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130 THE TRIBUNE ALMANAC FOR 1897.

Educational, STATISTICS. (From report of W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Education, on pupils enrolled in schools and colleges, in June, 1895.)

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*Of the teachers. 267,951 are women and 128,376 men. Includes such agricultural and mechanical colleges and other schools as do not confer the A. B. degree, but confer, the B. S. or other scientific degree, fincludes 206,022 girls. $1ncludes 60,993 girls, a Includes 65 women. b. Includes 1,413 women. Of the pupils enrolled in the 16 Southern States and the District of Columbia, 1,441.282 are colored and 3,845,414 are whites. In, addition, to the above statistics there are 155 public normal schools, with an enrolled attendance of 26,138 female and 10,353 male pupils, and 201 private normal | schools, with 10,571 female and 11,442 male pupils enrolled. There are also 481 universities and colleges, in which there are 29,008 female and 84,765 male students. There are 163 colleges distinctly for women, with 19,224

students enrolled. COLORED FREE MASONS. The United Supreme Council A. A. S. Rite of the 33d degree for the Southern and Western jurisdiction held its annual session in Washington, D. C., October 5, 1896, and elected_the following officers: John G. Jones, Sovereign Gr. Com., Chicago, Ill.: Richard T. Greener, Lieut.-Gr. Com., New-York City: E. A. Williams, Grand Prior, New-Orleans, La.; Rev. Dr. C. w. Newton. Grand...Chancellor, Jacksonville,

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population, paro or slottlement, indebtedness, Etc., or states and tranitories.

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Population.

Settled. Date of act −
state or Territory. of organization Nicknames. bTime of Census, clindebted-
By whom. I When. I or admission. admission.s 1890, ness.
Alabama. --------.. --- French. . . . . . . . . . . . -------| 1713 Dec. 14, 1819. Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . 127,901 1,513,017 $18,930,867
Alaska Territory. ----- - - - - ----------- - a July 27, 1868. - - - - - - - - - - - 38,000 -
Arizona Territory. ---- Spanish. ----------------- 1590 Feb. 24, 1863. - - . . . . . . . . . 9,658 59,620 2.937,971
Arkansas. ---------. ...! French. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1685 June 15, 1836. Bear ............. 52,240 1,128,179 10,828,809 I
California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spanish.......... ........ I 1769 Sept. 9, 1850. Golden . . . . . . . --- 92,597 1,208,130 15,569,459
Colorado. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] French. . . . . . . . . . . ........! 1540 March 3, 1875. Centennial ....... 150,000 412,198 8,411,027
*Connecticut...........! Em. from Mass. . . . . . . . . . 1633 Jan. 9, 1788... I Nutmeg .......... 237,946 746,258 23,703,478
*Delaware. . . . . . . . . . . ..! Swedes and Finns...... - 1627 Dec. 7, 1787... I Blue Hen......... 59,096 168,493 2,919,084 o
District of Columbia...! English. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1660 || March 3, 1791. I — ......... 14,093 230,392 19,781,050 || 6
Florida. . . . . . . . . . . . . ...] Spanish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... I 1565 March 3, 1845. Everglade ....... 58,680 391,422 2,176,619 o
*Georgia..... --------- English. . . . . ------------- 1733 Jan. 2, 1788... I Cracker .......... 82,548 1,837,353 20,272,095 | r: |
Idaho... . . . . . . . . ... . . . ] Emigrants..... ---------- 1842 July 3, 1890... I Gem of the M't's. 84,385 84,385 1,594,333 ;
Illinois........ . . . . . . . . . French. . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - 1720 Dec. 3, 1818... I Sucker ..... ------ 55,162 3,826,351 41,841,649 |
Indian Territory........ Spanish. ----------------- 1832 June 30, 1884. - . . . . . . . . . 34,620 - 3
Indiana. -------------- French ------------------- 1730 Dec. 11, 1816. - Hoosier ---------- 63,805 2,192,404 24,442,631 o
Iowa. . . . . ---------------! Em. from New-Eng. . . . . . 1835 March 3, 1845. Hawkeye ...... -- 81,920 1,911,896 11,275,319 z
Kansas................ I Em. from West. States... I 1850 Jan. 29, 1861.. I Jayhawker ...... 107,206 1,427,096 40,629,022 -
Kentucky. . . . . . . . . . . . . .] Em. from Virginia....... 1775 Feb. 4, 1791... I Bluegrass ......... 73,677 1,858,635 19,432,885 |
Louisiana. ------------- French ----- ------------- 1699 April 8, 1812. - Creole ----------- 76,556 1,118,587 33,335,497 §
Maine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | English..... ------------- 1630 March 3, 1820.. Pine Tree......... 298,269 661,086 15,600,777 o
*Maryland...... -------! English............... ... l 1634 April 28, 1788. Monumental ..... 319,728 1,043,390 42,175,408 -
*Massachusetts........! English Puritans.........] 1620 Feb. 6, 1788... Bay ....... ------ 378,787 2,238,943 81,550,027 O
Michigan..... ---------| French................... 1670 Jan. 26, 1837... I Wolverine ....... 212,267 || 2,093,889 16,941,928 o
Minnesota: . . . . . . . . . . . . . New-England Em........ 1819 May 11, 1858... I North Star....... 172,023 1,301,826 26,050,929
Mississippi. . . . . . . . . . . . . French...................] 1716 Dec. 10, 1817. . . Eagle ........... 75,512 1,289,600 6,001,347 o
Missouri..... ----------| French................... 1755 March 2, 1821... . . Puke ............ 66,586 2,679,184 51,557,568 || 3
Montana...............! Em. from South......... 1852 Feb. 22, 1889. . Stubtoe . . . . . . . . . . 131,769 132,159 2,918,893 >
Nebraska..............! Emigrants............... I 1850 Feb. 9, 1867... Antelope ........ 60,000 1,058,910 15,536,772 -B
Nevada........ ------ --! Em. from California...... 1850 March 21, 1864. || Silver ....... ----- 40,000 45,761 | 1.337,501 ;
"New-Hampshire......! English......... --------- 1623 June 21, 1788. Granite .......... 141.885 376,530 8,148,362
-New-Jersey...... ----| Dutch and Danes........ I 1627 Dec. 18, 1787. Blue ............. 184,139 1,444,933 49,333,589
New-Mexico Territory.- Spanish.................. 1582 ; 9, 1850... Vermin .......... 153,593 2,831,538
-New-York...... ------| Dutch............ ------- 1623 July 26, 1788. . . Empire .......... 340,120 5,997.853 | 201,763,217
*North Carolina....... English. . . . . . . . .......... 1585 Nov. 21, 1789. . Old North........ 393,751 1,617,947 11,117,445
North Dakota..... -----| Em. from Mid. States....] 1859 Feb. 22, 1889. . . Flickertail ....... 182,425 182,719 3,842,790
Ohio.......... ---------! New-England Em........ 1768 aApril 30, 1802. Buckeye ......... 45,365 3,672,316 71,065,386
Qklahoma Territory....] Emigrants............... 1889 May 2, 1890... I — ......... 61,834 -
Oregon......... --------| Em. from New-York..... 1811 Feb. 14, 1859. . . Beaver .......... 52.465 313,767 2,479,860
*Pennsylvania.........! Swedes............ ------ 1648 || Dec. 12, 1787... I Keystone ........ 434,373 || 5,258,014 71,041,675
*Rhode Island... --....! English............ ------ 1636 May 29, 1790.. Plantation ....... 68,825 345,506 13,042,117
*South Carolina....... French............."...... 1562 May 23, 1788... Palmetto ........ 249,073 1,151,149 13,295,637 || K-1
South Dakota......... Em. from Mid. states.... 1859 Feb. 22, 1889.. Swingecat ....... 327,848 328,808 || 6,613,707 || Co
Tennessee............. Em. from N. C. ......... 1765 June 1, 1796... I Lion's Den....... 77,202 1,767,518 29,543,843 || K-
Texas................. Spanish..... ------- ------ 1690 Dec. 29, 1845.. Lone Star........ 212,592 2,235,523 | 20

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PopULATION. DATE of seTTLEMENT, INDEBTEDNESS, ETC., OF STATES AND TERRITORIES.

| | Population. |
Settled. Date of act
State or Territory. of organization Nicknames. bTime of Census, | cIndebted-
| By whom. | When. I or admission. admission. 1890. ness.

Utah. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spanish... ::. . . . . . - - - - - - - 1847 | July 16, 1894. . . Mormon ......... 20.9% 767,501
Vermont. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Em. from Mass..... . . . . . 1763 Feb. 18, 1791. . . Green Mountain.. 85,425 332,422 3,785,373
*Virginia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . English. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1607 June 25, 1788.. Old Dominion..... 747,610 1,655,980 50,837,315
Washington.----------- ..! Em. from California. | 1845 | Feb. 22, 1889. . . Chinook ......... 349,390 3,145,658
West Virginia. . . . . . . . . English. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... I 1607 Dec. 31, 1862. . Little Mountain... 442,014 762,794 2,532,460
Wisconsin. . . . . . . . . . . . . French. . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - | 1745 || May 29, 1848... l Badger .......... 305,391 1,680,880 10,440,580
Wyoming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Em. from Mid. States.... I 1867 July 10, 1890.. - - - - - - - --- 60,589 60,705 1,647,381

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------- ----------------- ------------------------------------- - - - - - ------------------- $1,135,210,442

*Of the thirteen original States.

a. Purchased from Russia. b. According to nearest census. c. Less sinking fund.

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VARIOUs Moneys or Cirtcul, ATION.

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Gold certificates, silver certificates, and National bank notes are not legal tender, but both classes of certificates are receivable for all public dues, while National bank notes are receivable for all public dues except duties on imports and may be paid out by the Government for all salaries and other debts and demands owing by the United States to individuals, corporations, and associations within the United States, except interest on the public debt, and in redemption of the National currency. All National banks are required by law to receive the notes of other National banks at par.

The minor coins of nickel and copper are legal tender to the extent of 25 cents. The coinage of legal-tender gold was authorized by the first coinage act, passed by Congress April 2, 1792. The gold unt of value is the dollar, which contains 26.8

grains of standard gold 900 fine. The amount of fine gold in the dollar is 23.22 grains, and the remainder of the weight is an alloy of copper. The total coinage of gold by the mints of the United States from 1792 to June 30, 1896, was $1,814,692,253, of which it is estimated that $567,931,823 is still in existence as coin in the United States, while the remainder has been exported or consumed in the arts. The silver unit is the dollar, which contains 412% grains of standard silver 900 fine. The amount of fine silver in the dollar is 37.114 grains, and there are 41°4 grains of copper alloy. The standard silver dollar was first authorized by the Act of April 2, 1792. The coinage of the standard silver dollar was discontinued by the Act of February 12, 1873, and it was restored by the Act of February 28, 1878. The total amount coined from 1792 to 1873 was $8,031,238, and the amount coined from 1878 to June 30, 1896, was $430,700,041. The coinage ratio between gold and silver under the Act of 1792 was 15 to 1, but by the Act of 1837 it was changed to 15. to 1 (commonly called 16 to 1).

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PRINCIPAL, EXECUTIVE, JUDICIAL AND DIPLOMATIC
OFFICERS.
THE EXECUTIVE.

Grovert CLEVELAND, of New-York. President of the U. S.
all-AI. E. STEVENSON, of Illinois, Vice-President of the U. S..............

Annual salary. 50,000

8,000

THE CABINET.

RICHARD OLNEY, of Massachusetts, Secretary of State....................

Annual salary.

John G. CARLISLE, of Kentucky, Secretary of the Treasury........... 8,000
DANIEL, S. LAMONT, of New-York, Secretary of War.................... -- 8,000
Judson HARMON, of Ohio, Attorney-General........... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- -- 8,000
WILLIAM L. WILSON, of West Virginia, Postmaster-General............ 8,000
HILARY A. HERBERT, of Alabama, Secretary of the Navy 8,000
:*Avid R. FrtANCIS, of Missouri, Secretary of the Interior... 8,000
JULIUS STERLING MORTON, of Nebraska, Secretary of Agriculture..... 8,000
PRINCIPAL DEPARTMENTAL OFFICERS.
The figures after each name indicate the year of appointment or assignment, and the
figures with $ sign indicate the annual salary.
state DEPARTMENT. rine Hospital Service—Walter Wyman

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Treasury DEPARTMENT. assistant Secretaries—William Edmond curtis (1893), New-York; Charles S. Hamlin (1893), Massachusetts; Scott Wike (1893), Illinois, $4,500. controller—Robert B. Bowler (1893), o-oxo. ass’t controller—Edward A. Bowers, t1so). Connecticut, $5,000. auditor for the Treasury DepartmentErnest P. Baldwin (1893), Maryland, $4,000. Auditor for War Dept.—T. Stobo Farrow (1893), South Carolina, $4,000. auditor for Interior Dept.—Samuel Blackwell (1893), Alabama, $4,000. auditor for Navy Dept.—Wm. H. Pugh tisoo), Ohio, $4,000. auditor for State Dept.—Thomas Holcomb (1893), Delaware, $4,000. Auditor for P. O. Dept.-Geo. A. Howard (1894), Tennessee, $4,000. Treasurer U. S.-Daniel tisoo), Connecticut, $6,000. Register of the Treasury—J. Fount. Tillman (1893), Tennessee, $4,000. Controller of the Currency—James H. Eckels (1893), Illinois, $5,000. **onrnissioner of Navigation–Eugene T. Chamberlain (1893), New-York, $3,600. Solicitor of Internal Revenue—Robert T. Hough (1893), Ohio, $4,500. pirector of the Mint-Robert E. Preston (1893). Istrict of Columbia, $4,500. chief of the Secret service divisionwilliam P. Hazen (1894). Ohio. $3,500. Supervising Surgeon-General of the Ma

IN. Morgan

(1890), Missouri, $4,000.
Supervising Inspector-General of Steam
Vessels—James A. Dumont (1876), New-
York, $3,500.
Bureau of Statistics—Worthington C.
Ford (1893), New-York, $3,000.
Bureau of Engraving and Printing-
§: M. Johnson (1893), Kentucky,

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PRINCIPAL DEPARTMENTAL OFFICERS–Continued.

Superintendent of Dead Letter Office— Bernard Goode (1893), Michigan, $2,500.

Chief Postoffice Inspector—M. D. Wheeler (1893), New-York, $3,000.

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.

Solicitor – General – Holmes Conrad (1895), Virginia, $7,000.

Assistant Attorneys-General—Edward B. Whitney (1893), New-York; J. M. Dick– inson (1895), Virginia; Joshua E. Dodge, Massachusetts: Charles B. Howry (1893), Mississippi; $5,000 each.

INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. First Assistant Secretary—William H. Sims (1893), Mississippi, $4,500. Assistant Secretary—John M. Reynolds (1893), Pennsylvania, $4,000. Assistant Attorney-General—John I. Hall (1893), Georgia, $5,000. Commissioner of the General Land Office—Silas W. Lamoreux (1893), Wisconsin, $5,000. Commissioner of I. Murphy (1895), $5,000. Commissioner of Indian Affairs—Daniel M. Browning (1893), Illinois, $4,000. Commissioner of Patents—John S. Seymour (1893), Connecticut, $5,000. Commissioner of Education—William T. Harris (1889), Massachusetts, $3,000. Commissioner of Railroads—Wade Hampton (1893), South Carolina, $4,500. Director of Geological Survey—Charles D. Walcott (1894), New-York, $5,000. Acting Superintendent of the CensusCarroll D. Wright (1893), Massachusetts, to complete the work. Architect of the Capitol—Edward Clark (1865), Pennsylvania, $4,500. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. Assistant Secretary—Charles W. Dabney (1894), Tennessee, $4,500. Chief of the Weather Bureau—Willis L. Moore (1895), $4,500. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. Public Printer—Thomas E. Benedict (1894), New-York, $4,500. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. Commissioner—Carroll D. Wright (1888), Massachusetts, $5,000. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. Librarian–Ainsworth H. Spofford (1864), Ohio, $4,000. Civil, service COMMIssioners. John R. Procter, Kentucky; William G. Rice, New-York; John B. Harlow, Missouri: $3,500 each. John T. Doyle, secretary; Wm. H. Webster, chief examiner. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISsIoners. William R. Morrison, man: Wheelock G. Martin A. Knapp, New-York: Judson C. Clements, Georgia; James D. Yeomans, Iowa. Annual salary, $7,500 each. Edward A. Moseley, secretary, $3,500. INTERCONTINENTAT, RAILWAY COMMission. A. J. Cassatt, Pennsylvania: Henry G. Davis, West Virginia; Richard C. Kerens, Missouri. Gov.P.RNMENT DIRECTORS IN THE union PACIFIC R. R. CoMPANY.

Pensions—Dominick District of Columbia,

Illinois, chair. Veazey, Vermont:

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INTERNATIONAL Tribunal, EGYPT. In 1876, as the result of negotiations between the Ottoman and Egyptian governments and the various Christian Powers having representatives at Cairo, certain courts were created in Egypt for the trial of mixed civil causes arising between persons of different foreign nationalities, and suits of foreigners against natives, the Egyptian Government and members of the Khedival family. These mixed tribunals, in civil matters within their exclusive jurisdiction, superseded the consular courts. A mixed tribunal consists of five judges, three of whom are foreigners and two natives. The foreign judges are appointed by the Khedive on the recommendation of the great Powers, each of which is represented by from one to three judges. There are several tribunals of original jurisdiction (first instance) and a court of appeals at Alexandria. The United States is represented in these courts by the following judges: Court of Appeals at Alexandria—Anthony M. Keiley, Virginia (app'd 1894). Court of First Instance at Cairo– Walker Fearn, Alabama (app'd 1894). Court of First Instance at MansourahSomerville P. Tuck, New-York (app'd

of

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