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WoRIAN SUFFRAGE.

Wounen have equal suffrage with men at elections in Colorado and Wyoming. In Montana women who are taxpayers have the same voting privilege as men at elections. Judge Dixon, of the Supreme Court of New-Jersey, on November 8, 1894, handed down a decision in the Vineland School case, which, in substance, declared that women can vote on all questions at school district meetings, but not for election of trustees. At the 1894 election the proposition to give women equal suffrage with men at elections was rejected by a vote of 130,129 against to 95,302 in favor. In some form, mainly as to taxation and school matters, women may vote in the following States and Territories: Arizona, Arkansas. Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho,

Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts,
Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New-
Hampshire, New-York, North Dakota,

Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon. South Dakota,
Vermont and Wisconsin.
The Woman Suffrage law of California
was declared unconstitutional early in
March, 1875.
The Constitutional Convention of Utah
adopted the clause on woman suffrage on
April 5, 1895, by a vote of 75 to 15.
The Cape Colony, the Russian colonies

in Siberia, Australia, New-Zealand and
Tasmania have municipal woman suffrage.
Iceland, the Isle of Man and Pitcairn
Island have full woman suffrage.
EUROPE-In England, Scotland and
Wales women vote for all elective officers
but members of Parliament. In France
the women teachers elect women mem-
bers of all boards of education. In Sweden
women vote for all elective officers but
Representatives; also, indirectly, for mem-
bers of the House of Lords. In Norway
they have school suffrage. In Ireland
they vote for harbor boards, poor-law
guardians, and in Belfast for municipal
officers. In Russia women householders
vote for all elective officers and on all
local matters. In Finland for all elective
officers. In Austria-Hungary they vote, by
proxy, for all elective officers. In Croatia
and Dalmatia they do so at local elections
in person. In Italy widows vote for mem-
bers of Parliament. In Prussia women
vote, mainly by proxy, at local elections
and for members of provincial Diets. In
Belgium women taxpayers have municipal
suffrage by proxy, and in Luxemburg for
members of the Legislature also. In
Switzerland women real estate owners
have local suffrage in the canton of
Berne.
have municipal suffrage by proxy. Women
have full suffrage in Iceland.

MARRIAGE LAWs.

In Rumania women taxpayers

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*License required. a Bigamous.

ons, those over is do not require consent.
Fraud. f. Under age of "consent.
fine and imprisonment where white marries with colored. k Incapable from

|o or understanding. m Marriage by force,

* No law for parental consent.

g Insane.

1 Except Friends.

b White with negro, c. Without

d Mentally or physically incapable: h Idiot. i. Also penalty of $100 to $1.00%

arents or guard

e

want of

menace or duress.

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*Each State requires that a voter must be a citizen. tunamnestled Confederates who bore arms against U. S. a. Idiots and lunatics. b. Convicted of felony. c soldiers, sailors and marines in employ of Army or Navy. d Paupers or under guardianship. . e. Must be able to read English. g. Chinese. h Delinquent tax-payers. i Guilty of treason. J. Bribery at elections. k Polygamy. 1 indians holding tribal relations: m Unpaid poll tax. In Duellists. o Law declared unconstitutional. pcivilized, Indians of one year residence. q Unpaid taxes. r clergymen qualify after six months. . s. Check lists are made in advance of elections. t Cities of over 9,000 by census of 1880, u Must be citizens ninety days previous to election.

NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL Association.

Officers—President, Hon. Charles R.

art education, music education, business Skinner, Albany, N. Y.: secretary, Irwin

education, elementary schools, kindergar

Shepard, Winona. Minn.; treasurer, I. C.
McNeill, Kansas City, Mo.
OBJECTS-To elevate the character and
advance the interests of the profession of
teaching, and to promote the cause of
pular education in the United states.
ts...departments are: Superintendence of
National schools, higher instruction, see.
ondary education, industrial education,

ten instruction and a National Council of Education. It has 200 life members. and its annual membership during the last eight years has averaged more than 4,000, that of 1894 being 5,500. Annual meeting in July. The Board of Trustees (five members) and the president constitute the executive financial council. The Association has a permanent fund of $40,000.

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SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. Founded in 1846 on the bequest of James Smithson, of England, “for the

increase and diffusion of knowledge among men”: located at Washington, D. C. The total amount of the original bequest was $515,169, which has been increased by subsequent additions to $912,000. The President and Vice-President of the U. S., the Chief Justice and the heads of the executive departments the Sec. of State, Sec. of the Treas., Sec. of War, Sec. of the Navy, Postmaster—General, AttorneyGeneral, Secretary of the Interior, and Secretary of Agriculture), form the Institution. The business of the Institution is conducted by a Board of Regents, fourteen in number, consisting of Chief Jus

Senators, J. S. Morrill, S. M. Cullom, George Gray: three members of the House of Representatives. Joseph Wheeler, R. R. Hitt, Robert Adams, jr.; John B. Henderson, J. B. Angell, Andrew D. White, William Preston Johnston, William L. Wilson and Gardiner G. Hubbard. The secretary of the Institution and also of the Board of Regents is S. P. Langley. Under the charge of the Smithsonian Institution are the National Museum: Keeper, S. P. Langley: Executive Curator, F. W. True: Chief Clerk, W. V. Cox. Bureau of Ethnology: Director, J. W. Powell; Ethnologist-in-Charge, W. J. McGee. Bureau of International Exchanges: Curator, . The National Zoological Park: Superintendent, Frank Baker. Astrophys

tice Fuller, Chancellor; Vice-President ical Chservatory: Aid, acting in charge,
Adlai E. Stevenson; three United States " C. G. Abbot.
INTEREST LAWS AND GRACE ON SIGHT DRAFTS.
States Legal Rate Grace
and Rate of Allowed by Penalty for Usury. or
Territories. Interest.] Contract, No grace.
cent. |Per cent.
Alabama ............ Per 8 | 8 Forfeiture of all interest..... Yes.
Alaska - - - - - - - - - - - - - - None. None. None. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - None.
Arizona . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Any rate. Misdemeanor . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 13 d.
Arkansas . . . . . . . . . . . 6 10 Forfeiture of principal and int. | *
California - - - - - - - - - - - 7 Any rate. None - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - No.
Colorado - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 Any rate. None. • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 d.
Connecticut - - - - - - - - - - 6 None. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Delaware ........ . . . 6 Forfeiture of contract........ I 3 d.
District of Columbia. 6 10 Loss of interest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No.
Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 10 Forfeiture of interest......... No.
Georgia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 8 Forfeiture of all interest..... [3 d.
Idaho ... . . . . . . . . . . . ,10 18 10 p. c. to be paid school fund. |Yes.
Illinois . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 7 Forfeiture of all interest..... No.
Indian Territory ..... 10 15 Not recoverable by law......|No.
Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 8 Forfeiture of interest..... . . . . 13 d.
Iowa ............... 6 8 Forfeiture of 10 p. c. and int. |Yes.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 10 Forfeiture of excess of int.... Yes.
Kentucky ..... . . . . . . 6 6 Action at law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No.
Louisiana .......... 5 s Forfeiture of interest.........|No.
Maine .............. 6 Any rate. None . . . . . - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . [3 d.
Maryland ........... 6 | . . . . . . . . Forfeiture of interest......... Yes.
Massachusetts ...... 6 Any rate. None . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 d.
Michigan ........... 7 | . . . . . . . . |Forfeiture of principal & int... 3 d.
Minnesota - - - - - - - - - - 7 10 Forfeiture of interest. . . . . . . . . 3. d.
Mississippi .......... 6 10 Forfeiture of interest......... Yes.
Missouri ............ d 8 Int. goes into School Fund. ... [3 d.
Montana ............ 10 Any rate. No law. ..... - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . 13 d.
Nebraska ........... 7 10 Forfeiture of int., paym't cost|No.
Nevada ...:... . . . . . . 7 Any rate. l None ........................ No.
New-Hampshire ..... 6 Any rate. Three times excess of 6 p. c... 3 d.
New-Jersey ......... 6 6 Forfeiture interest and costs...|Yes.
New-Mexico - - - - - - - - - ** 12 Forfeiture twice am’t, $100 fine!3 d.
New-York......... - - - 6 6 Misdemeanor; punishable..... No.
North Carolina....... 6 6 Forfeiture of twice the am’t... Yes.
North Dakota........ 7 12 Same as North Carolina. Yes.
Ohio ................ 6 8 Forfeiture of excess.......... 13 d.
Oklahoma ........... 7 Any rate. Law repealed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... Yes.
Oregon ..... - - - - - - - - 8 10 Forfeiture of principal and int. |No.
Pennsylvania ....... 6 6 Forfeiture excess of interest...!No.
Rhode Island........ 6 Any rate. None ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IYes.
South Carolina....... 7 s Forfeiture of interest. . . . . . . . . Yes.
South Dakota....... T 12 Forfeiture of interest. . . . . . . . . 13 d.
Tennessee .......... 6 6 Forfeiture excess of interest.. No.
Texas ............... 6 10 Forfeiture of interest. . . . . . . . . Yes.
!ah ... . . . . . . . . . ....! s Any rate. None . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No.
Wormont ............ 6 g Forfeiture usurious interest... No.
Virginia. ............ 6 6 Forfeiture of excess. . . . . . . . . . No.
Washington ......... 8 Any rate. None . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ..] Yes.
West Virginia. . . . . . . 6 6 Liable to loss excess charged. No.
Wisconsin . . . . . . . . . . 6 10 Forfeiture of interest. . . . . . . . . [No.
Wyoming ........... 12 Any rate. None . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [No.

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LEGAL HOLIDAYS.

the States, except

January 1--In all New-Haup

Massachusetts, Minnesota, shire and Rhode Island. January 8–Louisiana only; anniversary of battle of New-Orleans. - January 19–Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and Virginia only; Lee's birthday. February 12 (Lincoln's Birthday)—Illinois, Minnesota, New—Jersey, New-York and Washington. February 22–In all the States, Iowa, Mississippi and New-Mexico. March 2–Texas only; Texan independence anniversary. April: First Saturday—Arbor Day; Utah. April: First Wednesday–Election Day; Rhode Island. April 19–Massachusetts; Concord Day. April 21—Texas only; anniversary of battle of San Jacinto. April 22–Nebraska; Arbor Day. April 26–Alabama, Florida, Georgia and Tennessee. Memorial Day. May: First Friday–Arbor Day; Rhode Island, Idaho. May 10–North Carolina; Memorial Day. May 20–-North Carolina; Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. May 30-Memorial Day; in all States except Arkansas, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, New-Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia. June 3–Florida only; Jefferson Davis's birthday. July 4–Independence Day; in all the States. July 24–Utah only: Pioneers' Day. possust 16–Vermont. Bennington Battle ay. September: First Monday–Labor Day. poptember 9 – California; Admission ay. Qctober: First Monday–California only. October 15—Connecticut: Lincoln Day. October 31—Nevada only; admission into the Union anniversary. November: General Election Day (first Tuesday after first Monday)—In Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New-Hampshire, New-Jersey, New-York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming. November: Last Thursdav-Thanksgiving Day: in all States, though not a statutory holiday in some. December 25—Christmas Day; observed in all states. Arbor Day is a legal holiday in Idaho, Kansas, Rhode Island and Wyoming, the day being set by the Governor. Mardi Gras is observed as a holiday in Alabama and Louisiana. Good Friday is observed as a holiday in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Pennsylvania and Tennessee. Fovery Saturday, after 12 o'clock noon, is a legal holiday in New-York, New-Jersey and New-Orleans: and from June to September in Colorado and Pennsylvania.

except

ITALIAN SHIPPING LAvv.

A new law for the encouragement of the Italian n-aritime commerce was promul— gated on July 23, 1896. There are proyisions in the law which give varying bounties, according to the material. etc. The amounts allowed are in Italian money, and are approximately given be— low in American money. They are as forlows: For every iron or steel steamship built in Italy, of native material, a bounty per ton of gross register, $15; per indicated horse-power of engines, 12 cts.; per ton of boilers (avoirdupois), $1820; per ton of auxiliary machinery (avoirdupois), son. If the material used be foreign the same must pay the full custom dues. There are various conditions provided where varying portions of the material is of foreign manufacture. If built of wood the payment is only $3.25 per ton. The premiums or bounties for navigation are divided into 3 classes, namely: (a) Voyage beyond the Suez Canal or the Straits of Gibraltar. (b) Voyages to the Black Sea, Azof, and Mediterranean ports. (c) Coasting voyages. The payment for Class A is 16 cts. to centesimi) per ton of gross register for every 1,000 miles during the first 3 years of her age, decreasing by 10 centesimi for each succeeding 3 years. For classes B and C. two-thirds of the amount of bounty is allowed. Steamers of 16 knots speed and over, on a 12 hours' trial, get 50 per cent additional. Steamers must be not less than 500 tons register, and of the highest class in the Italian registry, and of Italian build; or if built abroad they must have been registered under the Italian flag prior to 1887, and they must not be over 15 years old. The law is to be in force 10 years.

The following example will make the law comprehensive to the reader: Take a steamer of 4,000 tons, gross register, steaming an average of 10 knots an hour. at $15 per ton, the builder will receive $60,000; for 2,000 initial horse-power. $4,650, 100 tons weight of boiler, $1,839: 50 tons of auxiliary machinery, $1,000. Supposing that she steams 160 days out of the 265, that is, 38,400 knots per annum (the rate for the first 3 years will be so centesimi per gross ton for each 1,000 knots. and for the second 3 years, 70 centesimi). the shipowner will receive in the first g years of her life $126,730. This would be a total for the builder or owner of $194,300 for a steamer as described.

AMERICAN FLAG.

The official National ensign contains 45 stars in a blue field, arranged in 6 rows— the 1st, 3d and 5th rows having 8 stars each, and the others having 7 stars each. June 14, the anniversary of the adoption of the “Stars and Stripes,” is celebrated as Flag Day in very many of the States, especially by the children * the public schools. The first suggestion for such celebration was made by the Westchester County (N. Y.) Association of the Grand Army of the Republic.

The New-York Legislature passed a bill. in February, 1895, prohibiting the display of foreign flags on any public building in the State. A Colorado law of February, 1895, prohibits the display of any foreign flag in that State, except over the buildings occupied by the several consuls.

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