha ing and debt-paying power of the dollā whether of silver, gold or paper, shall at all times equal. The interest of t producers of the country—its farmers an its workingmen—demand that every do lar, paper or coin, issued by the Gover ment shall be as good as any other do lar.”

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April 10, 1896.-The platform favored “a tariff for revenue only”; declared that the | Monroe Doctrine should be enforced; favored the construction of the Nicaragua Canal by the Government; condemned secret political bodies, and “the party will welcome the assistance of citizens, who will co-operate in the suppression of any | political movement organized for religious proscription.” The financial plank reads: | “Whereas, The present depressed condi| tion of the country and shrinking of | values are "largely due to the financial | system which has controlled the Nation | for more than twenty years past, we here— |

by declare ourselves as unalterably opposed to a single gold standard and demand immediate return to the Constitutional standard of gold and silver by the restoration by the General Government, independently of any foreign Power, of unrestricted coinage of both gold and silver into standard money at the ratio of 16 to 1, and upon terms of exact equality as they existed prior to 1873, the silver coin to be full legal tender equally with gold for all debts and duties, public and private, and we denounce all discrimina– tion by the Government against either gold or silver currency of the country. We demand that the Secretary of the Treasury shall coin into standard silver dollars as soon as practicable all silver bullion now in the Treasury of the United States, which represents silver seigniorage or | coinage profit to the Government, and all silver bullion that may hereafter be of— fered for coinage. We instruct our dele— gates elected to represent us in the Na|tional Convention to support a candidate in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1.” A resolution commending President Cleveland for his courage and honesty was adopted by a vote of 171 to 72.


April 23, 1896.-TARIFF.—“First of all National issues stands protection, and first among its advocates have been the Republicans of Pennsylvania. We believe in protection as a right to all American industries, but as a special favor to none. It should be neither partial, sectional nor hypocritical. It should be as nearly as possible equal and universal. We are not pledged to any schedules, but we demand a restoration of the policy of protection, and we pledge it as soon as the Republican party shall be fully restored to power in the Executive and Congressional de— partments of the Government, and it shall be restored equitably to the farmer and the miner, to the manufacturer and the artisan."

RECII*ROCITY..—“We demand the restoration of that wise policy of reciprocity which was framed by James G. Blaine and adopted by the wise and beneficent Administration of President Harrison, to the great benefit of the com; merce of the country, and which has been abandoned by the present Democratic Administration. We approve the

discrimirating duties in favor of American shipping, in order that the American flag be restored upon the high seas.” MONEY.-“The Republican party has always maintained the National honor and credit. It enforced the resumption of specie payments. It kept faith as to every debt created for the preservation of the Union, and has paid the greater part of it in accordance with the spirit and letter of the laws under which it had been contracted. It largely reduced the interest charges upon the balance of the d refunding at lower rates. It substituted for the fluctuating and inadequately se— cured rotes of the State banks a uniform National currency of stable value and of equal purchasing and debt—paying power. Faithful to its record, believing that the people are entitled to the use of the best money, and anxious to restore and preserve the industrial and commercial prosperity of the Union, the Republican party favors international bimetallism, and until that can be established upon a secure basis opposes the coinage of silver except upon Government account, and demands the maintenance of the existing gold standard of value.” PENS:ON.S.—“There should be no statute of limitation against a grateful recognition by the Government of the services and secrifices of the soldiers and sailors who pleserved the Union. We denounce the present administration of the Pension Bureau for its betrayal of the interests of these heroes and its attempt to nullify existing laws.” IMIMIGRATION.—“We believe in the enactment of such restrictive legislation as will admit to our shores only those immigrants who have the capacity and desire to become good American citizens.” MISCELLANEOUS..—The platform com— mends the administration of Governor Hastings: reaffirms the declarations of the platform of 1895 looking to reforms in State and municipal governments and to the purification of elections and the exercise of the elective franchise, also in favor of the State aiding in the improve— ment of the navigation of the Delaware


April 29, 1896.-TARIFF.—“The Democratic party has fulfilled the pledge under which it was intrusted with power, relieving the people from unjust and oppressive taxation, and by the enactment of a tarifi for purposes of revenue, framed on constitutional lines. We are opposed to any backward step in the reform thus accomplished. We demand that the legit– imate business interests of the country shall now have rest from all disturbing agitation of this question. The people are entitled to the substantial and lasting prosperity which we believe must surely come as the result of the reforms thus accomplished.”

MONEY.-“We demand the repeal of all laws authorizing the issue or reissue of greer.backs and Treasury notes of doubtful constitutionality, originally is— sued under the plea of military necessity and under a pledge of early withdrawal. They are a constant menace of financial

| policy of National protection to our ship- | disaster and National dishonor. They owners and the shipbuilding interests by I should have no place in the currency of

the country.

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we believe that the Federal Government should be entirely divorced from the business of banking and that Congress should enact such legislation as will give to the country a banking currency ample in volume for the needs of business, absolutely secure under every coatingercy, and at all times redeemable in gold. We are in favor of a firm, unvarying maintenance of the gold standard. While we favor the most liberal use of silver cunsistent with the enforcement of a gold standard, we are absolutely opposed to the free coinage of silwer and to the compulsory purchase of silver bullion by the Government. We believe that the interests of the people de— mand that the earnings of trade, agrimanufactures and commerce, and especially the wages of labor, should be paid in money of the greatest intrinsic value and of the highest standard adopted by the civilized nations of the world. We

are, therefore, unalterably opposed to all

devices and schemes for the debasement of our currency and to all evasions and compromises of a question so closely affecting individual and National credit and honor." A resolution was adopted indorsing the Admini-tration of President Cleveland.


August 25, 1896.-‘‘We deny that allegiance to any party organization requires or will excuse our support of poli– cies which we believe to be subversive of the integrity and general welfare of our country and dangerous to the perpetuity of our Government. We are in favor of a firon, unvarying maintenance of the gold standard. While we favor the most liberal use of silver consistent with the enforcement of a gold standard. we are ab– solutely opposed to the free coinage of silver and to the compulsory purchase of silver bullion by the Government. We declare there is no other alternative for

the preservation of Democracy than the nomination by the National Demo

cratic party in convention assembled at Indianapolis of Democratic statesmen for President and Vice-President on a sound Democratic platform, and to the platform so adopted and the ticket so nominated we pledge our loyal and unfaltering sup

August 5, 1896.-The platforms of the
National conventions of 1892 and 1896

were indorsed; the convention declared in favor of fusion with the Democrats and indorsed Bryan. Sept. 10, 1896.-The platform indorsed the nominations of Bryan and Sewall. also the National Convention platform, and “particularly that plank in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of both gold and silver at the ratio of 16 to 1.”


May 6, 1896.-The platform had fifteen planks as follows: For Prohibition, equal suffrage, election of President, VicePresident and Senators by popular vote and proportional representation: public control of railroads, telegraphs and tele-phones: the prevention of “corners” and the formation of trusts; the public school. and against granting public money for

sectarian schools: arbitration of la troubles, a tariff commission. Treas notes, restriction of immigrants, the pr ervation and defence of the Sabbath; enforcement of Civil Service laws, limi tion of individual and corporate own ship in land and opposed to non-resid alien cwnership, and just pensions to v erans, the whole concluding with an raignment of the Democratic and Rep lican parties and the last State Legisl ure.

This was the financial plank: “The c rency of the Nation should be issued the General Government without the tervention of individuals or corporatio and should consist of Treasury no which shall be legal tender for the pi ment of all debts and redeemable in g and silver bullion at the market value.

August 5, 1896.-The platform re. firmed the principles adopted by the N tional Convention in May, declared ti the standard of morals be the same both sexes before the law, and favo amendments to the State laws govern the distribution of real and personal pr erty of persons dying intestate, so t the wife's interest in the estate of deceased husband shall be the same that which he would have in her est. were she deceased.

Rhode isi, And. REPUBLICAN.

March 10, 1896.-The platform declai renewed allegiance to the princip adopted by the National Convention 1892; reaffirmed belief in the Americ system of protection; also declared for financial policy which recognizes ev. dollar to be of equal value to every ot dollar; for the grateful recognition of patriotic services of the veterans of late war: in such restrictions placed up immigration as will more effectually p vent the landing upon American shores the ignorant, pauper and criminal clas of foreign nations; in the education public expense of the citizens of the ture, and in the fullest development our unequalled resources. Approved of the recent acts of a Rept lican Congress to increase the stren. and efficiency of the naval and militi forces of the country. Opposed appropriations for sectar schools, and to all efforts to diminish render less potent the beneficent influen of the system of public education. April 10, 1896.-"Itesolved, That the I publicans of Rhode Island are inflexi opposed to the free and unlimited co age of silver, and they believe the co tinued agitation of what is called the ver question to be unpatriotic and structive of all the interests of indus and commerce. “The existing gold standard is measure of value adopted by the nati with whom the United States have most important commercial relations, a the very suggestion of a departure from inflicts injury to the credit of a nat whose honor o never be question home or abroad. *...}} those who toil for their daily bre a currency redeemable in , and Af eq value with good is essential. While

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capitalist may protect himself against the fluctuations even of silver, the laborer and the artisan, the salaried official and the widow are powerless to guard against the changing values of a currency which a great and beneficent Government should make absolutely secure and unchanging in its purchasing power. “Believing war as the ultimate method of settling international disputes of the unchristian and consequently uncivilized, the Republicans of Rhode Island urge upon the National Government the creation of an international court of arbitration, to which shall be referred for adjudication all differences with nations consenting thereto which from time to time may arise, and which without the Intervention of this august tribunal might lead to appalling destruction of life and property and to the demoralization of the


April 21, 1896.-‘‘It is vital to the interests of our people that there should be no departure from the gold standard, to which all money, whether gold, silver or paper, should conform, and we are opposed to the free coinage of silver until at east four of the great Powers of the WestBrn world shall come to an international agreement establishing the ratio at which gold and silver shall be admitted to mintage. We affirm our belief in the maintenance of the Monroe doctrine, as interpreted by our President. We believe that the Wilson bill was a step in the right direction and should be given a fair test. We do not believe in reciprocity, as it is impracticable and unnecessary and tends to create hostilities against us. We congratulate the country that under the Wilson, tariff bill our commerce is rapidly increasing, as evidenced by the Treasury reports on exports of agricultural imprements. cotton, manufactures, india—rubber o machinery, iron, steel, leather and pils.”


April 9, 1896.-On the money question the platform said: “We stand with our party in the reiterations of its demands for both gold and silver as standard money. We belive that legislation should secure and maintain the parity of values of the two metals, to the end that the purchasing and debt-paying power of the American dollar, silver, gold, or paper, shall be the same any and everywhere. We believe that bimetallism alone can secure this result."


September 17, 1896.-The platform indorsed that of the National Convention; renewed allegiance to the policy of protection; declared unreservedly for sound money and unalterable opposition to any measure calculated to de-base the currency or impair the credit of the country; opposed the free coinage of silver, except by international agreement with the leading nations of the world: condemned the practice of lynching; de— nounced the frauds in the State elections; demanded that the Republican party be given representation on the boards of

Election Commissioners and managers, and demanded searching investigation of the charges of fraud in the affairs of the dispensary and the bond deal.


September 17, 1896.-The platform indorsed the National Republican platform and the ticket, etc.; opposed the continuance of frauds in the elections: the dis– Pensary and all its accompanying evils, the State judiciary prostituted to partisan purposes, the police system, and fillmanism with its innumerable evils; denounced the brutal and inhuman practice of lynching, and invoked the aid of the pulpit, the Press and, the people in cultivating a sentiment to crush it out.


May 20, 1896.-The platform denounced President Cleveland's Administration, declaring that he had subsidized the press: declared the Federal courts as now or— ganized a menace to the public; de— manded that a Constitutional Convention be called to form an organic law suitable to the whole country, and contained this financial plank:

“A sound and just system of finance is the most potent factor in a nation's prosperity, and we demand the restoration of the money of the Constitution by giving silver the same rights and privileges now given to gold. We demand the free and unlimited coina of silver at a ratio of 16 to 1, regardless of the action of any and all other nations, and that such coinage be a legal tender for all debts, public and private. Congress alone has the power to coin and issue money, and President Jackson declared that this power could not be delegated to a corporation. Therefore we demand the na– tional banking system be abolished.”

Another plank was on interstate com— merce, as follows:

“The absorption of wealth by a few. the consolidation of our leading railroad systems, and the formation of trusts and pools require a stricter control by the Federal Government of those arteries of commerce. We demand the enlargement of the powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission."

souTH DAROTA. Irepubl.,ICAN.

March 25, 1896.-"The American peo– ple, from tradition and interest, favor bimetallism, and the Republican party demands the use of both gold and silver as standard money, with restriction, and under such provisions, to be determined by legislation, as will secure the maintenance of the parity of values of the two metals, so that the purchasing and debtpaying power of the dollar, whether of silver, gold or paper, shall be at all times equal. The interests of the producers of the country, its farmers and its workingmen, demand that every dollar, paper or coin, issued by the Government, shall be as good as any other We commend the wise and patriotic steps already taken by our Government to secure an international conference, to adopt such measures as will insure a parity of value between gold and silver for use as money throughout the world.”

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